Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, March 28, 2017 12:13:24 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

By
15th-Aug-2016       Readers ( 504 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

The announcement triggered off the general agitation in East Pakistan. In response, the Bangabandhu called for an all-out Non-Cooperation Movement in East Pakistan. The whole province supported him. During the course of Non-Cooperation (2-25 March 1971), the entire civil administration in East Pakistan came under his control and moved according to his directives. He became, in fact, the de facto head of government for the province. In the words of Evening Standard (a London Daily):
"Sheikh Mujibur Rahman now appears to be the boss of East Pakistan, with the complete support of the population. Rahman's home in Dhanmondi, already known as Number 10 Downing Street in imitation of the British Prime Minister's residence, has been besieged by bureaucrats, politicians, bankers, industrialists and people from all walks of life". (12 March 1971).
During this time, on 7 March 1971 Mujib made a historic address at a mammoth gathering of a million of people at the Race Course which marked a turning point in the history of the Bangali nation. In his address Mujib made specific charges against the martial law authorities which failed to transfer power to the elected representatives. At the end of his speech, he declared:
"Build forts in each homestead. You must resist the Pakistani enemy with whatever you have in hand. ... Remember, we have given a lot of blood, a lot more blood we shall give if need be, but we shall liberate the people of this country, Insha Allah [i.e, if God wishes]. ... The struggle this time is the struggle for our emancipation; the struggle this time is the struggle for independence."
Meanwhile, President Yahya Khan and other leaders from West Pakistan came to Dhaka on 15 March to start a dialogue with the Bangabandhu and his party. The dialogue began on the following day and continued intermittently down to 25 March morning. During the period, non-cooperation and hartals continued unremittingly in East Pakistan. Students and leaders of various political parties had been declaring independence from March 2 and the spree continued. Against this backdrop, at mid-night of 25 March 1971, the Pakistan army launched its brutal crackdown in different areas of Dhaka city including the University of Dhaka killing students, teachers and innocent people in the name of operation searchlight. Thus a nine-month long genocidal killing was unleashed by the Pakistan occupation army. Sheikh Mujib was arrested on the night of 25 March and was kept confined at Dhaka Cantonment until he was taken to West Pakistan for facing trial for 'sedition' and inciting insurrection. Before his arrest Bangabandhu sent a wireless message to Chittagong over the ex-EPR transmitter for transmission declaring the Independence of Bangladesh. To quote his declaration:
"This may be my last message, from today Bangladesh is independent. I call upon the people of Bangladesh wherever you might be and whatever you have, to resist the army of occupation to the last. Your fight must go on until the last soldier of the Pakistan occupation army is expelled from the soil of Bangladesh and final victory is achieved."
Although during the War of Liberation initiating in the wake of the 25 March army crackdown Bangabandhu had been a prisoner in the hands of Pakistan, he was made, in absentia, the President of the provisional government, called the Mujibnagar Government, formed on 10 April 1971 by the people's representatives to head the Liberation War. He was also made the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. Throughout the period of the War of Liberation, Sheikh Mujib's charisma worked as the source of inspiration for freedom fighters and for national unity and strength.
The trial of Bangabandhu by the Pakistani junta giving death sentence to him moved the world leaders to save his life.
After the Liberation of Bangladesh on 16 December 1971 from Pakistani occupation, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was released from Pakistan jail and via London he made a triumphant homecoming, arriving in Dhaka on 10 January 1972 in the midst of joy and jubilations throughout the country. Hundreds of thousands of people of all walks of life received him at the Tejgaon old Airport according him a heroic welcome. With his homecoming, all uncertainties loomed large around the leadership of the new republic, for that matter, the future of Bangladesh were removed, as Daily The Guardian (published from London) in an editorial on 10 January 1972 wrote : "Once Sheikh Mujibur Rahman steps out at Dacca Airport the new republic becomes a solid fact."
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman headed the first government of the post-Liberation Bangladesh for a short period of three years and a half. Starting from scratch his government had to deal with countless problems of a war ravaged country. Under the leadership of Bangabandhu, the state-building and nation-building took off the ground covering all important fields. Restoring law and order, recovering illegal arms, rehabilitating the mukhtijoddhas, rebuilding the communication system, saving lives of the people hostile to the War of Liberation from the public wrath, and, most importantly, feeding the hungry millions and many others were the formidable challenges before his government.
In spite of all these problems, Sheikh Mujib never faltered to enact a Constitution, which he did within ten months. Return of Indian allied forces was ensured within three months of Liberation. Within a period of fifteen months general elections were held (7 March 1973). As many as 140 countries recognized Bangladesh. Bangabandhu set forth the guiding principle of Bangladesh's foreign policy: 'Friendship to all and malice to none'. Indeed, the Mujib government laid down the edifice of fundamental state institutions covering all important fields. However, despite all these achievements, the opposition mainly from the ultra lefts, who considered the War of Liberation as 'an unfinished revolution' taking recourse to arms, created a most difficult situation in the country. Law and order situation was deteriorating very rapidly, which was frustrating for all. At the top of all, a famine (1974) ravaged the country taking its tolls by the thousands. Bewildered Sheikh Mujib first attempted to confront the situation by creating a special security force called Rakshi Bahini. Depending on his charisma, his next move was introduction of a single-party (BAKSAL) system. Taking advantage of such a fluid and unstable situation, a group of disgruntled army adventurers assassinated him on 15 August 1975 along with all his family members present.
Bibliography: Shahryar Iqbal (ed.), Sheikh Mujib in Parliament (1955-58), Dhaka 1997; Muhammad HR Talukder (ed.), Memoirs of Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Dhaka 1987; Zillur Rahman Khan, The Third World Charisma: Sheikh Mujib and the Struggle for Freedom, Dhaka 1994; A. Majeed Khan (ed.), Twenty Great Bengalis, Dhaka 2008; SA Karim, Sheikh Mujib: Triump And Tragedy, Dhaka 2005; Archer K Blood, The Cruel Birth of Bangladesh: Memories of an American Diplomat, Dhaka 2002; Harun-or-Rashid, Statehood Ideal of Bengalis and the Emergence of Independent Bangladesh (Bangla), Dhaka 2003; Monayem Sarkar (ed.), Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman: A Political Biography (Bangla), 2 volumes, Dhaka 2008.
—Banglapedia

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

EU`s threat to scrap duty free export


THE European Union (EU) has asked Bangladesh to further improve the country's labour standard least to avoid suspension of duty free trade privileges. But it appears quite unjustified at a time when Bangladesh has significantly allowed Trade Union to workers  at factory level to represent their problems.  It appears that ...

Sports »

Bangladesh bag titles in Asian Zonal Chess


Bangladeshi emerged champions in both open and women's section in the Asian Zonal 3.2 Chess Championships Open and Women qualifying events of World Cup Chess and World Women Chess Championship that concluded on Monday in Kathmandu, Nepal. GM Mollah Abdullah Al Rakib became unbeaten champion in the open section. He ...

City »

Chairman of Northern University Bangladesh Trust Prof. Dr. A.Y.M. Abdullah confers a honourary crest to the Prime Minister's Economic Affairs Adviser Dr. Mashiur Rahman at a discussion and prize giving ceremony on its Banani campus on the occasion of 47th Independence Day on Saturday.


International »

61 bodies found in Mosul 10 days after air strike


Reuters, Mosul :Iraq's military said on Sunday that 61 bodies were recovered from a collapsed building that the militant Islamic State group had booby-trapped in west Mosul, but there was no sign the building had been hit by a coalition air strike.The military statement differed from reports by witnesses and ...

Entertainment »

Moushumi celebrates two eras of her film career


Entertainment Report :Popular film actress Moushumi celebrated two eras of her acting career on March 25.On this day in 1993, she started her acting career through Sohanur Rahman Sohan directed movie Keyamat Thekey Keyamat. To celebrate the day, Moushumi at her residence in the city’s Uttara area arranged a get-together ...

Entertainment »

Karan Johar to make his debut as a singer?


Karan Johar recoreded a song for Shekhar Ravijani who is a composer and singer. Karan Johar has rapped as well as sung a song. Badshah was present for the rap portions but the rap is done by Karan himself. He has no time before he entered the recording studio. Karan ...

Football »

Paraguay`s Paulo Da Silva (center) and teammates celebrates their first goal scored by Bruno Valdez against Ecuador during a 2018 World Cup qualifying soccer game in Asuncion, Paraguay on Thursday.


Editorial »

We must prove worthy of people`s supreme sacrifice


THE nation celebrates the 47th Independence and National Day today although we achieved our real independence on the Victory Day on December 16 when the country was freed from Pakistani occupation forces in 1971. March 26th is observed as the day of Declaration of Independence that led the nation to ...

Football »

Mexico`s Jurgen Damm controls the ball during a 2018 Russia World Cup qualifying soccer match between Mexico and Costa Rica at Azteca stadium in Mexico City on Friday. Mexico won the match 2-0.


City »

Liberation War Affairs Minister AKM Mozammel Haque, among others, stands in a solemn silence marking the Genocide Day at Shikha Chirantan (Eternal Flame) in the city's Suhrawardy Udyan on Saturday.


Entertainment »

Aupee Karim returns as host


Entertainment Desk :Famous actress, model and dancer, Aupee Karim is all set to host a show again after a long time. Titled Surjodoyer Gaan, the program she will be hosting will feature five special songs, paying tribute to the martyrs of the Liberation War. The program has been made under ...

International »

Modi befriends Trump as Putin and Xi move closer together


Newsweek :Are we witnessing seismic shifts in the Russia-India-China triangle? It would seem so-but the shifts are long in the making.Historically, Indo-Russian relations have been far stronger than Sin-Russian relations. In recent years, however, and especially since the onset of the crisis in Ukraine in 2014, the dynamics of this ...

International »

Troubled EU seeks unity in Rome on 60th birthday


AFP, Rome : European Union leaders celebrated the 60th anniversary of the bloc's founding treaties at a special summit in Rome on Saturday in a symbolic show of unity despite Britain's looming departure.Meeting without Britain, the other 27 member countries will endorse a declaration of intent for the next decade, on ...

Cricket »

Happy birthday to Shakib Al Hasan


Hadn't he born, Bangladesh cricket team would have deprived of many outstanding victories.Number one all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan, who demonstrated his magical batting and bowling displays many times to ensure victories for the Tigers, stepped into 31st year on Friday.However, he was celebrating his birthday with his teammates in Sri ...

Editorial »

Fire at BB head office raises many questions


THE fire incident at Bangladesh Bank has come as a renewed shock to the nation prompting questions from many quarters how the central bank is falling is so insecure as a highly sensitive establishment from national security perspective. The incident just within one year of the sensational money heist of ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news