Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, May 30, 2017 01:13:10 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

The lessons of Karbala

By
12th-Oct-2016       Readers ( 1482 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

On the 10th day of the month of Muharram 61H (October 11th 680 AD), a tragic event took place in the southern part of Iraq at a place known as Karbala on the bank of the Euphrates river. It seemed in those days insignificant from the historical point of view. A large army of 30,000 that had been mobilised by the Umayyad regime, besieged Imam Husein, the grandson of the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Sm), and 71 of his loyal companions and forced them to pay allegiance to the corrupt Yazid and to submit to his authority. The small group resisted and a severe battle took place in which the Imam and all his companions were killed, and his female family members were taken as war prisoners.
It appeared at that time, like hundreds of similar events, that this battle would be recorded in history and forgotten in time. However, the events that occurred on the 10th of Muharram in Karbala were to become a beacon and an inspiration for future generations, and a reflection of good versus evil.
Who was this small group? The leader of the small band of men who were martyred in Karbala was none other than Husein (Ra), son of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Ra) and Fatima (Ra), daughter of the Prophet (Sm), and grandson of the Prophet for whom he once said, "Husain is from me and I am from Husein. May Allah love whoever loves Husein."
Accompanying this small group were Husein's immediate family relatives, and close companions.
Upon the murder of his brother Hasan (Ra), Husein (Ra) became the leader of the household of the Prophet (Sm). Husein honoured the agreement of peace signed by his brother Hasan (Ra), in order to safeguard the security of the Muslim nation, which was at stake with the ruler Mu'awiyah. Despite the urging of his followers, Husein (Ra) did not undertake any activity that threatened the political status quo. Rather he continued with the responsibility of looking after the religious needs of the people and was recognised for his knowledge, piety, and generosity.
The second Khaliph appointed Mu'awiyah as the governor of Syria. Mu'awiyah became a Muslim only when the Prophet (Sm) triumphed over Makka. Upon seizing power, Mu'awiyah took advantage of the rich public treasury, using it personally to buy favours and influence people. He also started campaigning to introduce monarchy into the political system of Islam. Mu'awiyah sent his agents to prominent members of the communities to obtain allegiance of loyalty to his son Yazid. People protested vigorously and Mu'awiyah used his traditional method of coercion-money and the sword. Upon his death, his son Yazid, age of 30, managed to impose himself on the people and became the Khaliph using all possible means like bribery, pressure, threats and force. People refused to recognise him as the representative of the Prophet (Sm) and the leader of the Islamic nation. Yazid commissioned his governor over Madina, to ask for Imam Husein's allegiance of loyalty or else his life. Imam Husein (Ra) was quick to realise that giving allegiance of loyalty to Yazid would serve no purpose but to jeopardise the survival of Islam. The principles and laws of Islam demanded that Husein (Ra) act to wam and safeguard the Islamic nation of the evil situation which it was in, and to stand in the way of the deviating ruler.
Imam Husein (Ra) was certain that by awakening the miserable lives of the Muslim nation, under the tyrannical rule of Yazid, was to sacrifice his blood for the sake of defending Islam. The people of Kufa (a town in southern Iraq) sent over 12,000 letters to Imam Husein inviting him to their city in support for his leadership. Imam Husein (Ra) remarked when he left his hometown with his family and companions for the last time, "I am not rising against Yazid as an insolent or an arrogant person, or as a mischief-monger, or tyrant. I have risen against Yazid as I seek to reform the Ummah (Islamic nation) of my grandfather. I wish to bid the good and forbid the evil."
Before reaching the city of Kufa, Imam Husein's small group was intercepted by the large army of Umayyad. The army quickly surrounded and trapped Imam Husein (Ra), his family, and companions in the desert plains called Karbala. Within 10 days, Imam's camp was subject to hunger, thirst, and brutal killings. The 10th of Muharram marked the end of the tragedy but the beginning of enlightenment. While praying, Imam Husein was killed, his body trampled beneath the hoofs of horses and his head cut off, speared, and paraded before his captivated family and a few companions, and through the villages and towns as they were taken to Damascus and his head presented at the feet of Yazid!
Why do Muslims remember Ashura? Imam Husein (Ra) sacrificed his life along with 72 believing men, all for the sake of truth over falsehood. The tragedy of Karbala represents a conscious confrontation and a courageous resistance for a sacred cause. The whole nation had failed to stand up to Yazid. They had succumbed to his will, and deviation and regression towards the pre-Islamic ways that were increasing.
Passiveness by Husein (Ra) in this situation would have meant the end of Islam, as we know it. Imam Husein took it upon himself the responsibility of the whole nation. The greatest tragedy was he stood up for the noblest of causes-the defense of Islam, and was killed in such a cruel manner.
It is for this reason that the sacrifice of Husein (Ra) is commemorated annually throughout the Muslim world. The tragic event shook the very foundations of the nation, stirred their consciousness, and became a beacon of light and guidance.
The 10th of Muharram, Ashura serves as a reminder of the sacrifice of the family of the Prophet (Sm). It also makes Muslims aware of the people, then and now, who tried to destroy Islam and the family of the Prophet (Sm) and all that they stood for, as well as those who watched, listened, and did nothing.
After the death of Mu'awiyah, Imam Husein (Ra) faced two bitter choices by the governor of Madina either to pay allegiance to the tyrant Yazid or to face execution. Because of the threat Imam Husein was forced to leave his birthplace, the city of Madina, to Makkah on the 29th of Rajab 60H/May 6th 680AD.
The distance between Madina and Makkah is 420km. It took the Imam and his family five days to travel to Makkah, they arrived on the 4th of Sha'ban 60H/May 11th 680AD.
Imam Husein stayed in Makkah for 120 days, from the 4th of Sha'ban to the 7th of Dhil Hijjah 60H/May 11th to September 9th 680AD. During this time Imam Husein received thousands of letters and delegates from Iraq inviting him to lead the movement against the unjust rule of Bani Umayyad.
Imam Husein, his family, and compnnions abruptly departed Makkah and headed towards Iraq on the 8th of Dhil Hijjah/September 10th 680AD, the same day that the pilgrims leave for Makkah to Mina to perform the pilgrimage.
The distance between Makkah and Karbala, Iraq is 1,470km.
At an average rate of 64km, it took the caravan of Imam Husein 23 days to journey to Karbala. After passing 38 resting stations and villages Husein's (Ra) caravan finally reached the land of Karbala on the 2nd of Muharram 61H/October 3rd 680AD.
The army of Bani Urnayyad surrounded the camp of Imam Husein in Karbala on the 9th of Muharram/October 10th 680AD. The army numbered 30,000 soldiers commanded by Omar ibn Sa'd.
The army of Bani Umayyad launched the battle of Ashura on the 10th morning of Muharram 61H/ October 11th 680AD. The battle lasted for several hours. Imanl Husein, his family members, and his 72 companions were massacred. Only one man survived, his son Imam A1i ibn AI-Husein Zainul Abidin, who assumed the Imamah (succession to the Prophet Sm).
The remaining women and children of the family of Imam Husein (Ra) were driven as prisoners of war on the 11th of Muharram/October 12th to the city of Kufa to meet with Ibn Ziyad, the Governor of Bani Umayyad in Iraq.
"I did not leave Madina for doing mischief, corruption, or injustice; but I only left with an aim of reforming the tradition of my grandfather. I intend to enjoin what is good and to prohibit what is evil." -Imam Husein (Ra)
--Imam Husein -http:/alqazwini.org

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Too profligate and too wasteful a govt is too much of a burden


BANGLADESH Economic Association (BEA) has suggested, more reasonably that the government should more rely on income tax instead of entirely focusing on Value Added Tax (VAT) which the Finance Minister has vowed to fix at 15 percent from July 1 under the new VAT Law. The government has been realizing ...

Sports »

Kevin Kisner kisses the championship trophy after winning the Dean & DeLuca Invitational golf tournament at Colonial Country Club in Fort Worth, Texas, Sunday.


City »

DMP Commissioner Asaduzzaman Miah speaking at a press conference at the Jatiya Press Club on Monday marking World Tobacco Free Day.


Entertainment »

Orsha, Nawsheen under Selim`s direction


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :It is really difficult to identify Shahiduzzaman Selim while first looking in role of Bonduk Habib in the shooting spot. It was really tough to identify on the spot with that make-up. To act in that role, Selim took that type of get-up. He has taken this ...

Entertainment »

The Square wins the Palme d’Or, Sofia Coppola becomes second woman ever to win Best Director prize


Entertainment Desk :After being snubbed by the Academy in 2015 when his lauded (and Un Certain Regard-winning) Force Majeure did not make the nominees list in the Foreign Language Oscar category, Ruben Ostlund just walked away with the Cannes Film Festival's highest honor. His The Square, an art world satire ...

International »

Following Trump`s trip, Merkel says Europe can`t rely on US anymore


The Washington Post :German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Sunday declared a new chapter in U.S.-European relations after contentious meetings with President Trump last week, saying that Europe "really must take our fate into our own hands."It was the toughest review yet of Trump's trip to Europe, which inflamed tensions rather ...

International »

Macron hosts Putin in latest diplomatic test


AFP, Paris :France's new President Emmanuel Macron was to host Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin on Monday in the latest test of his diplomatic mettle after vowing firm stands on Ukraine and Syria."It is essential to talk to Russia because there are many international issues that will not be resolved without ...

Editorial »

Transparency over WASA project


THE Asian Development Bank is reportedly bringing pressure on the government to award two contracts to a bidder without competitive bidding to supply 500 million litres of treated water to Dhaka Water Supply Authority (WASA) from River Meghna, as per a New Age report on Sunday. But what is noticeable ...

Football »

Wenger collects record 7th FA Cup unclear on Arsenal future


AP, London :Removing the record seventh FA Cup winner's medal from his pocket, Arsene Wenger was gratified and yet apprehensive."For once I have kept my medal," said the Arsenal manager, who usually gives them away to staff members. "So that means it's a special night for me."And maybe his last ...

Entertainment »

Ariana Grande will return to Manchester for fundraising concert


Undeterred by the severe terror threat and the traumatic attack after her concert, Ariana Grande is all set to return to Manchester. The 23-year-old-singer promised her fans that she will return to Manchester to have a benefit concert to raise money for the victims and their family. The Side to ...

City »

BNP Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia along with others offering Munajat at an Iftar Mahfil organised for Ulema-Mashaekh and orphans at the Ladies Club in the city on Sunday, the first day of holy Ramzan.


International »

Trump ends nine-day overseas trip with a flourish as trouble looms at home


Reuters, Washington :With trouble facing him back home, US President Donald Trump ended his nine-day overseas journey in dramatic fashion on Saturday, addressing US troops at a campaign-style rally.Trump flipped traditional US foreign policy upside down on his tour through the Middle East and Europe, coddling Middle Eastern leaders with ...

International »

May's Conservatives maintain 14-point lead over Labour: Poll


Reuters, London :British Prime Minister Theresa May's Conservative Party has a 14 percentage point lead over the main opposition Labour Party ahead of a June 8 election, according to an ICM opinion poll published in the Sun newspaper on Sunday.The poll put the Conservatives on 46 percent and Labour on ...

Editorial »

Holy Ramzan is not for greedy business


THE Holy month of Ramzan starts from today with a surge in the pieces of essentials in the kitchen market to a new height. The government leaders said the market has enough supply and it is true because traders have imported essentials in huge quantity in the past months anticipating ...

Back Page »

Holy Ramzanul Mubarak


Abdul Muqit Chowdhury :Holy Ramzan, the ninth month of the  Arabic year and the best period for virtuous deeds, starts today with great inspiration and religious fervour. This month is unique, to have Revelation of the Holy Quran-the universal and eternal message for guidance of mankind. The Muslims are fortunate ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news