Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Thursday, February 22, 2018 05:18:32 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Parental alienation syndrome : Fact or fiction?

photo by

By
30th-Oct-2016       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Tia Benjamin :
The theory of Parental Alienation Syndrome was advanced by Richard Gardner in 1987 through his self-published book, The Parental Alienation Syndrome and the Differentiation Between Fabricated and Genuine Child Sex Abuse.
Parental Alienation Syndrome-known as PAS-is a theoretical disorder that arises primarily in custody battles, in which one parent supposedly turns a child against the estranged parent with allegations of abuse or neglect. It's described as having three core components:
Programming. Garner argues that children are actively brainwashed and programmed by one parent against the other, alienating the child from that parent.
False Accusations. The theory suggests that one parent-typically the mother-makes false allegations of sexual or other abuse against the other parent, and uses this as a reason to deny visitation rights and compound the alienation. Through programming, the child may even believe the false accusations are true.
Deprogramming. Gardner recommends that to remedy the alienation, the child should be entirely removed from the alienating parent and placed with the alleged abuser for "deprogramming." During the first deprogramming period, all contact-even via telephone-with the alienating parent is prohibited.
The theory of PAS is extremely controversial. Disturbing cases are often cited in criticism of Gardner's theory. One example is the case involving a four-year-old girl, who returned home from unsupervised visitation with her father, and told her mom in detail about his sexual abuse of her. Because the little girl's story wasn't always consistent in her many later interviews with child protective services and various psychologists, the court deemed the mother an alienating parent, who had made up the abuse. As a result, the court gave full custody to the alleged abuser and ordered all contact with the mother must stop.
Over the years, PAS has received widespread criticism from child psychiatrists, abuse experts and attorneys for many reasons, not least because they fear the approach is not supported by the evidence, and puts vulnerable children at risk.
Biased. The theory has been accused of advancing inherent biases against women and children. Because women are statistically more likely to be the custodial parent, men are more likely to have problems with visitation. Distinguished Professor Emerita, Carol S. Bruch, at the University of California, Davis, says men are also "more likely to have money for expert services and 'coaching' for their trial attorneys."
Fails to Resolve Parenting Problems. Bruch observes that "claims of parental alienation turn the court's attention to the custodial parent, and means any parenting problems that might exist are largely ignored." She adds, "Instead of helping these men learn what they might do to make visits work better for their children, they are charged exorbitant fees for what cannot help the quality of their visits and may make things very much worse for their children."
Not recognized. The American Psychiatric Association does not recognize Gardner's theory as a formal psychiatric diagnosis, and his own personal credentials are overstated in the literature. Even the New York Times incorrectly cited Gardner as a professor of child psychiatry at Columbia University, when in fact he never held this title. Instead, he "was a clinical professor of psychiatry in the division of child and adolescent psychiatry-an unpaid volunteer," according to the paper's correction to its initial misstatement.
Not scientific. Gardner's books were self-published and were not subject to peer review. No formal research was undertaken-Gardner made his conclusions based on his observations of his own patients-and experts believe his assessments of the number of fabricated abuse cases, which he initially suggested were as high as 90 percent, are overstated and not factual.
Despite its flaws, Parental Alienation Syndrome continues to be raised as a defense in family courts around the country. In fact, the New York Times reported that Gardner testified in over 400 such child custody cases before committing suicide on May 25, 2003.
PAS isn't limited to American courtrooms-Bruch notes that the theory has spread around the world through continuing education courses, lectures and fathers' rights websites and media campaigns, to the despair of family law professors and mental health professionals.
Currently, supporters of the theory are lobbying for its inclusion in the upcoming DSM-5-the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-in May 2013. Conversely, the American Psychological Association has joined forces with the British Psychological Society, Danish Psychological Association, American Counseling Association, American Psychoanalytic Association, The UK Council for Psychotherapy and a host of other organizations to send an open letter to the DSM-5, calling PAS "unsubstantiated and questionable" and stating it has "virtually no basis in the empirical literature."

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Ekushey tells us to be free and fearless against injustice


THE Nation celebrates 'Amar Ekushey' today with due solemnity and colourful festivities to remember the Martyrs of the 1952 Language Movement. It is a landmark occasion and a day of awakening in the history of Bengali people that gave us the clear realization that we have our own language and ...

Cricket »

Captain of Bangladesh National Cricket (ODI) team Mashrafe Bin Mortaza handing over a crest of honour to Hafiz Yasin Arafat at the Bashundhara International Convention Centre in the city recently. Yasin Arafat became Hafiz-e-Quran in 86 days. He was a student of Tanjimul Ummah Hifz Madrasah of Cox's Bazar. Ahlul Huffaz Foundation Bangladesh arranged the reception programme.


Sports »

Medalists in the ice dance, free dance figure skating (from left) : Gabriella Papadakis and Guillaume Cizeron, of France (silver), Tessa Virtue and Scott Moir of Canada (gold) and Maia Shibutani and Alex Shibutani of the United States (bronze) pose during their medals ceremony at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea on Tuesday.


International »

Trump backs improved background checks on gun buys


US President Donald Trump signaled support Monday for improving background gun checks amid mounting pressure for reform in the wake of the Florida school shooting, as the accused gunman appeared in court.Nikolas Cruz, charged with killing 17 people, sat silently with his head bowed during a procedural hearing in Fort ...

International »

Nepal wants to deepen ties with China: K P Oli


PTI, Kathmandu : Nepal's new Prime Minister K P Oli has said he wants to deepen ties with China to explore more options and get more leverage in his dealings with India "in keeping with the times". Mr Oli, widely regarded as pro-China, also said he wants to "update" relations with ...

Business & Economy »

M Fakhrul Alam, Managing Director of ONE Bank Limited and Rezaul Islam, General Manager of Bangladesh Bank sign a participatory agreement regarding use of JICA assisted Foreign Direct Investment Promotion Project fund recently. Governor Fazle Kabir, Deputy Governor Abu Hena Moh. Razi Hasan, Executive Director Ahmed Jamal of Bangladesh Bank, chief representatives of JICA Bangladesh office Takatoshi Nishikata and among other were also present on the occasion.


Entertainment »

Inspired by the journey of Deepika and Anushka: Nidhhi Agerwal


Nidhhi Agerwal who hails from Bangalore and is living independently in Mumbai currently believes Deepika and Anushka's journey to the top has inspired her a lot. Just like the other two Bollywood divas, Nidhhi also went through her part of the struggle to make it to Bollywood. The young actress ...

City »

Law enforcers intercepted women leaders and activists of Jatiyatabadi Chhatra Dal when they were going to visit BNP Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia with fruits at Old Dhaka Central Jail on Tuesday.


Sports »

Medalists in the women's 12.5-kilometer mass start biathlon (from right) Belarus' Darya Domracheva (silver), Slovakia's Anastasiya Kuzmina (gold) and Norway's Tiril Eckhoff (bronze) pose during their medals ceremony at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea on Sunday.


Entertainment »

I am very excited about working with Akshay Kumar: Parineeti


Parineeti Chopra, who will be sharing screen space for the first time with Akshay Kumar, says she is excited to work with the superstar in Kesari.The film, being directed by Anurag Singh, will see Akshay essaying the role of Havildar Ishar Singh, while Parineeti plays his wife."(I) am very excited ...

Editorial »

We welcome UK`s removal of ban on direct air cargo


THE UK government has fully withdrawn the two-year-long ban on direct cargo flights from Dhaka to London ending the plight of exporters, particularly garment exporters who were facing difficulty to make emergency shipment of samples and other cargo to buyers within the stipulated time. The British government said it is ...

City »

Buyers flip through the books at a stall of Amar Ekushey Book Fair on Bangla Academy premises in the city on Monday.


International »

Syrian forces to back YPG` in fight against Turkey


Al Jazeera News :The Kurdish YPG fighters claim they have reached a deal to allow Syrian government troops to enter Afrin in the northwestern part of the border town.Nuri Mahmoud, a spokesman for the People's Protection Units (YPG), told Al Jazeera on Monday that they are calling on the Syrian ...

Editorial »

Cleansing operation to stop leakage of question


QUESTION leakage during the ongoing SSC examination showed that the government has no power and the Education Ministry has no control over the corrupt people handling the question papers. So far questions of all 10 tests were openly available around the examination centers in Dhaka city and other places from ...

Sports »

Simidele Adeagbo of Nigeria reacts in the finish area after the final run of the women's skeleton competition at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea on Saturday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news