Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, May 30, 2017 03:26:05 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Parental alienation syndrome : Fact or fiction?

photo by

By
30th-Oct-2016       Readers ( 404 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Tia Benjamin :
The theory of Parental Alienation Syndrome was advanced by Richard Gardner in 1987 through his self-published book, The Parental Alienation Syndrome and the Differentiation Between Fabricated and Genuine Child Sex Abuse.
Parental Alienation Syndrome-known as PAS-is a theoretical disorder that arises primarily in custody battles, in which one parent supposedly turns a child against the estranged parent with allegations of abuse or neglect. It's described as having three core components:
Programming. Garner argues that children are actively brainwashed and programmed by one parent against the other, alienating the child from that parent.
False Accusations. The theory suggests that one parent-typically the mother-makes false allegations of sexual or other abuse against the other parent, and uses this as a reason to deny visitation rights and compound the alienation. Through programming, the child may even believe the false accusations are true.
Deprogramming. Gardner recommends that to remedy the alienation, the child should be entirely removed from the alienating parent and placed with the alleged abuser for "deprogramming." During the first deprogramming period, all contact-even via telephone-with the alienating parent is prohibited.
The theory of PAS is extremely controversial. Disturbing cases are often cited in criticism of Gardner's theory. One example is the case involving a four-year-old girl, who returned home from unsupervised visitation with her father, and told her mom in detail about his sexual abuse of her. Because the little girl's story wasn't always consistent in her many later interviews with child protective services and various psychologists, the court deemed the mother an alienating parent, who had made up the abuse. As a result, the court gave full custody to the alleged abuser and ordered all contact with the mother must stop.
Over the years, PAS has received widespread criticism from child psychiatrists, abuse experts and attorneys for many reasons, not least because they fear the approach is not supported by the evidence, and puts vulnerable children at risk.
Biased. The theory has been accused of advancing inherent biases against women and children. Because women are statistically more likely to be the custodial parent, men are more likely to have problems with visitation. Distinguished Professor Emerita, Carol S. Bruch, at the University of California, Davis, says men are also "more likely to have money for expert services and 'coaching' for their trial attorneys."
Fails to Resolve Parenting Problems. Bruch observes that "claims of parental alienation turn the court's attention to the custodial parent, and means any parenting problems that might exist are largely ignored." She adds, "Instead of helping these men learn what they might do to make visits work better for their children, they are charged exorbitant fees for what cannot help the quality of their visits and may make things very much worse for their children."
Not recognized. The American Psychiatric Association does not recognize Gardner's theory as a formal psychiatric diagnosis, and his own personal credentials are overstated in the literature. Even the New York Times incorrectly cited Gardner as a professor of child psychiatry at Columbia University, when in fact he never held this title. Instead, he "was a clinical professor of psychiatry in the division of child and adolescent psychiatry-an unpaid volunteer," according to the paper's correction to its initial misstatement.
Not scientific. Gardner's books were self-published and were not subject to peer review. No formal research was undertaken-Gardner made his conclusions based on his observations of his own patients-and experts believe his assessments of the number of fabricated abuse cases, which he initially suggested were as high as 90 percent, are overstated and not factual.
Despite its flaws, Parental Alienation Syndrome continues to be raised as a defense in family courts around the country. In fact, the New York Times reported that Gardner testified in over 400 such child custody cases before committing suicide on May 25, 2003.
PAS isn't limited to American courtrooms-Bruch notes that the theory has spread around the world through continuing education courses, lectures and fathers' rights websites and media campaigns, to the despair of family law professors and mental health professionals.
Currently, supporters of the theory are lobbying for its inclusion in the upcoming DSM-5-the fifth edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-in May 2013. Conversely, the American Psychological Association has joined forces with the British Psychological Society, Danish Psychological Association, American Counseling Association, American Psychoanalytic Association, The UK Council for Psychotherapy and a host of other organizations to send an open letter to the DSM-5, calling PAS "unsubstantiated and questionable" and stating it has "virtually no basis in the empirical literature."

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Too profligate and too wasteful a govt is too much of a burden


BANGLADESH Economic Association (BEA) has suggested, more reasonably that the government should more rely on income tax instead of entirely focusing on Value Added Tax (VAT) which the Finance Minister has vowed to fix at 15 percent from July 1 under the new VAT Law. The government has been realizing ...

Sports »

Kevin Kisner kisses the championship trophy after winning the Dean & DeLuca Invitational golf tournament at Colonial Country Club in Fort Worth, Texas, Sunday.


City »

DMP Commissioner Asaduzzaman Miah speaking at a press conference at the Jatiya Press Club on Monday marking World Tobacco Free Day.


Entertainment »

Orsha, Nawsheen under Selim`s direction


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :It is really difficult to identify Shahiduzzaman Selim while first looking in role of Bonduk Habib in the shooting spot. It was really tough to identify on the spot with that make-up. To act in that role, Selim took that type of get-up. He has taken this ...

International »

Following Trump`s trip, Merkel says Europe can`t rely on US anymore


The Washington Post :German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Sunday declared a new chapter in U.S.-European relations after contentious meetings with President Trump last week, saying that Europe "really must take our fate into our own hands."It was the toughest review yet of Trump's trip to Europe, which inflamed tensions rather ...

International »

Macron hosts Putin in latest diplomatic test


AFP, Paris :France's new President Emmanuel Macron was to host Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin on Monday in the latest test of his diplomatic mettle after vowing firm stands on Ukraine and Syria."It is essential to talk to Russia because there are many international issues that will not be resolved without ...

Editorial »

Transparency over WASA project


THE Asian Development Bank is reportedly bringing pressure on the government to award two contracts to a bidder without competitive bidding to supply 500 million litres of treated water to Dhaka Water Supply Authority (WASA) from River Meghna, as per a New Age report on Sunday. But what is noticeable ...

Football »

Wenger collects record 7th FA Cup unclear on Arsenal future


AP, London :Removing the record seventh FA Cup winner's medal from his pocket, Arsene Wenger was gratified and yet apprehensive."For once I have kept my medal," said the Arsenal manager, who usually gives them away to staff members. "So that means it's a special night for me."And maybe his last ...

Entertainment »

Ariana Grande will return to Manchester for fundraising concert


Undeterred by the severe terror threat and the traumatic attack after her concert, Ariana Grande is all set to return to Manchester. The 23-year-old-singer promised her fans that she will return to Manchester to have a benefit concert to raise money for the victims and their family. The Side to ...

City »

BNP Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia along with others offering Munajat at an Iftar Mahfil organised for Ulema-Mashaekh and orphans at the Ladies Club in the city on Sunday, the first day of holy Ramzan.


International »

Trump ends nine-day overseas trip with a flourish as trouble looms at home


Reuters, Washington :With trouble facing him back home, US President Donald Trump ended his nine-day overseas journey in dramatic fashion on Saturday, addressing US troops at a campaign-style rally.Trump flipped traditional US foreign policy upside down on his tour through the Middle East and Europe, coddling Middle Eastern leaders with ...

International »

May's Conservatives maintain 14-point lead over Labour: Poll


Reuters, London :British Prime Minister Theresa May's Conservative Party has a 14 percentage point lead over the main opposition Labour Party ahead of a June 8 election, according to an ICM opinion poll published in the Sun newspaper on Sunday.The poll put the Conservatives on 46 percent and Labour on ...

Editorial »

Holy Ramzan is not for greedy business


THE Holy month of Ramzan starts from today with a surge in the pieces of essentials in the kitchen market to a new height. The government leaders said the market has enough supply and it is true because traders have imported essentials in huge quantity in the past months anticipating ...

Back Page »

Holy Ramzanul Mubarak


Abdul Muqit Chowdhury :Holy Ramzan, the ninth month of the  Arabic year and the best period for virtuous deeds, starts today with great inspiration and religious fervour. This month is unique, to have Revelation of the Holy Quran-the universal and eternal message for guidance of mankind. The Muslims are fortunate ...

Sports »

China's former tennis star Li Na joins business school


AFP, Beijing :Chinese two-time Grand Slam champion Li Na enrolled Saturday in a prominent Beijing business school program for senior management executives. "As a retired athlete who has been in the tennis industry for many years, I hope to pursue a wide range of business interests in my second career," ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news