Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, January 17, 2017 01:15:45 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

The novels of Mulk Raj Anand

photo by

By
09th-Dec-2016       Readers ( 63 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Vaiyapurirajan Selvarajan :
Anand was born in 1905 in Peshawar. It is now with Pakistan. His father was a Subedar in the Indian Army. Anand had been a witness to all the tyranny rule of the British and the orthodoxy treatment of the upper caste society. Inhumanism is not a malady of the West. It is inherent in all societies. Anand castigates the Indian society in his novels Coolie and Untouchable. Two Leaves and a Bud is used by him to expose the in-humanistic tendencies of the British people. An in-depth analysis is done here to bring to light the humanism as suggested by Mulk Raj Anand. Keywords: Humanism, Society, Transition and Hypocrisy. Literary pieces promoting humanistic values are called 'humanistic literatures'. They may be in any form may be a drama, poetry, short story or novel. Even though literature generally satisfy the didactic purpose and teach higher values, some other trends also crept into the literary field. Novel is a new literary form and it has its birth only in the 18th century. During that period there was a rise in the middle classes and trade and commerce started to develop among countries. Besides, there was a growth of newspapers, journals and magazines. This was the major reason for the popularity of novels during that century. Thereafter from the Romantic Period to the Modern age, novel started to pass through various movements. Victorian movement was a reaction to extreme romanticism. Oscar Wilde and John Galsworthy were famous novelists during that period. During the pre-war period, a new generation of novelists emerged challenging the orthodoxies. Isaac Rosen Bery and Wilfred Owen were the soldier poets who were popular during the First World War. They were called war poets. Their works depicted horrors of war, bringing reality of vents to the public. They were followed by domestic novels of Jane Austin and historical novels of Scott. The new trend glorifying the social values was confirmed by Charles Dickens through serial publications. He wrote vividly about London life and the struggle of the poor. His famous novel 'Oliver Twist' was famous for all classes. It brought about prison reforms and turned public attention to the plight of the poor children. Thus Dickens was the first to introduce humanism in novels.
Among the Indian writers in English Mulk Raj Anand was famous novelist in humanism. He was a Panjabi. His novels  Coolie, Untouchable and Two Leaves and the Bud are full of humanistic values. The word 'humanism' has a number of meanings. There are different types of humanism - Literary humanism, Renaissance humanism, Cultural humanism, Modern humanism, Secular humanism, Religious humanism and so on. Humanism is a philosophy focused upon human means for comprehending reality.
It is a philosophy of reason and science in pursuit of knowledge. It is regarded as a philosophy of imagination, compassion etc ... It is a realistic philosophy. It is the philosophy for those in love with life. Humanists take responsibility for the lives of others.
Mulk Raj Anand's humanism may be defined as, “A system of thought in which human interest, values and dignity are held dominant. It implies devotion to the concerns of mankind. It is an attitude that concentrates on the activities of man rather than on the supernatural world the world of nature or the so-called animal kingdom.”
Historically, humanism is a Renaissance doctrine, which stresses the essential worth, dignity and the greatness of man as contrasted with an older view that man is wicked, worthless and doomed to destruction both in life and in that to come. His humanism makes him use his art for the services of humanity.
It must be frankly admitted that humanism derives its strength from both Eastern and Western thought. But Anand time and again has stated that he rejected all kinds of system and categories of philosophy that are the basis of Western humanism.
Mulk Raj Anand was born in the Punjab province, which is now with Pakistan. Jallian Walla Bagh massacre happened during his lifetime. In April 1919, Indians assembled there to ventilate their grievances against the British rule. But they were mercilessly shot dead by Brigadier General Reginald Dyer. 329 people were killed and over 1200 were injured. Anand was moved heavily by this incident. British people did not treat Indians as humans. Poor were the worst sufferers. Rich Indians some how occupie higher positions under the British rulers.
Another plight of the Indian poor was in the hands of the rich, affluent, higher caste people. They treated the lower caste people as sub humans. In both cases there were social injustice, economic exploitation and suppression. Hence some best studies in these areas became the need of the hour.
Such studies in the regional languages proved inadequate insofar as they could not reach the whole of India with the multilingual nature of the country. Whilst so how can they reach the whole world? It could be done only through English and the task was accomplished by Mulk Raj Anand. He had an observant eye and an understanding heart and hence it became a possibility for him to give a portrayal of India’s contemporary  social life with vagaries and varieties.

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Problems of foreign medical students need urgent solution


AROUND 1,200 MBBS students of the University of Science and Technology Chittagong (USTC) face uncertainty, as Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council (BMDC) has refused to register them for the University's Violation of Admission rules, as per a report of a local daily.The USTC, a private institution, admitted around 400 students ...

Cricket »

Kohli, Jadhav centuries help India beat England


AFP, Pune : Skipper Virat Kohli and Kedar Jadhav hit blistering centuries to help India chase down 350 and stun England by three wickets in the first one-day international in Pune on Sunday.Kohli (122), who was leading the limited overs side for the first time, and Jadhav (120) put on ...

Football »

Real Madrid's Toni Kroos, right, and Sevilla's Vicente Iborra challenge for the ball during La Liga soccer match between Real Madrid and Sevilla at the Ramon Sanchez Pizjuan stadium, in Seville, Spain on Sunday.


Entertainment »

Dilruba Sathi passes seven years in her hosting career


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Viewers’ choice popular host Dilruba Sathi has passed seven years of her career. From that point of view she has been passing ‘Lucky 7’ now. As a host, she started her career through a dance show on Bangladesh Television. Later her hosting in a special programme on ...

Entertainment »

Real-life wedding inside the Bigg Boss 10 house


Bigg Boss 10 is turning to be the most controversial season in the history of the reality show.  According to reports, there is going to be a real life wedding on the show and it will be that of Mona Lisa and  her boyfriend, Vikrant’s. Apparently, Vikrant, along with his ...

City »

A delegation of Bangladesh National Awami Party-Bangladesh NAP led by its Chairman Gebel Rahman Ghani called on President Abdul Hamid at Bangabhaban on Monday aiming at the formation of the new Election Commission.


International »

Trump labels NATO `obsolete` in newspaper interview


AFP, Frankfurt :The NATO alliance is an "obsolete" organisation, US President-elect Donald Trump said in an interview published late on Sunday, complaining that the pact had "not bothered about terrorism"."I said a long time ago that NATO had problems. Number one it was obsolete, because it was designed many, many ...

Editorial »

Stand by the cold hit people


THE entire country is now reeling under severe cold in peak winter with mercury nose-diving in most regions, particularly in the northern districts. The worst sufferers are the poor and homeless who are mercilessly exposed to cold in the capital and elsewhere trying to keep up warm making fire on ...

Cricket »

Pakistan record first ODI win in Australia after 12 years


AFP, Melbourne :Pakistan beat Australia by six wickets in the second one-day international at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on Sunday, their first ODI win on Australian soil for 12 years. The win was also Pakistan's first ODI victory at the MCG since 1985 and levels the five-match series at 1-1. ...

Entertainment »

It`s cold in Lucknow, but Shruti Haasan has not been feeling the chills


After Rocky Handsome (2016), Shruti Haasan veered towards her South projects. The actress is back on the Bollywood scene with Behen Hogi Teri which has Rajkummar Rao as co-star.Shruti has been shooting for the romcom in Lucknow. Even though it is cold, she has not been feeling the chills as ...

City »

Speakers at a discussion on `Role to Eliminate Drug and Militants` organised by Anti-drug Social Movement at Dhaka Reporters Unity on Sunday.


.

International »

Merkel backs multilateral approach as Trump presidency nears


AP, Berlin :German Chancellor Angela Merkel is stressing as she awaits Donald Trump's inauguration that the world's problems need solving in cooperation, rather than by each country individually.Asked at a news conference Saturday about protectionist tendencies in the U.S., Merkel said she will seek a dialogue with the new president."I ...

Editorial »

Rise in parents killing their children is disturbing


BANGLADESH is now witnessing probably the worst time for children to grow up as an increasing number of kids are often being killed by their parents; though the parents are supposed to protect their children. Why it is happening is a big question. Citing Bangladesh Shisu Adhikar Forum (BSAF) a ...

Entertainment »

Karisma is excited to see Sonam as Ranbir`s wife


This weeks Koffee With Karan will have Kareena Kapoor Khan and Sonam Kapoor on the hot seat and by the looks of it, it's going to be one hell of a fun one. When host, Karan Johar quizzed Sonam on whether she would ever consider dating Ranbir Kapoor, Bebo butted ...

Chittagong »

CDA Chairman Abdus Salam speaking as chief guest at meeting of the master plan review of Chittagong City at Bakulia Ward in the city yesterday.


.

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news