Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, March 28, 2017 12:20:10 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Importance of health screening tests

photo by

By
26th-Dec-2016       Readers ( 191 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Life Desk :
Health is securely placed atop the invaluable hierarchy and we all know the reason why! Once health is lost, we become a burden to ourselves, to those around and to the society at large. Therefore, we owe it to ourselves to safe guard our health.
Health screening along with a healthy diet and exercise, is necessary for maintaining good health and a higher quality of life. Health screening and timely or regular testing is vital for detecting tell-tale signs of sickness, for providing the necessary impetus to understand one's health and make changes whenever necessary.
Screening can help us live longer and healthier lives. Screening essentially helps in identifying diseases in people who do not yet have any symptoms or signs of it.
Mass screening for certain common diseases is often recommended and can be cost effective for a selected community or a country. The goal of such screening is to improve health outcomes, An example is early detection of high blood pressure. Such a detection can help prevent stroke and heart disease by timely start of medication and counseling for lifestyle changes such as losing weight, giving up smoking, cutting down on salt and regular exercises. Another example is Pap smear for early detection of cervical cancer. An early detection of the cancer usually means a very high cure rate. Some mass screening programmes may not improve health outcomes and prostate cancer screening for men is one such example.
The unraveling of human genetic code and advances being made in genetic research has meant that many diseases are getting identified to have a genetic cause.
In the near future screening will become even more important. In fact some companies are already offering their services by doing a genetic profile of a person and providing them a risk profile of potential diseases that they maybe prone to..
Selective screening maybe advocated when there is family history or if a person is exposed to risk factors like carcinogens.
Screening - Cancer
Cancer is a disease that is eating its way steadily into the fabric of modern society. Most cancers are sporadic and some of them are life style- induced. 10% of them display a familial pattern of inheritance.
Cancer can actually be considered a multi-factorial disease with a combination of genes and environment playing a role as its causative factors.
Health screenings and regular check ups will definitely help to detect cancer at an early stage and the disease can even be forced to enter long-term remission.
Let's take a look at how the following cancers can be screened:
a) Breast cancer - This is a common cancer among women. Those with a family history of BC should screen for mutant BRCA. Even otherwise, those above the age of 45 years would benefit from a mammogram which is the routine test used to screen breast cancer
b) Prostate cancer -This cancer is a common reason for mortality among men. Prostate specific antigen (PSA) assay and digital rectal examination may be carried out for men between the ages of 50-70 years. For those with a family history the exam must be carried out by 45 years.
c) Cervical cancer - Pap smear test is a cervical cancer test recommended for all sexually active women. Routine Pap smear test has helped to dramatically lower the incidence of cervical cancer.
d) Kidney cancer-A urine test may be carried out to check for presence of blood. Other tests to screen for kidney cancer include blood tests, CT scan and intravenous pyelogram
e) Colorectal cancer -People who are at a higher risk of acquiring colorectal cancer, such as diabetics, must do routine screening for colorectal cancer.
Screening tests include digital rectal examination, stool guaiac testing (Hemoccult), proctosigmoidoscopy and/or pancolonoscopy, and barium enema with air-contrast studies.
Screening - lifestyle diseases
Lifestyle diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure are escalating at breakneck speed and it would only be prudent on anyone's part to be vigilant by screening regularly for these diseases.
High blood pressure can even cause other ailments such as kidney damage. Regular health monitoring can initiate early management; sometimes the disease can even be controlled without medications.
In this article we attempt to take a look at some of the lifestyle diseases and the types of screening tests that are suitable for each of them:-
Atherosclerosis / Heart Diseases
Atherosclerosis is the thickening of the arteries that may lead to heart attack. Those at risk, such as the obese, the smokers, the hypertensive and the diabetics, may well benefit from routine cardiac check ups including thread mill, ECHO and MRI.
Type 2 diabetes
Simple blood tests taken on an empty stomach and also after meals. Urine tests may also help to detect type 2 diabetes.
Screening - Kidney Diseases
Those with diabetes, hypertension or a family history of kidney diseases are at a high risk of developing kidney diseases. Regular screening helps to detect the disease at an early stage.
The following tests would help to routinely screen Kidney diseases:
Blood test to check for creatinine
Urine test to check for protein
BP value check
Polycystic kidney disease
For those who are suspected to have polycystic kidney disease, screening can be carried out with ultrasonography or MRI.
Screening - Familial / Genetic Diseases
Familial diseases are diseases that are passed down from generation to generation. Genetic diseases are often confused with familial diseases but it must be taken into account that genetic diseases need not be hereditary but may occur as a result of spontaneous mutations. No family is free of genetic diseases.
The following is a tabulation of population groups, the associated disorders and the screening tests available. These tests are usually carried out post-natally.
Universal
a) Cystic fibrosis
b) DNA analysis of a sample of blood or of cells from the inside of the cheek.
c) DNA analysis of a sample of blood or of cells from the inside of the cheek
Familial dysautonomia
(Hereditary dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system)
DNA analysis of a sample of blood or of cells from the inside of the cheek
c) Tay-Sachs disease
Blood tests to measure the enzyme that is deficient in this disorder (hexosaminidase A).
Possibly DNA analysis
Blacks
a) Sickle cell anemia-
b) Blood tests to check for abnormal hemoglobin
a) Tay-Sachs disease-
Blood tests to measure the enzyme that is deficient in this disorder (hexosaminidase
A) Possibly DNA analysis
Mediterranean people
b) beta -Thalassemia-
-From Web

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

EU`s threat to scrap duty free export


THE European Union (EU) has asked Bangladesh to further improve the country's labour standard least to avoid suspension of duty free trade privileges. But it appears quite unjustified at a time when Bangladesh has significantly allowed Trade Union to workers  at factory level to represent their problems.  It appears that ...

Sports »

Bangladesh bag titles in Asian Zonal Chess


Bangladeshi emerged champions in both open and women's section in the Asian Zonal 3.2 Chess Championships Open and Women qualifying events of World Cup Chess and World Women Chess Championship that concluded on Monday in Kathmandu, Nepal. GM Mollah Abdullah Al Rakib became unbeaten champion in the open section. He ...

City »

Chairman of Northern University Bangladesh Trust Prof. Dr. A.Y.M. Abdullah confers a honourary crest to the Prime Minister's Economic Affairs Adviser Dr. Mashiur Rahman at a discussion and prize giving ceremony on its Banani campus on the occasion of 47th Independence Day on Saturday.


International »

61 bodies found in Mosul 10 days after air strike


Reuters, Mosul :Iraq's military said on Sunday that 61 bodies were recovered from a collapsed building that the militant Islamic State group had booby-trapped in west Mosul, but there was no sign the building had been hit by a coalition air strike.The military statement differed from reports by witnesses and ...

Entertainment »

Moushumi celebrates two eras of her film career


Entertainment Report :Popular film actress Moushumi celebrated two eras of her acting career on March 25.On this day in 1993, she started her acting career through Sohanur Rahman Sohan directed movie Keyamat Thekey Keyamat. To celebrate the day, Moushumi at her residence in the city’s Uttara area arranged a get-together ...

Entertainment »

Karan Johar to make his debut as a singer?


Karan Johar recoreded a song for Shekhar Ravijani who is a composer and singer. Karan Johar has rapped as well as sung a song. Badshah was present for the rap portions but the rap is done by Karan himself. He has no time before he entered the recording studio. Karan ...

Football »

Paraguay`s Paulo Da Silva (center) and teammates celebrates their first goal scored by Bruno Valdez against Ecuador during a 2018 World Cup qualifying soccer game in Asuncion, Paraguay on Thursday.


Editorial »

We must prove worthy of people`s supreme sacrifice


THE nation celebrates the 47th Independence and National Day today although we achieved our real independence on the Victory Day on December 16 when the country was freed from Pakistani occupation forces in 1971. March 26th is observed as the day of Declaration of Independence that led the nation to ...

Football »

Mexico`s Jurgen Damm controls the ball during a 2018 Russia World Cup qualifying soccer match between Mexico and Costa Rica at Azteca stadium in Mexico City on Friday. Mexico won the match 2-0.


City »

Liberation War Affairs Minister AKM Mozammel Haque, among others, stands in a solemn silence marking the Genocide Day at Shikha Chirantan (Eternal Flame) in the city's Suhrawardy Udyan on Saturday.


Entertainment »

Aupee Karim returns as host


Entertainment Desk :Famous actress, model and dancer, Aupee Karim is all set to host a show again after a long time. Titled Surjodoyer Gaan, the program she will be hosting will feature five special songs, paying tribute to the martyrs of the Liberation War. The program has been made under ...

International »

Modi befriends Trump as Putin and Xi move closer together


Newsweek :Are we witnessing seismic shifts in the Russia-India-China triangle? It would seem so-but the shifts are long in the making.Historically, Indo-Russian relations have been far stronger than Sin-Russian relations. In recent years, however, and especially since the onset of the crisis in Ukraine in 2014, the dynamics of this ...

International »

Troubled EU seeks unity in Rome on 60th birthday


AFP, Rome : European Union leaders celebrated the 60th anniversary of the bloc's founding treaties at a special summit in Rome on Saturday in a symbolic show of unity despite Britain's looming departure.Meeting without Britain, the other 27 member countries will endorse a declaration of intent for the next decade, on ...

Cricket »

Happy birthday to Shakib Al Hasan


Hadn't he born, Bangladesh cricket team would have deprived of many outstanding victories.Number one all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan, who demonstrated his magical batting and bowling displays many times to ensure victories for the Tigers, stepped into 31st year on Friday.However, he was celebrating his birthday with his teammates in Sri ...

Editorial »

Fire at BB head office raises many questions


THE fire incident at Bangladesh Bank has come as a renewed shock to the nation prompting questions from many quarters how the central bank is falling is so insecure as a highly sensitive establishment from national security perspective. The incident just within one year of the sensational money heist of ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news