Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, January 17, 2017 07:04:08 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Childhood poverty can cause significant psychological damage in adulthood

photo by

By
10th-Jan-2017       Readers ( 63 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Life Desk :
Poor kids grow up to have a host of physical problems as adults, suggests previous studies. A Cornell University research conducted by following participants over a 15-year period, is the first to show that childhood poverty can cause significant psychological damage in adulthood.
Impoverished children in the study had more antisocial conduct such as aggression and bullying, and increased feeling of helplessness, than kids from middle-income backgrounds, the study said. Poor kids also have more chronic physiological stress and more deficits in short-term spatial memory.
'Impoverished children are prone to antisocial conduct such as aggression and bullying, and increased feeling of helplessness, than kids from middle-income backgrounds.'
 "What this means is, if you're born poor, you're on a trajectory to have more of these kinds of psychological problems," said Gary Evans, the author of the study and professor of environmental and developmental psychology at Cornell.
"With poverty, you're exposed to lots of stress. Everybody has stress, but low-income families, low-income children, have a lot more of it," Evans said.
"And the parents are also under a lot of stress. So for kids, there is a cumulative risk exposure." Evans, a child psychologist who specializes in the effects of stress on children, is the author of "Childhood poverty and adult psychological well-being," published last month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
The findings are important because kids who grow up in poverty are likely to stay impoverished as adults. For example, there's a 40% chance that a son's income will be the same as his father's income.
"People walk around with this idea in their head that if you work hard, play by the rules, you can get ahead," Evans said. "And that's just a myth. It's just not true."
In his study, Evans tracked 341 participants over a 15-year period, and tested them at ages nine, 13, 17 and 24.
Short-term spatial memory was tested by asking adult study participants to repeat increasingly complex sequences of lights and sounds by pressing four colored pads in the correct order - similar to the "Simon" game. The adults who grew up in poverty had a diminished ability to recall the sequences, compared to those who did not.
"This is an important result because the ability to retain information in short-term memory is fundamental to a host of basic cognitive skills, including language and achievement," the study said.
Although the participants were assessed on this measure only when they were adults, this test had the strongest association with childhood poverty of the four measures.
Helplessness was assessed by asking the participants to solve an impossible puzzle. Adults growing up in poverty gave up 8 percent more quickly than those who weren't poor as kids. Previous research has shown chronic exposure to uncontrollable stressors - such as family turmoil and substandard housing - tends to induce helplessness.
Mental health was measured with a well validated, standardized index of mental health with statements including "I argue a lot" and "I am too impatient." Adults who grew up in poverty were more likely to agree with those questions than adults from a middle-income background.
Chronic physiological stress was tested by measuring the participants' blood pressure, stress hormones and body mass index. Adults who grew up in poverty had a higher level of chronic physical stress throughout childhood and into adulthood.
The study has two implications, Evans said.
First, early intervention to prevent these problems is more efficient and more likely to work. "If you don't intervene early, it's going to be really difficult and is going to cost a lot to intervene later," he said.
Second, increasing poor families' incomes is the most efficient way to reduce a child's exposure to poverty and, in turn, their risk of developing psychological problems. Evans supports the creation of a safety net, similar to Social Security's supplemental income for the elderly and disabled. If a family is poor and has children, the federal government should provide them with supplementary income sufficient to participate in society, he said.
"It's not true you can't do anything about poverty.
It's just whether there's the political will, and are people willing to reframe the problem, instead of blaming the person who is poor and - even more preposterous - blaming their children," he said.
"This is a societal issue, and if we decide to reallocate resources like we did with the elderly and Social Security, we could change the kind of data this study is showing," he said.
"Could we get rid of poverty? Probably not," Evans said. "But I think we could change it dramatically."
Source: Eurekalert

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Problems of foreign medical students need urgent solution


AROUND 1,200 MBBS students of the University of Science and Technology Chittagong (USTC) face uncertainty, as Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council (BMDC) has refused to register them for the University's Violation of Admission rules, as per a report of a local daily.The USTC, a private institution, admitted around 400 students ...

Cricket »

Kohli, Jadhav centuries help India beat England


AFP, Pune : Skipper Virat Kohli and Kedar Jadhav hit blistering centuries to help India chase down 350 and stun England by three wickets in the first one-day international in Pune on Sunday.Kohli (122), who was leading the limited overs side for the first time, and Jadhav (120) put on ...

Football »

Real Madrid's Toni Kroos, right, and Sevilla's Vicente Iborra challenge for the ball during La Liga soccer match between Real Madrid and Sevilla at the Ramon Sanchez Pizjuan stadium, in Seville, Spain on Sunday.


Entertainment »

Dilruba Sathi passes seven years in her hosting career


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Viewers’ choice popular host Dilruba Sathi has passed seven years of her career. From that point of view she has been passing ‘Lucky 7’ now. As a host, she started her career through a dance show on Bangladesh Television. Later her hosting in a special programme on ...

Entertainment »

Real-life wedding inside the Bigg Boss 10 house


Bigg Boss 10 is turning to be the most controversial season in the history of the reality show.  According to reports, there is going to be a real life wedding on the show and it will be that of Mona Lisa and  her boyfriend, Vikrant’s. Apparently, Vikrant, along with his ...

City »

A delegation of Bangladesh National Awami Party-Bangladesh NAP led by its Chairman Gebel Rahman Ghani called on President Abdul Hamid at Bangabhaban on Monday aiming at the formation of the new Election Commission.


International »

Trump labels NATO `obsolete` in newspaper interview


AFP, Frankfurt :The NATO alliance is an "obsolete" organisation, US President-elect Donald Trump said in an interview published late on Sunday, complaining that the pact had "not bothered about terrorism"."I said a long time ago that NATO had problems. Number one it was obsolete, because it was designed many, many ...

Editorial »

Stand by the cold hit people


THE entire country is now reeling under severe cold in peak winter with mercury nose-diving in most regions, particularly in the northern districts. The worst sufferers are the poor and homeless who are mercilessly exposed to cold in the capital and elsewhere trying to keep up warm making fire on ...

Cricket »

Pakistan record first ODI win in Australia after 12 years


AFP, Melbourne :Pakistan beat Australia by six wickets in the second one-day international at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on Sunday, their first ODI win on Australian soil for 12 years. The win was also Pakistan's first ODI victory at the MCG since 1985 and levels the five-match series at 1-1. ...

Entertainment »

It`s cold in Lucknow, but Shruti Haasan has not been feeling the chills


After Rocky Handsome (2016), Shruti Haasan veered towards her South projects. The actress is back on the Bollywood scene with Behen Hogi Teri which has Rajkummar Rao as co-star.Shruti has been shooting for the romcom in Lucknow. Even though it is cold, she has not been feeling the chills as ...

City »

Speakers at a discussion on `Role to Eliminate Drug and Militants` organised by Anti-drug Social Movement at Dhaka Reporters Unity on Sunday.


.

International »

Merkel backs multilateral approach as Trump presidency nears


AP, Berlin :German Chancellor Angela Merkel is stressing as she awaits Donald Trump's inauguration that the world's problems need solving in cooperation, rather than by each country individually.Asked at a news conference Saturday about protectionist tendencies in the U.S., Merkel said she will seek a dialogue with the new president."I ...

Editorial »

Rise in parents killing their children is disturbing


BANGLADESH is now witnessing probably the worst time for children to grow up as an increasing number of kids are often being killed by their parents; though the parents are supposed to protect their children. Why it is happening is a big question. Citing Bangladesh Shisu Adhikar Forum (BSAF) a ...

Entertainment »

Karisma is excited to see Sonam as Ranbir`s wife


This weeks Koffee With Karan will have Kareena Kapoor Khan and Sonam Kapoor on the hot seat and by the looks of it, it's going to be one hell of a fun one. When host, Karan Johar quizzed Sonam on whether she would ever consider dating Ranbir Kapoor, Bebo butted ...

Chittagong »

CDA Chairman Abdus Salam speaking as chief guest at meeting of the master plan review of Chittagong City at Bakulia Ward in the city yesterday.


.

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news