Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Saturday, February 25, 2017 01:33:21 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Childhood poverty can cause significant psychological damage in adulthood

photo by

By
10th-Jan-2017       Readers ( 101 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Life Desk :
Poor kids grow up to have a host of physical problems as adults, suggests previous studies. A Cornell University research conducted by following participants over a 15-year period, is the first to show that childhood poverty can cause significant psychological damage in adulthood.
Impoverished children in the study had more antisocial conduct such as aggression and bullying, and increased feeling of helplessness, than kids from middle-income backgrounds, the study said. Poor kids also have more chronic physiological stress and more deficits in short-term spatial memory.
'Impoverished children are prone to antisocial conduct such as aggression and bullying, and increased feeling of helplessness, than kids from middle-income backgrounds.'
 "What this means is, if you're born poor, you're on a trajectory to have more of these kinds of psychological problems," said Gary Evans, the author of the study and professor of environmental and developmental psychology at Cornell.
"With poverty, you're exposed to lots of stress. Everybody has stress, but low-income families, low-income children, have a lot more of it," Evans said.
"And the parents are also under a lot of stress. So for kids, there is a cumulative risk exposure." Evans, a child psychologist who specializes in the effects of stress on children, is the author of "Childhood poverty and adult psychological well-being," published last month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
The findings are important because kids who grow up in poverty are likely to stay impoverished as adults. For example, there's a 40% chance that a son's income will be the same as his father's income.
"People walk around with this idea in their head that if you work hard, play by the rules, you can get ahead," Evans said. "And that's just a myth. It's just not true."
In his study, Evans tracked 341 participants over a 15-year period, and tested them at ages nine, 13, 17 and 24.
Short-term spatial memory was tested by asking adult study participants to repeat increasingly complex sequences of lights and sounds by pressing four colored pads in the correct order - similar to the "Simon" game. The adults who grew up in poverty had a diminished ability to recall the sequences, compared to those who did not.
"This is an important result because the ability to retain information in short-term memory is fundamental to a host of basic cognitive skills, including language and achievement," the study said.
Although the participants were assessed on this measure only when they were adults, this test had the strongest association with childhood poverty of the four measures.
Helplessness was assessed by asking the participants to solve an impossible puzzle. Adults growing up in poverty gave up 8 percent more quickly than those who weren't poor as kids. Previous research has shown chronic exposure to uncontrollable stressors - such as family turmoil and substandard housing - tends to induce helplessness.
Mental health was measured with a well validated, standardized index of mental health with statements including "I argue a lot" and "I am too impatient." Adults who grew up in poverty were more likely to agree with those questions than adults from a middle-income background.
Chronic physiological stress was tested by measuring the participants' blood pressure, stress hormones and body mass index. Adults who grew up in poverty had a higher level of chronic physical stress throughout childhood and into adulthood.
The study has two implications, Evans said.
First, early intervention to prevent these problems is more efficient and more likely to work. "If you don't intervene early, it's going to be really difficult and is going to cost a lot to intervene later," he said.
Second, increasing poor families' incomes is the most efficient way to reduce a child's exposure to poverty and, in turn, their risk of developing psychological problems. Evans supports the creation of a safety net, similar to Social Security's supplemental income for the elderly and disabled. If a family is poor and has children, the federal government should provide them with supplementary income sufficient to participate in society, he said.
"It's not true you can't do anything about poverty.
It's just whether there's the political will, and are people willing to reframe the problem, instead of blaming the person who is poor and - even more preposterous - blaming their children," he said.
"This is a societal issue, and if we decide to reallocate resources like we did with the elderly and Social Security, we could change the kind of data this study is showing," he said.
"Could we get rid of poverty? Probably not," Evans said. "But I think we could change it dramatically."
Source: Eurekalert

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

VIPs should concern with public safety, not their own special safety


IN a bid to boost the existing security facilities to our VIPs - Ministers, Members of Parliament, state Ministers, Deputy ministers and judges for that matter - the government is about to form a special police unit. The police headquarters have submitted a proposal to the Home Ministry in this ...

City »

Secretary of Rural Development and Cooperatives Division Dr Proshanto Kumar Roy, among others, at an orientation on 'Role of One House, One Farm in Achieving SDGs' in CIRDAP Auditorium in the city on Friday.


.

Entertainment »

Is Deepika doing the remake of Mr & Mrs Smith?


Bollywood actress Deepika Padukone on Thursday negated the reports that she was doing the official remake of Hollywood movie Mr & Mrs Smith. “Well, let’s set the record straight because there have been a lot of rumours regarding a lot of films I am supposedly doing. I think usually there ...

Cricket »

O`Keefe, Smith flatten India on day 2 in 1st Test


AFP, Pune :Left-arm spinner Steve Keefe grabbed a career-best haul of 6-35 to put Australia on top before skipper Steve Smith compounded India's misery with an unbeaten fifty in the first Test in Pune Friday.The visitors reached 143-4 at stumps on day two, which saw a total of 15 wickets ...

International »

White House adviser asks FBI to refute Russia story


AP, Washington :White House chief of staff Reince Priebus asked a top FBI official to dispute media reports that President Donald Trump's campaign advisers were frequently in touch with Russian intelligence agents during the election, a White House official said late Thursday.The official said Priebus' request came after the FBI ...

International »

Putin wants to stabilise Syria's 'legitimate' power


AFP, Moscow :Russian President Vladimir Putin said Thursday that Moscow's goal in Syria was to "stabilise the legitimate authority" and strike a "decisive blow" against terrorism."We have no plans to interfere in Syria's internal affairs," he told a group of naval officers returning from Syria, where six years of war ...

Editorial »

Mr Trump`s `demonising` policies threatening world peace


THE mass deportation that President Donald Trump has pressed in the past several days is only spreading fear and dividing the American nation. The Amnesty International's annual report, presented last Wednesday in Paris has objectively pointed out how the US President Donald Trump and some others like Philippine President Rodrigo ...

Football »

A moment of the Dhaka Metropolis Saif Power Tec Second Division Football League between City Club and Shantinagar Club at the Bir Shreshtha Shaheed Sepoy Mohammad Mostafa Kamal Stadium in Kamalapur on Thursday. City Club won the match by 6-1 goals.


Weekend Plus »

Horoscope of the week


Aries (Mar 21-Apr 20):  You may encourage those who are sincere and devoted by using unconventional methods and tactics, or by agreeing to discuss your real intentions. Such tendencies are supported by the fact that your romantic charms and social skills will be at their most effective.Taurus (Apr 21-May 21): ...

Weekend Plus »

Prof Hassan Shaheed Suhrawardy: Forgotten pride


Sunil Bandopadhaya :The Art Advisory Committee for the decoration of the first three buildings of the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, which were officially inaugurated in 1958, held its first session from May 16 to 18, 1955. It included Herbert Read, Professor Hassan Shaheed Suhrawardy, then Pakistan’s Ambassador to Spain. Suhrawardy ...

Entertainment »

Mental health as important as physical health: Demi Lovato


Singer-actress Demi Lovato, who has been vocal about her battle with bipolar depression, believes that mental health is "just as important as physical health".Inspired by her own travails with mental health, Lovato recently served as an executive producer of a documentary called "Beyond Silence", which follows three individuals - Jeff ...

Weekend Plus »

Strawberry Chocolate Brownies


Ingredients250g - Dark chocolate250g - Unsalted butter360g - Caster sugar5 - Eggs5ml - Vanilla extracts100g - Strawberry chocolate (chopped)50g - Chopped nuts65g - All-purpose flour1 tsp - Baking powderFor GarnishFresh strawberriesVanilla ice creamChocolate garnishMethodPreheat the oven to 170 degree celsius.* Line a 24cm square baking tin with greaseproof paper.* Melt ...

SKETCH »

Amar Ekushey Book Fair


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :The month-long Amar Ekushey Boi Mela is going on in the capital amid foolproof security which began on February 1. Some days have already gone since its beginning. This time the Boi Mela takes a different look. This year the extent and range of the Boi Mela ...

International »

Syria`s warring sides trade fire as peace talks convene


Reuters, Beirut :Syrian warplanes carried out air strikes on rebel-held areas in Deraa, Hama and Aleppo provinces and insurgents fired rockets at government targets on Thursday, just as peace talks were set to resume in Geneva after a 10-month hiatus, a war monitoring group said.However, the overall level of violence ...

Sports »

India men`s and women`s Rollball teams, the champions of the men`s division and women`s division of the 4th Rollball World Cup pose for a photograph at the Shaheed Suhrawardy Indoor Stadium in Mirpur on Wednesday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news