Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Saturday, May 27, 2017 03:00:30 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Childhood poverty can cause significant psychological damage in adulthood

photo by

By
10th-Jan-2017       Readers ( 170 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Life Desk :
Poor kids grow up to have a host of physical problems as adults, suggests previous studies. A Cornell University research conducted by following participants over a 15-year period, is the first to show that childhood poverty can cause significant psychological damage in adulthood.
Impoverished children in the study had more antisocial conduct such as aggression and bullying, and increased feeling of helplessness, than kids from middle-income backgrounds, the study said. Poor kids also have more chronic physiological stress and more deficits in short-term spatial memory.
'Impoverished children are prone to antisocial conduct such as aggression and bullying, and increased feeling of helplessness, than kids from middle-income backgrounds.'
 "What this means is, if you're born poor, you're on a trajectory to have more of these kinds of psychological problems," said Gary Evans, the author of the study and professor of environmental and developmental psychology at Cornell.
"With poverty, you're exposed to lots of stress. Everybody has stress, but low-income families, low-income children, have a lot more of it," Evans said.
"And the parents are also under a lot of stress. So for kids, there is a cumulative risk exposure." Evans, a child psychologist who specializes in the effects of stress on children, is the author of "Childhood poverty and adult psychological well-being," published last month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science
The findings are important because kids who grow up in poverty are likely to stay impoverished as adults. For example, there's a 40% chance that a son's income will be the same as his father's income.
"People walk around with this idea in their head that if you work hard, play by the rules, you can get ahead," Evans said. "And that's just a myth. It's just not true."
In his study, Evans tracked 341 participants over a 15-year period, and tested them at ages nine, 13, 17 and 24.
Short-term spatial memory was tested by asking adult study participants to repeat increasingly complex sequences of lights and sounds by pressing four colored pads in the correct order - similar to the "Simon" game. The adults who grew up in poverty had a diminished ability to recall the sequences, compared to those who did not.
"This is an important result because the ability to retain information in short-term memory is fundamental to a host of basic cognitive skills, including language and achievement," the study said.
Although the participants were assessed on this measure only when they were adults, this test had the strongest association with childhood poverty of the four measures.
Helplessness was assessed by asking the participants to solve an impossible puzzle. Adults growing up in poverty gave up 8 percent more quickly than those who weren't poor as kids. Previous research has shown chronic exposure to uncontrollable stressors - such as family turmoil and substandard housing - tends to induce helplessness.
Mental health was measured with a well validated, standardized index of mental health with statements including "I argue a lot" and "I am too impatient." Adults who grew up in poverty were more likely to agree with those questions than adults from a middle-income background.
Chronic physiological stress was tested by measuring the participants' blood pressure, stress hormones and body mass index. Adults who grew up in poverty had a higher level of chronic physical stress throughout childhood and into adulthood.
The study has two implications, Evans said.
First, early intervention to prevent these problems is more efficient and more likely to work. "If you don't intervene early, it's going to be really difficult and is going to cost a lot to intervene later," he said.
Second, increasing poor families' incomes is the most efficient way to reduce a child's exposure to poverty and, in turn, their risk of developing psychological problems. Evans supports the creation of a safety net, similar to Social Security's supplemental income for the elderly and disabled. If a family is poor and has children, the federal government should provide them with supplementary income sufficient to participate in society, he said.
"It's not true you can't do anything about poverty.
It's just whether there's the political will, and are people willing to reframe the problem, instead of blaming the person who is poor and - even more preposterous - blaming their children," he said.
"This is a societal issue, and if we decide to reallocate resources like we did with the elderly and Social Security, we could change the kind of data this study is showing," he said.
"Could we get rid of poverty? Probably not," Evans said. "But I think we could change it dramatically."
Source: Eurekalert

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

HC ruling on illegally charged session fee of private English medium schools


THE High Court Division on last Thursday declared that all forms of session fees charged by the numerous English medium schools in the country as illegal. The verdict came against the backdrop of a writ petition filed with the HC in 2012 challenging the legality of Session Fees and value ...

Sports »

Saint Gregory`s emerge as champions


Sports Reporter :Saint Gregory's High School & College emerged as the unbeaten champions of the First Security Islami Bank School Rugby Competition defeating Shaheed Nabi High School by 30-0 points in the final at Physical Education College Ground in the city's Mohammadpur on Friday.Shaheed Nabi High School became runners-up, while ...

City »

`Bangladesh Sadharan Chhatra Parishad` formed a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Friday demanding 35 years as age-limit for entering government service.


.

Entertainment »

Suzana returns with Eid work


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Popular model and TV actress Sumayia Zafar Suzana, popularly known as Suzana Zafar, has returned to acting after returning from abroad. She is working for an Eid telefilm directed by Iftekhaar Ahmed Fahmi. Suzana’s co-actors are Shahiduzzaman Selim, Apurba and Sumaiya Shimu. The shooting began at a ...

Entertainment »

Zareen Khan to play law student in 1921


Actress Zareen Khan is ecstatic to play a law student in Vikram Bhatts 1921. Zareen told IANS: “As a teenager, I always wanted to study law and I am glad that I got an opportunity to play a law student on screen at least.” She is currently shooting for the ...

International »

Trump targets criminal gang MS-13 to justify immigration crackdown


AFP, New York : For a president obsessed with deporting "bad hombres" from the United States, the Latino street gang known as MS-13 is the perfect target.Known for its horrific murders, in which victims are set upon with machetes and baseball bats, it has a reach that now extends from its ...

Editorial »

FDI flow low despite policy support


A recently held dialogue organised by the American Chamber of Commerce in Bangladesh (AMCHAM) revealed that the country is not getting foreign direct investments (FDIs) at an expected level in spite of the government's numerous initiatives to give easy access to such investment opportunities. Whether or not these 'initiatives' are ...

Entertainment »

`Baahubali: The Conclusiuon` all set to release in China


After conquering global Box-Office with staggering numbers, SS Rajamouli's magnum opus ' Baahubali 2: The Conclusion' is now all set to release in China.  Bollywood trade analyst Taran Adarsh shared the news of the release on his Twitter handle. He wrote, "Lots of speculation about #Baahubali2 release in China... The ...

City »

Inter-Religious and Inter-Cultural Dialogue Center formed a human chain in front of Aparajeya Bangla of Dhaka University on Thursday marking birth anniversary of National Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam.


.

International »

Obama gets rock-star welcome in Berlin, praises Merkel


AP, Berlin :Barack Obama received a rock-star welcome in Berlin as he appeared at a public debate Thursday with Chancellor Angela Merkel, whom he praised as one of his "favorite partners" during his presidency.Security was tight in front of the German capital's iconic Brandenburg Gate, where Obama and Merkel appeared ...

City »

Law Commission submits annual report to President


Law Commission submitted its Annual Report-2016 to President M Abdul Hamid at Bangabhaban here on  Wednesday afternoon.A four-member delegation, led by its Chairman Justice ABM Khairul Haque, submitted the report to Abdul Hamid, President's Press Secretary told BSS.Justice Khairul Haque apprised the President of the commission's overall activities and its ...

Entertainment »

Kriti reminisces her journey as Heropanti completes 3 years


Kriti Sanon went down a nostalgia trip as her debut movie Heropanti has completed 3 years yesterday. The beautiful actress recollected memories from her past for completion of 3 years of Heropanti. She terms her journey as the most special one of her life. Kriti took to twitter sharing, “3 ...

International »

Pope urges Trump to use his presidency for peace


AFP, Vatican City : Pope Francis urged Donald Trump to use his US presidency for peace as two leaders who have sparred repeatedly through the media finally met in a Vatican encounter that ended in broad smiles, for the cameras at least.Trump's audience with the pontiff, a keenly-anticipated highlight of his ...

International »

Xi urges Taiwan business lobby to back 'one China' principle


Reuters, Beijing :Chinese President Xi Jinping urged a business lobby for Taiwan enterprises on the mainland to support the "one China" principle and contribute to unity between Beijing and Taipei, state media said on Wednesday.China regards Taiwan as a renegade province to be recovered by force if necessary, after defeated ...

Editorial »

Chaos at Islami Bank is not to the nation`s interest


THE unrest in the Islami Bank -- the largest and most profitable bank in the country just over five months of its change over to a new management and ownerships liquidating the control of Jamaat people on the bank just shows the ominous sign of greater destabilization within the bank. ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news