Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Saturday, July 22, 2017 08:53:25 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Diseases related to age

By
10th-Jan-2017       Readers ( 234 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

(From previous issue) :
Age-related hearing loss usually occurs due to
Repeated exposures of loud noise to the ears
Hereditary
Medical conditions like diabetes
Chemotherapy drugs
Osteoporosis in the elderly
Osteoporosis is a condition that lowers bone density, causing the bones to be fragile and brittle. The bones become abnormally porous and resembles a sponge.
Osteoporosis is more common among older people, especially in women who are post-menopausal. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is often the course of management. In many, the disease creeps in without symptoms. The victim may be unaware of the condition until a painful fracture occurs. That is why old age is often characterized by falls and fractures, involving various parts of the body.
Research suggests that osteoporosis is strongly linked to genetics. Although a single gene has not been implicated, a combination of alleles of various genes have been understood to play a role in the disease.
Falls in the elderly
Falls in the elderly people often lead to serious injury. One out of three people above the age of 65 or older experience falls every year.
Some of the causes that lead to falls in senior include:
Dizziness
Vision problems
Arthritis
Weakness
Malnutrition
Falls may result in fractures of the hip, spine, arms, pelvis, hands or in the ankle.
Falls in the Elderly
Managing Falls:
Proper exercise, physical therapy and walking helps to strengthen the muscles and improves balance to prevent falls.
It is also advisable that geriatric patients wear proper glasses to avoid vision problems to prevent falls.
Consult the physician before taking any medicines that can make you feel dizzy.
What old age really means?
Older individuals may be physically or mentally challenged and may be forced to be dependent on others for most of their everyday activities. This dependency, compounded by the fact that their 'utility value' has decreased, can lead to despair among the aged. By and large, it is important to be prepared for old age - both physically and emotionally. Good lifestyle habits, such as good food, adequate exercises and regular health checks can slow aging and calm its symptoms to a large extent. Emotionally it is important to accept old age as an inevitable part of life. Once it is accepted it becomes easier to deal with the changes that are integral to aging.
While it is essential for the young to be sympathetic, it is important for the seniors to realize that looking after them is not an easy or an enviable task as it may involve making changes in the routine or life pattern of the care-taker as well.
Understanding and co-operation on the part of the old and a sympathetic, empathetic approach on the part of the caregiver is paramount to geriatric care.
Why do you grow old?
Aging has been a facet of life that has both fascinated and awed man for eons. Many a human life has been spent pondering on the possible causes of aging!
The role of heredity factors in aging have long been realized through the discovery of longevity genes and through the study of the early onset of old-age diseases.
Aging occurs at various levels- at the DNA, cells or tissues. If the cells are not repaired after a DNA damage, cells age or undergo self-destruction (apoptosis). Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, plays a vital role in controlling diseases like cancer. Nevertheless, it plays a crucial role in organ deterioration and failure. Aging is also attributed to the progressive impairment of the genes involved in the maintenance and repair of cells and tissues.
Cell senescence (or replicative senescence) is another phenomenon that is often referred to as the pathway of aging. After about 50 cycles of division, cells reach a 'cul de sac' and lose their ability to divide any further.
Environment too plays an important role in accelerating the aging process. Even if oxygen, which is a requisite for life, exceeds above 50%, the cells become cytotoxic.
Our present day lifestyle choices add to all the existing causes and aggravate morbidity during old age.
What are the signs / biomarkers of aging
There are unique characteristics, signs or 'biomarkers' exclusive to aging. These biomarkers play a distinct role in ushering diseases during old age. The most distinct biomarker is the arrest of cell growth, when the cells stop dividing.
Some of the other prominent ones are listed below -
An increase in the number and size of lysosomes in the senescent cells has been observed (Robbins et al., 1970;).
The enzyme alpha-galactosidase has an abnormal behavior in the senescent or aging cells. This enzyme is normally active at pH 4, but in the case of senescent cells it is active at pH 6 (Judith Campisi et al., 1995).
Increased digestion of the cell's organelles (autophagy) has been observed in senescent/ aging cells (Gerland et al., 2003).
The percentage of polyploid cells (those with more than 2 copies of chromosomes) increases (Matsumura, 1980).
Mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) also increase with age (Tanhauser and Laipis, 1995).
Gene expressions change with age. Fargnoli et al., 1990 discovered a decreased ability in senescent cells to express heat shock proteins. Telomeres are non-coding regions of repeated sequences located at the tip of chromosome. The telomeres are known to shorten with age.
-From Web

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

People affected by flood and river erosion need immediate help


RIVER erosion in many parts of the country is making countless people homeless across the country as floodwater started receding. Media reports said monsoon rains caused havoc to flood affected districts like Sirajganj, Chapainawabganj, Kurigram and Lalmonirhat and river bank erosion now follows to add further miseries to the people ...

Entertainment »

Lopa renders song with Asif Akbar for first time


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :From many days there was a good relationship between popular singer Asif Akbar and singer and news presenter Lopa Hossain. When Lopa took part in music reality show Close up 1 from that time Asif liked her music. But they never got the scope to work together. ...

City »

BNP Vice-Chairman Advocate Khondkar Mahbub Hossain, among others, at a protest rally organised by Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Nagorik Dal at the Jatiya Press Club on Friday demanding withdrawal of false cases filed against BNP Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia and her son Tarique Rahman.


.

Cricket »

Girls power as India hail World Cup heroines


AFP, New Delhi :Where the men failed, India is hoping its female cricketers can blaze to glory when they face England in the World Cup final on Sunday.Images of captain Mithali Raj and star batswoman Harmanpreet Kaur adorned the front pages and the team was hailed on social media after ...

International »

Merkel may win election, but lose her Finance Minister


Reuters, Sasbachwalden :Wolfgang Schaeuble has won his parliamentary seat a dozen times, survived an attempt on his life and guided Angela Merkel through the euro zone crisis. Now, the German chancellor may have to sacrifice him to secure a coalition deal.Merkel's conservatives are likely to win a national election on ...

Football »

Pietersen eyes South Africa international return


Kevin Pietersen said Wednesday he has not ruled out resurrecting his international career with his native South Africa even though he'll be pushing 40 when he requalifies. The 37-year-old batsman will become eligible to play for the Proteas in 2019 having not been selected for England after being sacked in ...

Editorial »

Havoc from waterlogging, traffic jam in city life


EXPERTS at a seminar on 'Development Options for Dhaka towards 2035' on last Wednesday voiced grave concern over the worsening traffic jam in Dhaka city streets at a time when monsoon downpour and waterlogging have added to create an unimaginable situation with traffic holding in long queues for hours together. ...

Entertainment »

Ileana D`cruz opens up about dealing with being body shamed


Ileana D’Cruz, who bagged the Filmfare Award for Best Female Debut (South) in 2006 for her turn in the Telugu drama Devadasu, repeated the feat six years later with her Bollywood debut, Anurag Basu’s acclaimed Barfi! Four years later, the 30-year-old actress, who features in two bigbudget ensemble films this ...

International »

`Brexit lunch` to assess talks progress


AFP, Brussels :Britain and the EU will wrap up four days of tough Brexit talks in Brussels on Thursday with a special lunch between their chief negotiators as major differences emerged on key points.The two sides remain far apart on the exit bill that the EU says Britain must pay ...

International »

Iraqi officer seeks vengeance in Mosul, where killings mount


AP, Mosul, Iraq : For one Iraqi lieutenant, the fight against the Islamic State group in Mosul has been a slow, methodical quest for revenge. For three years, he has hunted for two IS militants from his village who he believes killed his father. Along the way, he has shot to ...

Editorial »

Right kind of arrest for corruption


ANTI-CORRUPTION Commission (ACC) officials on Tuesday arrested the Chief Engineer of Department of Shipping while he was taking bribe at his Motijheel office in the city from an official of a private ship building company for approving the design of a ship. This is no doubt a commendable job for ...

Sports »

Gold medal winner Svetlana Kolesnichenko of Russia poses with her medal during the awarding ceremony of the women's synchronized swimming solo free final free routine of FINA Swimming World Championships 2017 in the City Park in Budapest, Hungary on Wednesday.


City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina releasing the fish fry at Ganabhaban lake on the occasion of Jatiya Matsya Saptaha-2017 on Wednesday.


Entertainment »

Jaya gets another award for Bishorjon


Actress Jaya Ahsan   is going to receive National Film Award for her outstanding performance in Zero Degree. Now this lustrous actress has received another accolade for Bishorjon in International Bengali Film Award. The International Bengali Film Award (IBFA) was recently held in San Fransisco, USA where she earned the Best ...

Entertainment »

Mahi pairing up with Mosharraf Karim


Entertainment Desk :Now Mosharraf Karim and Mahiya Mahi are pairing together in a movie. Titled Faltu and directed by Wazed Ali Sumon, Mosharraf and Mahi will be seen together on big screen.Mosharraf Karim is currently in Malaysia. Once he returns the agreement will be signed. The pre-production of the film ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news