Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Sunday, September 24, 2017 05:29:38 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Diseases related to age

By
10th-Jan-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

(From previous issue) :
Age-related hearing loss usually occurs due to
Repeated exposures of loud noise to the ears
Hereditary
Medical conditions like diabetes
Chemotherapy drugs
Osteoporosis in the elderly
Osteoporosis is a condition that lowers bone density, causing the bones to be fragile and brittle. The bones become abnormally porous and resembles a sponge.
Osteoporosis is more common among older people, especially in women who are post-menopausal. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is often the course of management. In many, the disease creeps in without symptoms. The victim may be unaware of the condition until a painful fracture occurs. That is why old age is often characterized by falls and fractures, involving various parts of the body.
Research suggests that osteoporosis is strongly linked to genetics. Although a single gene has not been implicated, a combination of alleles of various genes have been understood to play a role in the disease.
Falls in the elderly
Falls in the elderly people often lead to serious injury. One out of three people above the age of 65 or older experience falls every year.
Some of the causes that lead to falls in senior include:
Dizziness
Vision problems
Arthritis
Weakness
Malnutrition
Falls may result in fractures of the hip, spine, arms, pelvis, hands or in the ankle.
Falls in the Elderly
Managing Falls:
Proper exercise, physical therapy and walking helps to strengthen the muscles and improves balance to prevent falls.
It is also advisable that geriatric patients wear proper glasses to avoid vision problems to prevent falls.
Consult the physician before taking any medicines that can make you feel dizzy.
What old age really means?
Older individuals may be physically or mentally challenged and may be forced to be dependent on others for most of their everyday activities. This dependency, compounded by the fact that their 'utility value' has decreased, can lead to despair among the aged. By and large, it is important to be prepared for old age - both physically and emotionally. Good lifestyle habits, such as good food, adequate exercises and regular health checks can slow aging and calm its symptoms to a large extent. Emotionally it is important to accept old age as an inevitable part of life. Once it is accepted it becomes easier to deal with the changes that are integral to aging.
While it is essential for the young to be sympathetic, it is important for the seniors to realize that looking after them is not an easy or an enviable task as it may involve making changes in the routine or life pattern of the care-taker as well.
Understanding and co-operation on the part of the old and a sympathetic, empathetic approach on the part of the caregiver is paramount to geriatric care.
Why do you grow old?
Aging has been a facet of life that has both fascinated and awed man for eons. Many a human life has been spent pondering on the possible causes of aging!
The role of heredity factors in aging have long been realized through the discovery of longevity genes and through the study of the early onset of old-age diseases.
Aging occurs at various levels- at the DNA, cells or tissues. If the cells are not repaired after a DNA damage, cells age or undergo self-destruction (apoptosis). Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, plays a vital role in controlling diseases like cancer. Nevertheless, it plays a crucial role in organ deterioration and failure. Aging is also attributed to the progressive impairment of the genes involved in the maintenance and repair of cells and tissues.
Cell senescence (or replicative senescence) is another phenomenon that is often referred to as the pathway of aging. After about 50 cycles of division, cells reach a 'cul de sac' and lose their ability to divide any further.
Environment too plays an important role in accelerating the aging process. Even if oxygen, which is a requisite for life, exceeds above 50%, the cells become cytotoxic.
Our present day lifestyle choices add to all the existing causes and aggravate morbidity during old age.
What are the signs / biomarkers of aging
There are unique characteristics, signs or 'biomarkers' exclusive to aging. These biomarkers play a distinct role in ushering diseases during old age. The most distinct biomarker is the arrest of cell growth, when the cells stop dividing.
Some of the other prominent ones are listed below -
An increase in the number and size of lysosomes in the senescent cells has been observed (Robbins et al., 1970;).
The enzyme alpha-galactosidase has an abnormal behavior in the senescent or aging cells. This enzyme is normally active at pH 4, but in the case of senescent cells it is active at pH 6 (Judith Campisi et al., 1995).
Increased digestion of the cell's organelles (autophagy) has been observed in senescent/ aging cells (Gerland et al., 2003).
The percentage of polyploid cells (those with more than 2 copies of chromosomes) increases (Matsumura, 1980).
Mutations in the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) also increase with age (Tanhauser and Laipis, 1995).
Gene expressions change with age. Fargnoli et al., 1990 discovered a decreased ability in senescent cells to express heat shock proteins. Telomeres are non-coding regions of repeated sequences located at the tip of chromosome. The telomeres are known to shorten with age.
-From Web

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Cricket »

Tamim uncertain in 1st Test against SA


Sports Reporter :Dashing opener Tamim Iqbal will be uncertain for the upcoming 1st Test against hosts South Africa (SA) for injury problem. The Test match is scheduled to be held from September 28 to October 2.Tamim Iqbal was injured on the first day of the three-day warm-up match against Cricket ...

Sports »

Members of BKSP team, who became champion in Under-16 two-day long Judo Competition pose for photo with the trophy and guests at the Shaheed Suhrawardy Indoor stadium in Mirpur on Saturday.


Editorial »

India to supply Myanmar arms!


INDIA has shunned its reputation of being democratic, generous and hospitable country. They have decided to strengthen their security along the largely porous eastern border with Bangladesh and is using "chilli and stun grenades" to block the entry of Rohingya Muslims fleeing from violence in their homeland of Myanmar. Border ...

Entertainment »

A sequel to Kajol`s Gupt to be made soon?


Kajol has been in the industry for 25 years now and she has proved her versatility time and again. From romantic to negative roles, she has been there and done that. One of her most iconic negative role has been in Gupt opposite Bobby Deol for which she also won ...

Entertainment »

I am not Varun Dhawan that I can dance with Ileana D'Cruz


Sanjay Dutt is all set to make his comeback on the silver screen with Bhoomi that hits the theatre tomorrow. The film revolves around a father who is seeking revenge from the molesters of his daughter's dignity.With Aditi Rao Hydari playing the role of a daughter to Dutt, the senior ...

City »

BNP Standing Committee Member Dr Khondkar Mosharraf Hossain speaking at a roundtable on 'Judiciary: Future of Rule of Law in Bangladesh' organised by Bangladesh Institute of Politics Studies at the Jatiya Press Club on Saturday.


International »

Russia urges calm as US, North Korea tempers flare


Reuters, United Nations :Russia urged "hot heads" to calm down on Friday as the United States admitted it felt "challenged" by North Korea's warning that it could test a hydrogen bomb over the Pacific and President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un traded more insults.Trump called the North Korean leader ...

Editorial »

Uttering `strong and swift action` not enough, President Trump should mean business


US PRESIDENT Donald Trump wants the UN Security Council to take "strong and swift action" to end violence against Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims. Speaking at a Security Council meeting on peacekeeping reform, Vice President Mike Pence accused the Myanmar military of responding to attacks on government outposts "with terrible savagery, burning ...

City »

Islami Oikya Jote staged a demonstration in the city`s Palton area on Friday in protest against killing of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar.


.

Entertainment »

Raai Laxmi in yet another hot, steamy song Mala Seenha


After teasing the audience with the teaser, trailer and title track now the makers of Julie 2 has released yet another hot and steamy song from the movie. With every passing day, Raai Laxmi is soaring the temperature with lots of oomph.  Produced and directed by Deepak Shivdasani and presented ...

International »

Defying Trump, Iran will boost missile capabilities


Reuters, London :Iran will strengthen its missile capabilities and will not seek any country's permission, President Hassan Rouhani said on Friday in a snub to demands from U.S. President Donald Trump.Rouhani was speaking at a military parade where an Iranian news agency said one of the weapons on display was ...

Editorial »

Shortage of food, water and medicine in Rohingya camps makes life difficult


FOLLOWING the influx of some 26,000 pregnant mothers, 40,000 lactating kids, and 2,00,000 children out of an estimated more than 4,00,000 migrated Rohingyas from Myanmar - many are now at high risk due to lack of proper health care, food, water and medicines. When some of the high-ups of the ...

Sports »

Kristie Ahn of the United States returns a shot to Veronica Cepede Royg of Paraguay during their second round match at the Korea Open tennis championships in Seoul, South Korea on Thursday.


City »

From left- former Vice-President of Dhaka University Central Students Union (DUCSU)Sultan Mohammad Monsur Ahmed, , Krishok Sramik Janata League President Bangabir Kader Siddique, Bir Uttam, General Secretary respectively of the Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal Abdul Malek Ratan, Bangladesher Samajtantrik Dal (BaSaD) General Secretary Khalekuzzaman, President of Bikalpa Dhara Bangladesh (BDB) Dr AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury, Gana Forum President Dr Kamal Hossain, Professor Dilara Chowdhury of Jahangirnagar University, former State Minister for Foreign Affairs Ministry Abul Hasan Chowdhury and weekly Robbar Editor Syed Tosharaf Ali spoke at a rally title


Entertainment »

Hera`s one decade in showbiz


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Popular model cum actress Ruksana Ali Hera has already passed 10 years in media. She was first seen as a still model of Banglalink taken by photographer Iqbal Ahmed. She also started her career as a model in a visual advertisement of mobile company Airtel under the ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news