Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Monday, September 25, 2017 07:13:03 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

When a child needs extra help

photo by

By
05th-Feb-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Julie Williams :
No parent wants to see a child struggle in school, but even straight-A students sometimes run into trouble. Maybe it's a tough unit in math, or a rough patch with friends. For some kids, problems may run deeper, and perhaps even include learning disabilities which will require careful attention over a long haul.
How can parents figure out the difference between temporary and long-term learning issues, and seek the best kind of help?
Formal evaluations
Under the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), any concerned parent has the right to request a formal evaluation for special ed services. But as many experienced teachers and parents will tell you, a full evaluation can be a "big gun," requiring many hours of intensive testing and analysis, often stretching over months.
In the past, kids waiting for these evaluations and their results may just have languished. Then, if a child was found eligible, she might have received an IEP (Individualized Education Program), or perhaps a "504" plan that provided classroom accomodations and modifications. If not, however, there often was not much parents or schools could do.
That's why so many folks are excited about "Response to Intervention," (RTI), a new initiative that is sweeping American education.  "Within an RTI framework," explains Mary Beth Klotz, PhD., Director of IDEA Projects for the National Association of School Psychologists, "students receive interventions and their progress is monitored closely…students do not have to 'wait to fail.'"
How RTI works
RTI begins with strong, research-based teaching for every child. In this first "tier," all students are screened periodically, and some may be identified for extra support. If they're still struggling after a few weeks, "Tier 2" provides small-group, supportive help, most often within the classroom setting. If that still doesn't help, a student can be moved to "Tier 3"-what the RTI Action Network describes as "individualized, intensive interventions that target the students' skill deficits."
Fans of RTI-and there are many in the professional educators' community-praise its capacity to improve learning for all students, not just those in trouble. "We think," says Nancy Reder, Deputy Executive Director of the National Association of State Directors of Special Education, that "it's not just a special ed strategy. We think it's a good instructional approach for all students."
Indeed, adds Klotz, RTI "has the potential for major educational reform," and schools may finally be able to "bridge the gap between general education and special education; improve educational outcomes, and decrease special education referrals and the labeling of students as having a disability when they do not."
If RTI is successful, it may also address a problem which has plagued special education: what Klotz terms the "disproportionate representation of students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in special education."
Research shows, for example, that students who speak English as a second language may take five to seven years to become fluent in the "cognitive academic language" our schools require. Does that mean they need special ed? Not at all-and yet, too often across the nation, they seem to end up there. Properly applied, RTI's "continuum of supports" may make a profound difference for such learners.
Troubles with RTI
For all its benefits, however, RTI has raised doubts in some quarters, and even its most ardent supporters concede: if it is to succeed, RTI requires extensive staff training, collaboration, and "buy-in." This may be easy in some school systems, much harder in others; as Suzanne Fornaro, spokesperson and past president of the Learning Disabilities Association of America, explains, "at present, RTI can look completely different from state to state and even from school to school." This can make it hard to determine exactly how effective different interventions may be. Moreover, since RTI is still relatively new and has been used mostly in grades K-3, experts don't yet know its long-term effects, nor just how it will work in higher grades.
Experts in learning disabilities have also voiced important cautions for parents and schools. U.S. Department of Education statistics show that students with learning disabilities account for approximately half of all students receiving special education nationwide, and over 5.5% of the school aged population. While some of these children may have been wrongly diagnosed under old systems, the Learning Disabilities Association of America strongly cautions against relying on the RTI process alone as a new standard for identification. Because specific learning disabilities are so varied and complex, say these experts in a recent white paper, "comprehensive evaluations should occur whenever necessary for SLD (specific learning disability) identification." In fact, without these clinical tools, RTI may end up being "nothing more than a 'diagnosis by treatment failure,' which has long been proven to be a poor model in medicine."
What does this mean in practice?
Leading experts remain optimistic that RTI may prove to be highly beneficial to all kids. But as the system takes hold, a partnership with parents can make all the difference. "As a parent," advises Fornaro, "you should be involved from the beginning of the RTI process…You will bring your 'expertise' on your child's strengths and difficulties, hobbies, behaviors at home…This will help to identify the student's skills, find gaps, and enhance collaboration on the plan for intervention."
If your school does suggest "Tier 2" or "Tier 3" interventions for your child, don't forget that your ongoing participation will be invaluable. "Advocacy is critical," says Klotz. "Parents should be provided data as to the child's progress, suggestions for reinforcing the intervention at home, and the opportunity to be involved in the decision making such as when different or more intense interventions or services are selected."
And if your child is still struggling? Parents, don't forget: special education is still alive and well, and protected by federal law. "IDEA regulations give parents the right," says Fornaro firmly, "to request a comprehensive evaluation for identification/eligibility for special education services at any time." Under law, schools must review this request and either provide an evaluation or a written statement of why it is not ncessary.
So what is the best time to pursue interventions beyond RTI, through special ed? There's no firm answer, but we can say this for sure: experts are listening, research is moving, and schools are working hard on the issue. RTI provides them with tools to pursue earlier intervention and process monitoring to help all children reach grade level standards. And don't forget, of course, that in the final analysis, you're probably the most knowledgeable expert of all. If your child is struggling, make sure you keep communicating with your school. You live with your child, and you care. In the end, your love and your advocacy can make all the difference in the world.

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Despite repeated global condemnation plight of Rohingyas worsens


THE inflow of Rohingya refugees from violence-torn Rakhine State in Myanmar slowed for the last few days owing to bad weather but thousands have started entering Bangladesh once more. According to news sources, at least 10,000 refugees have arrived in Bangladesh so far since last Saturday. Moreover, Amnesty International has ...

Cricket »

Shane Warne accused of hitting porn star


Former cricketer Shane Warne has been accused of hitting a porn star as a row escalated at a nightclub in Mayfair.Valerie Fox took to Twitter to share pictures of her alleged injuries - including a bruised eye - after the incident."Proud of yourself? Hitting a woman? Vile creature," she tweeted.The ...

Sports »

Member of FIFA Mahfuza Akter Kiron handing over the prize to a winner of the AFC Under-16 Women's Championship at Chonburi in Thailand recently.


Entertainment »

Khurshid Alam to get Lifetime Achievement Award


Entertainment Report :Legendary singer Khurshid Alam will get the Lifetime Achievement Award in this year’s Channel i Music Award. The award giving ceremony will be held on September 29 at Bangabandhu International Conference Center in the city’s Agargaon area. Awards in sixteen categories concerning music will be given in this ...

City »

Bangladesh Government Primary School Employees Welfare Association formed a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Sunday demanding nationalization of clerical jobs.


Life »

Even refined sugar invites health risks


Life Desk :When the rest of the world is turning their face away from refined or processed sugar, consumers in Bangladesh have been tending to the detrimental food item. Refined white sugar attracts a large proportion of consumers, but domestically made cane sugar cannot take its fancy, though it is ...

International »

Missile strike on US inevitable: N Korean FM


AP, United Nations :North Korea's foreign minister told world leaders Saturday that U.S. President Donald Trump's insult calling leader Kim Jong Un "rocket man" makes "our rocket's visit to the entire U.S. mainland inevitable all the more."Ri Yong Ho called the American president "a mentally deranged person full of megalomania ...

Sports »

Members of BKSP team, who became champion in Under-16 two-day long Judo Competition pose for photo with the trophy and guests at the Shaheed Suhrawardy Indoor stadium in Mirpur on Saturday.


Editorial »

India to supply Myanmar arms!


INDIA has shunned its reputation of being democratic, generous and hospitable country. They have decided to strengthen their security along the largely porous eastern border with Bangladesh and is using "chilli and stun grenades" to block the entry of Rohingya Muslims fleeing from violence in their homeland of Myanmar. Border ...

Entertainment »

I am not Varun Dhawan that I can dance with Ileana D'Cruz


Sanjay Dutt is all set to make his comeback on the silver screen with Bhoomi that hits the theatre tomorrow. The film revolves around a father who is seeking revenge from the molesters of his daughter's dignity.With Aditi Rao Hydari playing the role of a daughter to Dutt, the senior ...

City »

BNP Standing Committee Member Dr Khondkar Mosharraf Hossain speaking at a roundtable on 'Judiciary: Future of Rule of Law in Bangladesh' organised by Bangladesh Institute of Politics Studies at the Jatiya Press Club on Saturday.


International »

Russia urges calm as US, North Korea tempers flare


Reuters, United Nations :Russia urged "hot heads" to calm down on Friday as the United States admitted it felt "challenged" by North Korea's warning that it could test a hydrogen bomb over the Pacific and President Donald Trump and Kim Jong Un traded more insults.Trump called the North Korean leader ...

Editorial »

Uttering `strong and swift action` not enough, President Trump should mean business


US PRESIDENT Donald Trump wants the UN Security Council to take "strong and swift action" to end violence against Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims. Speaking at a Security Council meeting on peacekeeping reform, Vice President Mike Pence accused the Myanmar military of responding to attacks on government outposts "with terrible savagery, burning ...

City »

Islami Oikya Jote staged a demonstration in the city`s Palton area on Friday in protest against killing of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar.


.

Entertainment »

Raai Laxmi in yet another hot, steamy song Mala Seenha


After teasing the audience with the teaser, trailer and title track now the makers of Julie 2 has released yet another hot and steamy song from the movie. With every passing day, Raai Laxmi is soaring the temperature with lots of oomph.  Produced and directed by Deepak Shivdasani and presented ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news