Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Thursday, March 30, 2017 02:44:05 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Train the brain to memorize almost anything

photo by

By
17th-Mar-2017       Readers ( 67 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Life Desk  :
Memory athletes are people who can memorize lot of information in a matter of minutes. Neuroscientists found that these athletes are no different from us. Parts of the brain associated with memory and with spatial learning seemed to be interacting in memory champions. Special training techniques which are specific for memorizing words, numbers, places help a normal person become a memory champ.
Memory athletes are people who can memorize a truly insane amount of information really quickly, like the order of playing cards in a deck in under 20 seconds, or 200 new names and faces in a matter of minutes.
Assessing memory champions
'Memory athletes weren't born with extraordinary memorization skills. They had all learned and practiced the same kind of training to develop their seemingly superhuman abilities.'
Neuroscientists found these champs of memorization aren't that different from the rest of us. Dresler and Boris Nikolai Konrad - a doctoral student in Dresler's lab who happens to be a memory champion himself - rounded up nearly two dozen champs.
"We really took the world's best memorizers - 23 memory champions out of the top 50 of the world. You wouldn't find anywhere in the world people more capable of memorizing stuff than them," says Dresler.
When Dresler and his colleagues compared the brain scans, they found no difference. At least, no big, obvious difference.
Functional MRI scans, which measure brain activity by looking at how much blood is going to specific portions of it,showed a subtle difference in brain activity.
When memory athletes were asked to recite a long list of memorized words, some portions of brain were activating in unison - making 25 connections that seemed particularly significant among different parts of the brain. The scientists didn't see that sort of unified activity in the brains of the regular subjects. In particular, parts of the brain associated with memory and with spatial learning seemed to be interacting a lot.
Strategies followed by a memory champion
"We were interested in what differentiates memory champions from normal people, like you and me," says Martin Dresler, a cognitive neuroscientist at the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior at Radboud University in the Netherlands.
When you consider the tricks these athletes had learned to use when they memorize that makes sense. They weren't born with extraordinary memorization skills. They had all learned and practiced the same kind of training to develop their seemingly superhuman abilities.
Konrad started using the memory strategy as a hobby in high school, after watching memory championships on TV. He holds the world record for memorizing faces and names - 201 people in 15 minutes.
"I use my visual memory," says Konrad. If he's trying to remember a person called Miller, he says, "I would picture this person looking at a mill, maybe during a vacation in the Netherlands."
For more abstract memory challenges, like memorizing the exact order of hundreds of digits, he'll build memory palaces. It's a method that's been around since the Greeks and is covered extensively in the book Moonwalking With Einstein by journalist Joshua Foer. It works by recalling a building or place that is very familiar and charting a mental path through that building. "It would start in my room," he says. The first location would be my bed, and the second one would be the shelf above my bed; then it's my desk, the computer on it, the window, the mirror and so on." To memorize abstract information, like a list of numbers, he would translate numbers into images and then distribute them along the mental path through his house.
For example, to memorize my phone number, which starts with "1202," Konrad transforms pairs of numbers into images, using something called the Major System. The combination "1-2," for example, brings to mind (for him) a dinosaur, Konrad says. "So I would then picture a dinosaur standing on my bed," says Konrad. "It's a weird image. That's why it sticks. And then, 0-2 would be a sun. So, I would picture the sun illuminating the shelf over my bed," he says. And so on.
Memory palace training
In a second part of their study, Konrad and Dresler recruited 51 university students, and had one-third of them do memory palace training for six weeks - once a week in person with Konrad, and half an hour a day at home on the computer.
Another group did a different kind of memory training, and the last group did nothing special. Then, they were brought into the lab and were asked to memorize a list of words, like "night, car, yardstick," and so on.
The researchers used functional MRI machines to scan the brains of subjects as they rested, and again as they recited the list of words. In the group that did memory palace training, Konrad, Dresler and their colleagues found that the volunteers' brain activity had changed to become more like that of the champions of memorization. This was the case when they were reciting words, but also when they were at rest. "We showed that, indeed, the brain is somehow driven into the patterns you see in memory champions," says Dresler.
After four months the ones who had done memory palace training did really well compared to the others, and their brains were still connecting in that new way. "Not only during a task, but even in the complete absence of any memory-related activity, we see this effect - that memory champions differ from matched controls, and that after memory training your brain shows similar patterns," says Dresler.
Intense memory training doesn't cure everyday forgetfulness. "They forget the milk on the way home from work just like we do," says Roediger. Boris Nikolai Konrad says it has been years since he forgot something on his grocery list. But every now and then he does slip up with someone's name - and that's a moment people don't let him forget.
Source: Medindia

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Blaming loan defaulters is not enough, reasons must be examined


IT is reported that the big loan defaulters have not paid the huge debt to the banks despite their rescheduling by Bangladesh Bank in 2015. Now instead of paying their old debts, many businesspersons are moving around banks for a fresh loan. The Central Bank allowed rescheduling of loans of ...

Football »

Minus-Messi, Argentina lose another World Cup qualifier


AP, Sao Paulo :Hours after Lionel Messi was suspended by FIFA for four World Cup qualifying matches, Argentina lost 2-0 to Bolivia in the altitude of La Paz on Tuesday and heightened its risk of missing a spot at Russia 2018.Argentina dropped from third to fifth place, remaining on 22 ...

City »

Air Officer Commanding of Bangladesh Air Force Base Bir Sreshto Matiur Rahman Air Commodore Sheikh Abdul Hannan awarding


Entertainment »

Emma Roberts knows how to step away from spotlight


Emma Roberts has lived most of her life in the spotlight and the actress says that now she has learned a lot about how to handle it. The 26-year-old actress talked about how she has become proficient in maintaining a certain level of privacy when it comes to more personal ...

International »

Scottish Parliament votes for new independence referendum


Reuters, Edinburgh :The Scottish parliament on Tuesday backed First Minister Nicola Sturgeon's bid for a new independence referendum, further complicating Britain's political situation just as years of talks on the terms of Brexit were about to begin.The United Kingdom's vote last year to exit the European Union has strained ties ...

Editorial »

India must not feel too confident about defence pact


THE proposed defence pact with India to be signed early next month on New Delhi's pressure is creating growing public misgivings and many believe that the government should make the deal public to remove people's concern. Media reports said discussants at a round-table including academics, former diplomats and defence experts ...

Cricket »

Taskin hits hat-trick : Lanka make 311


Sports Reporter :Sri Lanka made a fighting total of 311 off 49.5 overs in their first innings against Bangladesh in the second One Day International (ODI) match at Rangiri Dambulla International Stadium in Dambulla, Sri Lanka on Tuesday.Sri Lanka could add at least 15 to 20 runs in their total ...

Entertainment »

The poster of Half Girlfriend launched


The first official poster of upcoming movie Half Girlfriend was launched yesterday. The cast and crew of Half Girlfriend were all geared up for the poster release of the film. Chetan Bhagat along with the lead cast of the film, Arjun Kapoor and Shraddha Kapoor, tweeted yesterday an image announcing ...

Entertainment »

Mizu Ahmed laid to rest


Entertainment Report :Legendary Dhallywood actor and producer Mizu Ahmed, best known for his negative roles, was laid to rest at own hometown’s graveyard in Kushtia yesterday. He died of cardiac arrest on Monday at 8:00pm at the age of 63. He breathed his last aboard a train at Airport Railway ...

International »

Worst humanitarian crisis hits as Trump slashes foreign aid


AP, Nairobi, Kenya :The world's largest humanitarian crisis in 70 years has been declared in three African countries on the brink of famine, just as President Donald Trump's proposed foreign aid cuts threaten to pull the United States from its historic role as the world's top emergency donor.If the deep ...

Editorial »

EU`s threat to scrap duty free export


THE European Union (EU) has asked Bangladesh to further improve the country's labour standard least to avoid suspension of duty free trade privileges. But it appears quite unjustified at a time when Bangladesh has significantly allowed Trade Union to workers  at factory level to represent their problems.  It appears that ...

Sports »

Bangladesh bag titles in Asian Zonal Chess


Bangladeshi emerged champions in both open and women's section in the Asian Zonal 3.2 Chess Championships Open and Women qualifying events of World Cup Chess and World Women Chess Championship that concluded on Monday in Kathmandu, Nepal. GM Mollah Abdullah Al Rakib became unbeaten champion in the open section. He ...

City »

Chairman of Northern University Bangladesh Trust Prof. Dr. A.Y.M. Abdullah confers a honourary crest to the Prime Minister's Economic Affairs Adviser Dr. Mashiur Rahman at a discussion and prize giving ceremony on its Banani campus on the occasion of 47th Independence Day on Saturday.


International »

61 bodies found in Mosul 10 days after air strike


Reuters, Mosul :Iraq's military said on Sunday that 61 bodies were recovered from a collapsed building that the militant Islamic State group had booby-trapped in west Mosul, but there was no sign the building had been hit by a coalition air strike.The military statement differed from reports by witnesses and ...

Entertainment »

Moushumi celebrates two eras of her film career


Entertainment Report :Popular film actress Moushumi celebrated two eras of her acting career on March 25.On this day in 1993, she started her acting career through Sohanur Rahman Sohan directed movie Keyamat Thekey Keyamat. To celebrate the day, Moushumi at her residence in the city’s Uttara area arranged a get-together ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news