Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, May 23, 2017 04:49:59 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Train the brain to memorize almost anything

photo by

By
17th-Mar-2017       Readers ( 130 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Life Desk  :
Memory athletes are people who can memorize lot of information in a matter of minutes. Neuroscientists found that these athletes are no different from us. Parts of the brain associated with memory and with spatial learning seemed to be interacting in memory champions. Special training techniques which are specific for memorizing words, numbers, places help a normal person become a memory champ.
Memory athletes are people who can memorize a truly insane amount of information really quickly, like the order of playing cards in a deck in under 20 seconds, or 200 new names and faces in a matter of minutes.
Assessing memory champions
'Memory athletes weren't born with extraordinary memorization skills. They had all learned and practiced the same kind of training to develop their seemingly superhuman abilities.'
Neuroscientists found these champs of memorization aren't that different from the rest of us. Dresler and Boris Nikolai Konrad - a doctoral student in Dresler's lab who happens to be a memory champion himself - rounded up nearly two dozen champs.
"We really took the world's best memorizers - 23 memory champions out of the top 50 of the world. You wouldn't find anywhere in the world people more capable of memorizing stuff than them," says Dresler.
When Dresler and his colleagues compared the brain scans, they found no difference. At least, no big, obvious difference.
Functional MRI scans, which measure brain activity by looking at how much blood is going to specific portions of it,showed a subtle difference in brain activity.
When memory athletes were asked to recite a long list of memorized words, some portions of brain were activating in unison - making 25 connections that seemed particularly significant among different parts of the brain. The scientists didn't see that sort of unified activity in the brains of the regular subjects. In particular, parts of the brain associated with memory and with spatial learning seemed to be interacting a lot.
Strategies followed by a memory champion
"We were interested in what differentiates memory champions from normal people, like you and me," says Martin Dresler, a cognitive neuroscientist at the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior at Radboud University in the Netherlands.
When you consider the tricks these athletes had learned to use when they memorize that makes sense. They weren't born with extraordinary memorization skills. They had all learned and practiced the same kind of training to develop their seemingly superhuman abilities.
Konrad started using the memory strategy as a hobby in high school, after watching memory championships on TV. He holds the world record for memorizing faces and names - 201 people in 15 minutes.
"I use my visual memory," says Konrad. If he's trying to remember a person called Miller, he says, "I would picture this person looking at a mill, maybe during a vacation in the Netherlands."
For more abstract memory challenges, like memorizing the exact order of hundreds of digits, he'll build memory palaces. It's a method that's been around since the Greeks and is covered extensively in the book Moonwalking With Einstein by journalist Joshua Foer. It works by recalling a building or place that is very familiar and charting a mental path through that building. "It would start in my room," he says. The first location would be my bed, and the second one would be the shelf above my bed; then it's my desk, the computer on it, the window, the mirror and so on." To memorize abstract information, like a list of numbers, he would translate numbers into images and then distribute them along the mental path through his house.
For example, to memorize my phone number, which starts with "1202," Konrad transforms pairs of numbers into images, using something called the Major System. The combination "1-2," for example, brings to mind (for him) a dinosaur, Konrad says. "So I would then picture a dinosaur standing on my bed," says Konrad. "It's a weird image. That's why it sticks. And then, 0-2 would be a sun. So, I would picture the sun illuminating the shelf over my bed," he says. And so on.
Memory palace training
In a second part of their study, Konrad and Dresler recruited 51 university students, and had one-third of them do memory palace training for six weeks - once a week in person with Konrad, and half an hour a day at home on the computer.
Another group did a different kind of memory training, and the last group did nothing special. Then, they were brought into the lab and were asked to memorize a list of words, like "night, car, yardstick," and so on.
The researchers used functional MRI machines to scan the brains of subjects as they rested, and again as they recited the list of words. In the group that did memory palace training, Konrad, Dresler and their colleagues found that the volunteers' brain activity had changed to become more like that of the champions of memorization. This was the case when they were reciting words, but also when they were at rest. "We showed that, indeed, the brain is somehow driven into the patterns you see in memory champions," says Dresler.
After four months the ones who had done memory palace training did really well compared to the others, and their brains were still connecting in that new way. "Not only during a task, but even in the complete absence of any memory-related activity, we see this effect - that memory champions differ from matched controls, and that after memory training your brain shows similar patterns," says Dresler.
Intense memory training doesn't cure everyday forgetfulness. "They forget the milk on the way home from work just like we do," says Roediger. Boris Nikolai Konrad says it has been years since he forgot something on his grocery list. But every now and then he does slip up with someone's name - and that's a moment people don't let him forget.
Source: Medindia

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Police can`t commit excesses like politicians


MEMBERS of law enforcement agencies or police for that matter surely have the professional right to conduct search operations based on accurate tip-offs but that doesn't mean it can wreak havoc and cause chaos in the name of such professional duty. The police search operations at main opposition party BNP ...

Football »

Dhaka Abahani emerge group champions beating Muktijoddha SKC 1-0


Defending champion Dhaka Abahani Limited emerged Group A champions to reach the quarterfinal of the Federation Cup Football Tournament beating Muktijoddha Sangsad KC by 1-0 goal in the last Group A match at the Bangabandhu National Stadium here on Monday.Rubel Mia scored the match-winner for popular sky-blue Dhanmondi outfit in ...

Entertainment »

Rhea Chakraborty snips her long tresses for Half Girlfriend


The actress plays a spirited Indo-American in the Arjun Kapoor-Shraddha Kapoor starrer Half Girlfriend, and to fit her character, she had to chop her long locks - an act she hasn't done for many years. “I’ve always had long hair and it’s something I’m proud of. Apart from trimming ends, ...

Entertainment »

Tendulkar family to grace TV screens together for the first time


Master Blaster Sachin Tendulkar will be seen promoting his biographical drama, Sachin: A Billion Dreams, on a Marathi chat show. Midst the much anticipation of the film Sachin: A billion dreams that marks the most iconic moments of the cricketing legend, the God of cricket will indulge in a light ...

City »

Deputy Prince of Saudi Arabia Soud Bin Khaled Al Faisal welcomed Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina upon her arrival at Prince Mohammad Bin Abdul Aziz Airport, Medina in Saudi Arabia on Monday.


International »

Iran reformists sweep Tehran municipal council election


AP, Tehran :Candidates backing reform of Iran's clerically overseen government swept municipal elections in Tehran, taking all 21 local council seats in the country's capital while moderate President Hassan Rouhani won a second term in office, authorities said on Monday.Their win in Friday's election marks the first time reformists have ...

Editorial »

Jewellery business in Bangladesh cannot be run legally


THE jewellery business in Bangladesh has reportedly been thriving despite there being no import of gold into the country through legal channels. First of all the prevailing predicament is not a new phenomenon and is being continuing for the last three decades. How has it been made possible? Are we ...

Sports »

A view of the match of the Saif Power Tec Dhaka Metropolis Senior Division Football League between Friends Social Welfare Organization and Dhaka United Sporting Club at the Bir Shreshtha Shaheed Sepoy Mohammad Mostafa Kamal Stadium in Kamalapur on Sunday. Friends Social Welfare Organization beat Dhaka United Sporting Club by two goals to nil.


Cricket »

Jaydev Unadkat celebrates a sensational return catch to dismiss Lendl Simmons during the IPL final match between Mumbai Indians and Rising Pune Supergiant at Hyderabad on Sunday.


City »

Bangladesh Medical Association formed a human chain in front of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University in the city on Sunday demanding exemplary punishment to those involved in attacking physicians and hospitals.


Entertainment »

Shilpa Shetty, husband Raj Kundra get anticipatory bail in cheating case


The district court in Thane yesterday granted anticipatory bail to actress Shilpa Shetty, her businessman husband Raj Kundra and three others in a cheating case filed by a textile firm owner. The court had earlier granted the accused interim protection from arrest. Additional Sessions Judge Sangeeta Khalipe said in her ...

Entertainment »

Dia Mirza to play Sanjay Dutt’s wife in the biopic, not Maanayata Dutt’s lookalike


Sanjay Dutt’s biopic is making a lot of noise much before its release. First, Ranbir Kapoor’s pictures resembling Dutt were leaked and had gone viral in no time. A few days back, there were speculations that filmmaker Rajkumar Hirani has found a fresh actor, who looks pretty much like Dutt’s ...

International »

Rouhani draws fire from US after election win


AFP, Tehran :Iran's President Hassan Rouhani was still celebrating his resounding re-election victory on Saturday when he came under pressure from the country's long-standing foe the United States.Rouhani, a 68-year-old moderate cleric who spearheaded a 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, said Iranians had chosen the "path of engagement" and ...

Cricket »

An action from the match of the Saif Power Tec Dhaka Metropolis Senior Division Football League between Jatrabari Krira Chakra and Bashabo Tarun Sangha at the Bir Shreshtha Shaheed Sepoy Mohammad Mostafa Kamal Stadium in Kamalapur on Saturday. The match ended in 1-1 draw.


Cricket »

Steven Finn made good ground for a catch during the Specsavers County Championship, Division One match between Middlesex and Surrey at Lord's on Saturday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news