Sunday, March 18, 2018 09:45:40 PM
Johan Galtung :
Wikipedia has much to offer under "aging". Highly recommended are the 10 points by the world's oldest living man, 114, Walter Breuning.
However, older persons, like me at 86, know their own aging best. Less trouble with "oxidant stress" as a major cause, having used anti-oxidants based on blueberry skin-no chemicals-for decades. 20,000 blood stem cells renew my blood, but they are dying. Problematic.
Rule no. 1: Keep mind and body active; maintain a good nutrition.
Obvious to counteract aging. However, equally important:
Rule no. 2: Be open to the positive sides and advantages of aging.
Bertrand Russell's "On Being 90? in the Observer dispenses with the disadvantages as obvious, in favor of his advantage: the overview. At the age of 5 he sat on the knee of a man who had fought Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815-=-. The longer the lives we have lived, the more events have impinged upon us. An "overview" identifies some link, a narrative, a common factor. That identification is often referred to as "wisdom".
However: thigh muscles weaken, walking falters, fatigue, seeing and hearing impaired. Exercise helps, but aging is unavoidable.
Rule no. 3: At least do not fall; not breaking fragile bones, no ending up bedridden in a hospital, contracting new diseases. Equip the room, the home, the context with handles and handrails.
Then the mental aspects of aging: memories failing, not only of recent events, less ability to handle many and simultaneous stimuli. As a result, many and more mistakes reinforcing the sense of aging.
Rule no. 4: Simplify the context, contract the circle of living. Be realistic, change the structure of daily life, narrow the circle to what can be handled easily: the ward, the village, the context, the home, the room-but then equipped with a maximum of music, books, social media, as enriching as possible. If driving, then on known roads with little traffic, in small towns, villages.
Rule no. 5: Togetherness. A society with much loneliness for young or old is a bad society. Get old together, with a spouse, a cooperating partner. Much conversation will be about pains suffered. But cut it short. Focus on positives, beautiful landscapes, gardens, music, literature. Enjoyment together is more than double enjoyment.
Make shared meals as much of a feast as possible. The ability to enjoy good food lasts; our senses of smell and taste are more solid. No smoking of course and moderation with alcohol, sugar and cereals. Let good food and drinks stay a while in the mouth where the taste buds are, tied to the smell; do not just swallow and "wash it down".
Rule no. 6: Live both real and virtual lives. Postmodern life has two realities; not only what we sense but also a virtual, IT, reality with friendship and enriching exchanges activating the mind. IT offers all of that-with no risks of falling!-in the simple context of a ca computer. Particularly when adding Skype, and even free!
Rule no. 7: no retirement. Go for a job where the older can share experiences with the younger, even if no longer showing up at work. A work place closed to the older is a bad work place. In post-modernity this is possible in ways unthought-of, for mutual benefit. How much, paid or unpaid, can be negotiated. Being productive is what matters.
Negate this. Retire, cut all links, live only one reality, alone/lonely, in a complex world with physical and mental risks, nothing positive, passively, no exercise, bad nutrition. Brutish, nasty, and short. Better contract from the macro-society of country-region-world to a rich micro-society of a circle around oneself and the partner(s), relating to other circles. But it does not have to be that micro.
We can argue: high time. To be born into micro-society, then the macro-society of education and work, and then a poor micro-society of retirement is not good enough. Traditionally, women continue working longer than men, living more human lives. Is this why women live longer?
Due to better health, and family planning favoring 2 children, we now have aging populations and even more return into micro-society in old age homes.
Some time ago, huge macro-society growth swallowed such micro-societies as villages; now there is a return to villages and a return to childhood at old age. And macro becomes even more macro, regional, global, marginalizing the old even more. Inhuman; a far cry from retired farmers still living on the farm for care and experience.
Major structural changes, hence this structural theory of aging.
In those micro-societies of the aged, with nurses and others for "assisted living", all know that the purpose of still living is dying. And before that there may be physical and mental suffering. Inhuman!
Fight it; practice Rules 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. Aging is nothing to be afraid of, but foresight and planning are indispensable. Some macro can be created. A married couple here and an unmarried there, each managing in their ways, can relate, exchange experiences, also to old-age homes that may be the longer term answer to the aging. Virtually this micro to micro can even cross borders. Reconquering macro life.
I find myself floating, navigating through time and life, trying, not always successfully, to do more good and less harm. Not concluding that the present is the best period although it often feels like that. It is different, and very good. One positive aspect is obvious: with less work in the sense of a job there is more time for work in the sense of being creative. With hands and the mind. On the computer.
Thanks, Life, the best of all gifts. For every day.
(The author is professor of peace studies, dr hc mult, is founder of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace, Development and Environment and rector of the TRANSCEND Peace University-TPU. He has published 164 books on peace and related issues, of which 41 have been translated into 35 languages, for a total of 135 book translations, including '50 Years-100 Peace and Conflict Perspectives,' published by the TRANSCEND University Press-TUP).
AFTER the US-Bangla plane crash, the Prime Minister has instructed the Civil Aviation Authorities to give highest priority to flight safety and maintenance of planes. No doubt, it is a timely instruction. Though it is still unclear why the plane was crashed, the survivors said the aircraft was shuddering few ...
Noted Telugu and Tamil actress Surbhi is likely to be part of Tollywood star, Nikhil's upcoming Tollywood movie, as per latest updates. The makers are in talks to rope in the actor for the movie, added reports. The much awaited film is a Telugu remake blockbuster Telugu movie, Kanithan. The ...
AP, Moscow :The gulf between Russia and Britain widened on Friday as they cranked up pressure over a nerve agent attack and a suspected murder in Britain that have deepened Western worries about alleged Russian meddling abroad.Britain's foreign secretary accused Russian President Vladimir Putin of personally ordering the poisoning of ...
STEPHEN Hawking died at Cambridge in England on Monday at the age of 76. A scientific genius who rose to eminence by his work on theoretical physics explaining the system of universe is no more but the scientific world will remember him over the time to come. We join the ...
It has been a gruelling shooting schedule for Parineeti Chopra, who is currently filming for Namaste England. The actress has been pulling off all day long shoots as she is filming an energetic song sequence with her co-star Arjun Kapoor. `It has been insane for Parineeti. She has been dancing ...
Reuters, Tokyo :Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's support has fallen 9.4 points to 39.3 percent, a survey by Jiji news agency showed, as suspicion swirls over a suspected cover-up linked to cronyism, Abe's worst crisis since taking office.Abe and Finance Minister, Taro Aso, 77, have been under fire since the ...
MYANMAR is militarising Rakhine State at an alarming pace as it is building helipad and camps for security forces bulldozing Rohingya villages. The latest move is not only making security on Bangladesh border highly tense but also making difficult safe and voluntary return of Rohingya refugees even as a more ...
Sports Reporter :World-class all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan will play for Bangladesh against Sri Lanka in the last Robin League match of the Nidahas Trophy Tri-Nation Twenty20 Cricket Series at R Premadasa Stadium in Colombo today. Shakib Al Hasan joined Bangladesh squad in Colombo on Thursday. A BCB official said, " ...
While one complains of done to death storylines on television shows, there is Naamkaraan that believes in pushing the envelope and bring out new facets in its storyline. With the plot recently going through a leap, the protagonist of the show Aditi Rathore calls herself lucky, as she gets an ...
AFP, Beirut :Syria's lacerating conflict entered its eighth year Thursday with the country riven by international power struggles, as Turkey encircled a besieged northern Kurdish enclave, while Russian-backed regime forces pounded into shrinking rebel areas near Damascus.The bloodshed, which has devastated huge swathes of the country since it started on ...