Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Saturday, March 25, 2017 07:59:49 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Strategies for teaching ADHD students at home

By
19th-Mar-2017       Readers ( 142 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Campus Desk  :

According to the Learning Disabilities Association of America Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is not considered a learning disability.  But the reality is that many students who have ADD/ADHD have other associated issues which do hinder their ability to learn according to the traditional education plan that exists in most public schools.  Even without additional learning disabilities students with ADD/ADHD and their teachers often need adaptive strategies to make learning less difficult.
Three of the issues that teachers, and this includes homeschooling parents/teachers, have to deal with in students with ADD/ADHD are:
Distractibility.  Students with ADHD find it difficult to concentrate on any one subject for extended periods of time.  
One way parents/teachers can deal with this is to keep lessons short.  Help the student to break down larger tasks into a series of smaller tasks.  Math is one of those large tasks that lends itself to being divided into more manageable pieces.  Instead of instructing the student to "do their math" it would benefit both the teacher and the student to have a short term goal of completing the instructional portion of the math assignment then taking a break.  After a short break allow the student to refocus and complete a small number of math problems.
In a homeschooling environment it is possible to control the environment for the student.  There are not 30 other students who contribute to the distraction.  Noise can be controlled in the home.  Additionally, homeschooling is very flexible and this helps homeschooled ADHD students spend more time, or less, on a subject depending on their needs.
Hyperactivity.  ADHD students sometimes seem like they are "driven" to be in constant motion.  This can be difficult to deal with in a traditional classroom setting.  For the home educator it is easier because the student's motion does not disturb anyone else.
If the student needs to hop around the room on one foot while reciting the multiplication tables then allow it.  
Sometimes the act of moving and learning at the same time can be a very useful tool because it allows the student to both burn off excess energy and commit things to memory.
There are several techniques that can be used to help your ADHD student drain off excess energy.  One family allowed their student to use an exercise ball as a seat instead of a chair.  
The student was allowed to gently bounce on the ball, or rock back and forth on it.  Even when sitting relatively still the student still needed to make minor balance adjustments and that allowed him to use some of the excess energy.
Another thing to do is to keep the student's hands busy.  Conventional wisdom says that the student is not paying attention if she is doodling or using modeling clay but the reality is that ADHD students seem to be able to do more than one thing at a time, and even benefit from being allowed to do more than one thing at a time.
Easily Frustrated.  ADHD students seem to become easily frustrated.  They often do not like repetitive lessons, reading lessons, or lessons that require a lot of writing.  Remember that ADHD is not considered a specific learning disability.  However, ADHD students do tend to learn differently.  Their brains tend to process things very quickly and so repetitive lessons seem like a waste of time.  Reading requires doing only one thing at a time (reading) and comprehension tends to be reduced if the student is distracted.  As for the ADHD student disliking writing, many ADHD students have poor handwriting and are frustrated by the speed at which ideas in their heads can be translated to paper.
Part of the way to get around this frustration is to allow the student to use adaptive technologies, and these can be easily accommodated in a homeschool environment.  Instead of having the student actually read a book allow her to listen to an audio book.  This allows the student to focus on the story with their ears while doing something else with their hands, or jumping up and down.  Teach keyboarding skills early because it is easier for a student to get the ideas out of their heads and onto paper if they can process that information at the speed of typing as opposed to writing.
As for repetitive lessons such as spelling, instead of having the student practice spelling words all week and take a test at the end of the week, why not let the student take the test first?  
Then have the student work only on the words that he was unable to spell.  It makes for less repetition, and allows the student to process the lessons in shorter bursts.
Finally, allow students to work at a pace that is adapted for their learning abilities rather than trying to make the student adapt to traditional lesson plans.  Use technology where possible.  
Online curricula allow the student to have some control over the rate at which information is presented.  Homeschooling ADHD students works well because it allows for learning to occur on their terms instead of trying to make the ADHD student adapt to an education model that is a poor fit for them.
Courtesy: Edarticle.com

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Cricket »

Happy birthday to Shakib Al Hasan


Hadn't he born, Bangladesh cricket team would have deprived of many outstanding victories.Number one all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan, who demonstrated his magical batting and bowling displays many times to ensure victories for the Tigers, stepped into 31st year on Friday.However, he was celebrating his birthday with his teammates in Sri ...

Editorial »

Fire at BB head office raises many questions


THE fire incident at Bangladesh Bank has come as a renewed shock to the nation prompting questions from many quarters how the central bank is falling is so insecure as a highly sensitive establishment from national security perspective. The incident just within one year of the sensational money heist of ...

Entertainment »

Moushumi`s film career turns two eras today


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :On March 25, Friday of 1993, viewers for the first time watched today’s popular film actress Moushumi on the screen in movie Keyamat Theke Keyamat. It was made by Sohanur Rahman Sohan and it was produced under the banner of Ananda Mela Cinema Ltd. Late popular hero ...

City »

Fire fighters making frantic efforts to extinguish the fire which was originated at Rafas Tower in the city`s Karwanbazar on Friday.


International »

Iraqi forces prepare new push, tactics in Mosul as civilians flee city


Reuters, Mosul :Iraqi forces are preparing a fresh push against Islamic State using new tactics, but operations to drive the militants out of their last stronghold in the country are on hold, military officials said on Friday.Families streamed out of the northern Iraqi city during the lull in fighting, part ...

International »

Merkel does not expect more EU departures after Brexit


Reuters, Berlin :Chancellor Angela Merkel does not fear that more countries will leave the European Union, she told a German newspaper as the bloc's leaders prepare to celebrate 60 years of union on Saturday days before Britain files for divorce.Prime Minister Theresa May will next Wednesday launch a two-year countdown ...

Editorial »

We mourn with brave British people who will not waver


THE very fact that Western cities are yet extremely vulnerable to extremists "Lone-wolf" attacks was once again proved on Wednesday when such an attacker drove a vehicle randomly along London's Westminster Bridge towards the Houses of Parliament - killing five including a police officer and maiming innocent bystanders as the ...

Cricket »

Miraz drafted in Tigers' ODI squad


Off-spinner Mehidy Hasan Miraz has been included in the Bangladesh ODI squad for the three-match ODI series against Sri Lanka. Miraz is scheduled to reach Colombo later today, said a BCB press release on Thursday.Meanwhile, off break bowler Naeem Hasan, who made his first class debut for Chittagong Division in ...

City »

Former President of Chhatra League Noor-e-Alam Siddiqui speaking at a discussion organised by 'Prakton Chhatra League Foundation' at the Jatiya Press Club on Thursday marking Flag Day.


Entertainment »

Why is Varun Dhawan not taking up any TV offers?


Arjun Kapoor, Sonakshi Sinha, Shahid Kapoor are among the young crop of stars who have worked on the small screen. Ask Varun Dhawan if he too is keen to get on the bandwagon and he says, "I have been offered a couple of game and dance shows. I had been ...

International »

Despite Trump push, healthcare vote going to the wire


AFP, Washington :President Donald Trump faces a reckoning Thursday as US lawmakers vote on his presidency's biggest legislative test, the Republican plan to repeal and replace Obamacare, as conservatives vowed to kill it unless important last-minute changes are made.The Republican-controlled House of Representatives votes on the controversial measure despite challenges ...

Editorial »

Digging city roads facing monsoon is intriguing


FACING the arrival of monsoon two Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) authorities have permitted different utility service providers to dig up road surface without taking into account that it will cause heavy traffic congestion and immense suffering to city dwellers. Utility providers like Dhaka Water Supply & Sewerage Authority (DWASA), have ...

City »

Bangladesh Federal Union of Journalists (BFUJ) and Dhaka Union of Journalists (DUJ) jointly brought out a rally yesterday towards the Office of the Prime Minister demanding immediate declaration of 9th Wage Board and later submitted memorandum to the Prime Minister.


.

Football »

Mexico`s Nestor Araujo (left) and Javier Hernandez practice during a training session in Cuernavaca, Mexico on Tuesday. Mexico will face Costa Rica in a 2018 World Cup qualifying soccer match on March 24.


.

Entertainment »

When people deter me, it only makes me stronger: Anushka Sharma


Hate begets hate. Positivity spawns positivity and failure is just one more step in our march to success - this is the mantra that Anushka Sharma lives by. She shrugs off slander, laughs away at the evils of social media and confesses that she didn’t have a clear vision from ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news