Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, December 19, 2017 02:31:09 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Bangabandhu’s education philosophy

By
20th-Mar-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Dr. Anu Mahmud :
From the long ancient period, education has been playing an important role for flourishing humanity. It has also geared up the standard of life. Knowledge is power, knowledge is light and education is the backbone of a nation. Another name of education is self-confidence and way of development. Educated nation means developed nation. On the other side, illiterate nation is undeveloped, backward, under backward minded - it has become prominent as we see in the undeveloped countries.
Since education is very important in our micro and macro human life, so the question is, what will be the aim and goal of education, what will be the infrastructure of education and what will be the theme or factors of education, student's interest and intention, demand of the society and necessity of the nation? Or how the education system will be connected with development and prosperity those are reflected in the education policy of a country? So considering the above facts, for an independent and developing nation, a national education policy is an urgent need. Besides, the traditional educational policy, considering the socio-economic background of our country and placing the vast illiterate population in the front line, another matter should be taken into consideration. That is mass education.     
In general, mass education means education for the people. Its main aim is to make people educated and convert them free from at least minimum illiteracy level or make them literate. It confirms education opportunity for all. Overall, acquired education can meet the required personal and social demand, people's welfare, development and prosperity of the country and nation and indicated for the progressiveness, be given emphasis to the society in those matters. So, person's expectation, desire, demand of the society and ignoring the national interest creation of a few number of literate or 'Elite' is fully oppose in this education policy - which was the aims and goal of the education policy that was introduced in 1835by the 'Mcaulay' in India during the British colonial period.
The main target and vision of Bangladesh independent war in 1971 was not only to get the national freedom or political independence, but that was directed for achieving the overall freedom for the Bengali nation. It means, the independent Bangladesh will be a state of the people and its all sorts of policy or works would be guided for the people or for the welfare of the people.
During the Pakistan period, due to the continuous Bengali nationalist movement under the leadership of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu, this concept got the shape and after the passing of days those issues become stronger. During the war of liberation in 1971, those expectations converted into mass consciousness. So, our newborn state, in the name of People's Republic Of Bangladesh, the word 'people' was decorated. Four state policies were - Democracy, Socialism, Secularism and Nationalism, so the education policy of this state should be people oriented. We identified those issues and made total focus of the highest confirmation of the Constitution of Bangladesh adopted by the government led by Bangabandhu in 1972. In this regard, section no-17 of the constitution indicates that:
State:
(a) To introduce same type of mass and overall education for all and for setting the stages by law, to educate all the boys and girls without pay and be mandatory,
(b) To make education adjustable to the society and to implement those requirements for proper trained up people and for creation of citizen with good mentality,
(c) Will take proper necessary steps to abolish the illiteracy within the specific period of time fixed by the law.
The outlook of Bangabandhu regarding the mass education was very transparent. He could able to understand clearly that we have no other alternative way for our development and prosperity except the existing provision of education for all. Education was so important to him that, he considered it as an important investment. During his election campaign in the general election of 1970 in his speech to the nation over radio and television what he mentioned related to education issues were very much important to take under consideration:
(1) No other best alternate way is available without capital investment in the education sector to form a sound social system.
(2) After 1947 due to decreasing number of primary schools in Bangladesh (the then East-Pakistan) the number of illiterate people has increased, that was a very realistic fact.
(3) Our 80 percent population is illiterate and every year more than 10 lacs of illiterate people are adding in our country.
(4) More than 50 percent children of the nation are suspended from getting the facility of primary education.
(5) Only 18 percent boys and 06 percent girls are getting the opportunity of primary education.
(6) We think the minimum 04 percent resource of national income (production) should be required to invest in the education sector.
(7) The salary of the teachers of colleges and schools especially the primary teachers should be increased remarkably.
(9) Illiteracy must be erased out.
(10) A 'crash program' will be taken for giving compulsory free primary education for the children of 05 years of age.
(11) The door of secondary education will be opened for classes.
(12) Medical and technical universities including new Universities will be set up without wasting of time further.
(13) Our attention will be focused to the issue of that the taking of higher education for meritorious students may not be hampered for their poverty. (Ref: Anu Mahmud (Edited): Bangabadhur Bhason: National publication (Revised Edition), 2015, Page-45)
During the post-liberation period, the government of Bangabandhu did not hesitate to give the recognition of people's oriented education system in the constitution only, but due to different limitations they took many initiatives to implement this vision.
Under the mission to achieve the vision of people's oriented education the following steps were taken:                                                               
(a) All the primary schools of the country were nationalized,
(b) Establishment of 11 thousand new primary schools,
(c) Highest allocation in the education sector,
(d) An Education Commission was formed with 18 members under the Chairmanship of great Scientist Dr. Kudkot -E- Khuda on July26, of 1972. On May30, 1974 ' Kudrot Commission Report' was published in 36 chapters containing of 430 pages.
Though a change has been occurred in the national and international arena occurred, but after the many decades of time this report is being considered as an extraordinary to all concern (though due to changing situation some parts of this report are required to be brassed up or modified). Regarding the great contribution of Bangabandhu, the report noted:  
'This gigantic work was not possible to complete without the desire, interest and assistance of the Prime Minister Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. We are grateful to him'. (Introduction: Kudrot -E- Khuda Education Commission Report - 1974).
But it was the great tragedy for the nation that the father of the nation was brutally killed by the anti-liberation and re-actionist forces on August 15, 1975. After that the agents of those forces were in the state power. So, the Kudrot -E- Khuda Commission Report was not focused in daylight and for the long time, the nation has been deprived of proper education. Not only this, during those period some unsuccessful steps were taken to change the character of people oriented education system.
It is not necessary to explain about the importance and necessity of a people oriented education system. For us education is the main and important step towards development and prosperity. We have no alternative way in future if we could not able to remove the burden of illiteracy. Under the concept of 'Global Village', without knowledge, science and technology we have no other alternative way to survive in the world competition. But it is hopeful for us that the present government led by Sheikh Hasina, daughter of the Father of the Nation has fixed a target to remove the illiteracy from the country within a specific period of time. The nation has already lost their valuable times. So, it is our urgent task to proceed speedily in every respect of our national life. It should be realized on the basis of the instruction given by the Father of the Nation.

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

International »

Trump to lay out `America First` security strategy


AFP :President Donald Trump is set to lay out Monday a new National Security Strategy built upon his trademark "America First" slogan, which is expected to have economic security at its core.The US leader, who has dismantled the legacy of Barack Obama on issues ranging from climate change to free ...

Cricket »

Australia claim Ashes as Smith seeks whitewash


AFP, Perth :Steve Smith praised his "exceptional" team as Australia reclaimed the Ashes with an innings win over England in the third Test in Perth on Monday, and set his sights on a series whitewash. Australia dismissed England for 218 in their second innings after rain delays and a pitch ...

Football »

Brazil great Kaka retiring from soccer at age 35


Former Ballon d'Or winner Kaka says he is retiring from soccer at age 35.Kaka, who played for Brazil, AC Milan and Real Madrid, told Brazil's Globo TV on Sunday that "my last word is that the cycle of my career as a player ends here.""I needed time to think and ...

Football »

Messi misses penalty as Barca win big to increase lead


AP, Barcelona :Watch out Real Madrid.Barcelona can still outscore opponents even on a rare day when Lionel Messi is far from his brilliant self.Barcelona warmed up for next round's "clasico" match at Madrid by routing Deportivo La Coruna 4-0 Sunday to increase its lead of the Spanish league.Messi tried to ...

City »

President Abdul Hamid poses for photograph with the members of BDRCS Managing Board at the inauguration of the 13th Jatiya Juba Red Crescent Camp-2017 in the Osmani Memorial Auditorium in the city on Monday.


Entertainment »

Item girl Heena Panchal goes Topless in her recent photoshoot


The year winter season has been one of the hottest one as Heena Panchal has done very hot and bold photoshoots. Beautiful Model and actress Heena Panchal, seems sensationalizing the Bollywood industry with her bold and raunchy photoshoot. The glamorous diva was seen rising the temperature meter and has done ...

Entertainment »

BD Hip Hop Fest on Dec 21


Entertainment Report :Rendezvous Pvt Ltd, a unique concern of A Kabir R Group is going to organize AceOnline.store presents BD Hip Hop Fest 2017, one of its kinds for the third time in city. The fest will start by launching of A Kabir R Group’s new concern AceOnline.store which is ...

Editorial »

Myanmar`s criminal generals should be brought to book


ACCORDING to the medical charity MSF sources, at least some 6,700 Rohingyas got killed in the very first month of the Myanmar army's crackdown on the ethnic minority in Rakhine State. But it appears Myanmar government is trying to deceive the world by  avoiding to take back Rohingya refugees. It ...

Football »

Roma's Federico Fazio (hidden) celebrates with teammates after scoring the decisive goal during an Italian Serie A soccer match between AS Roma and Cagliari, at the Olympic stadium in Rome on Saturday.


Entertainment »

Athiya Shetty turns fashion designer


Ever since her debut, the 25-year-old actress has been in news for her chic sartorial choices. A source reveals, “According to the label, Athiya is known for her fashion sensibilities. She is a hit when it comes to red carpet appearances and nails the high street fashion.” “So, after meetings ...

Entertainment »

Virat-Anushka holidaying in heaven


The power couple, Virat Kohli and Anushka Sharma, who recently set some major wedding goals with their Italian destination ceremony, is now giving fans a glimpse into their post-married life. The ethereal couple tied the knot at a picturesque location in Italy on December 11. The 29-year-old newlywed, who is ...

International »

Trump allies say Mueller unlawfully obtained thousands of emails


Reuters, Washington :An organization established for US President Donald Trump's transition to the White House a year ago said on Saturday that the special counsel investigating allegations of Russian meddling in the 2016 election had obtained tens of thousands of emails unlawfully.Kory Langhofer, counsel to the transition team known as ...

City »

Ganoforum President Dr Kamal Hossain speaking at a discussion on 'Independence: Expectation, Achievement and Role' organised by 'Jatiya Oikya Prokriya' at the Jatiya Press Club on Friday.


.

International »

Trump promises `giant tax cut` as `Christmas gift` to Americans


PTI, Washington :US President Donald Trump today said the Congress has reached an agreement on tax legislation that will deliver more jobs, higher wages, and "massive tax relief" for American families and domestic companies.Trump recognised the tax reform as a campaign promise during his run-up to the 2016 presidential election, ...

Editorial »

Muslim leaders must continue to act together not to be ignored


WE welcome the OIC's (Organisation of Islamic Cooperation) decision declaring East Jerusalem as capital of Palestine at a summit at Istanbul on Wednesday as the most appropriate and timely action to denounce US President Donald Trump's unilateral declaration that Jerusalem is the capital of the state of Israel. Their call ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news