Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, June 26, 2018 01:34:42 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

ASEAN must intervene

'Rohingya issue' is regional refugee crisis

By
21st-Mar-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Huffington Post :
In June 2012, communal riots between Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims and Rakhine Buddhists first erupted in the state of Rakhine. After the subsequent government crackdown and "persecution" of the area's Rohingya, state-sponsored violence induced forced displacements of this Muslim minority.
What followed has become what we know today as Myanmar's "Rohingya issue".
Nearly five years later, this issue is now a full-blown humanitarian crisis and it's time for the Association of South-East Asian nations (ASEAN) to present a regional response.
By the end of October 2016, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees had registered some 55,000 Rohingyas in Malaysia, most of whom had fled by boat. Some 33,000 Rohingyas are living in refugee camps in Kutupalong and Nayapara in Bangladesh, while another 300,000 to 500,000 unregistered refugees are estimated to have settled elsewhere in the country. Rohingya refugees have also been temporarily situated in Thailand, Indonesia and India. Thousands of others have kept roaming and, in 2014 and 2015, they spent up to a month in overcrowded ships on the seas off the coast of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand.
This massive refugee crisis has raised security concerns in the ASEAN region and drawn global attention partly because so many
Rohingyas are falling victim to organised human trafficking rings.
The Rohingya issue has thus become a local problem with regional consequences. Resolving this problem in the long term will require local solutions, but, in the meantime, preventing further Rohingya subjugation should be a major human rights concern for ASEAN member states and the international community.
Refugee management in the ASEAN region is always contentious because refugees are seen as non-traditional security threats, and many countries lack effective refugee protection instruments and mechanisms. Apart from the Philippines, Timor Leste and Cambodia, no other ASEAN members have signed the Geneva Convention of Refugees and its protocols. In Myanmar, even the term Rohingya is highly contested. To the government, they are illegal Bangladeshi migrants, prohibited from acquiring Myanmar citizenship or nationality under the 1882 Burma Citizenship Law. Even though the Rohingyas have been living in Myanmar since before it became independent from the British.
The Rohingyas are minority Muslim groups in Buddhist-majority Myanmar. Of the country's total population of 51 million, only about 1.2 million are Rohingyas. But in the country's northern Rakhine state, where most Rohingyas live in townships, they are more numerous than Buddhists.
Violence at the hands of Myanmar's security forces has begun to radicalise some sectors of this population. And there are reportedly emerging links between the Rohingya insurgent group (the HaY) and extremist outfits in the Middle East. This should be a concern for all ASEAN countries. However, emerging radicalisation should not be used as an explanation to justify state-sponsored violence and undermined peaceful solutions to the humanitarian crisis. Local solutions to Myanmar's Rohingya issue can come in different forms. First and foremost, state-sponsored violence must end, accompanied by respect for human rights. For starters, aid agencies should be allowed to get aid to the Rohingyas (aid agencies' access to northern Rakhine state has long been denied).
Inclusive dialogue and the promotion of mutual respect and cooperation would also help address the problem. But lasting solutions to the problem will be impossible without addressing prevailing structural violence.
Because the Rohingyas are not officially considered as citizens, they are deprived of basic services such as public health, education and jobs. Only policy reforms that review and recognise the citizenship of the Rohingyas and provide them with social justice will resolve this sociopolitical problem in the long term.
That seems unlikely to happen any time soon. In December 2016, Myanmar's government appointed a commission to investigate the violence that erupted in Rakhine state in October 2016. The commission evidently found no evidence of genocide and religious persecution of the Rohingyas there, in sharp contrast with other reports.
Support from the Burmese military will also be a key. Ever since the country's recent democratic transition, the military holds great power in the country, with 25% of the seats in the national and state parliaments reserved for unelected military representatives. The three most powerful ministries - Defence, Home Affairs and Border Affairs - can only be headed by serving military officers, according to the 2008 constitution.

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Administration is openly obstructing free election: Election Commission sitting duck


WHEN this write-up reaches to you, polls-time may start in Gazipur City Corporation (GCC) where all-out preparedness has been accomplished to hold election amid arrest spree of pro-BNP men by police without showing pending cases or no case at all. The High Court on Monday issued a rule directing against ...

Football »

Desperate Australia in must-win World Cup clash against Peru


AFP, Kazan :Australia's long-suffering fans are bracing for another World Cup anti-climax Tuesday when the Socceroos face a Peru side desperate for a victory that may send their opponents home.Pipped 2-1 in the final minutes by France and left agonizing over their failure to win a thrilling 1-1 draw against ...

International »

I pray they let me in: Asylum seekers face long wait at border


Al Jazeera News :Nogales, Mexico - Guadalupe and her two-year-old daughter have been waiting at the port of entry to the US in Nogales, Mexico for days.The 22-year-old fled her home state of Sinaloa, Mexico more than two weeks ago after she found out the father of her daughter was ...

City »

Motorized vehicles, rickshaws and also pedestrians struggle through the stagnated rain water as most of the city streets went under rain water yesterday. The snap was taken from the city's Shahjahanpur area.


Entertainment »

Emon excited to work with Suborna


Entertainment ReportIn last Eid, on Channel 9 a special play Maa directed by Arif Khan was aired. In that play, Suborna Mustafa and Emon acted in roles of mother and her son respectively. Though Emon acted many plays were aired in Eid but he is getting huge response for the ...

Sports »

Members of England's rugby league team celebrate a win over New Zealand by raising the Rugby League Football International Challenge Cup on Saturday in Denver. England won 36-18.


International »

First Russia air strikes hit southern Syria as govt assault looms


AFP, Beirut : Russia bombed rebel-held parts of southern Syria late Saturday for the first time since brokering a ceasefire there nearly a year ago, a monitor group said, as allied regime troops prepare a ground assault.Southern Syria is a strategic prize for local and global players involved in the country's ...

International »

Zimbabwe's President narrowly escapes assassination bid


The Washington Post :Zimbabwe's election campaign season took a worrying turn Saturday afternoon when a crude bombing at a speech delivered by President Emmerson Mnangagwa appeared to be an attempt on his life.Mnangagwa had just finished giving a speech in a stadium in Zimbabwe's second-largest city, Bulawayo, when the blast ...

City »

Newly -appointed Nepalese Ambassador Dr Chop Lal Bhusal called on Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at her office yesterday.


Editorial »

Fatal accidents are increasing, make roads and highways safe for passengers


TERMING it as the deadliest day, the news media reported that at least 55 people were killed in separate road accidents in different districts across the country on Saturday. Bangladesh Jatri Kallyan Samity said it was the highest number of casualties in a single day in recent times. An 11-member ...

Entertainment »

Richi returns to country tomorrow


Entertainment Report :In last January, popular TV actress Richi Solaiman came to Bangladesh to pass times with her mother and brother by own way. After five months, she is returning to her motherland tomorrow. This time she is coming for several reasons including to celebrate Eid-ul-Azha with her mother, to ...

Editorial »

American people rose against inhumanity of Trump`s immigration policy : Trump remains un-American


US President Donald Trump took an U-turn and changed his own policy amid strong protest by American people.  There are huge criticism and outcry in America over the way undocumented parents and children have been kept forcibly apart. He said he changed his mind by seeing images of children who ...

International »

UN Chief appeals for end to fighting in south Syria


AFP, United Nations :UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Friday called for an immediate end to a military escalation in southwest Syria and a return to ceasefire arrangements agreed by Russia, the United States and Jordan.US Ambassador Nikki Haley separately urged Russia to pressure its Syrian ally to uphold the truce. ...

Football »

Nigeria`s John Obi Mikel (left) and Iceland`s Gylfi Sigurdsson compete for the ball during the group D match between Nigeria and Iceland at the 2018 soccer World Cup at the Volgograd Arena in Volgograd, Russia on Friday.


Football »

Portugal's Ruben Dias talks to journalists during a news conference prior the training session of Portugal at the 2018 soccer World Cup in Kratovo, outskirts Moscow, Russia on Saturday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news