Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Thursday, July 27, 2017 12:40:17 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Independence Day 2017

Independence and National Day

By
26th-Mar-2017       Readers ( 364 )   0 Comments
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all (0) »

Muhammad Quamrul Islam :
We were 30 years old at end of first decade in service career in March1971 as Dhaka University batch 1961 beaming with Bengali nationalistic spirit in continuation of democratic practices in the College and University campus regularly in academic excellence. Our 'Paltan-Stadium group' comprising batch mates, affectionate juniors and respected seniors met every evening  to exchange views on current affairs emanating from language movement from partition of Bengal 1947, socio-economic and political aspirations to participate in  cultural and political movements as well as personal matters advancing the cause. As septuagenarian we have seen at childhood the fading sun of British rule in undivided India who left creating two independent states dividing India by porous borders as per their communal divide and rule policy in 1947, we knew from our respective family and teachers of history in the class room, the woes of which is still felt notwithstanding regional grouping like SAARC, a non-starter organization.
True Pakistan was a peculiar state with two wings separated by thousand miles with East Bengal having the majority of 56% population and West wing comprising four provinces 44%. It's central government capital was in Karachi and later Islamabad in West Pakistan.
Soon it was felt west wing was metropolitan wing and east wing was colonial wing; there were deprivations inflicted by the power elite, not people, led to the struggle of Bengalis in historical lines pioneered by leader of the oppressed Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman to have meaningful independence which was attained on March 26, 1971 by sacrifices of the millions.
The turning point in history was election on December 7, 1970 where Awami League secured 167 seats in National Assembly and won majority to form the government led by Bangabandhu. For this people of all strata were eagerly waiting for a session of Parliament and it was scheduled to commence on March 3, 1971. But, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, chief of Pakistan People's Party, which won second position expressed his willingness to share power with Awami League ignoring all democratic norms and conspired with President Yahya Khan.
On March 1,1971 President Yahya Khan suspended sine die the Parliamentary session, which was instantly rejected by the people who took to streets raised full throated slogans against Yahya-Bhutto clique in Dhaka and everywhere in the erstwhile East Pakistan demanding independent Bangladesh. We were at that hour of the day on way to Dredger organization, biggest quasi commercial outfit in erstwhile East Pakistan.
Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) dredger base at Narayangonj destined to be separate self-financing Corporation meeting the needs of whole country, found spontaneous processions, and everybody at base stunned came out of office, workshop and dredgers to join the movement under the leadership of Bangabandhu.
Apropos decision of Awami League working committee hartal was observed in Dhaka on March 2 and throughout Bangladesh on March 3. Sheikh Mujib called for immediate transfer of power. Everybody of the country looked at Bangabandhu who astutely controlled the emotions of the millions towards independence with least sacrifices. I asked Accounts officer Sikder in Dredger organization, who hailed from Gopalgonj, had relations with family of Bangabandhu to keep track on next course, and know about his speech on 7th March.
He went to Dhanmondhi residence in the morning and found him exclusively in a room deeply engrossed as advised by Begum Mujib to prepare the speech after prayer and read Holy Quran. The article of PM Sheikh Hasina on her mother published in media on August 11, 2016 may be referred.
In the afternoon of 7th March Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib delivered the historic speech in the mammoth public meeting at the Ramna Race Course Maidan, which we attended near the podium. We saw planes hovering over our heads as if to bomb, but everybody was undaunted ready to embrace martyrdom and listened his speech with rapt attention and applause.
He declared, "Our struggle this time is the struggle for freedom-our struggle this time is for independence."
Simultaneously he declared programmes for peaceful non-cooperation movement, which was accordingly observed. Mujib-Yahya talks commenced on March16 which ended on March 23 without any tangible result. Sheikh Mujib was informed that a declaration would be made in this regard later on; but actually Bhutto-Yahya clique was conspiring to finalize their preparations to perpetrate genocide on Bengalis in their lust for power and greed, where people does not matter. Leaders representing other parties from west wing were in Dhaka, and in one evening Khan Abdul Wali Khan told us at National Awami Party (NAP) office he knew Bhutto from student life as class mate that can go to any extent to satisfy his greed for power, which one cannot imagine. And that happened.
On March 25 at night under orders of Pakistan President Yahya armed forces attacked on the unarmed Bengalis in Dhaka and other places. It went on a rampage to kill Bengali Police personnel at Rajarbag Police Line and soldiers of EPR and East Bengal Regiment (EBR) and in cantonments at Chittagong, Comilla and Jessore. These forced the Bengali members of the armed forces into rebellion against Pakistani forces.  Chittagong Radio Station came under the control of rebels.
Bangabandhu declared independence on March 26 that was passed thru EPR wireless for which arrangement was kept as he felt he might be killed or arrested. The moment he declared independence army attacked his residence and arrested him.
The curfew was imposed but people kept up the morale to resist. In the evening of March 27 Major Ziaur Rahman of 8th East Bengal Regiment urged the people to join the freedom struggle under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, from Chittagong Radio. That was what we have seen and heard; people's war was ensued and led to victory at immense sacrifices.
Observing the Day in 2017 we are to make those sacrifices meaningful and reckon what we are today in the context of goals of emancipation of the masses, restoring moral values, instead of twisting history for personal aggrandizement and self-glorification of neo-wealthy power elite. Let us bid farewell to divisiveness of all types adhering to ideological principles and shun power mongering. Let not a vernacular daily editor betray batch mate for personal glory or a full timer came to my residence after massacre of 25th March along with his mess cook before he left to cross the border; now in affluence.  

(The writer is an economist, advocate and social activist. E-mail: mqislambd@hotmail.com)

0 Comments. Share your thoughts also.
Write a comment
Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

It is painful to see how people of Dhaka and Chittagong suffering


INTERMITTENT heavy rainfall in the two big cities of the country has brought them closer to the breaking point. On one hand the rains worsened by gusty wind is creating unimaginable water logging and traffic jams, while on the other unplanned and undisciplined ongoing city development programmes have created innumerable ...

Cricket »

Dhawan, Pujara score centuries as India end Day 1 at 399/3


Agency :India made a dream start to the first Test by scoring 399 for 3 on the first day of the match with Shikhar Dhawan and Cheteshwar Pujara scoring contrasting centuries and sharing a 253-run stand for the second wicket. Dhawan was dismissed for 190.Sri Lanka had their tail up ...

Entertainment »

Runa, Bhabna wish success for each other


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Runa Khan and Ashna Habib Bhabna are those two actresses of present time in small screen who have already won the hearts of many viewers by virtue of their acting skills and qualities. Both TV plays/ serials and TV commercials presence of Runa Khan is significant. On ...

City »

Major areas of the city went under water due to torrential rain causing sufferings to the dwellers yesterday. This picture was taken from city`s Dayaganj area yesterday.


.

International »

Rouhani says Iran will `respond` if US missile law passes


AP, Tehran : Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said Wednesday his country will respond if a bill in the U.S. Congress imposing sanctions on people involved in Iran's ballistic missile program becomes law.The House of Representatives passed the bill on Tuesday and it now goes to the Senate.Without giving details, Rouhani said ...

Editorial »

HSC results: Fall in pass rates fall in standard too


THE results of this year's HSC examinations saw a significant fall in both the success rate and the number of highest achievers due to the introduction of a new evaluation method, students' poor performance in English and shocking performance of students of Comilla Board. The overall pass rate of Higher ...

Cricket »

Mahmudullah Riyad passes ten years in international cricket


Sports Reporter :Mahmudullah Riyad have passed ten years in international cricket. Riyad made his debut in an ODI against Sri Lanka on 25th July in 2007 at Colombo, the capital city of Sri Lanka. He made his debut memorable scoring 36 runs and bagging two wickets for 28 runs. Riyad ...

Sports »

Britain`s Adam Peaty swims when setting a new world record in a men`s 50-meter breaststroke heat during the swimming competitions of the World Aquatics Championships in Budapest, Hungary on Tuesday.


Entertainment »

Tareen`s two Eid telefilms


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :While staying inside or outside the country her parents always remains worried at their residence in the city’s Dhanmondi area. For this reason, after finishing her works Tareen prefers to comeback to parents. Because she feels she is still child to them. Despite having engagement with activities ...

Entertainment »

Shah Rukh collaborates with Grammy winner Diplo for Jab Harry met Sejal


Shah Rukh Khan collaborates with yet another International music sensation after Akon. Shah Rukh and Grammy Winer Diplo come together for a song titled Phurrr from Jab Harry met Sejal. The Superstar has earlier got Akon on board for his film Ra.One, wherein Akon lent his voice for Chammak Challo ...

International »

Saudi, allies unveil Qatar `terrorist` blacklist


AFP, Riyadh :Saudi Arabia and its allies unveiled a "terrorist" blacklist on Tuesday of 18 organisations and individuals suspected of links with Islamist extremism that they said had ties with regional rival Qatar.The move by the four Arab governments came despite mounting international pressure to compromise in their weeks-old boycott ...

City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina addressing the DC Conference at her office on Tuesday.


Editorial »

They are only self-seekers and have no love for Bangabandhu


WHEN there are so many critically important national issues to be addressed - some of our politicians needlessly makes a mountain out of a mole hill by creating pointless controversy. This time the hullabaloo surrounds the portrait drawing of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib by a ten-year old boy. Understandably, there was ...

Football »

Neymar staying at Barcelona, says teammate Pique


Brazilian superstar striker Neymar will stay with Barcelona, according to teammate Gerard Pique, who posted a Twitter message on the striker's status Sunday.Spanish international defender Pique indicated the South American maestro would continue at Camp Nou by tweeting a photo of Neymar with the caption "He's staying."The message came hours ...

International »

China says it wants to `maintain stability` in disputed South China Sea


Reuters, Bangkok :Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said on Monday Beijing wanted to maintain stability in the South China Sea as it seeks alliances in the region amid tensions in the disputed waters.The United States has criticized China for disregarding international law by the construction and militarization of artificial islands ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news