Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Sunday, December 17, 2017 02:11:29 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter
BREAKING NEWS:

April: The STD awareness month

photo by

By
18th-Apr-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Life Desk :
The Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Awareness Month is observed annually in April in the U.S. The 2017 theme for the month is 'Syphilis Strikes Back'. The World Health Organization estimates suggest that approximately a million cases of treatable STDs occur every day across the globe.
'April is marked as the Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Awareness Month. The entire month is dedicated to joining hands in raising awareness and helping STD victims across the U.S.A.'
STDs are infectious diseases that can be transmitted from one person to another via intimate sexual contact. One of the key points of ignorance in the context of STDs is the public belief that they can be transmitted only through sexual intercourse. That, however, is a myth! While intercourse is the primary means of transmission, STDs can also be spread through skin to skin contact with an infection or sore. Not only that, if untreated, venereal diseases can be passed on from mother to child.
Let us take a look now into the 2017 STD Awareness Month theme-'Syphilis Strikes Back'.
How much do we, the common man, know about syphilis? Very little, unfortunately, since the disease was known to have been largely wiped out since World War II, following the discovery of penicillin. However, our time to rejoice might end soon, since syphilis is back - with a bang!
Syphilis occurs in four stages - primary, secondary, latent and tertiary. Each stage shows different symptoms of the disease. A primary syphilis patient usually has sores in the genital area, in the anus or rectum, and around the mouth. Secondary syphilis can manifest itself in skin rashes, swollen lymph nodes and even fever. But these signs are mild and can go unnoticed for the most part. Untreated syphilis then progresses to the latent stage where there are no significant symptoms. Yet the infection can continue to grow in the body. The final stage, tertiary syphilis on the other hand, can take severe forms, affecting the eyes, brain, heart, as well as other organs of the body. This stage can show up several years after the infection first entered the body.
The 2015 U.S surveillance data revealed a staggering 19% increase in the number of reported cases since 2014, and the highest annual number of reported cases of syphilis in over 20 years. From a matter of negligible concern, the disease has suddenly become a major public health issue, in the States, and around the world.
Syphilis, however, is treatable.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia, undertakes the month long awareness and prevention programs for STDs in April, making the best they can of this yearly opportunity to reach out to millions of STD infected people across the States. Worse still, a very high percentage of people do not know that they are infected in the first place!
STDs, when left untreated, are liable to causing permanent damage such as infertility, and even death. And of course, if you are infected, and do not know it, you are a risk not only to yourself, but to every single person who ends up being your sexual partner at some point of time.
In 2017, each week in April will be dedicated to a particular aspect of the syphilis onslaught.
Syphilis in the U.S (April 1-8): The first week of the month focuses on general awareness, in efforts to acquaint the public with the fundamentals of the disease and to raise the alarm regarding this potentially life-threatening disease.
    Syphilis among gay, bisexual and other MSM (Men having Sex with Men)(April 9-15): The second week will focus entirely on the sections of the population that are worst hit by the disease. Extensive awareness campaigns will also be undertaken to create leadership in healthcare for the affected population.
    Syphilis among women, pregnant women, and newborns (April 16-22): This week will concentrate on the growing incidences among women. Since syphilis is transmittable from mother to child, it is essential for sexually active women to get themselves tested, and treated, in case they are diagnosed positively.
    Disrupt Syphilis! (April 23-30): The final week will bring up the rear with treatment and prevention strategies, aiming to chalk out a path to address the menace of syphilis in the coming days.
Some of the key means of getting STDs are:
Engaging in sexual activity at an early age: Starting out early increases the risk of infection. The younger you start the more likely you are to be reckless, to have unprotected sex, and a larger number of sexual partners.
Multiple sex partners: More number of people you choose to have sexual encounters with, even though it may not involve intercourse, the greater your risk of infection. Individuals who lead a largely monogamous life are therefore at significantly lesser risk of contracting the disease.
Unprotected sex: Indulging in unprotected sex increases your chances of getting infected by leaps and bounds. Protect yourself every time you have intercourse.
Syphilis is not the only type of STD you can be afflicted with. Several other types of venereal diseases are prevalent in the States, and all over the world.
Chlamydia: Chlamydia is the most commonly notifiable disease in the U.S. with the highest incidence recorded among all STDs. Young women are generally worst hit.
Gonorrhea: This is the second most commonly reported STD in the U.S. Studies have revealed that gonococcal infections can be complicit in HIV transmission.
Human Papillomavirus: 90% of HPV infections exhibit no significant symptoms. In women, HPV accounts for about 70% of reported cervical cancer incidences in America.
Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV): HSV Type 1 and Type 2 often go undiagnosed. However, the heightened rate of clinical visits for HSV infection over the years is a possible indicator of increased diagnosis.
It should be noted that syphilis, gonorrhea, and HSV patients are at higher risk of contracting HIV which in turn can progress to AIDS. Life expectancy of untreated AIDS patients is usually 1-3 years.
The Indian Scene
India's STD scenario is steadily assuming mammoth proportions. It registers the 3rd highest rates of HIV incidences in the world; currently the country spends about 5% of its health budget on HIV/AIDS treatment.
In different parts of India, chancroid, gonorrhea, herpes and syphilis incidences are alarmingly high, with the highest incidences recorded among the Indian youth. Most heart-rending about the Indian situation is the rise of STD rates among children, which indicates a devastating incidence of child trafficking, child sexual abuse and complete lack of sex education in the country.
The myth that intercourse with a virgin cures STD is still rampant in the Indian society, thereby aiding in the continued practice of abusing young girls to cure oneself. Lack of screening and diagnosis of sex workers, and stigmatization of STD patients are also responsible for STD spread.
Untreated STDs can prove fatal, yet they have the most significant effects on women, who run the risk of infecting their babies for life. Thus, if you are diagnosed, seek help. Remember there is no shame in getting treatment, and perhaps saving more than one life!
Source: Medindia

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

International »

Trump promises `giant tax cut` as `Christmas gift` to Americans


PTI, Washington :US President Donald Trump today said the Congress has reached an agreement on tax legislation that will deliver more jobs, higher wages, and "massive tax relief" for American families and domestic companies.Trump recognised the tax reform as a campaign promise during his run-up to the 2016 presidential election, ...

Editorial »

Muslim leaders must continue to act together not to be ignored


WE welcome the OIC's (Organisation of Islamic Cooperation) decision declaring East Jerusalem as capital of Palestine at a summit at Istanbul on Wednesday as the most appropriate and timely action to denounce US President Donald Trump's unilateral declaration that Jerusalem is the capital of the state of Israel. Their call ...

Football »

Players of A Level team, the champions of the Inter-Class Victory Day Football Competition of Manarat Dhaka International School & College with the teachers of Manarat Dhaka International School & College pose for a photo session at Manarat College field on Thursday.


Entertainment »

Meryl Streep is the most Golden Globe-nominated actor


Meryl Streep has begun her Hollywood award season dominance by bagging her 31st Golden Globe nomination, which is a record in the 75-year history of the award show. Streep won the nomination in the best actress, drama category for her portrayal of the Washington Post publisher Kay Graham in Steven ...

Entertainment »

Porimoni, Zayed Khan`s Antorjwala releases today


Entertainment Report :Today across the country in 175 cinema halls Malek Afsari directed and Porimoni-Zayed Khan acted much awaited movie Antorjwala is set to be released. On the occasion its releasing Pori and Zayed will enjoy the movie along with director Malek Afsari in Dhaka’s Modhumita, Shyamoli and Sony halls.While ...

City »

Speaker Dr Shirin Sharmin Chowdhury handing over ICT Award to Director General of Health Department Prof Dr Abul Kalam Azad for his contribution in using digital technology in health services at Bangabandhu International Conference Center in the city on Tuesday.


Weekend Plus »

Quick recipes for the burger-lover in you


Weekend Plus Desk :If you are a burger lover or want to fix a burger quickly for uninvited guests, here are a few recipes which can save the day. Recipes by Chef Gaurav Chadha, in-house chef, Dr Oetker India Pvt Ltd:* Chicken and egg burger: Heat oil in a kadhai ...

Editorial »

Attack on New York City is disgusting


AN attempted terrorist attack in a New York City bus terminal by a US national of Bangladesh origin has caused widespread surprise and condemnation here and also in the Bangladesh community in the USA. The person Akayed Ullah at his 27 is a taxi driver in New York City and ...

International »

US embassy unlikely to move to Jerusalem before 2020: Tillerson


Xinhua, Washington :U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said Tuesday the U.S. embassy in Israel was unlikely to be moved to Jerusalem before 2020, national media outlets reported."It's not going to be anything that happens right away," U.S. news daily the New York Times quoted Tillerson's speech at the State ...

Football »

Crystal Palace's James McArthur (centre) celebrates scoring his side's second goal of the game with team-mates during the English Premier League match between Crystal Palace versus Watford at Selhurst Park, London on Tuesday.


Sports »

A scene from the SA Group Premier Division Chess League at the Auditorium of the National Sports Council Tower on Wednesday.


Entertainment »

Akshay shares the new poster of PadMan while giving the hint about trailer


Akshay Kumar is gearing up for his next release PadMan which is all set to release on Republic Day, 26th January 2018. Recently Akshay is on spree of releasing new posters of the films. A day before yesterday Akshay shared a poster of the film in which he can be ...

City »

DU VC Prof Aktaruzzaman speaking at a seminar on' Mass Media Vs Social Media at TSC organised by the Dhaka University Journalists Association on Wednesday .


Editorial »

Colleges without enrolment should cease to exist


OVER 1,500 colleges are in fear of closure as they have failed to fulfil the condition of the Education Ministry in terms of students' admission at Higher Secondary level, The concern is genuine because opening of new colleges and also their closure is not small thing, as it impacts lives ...

Cricket »

A good number of spectators arrived at the Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium to watch the final match of the AKS Bangladesh Premier League (BPL) Twenty20 Cricket between Rangpur Riders and Dhaka Dynamites at the Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium in the city's Mirpur on Tuesday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news