Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Monday, May 21, 2018 03:09:06 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Spotlight on Rabindra Sangeet

photo by

By
08th-May-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Dr. Karunamaya Goswami :
Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) is the greatest Bengali poet and composer. He is also the only poet from the Indian subcontinent to win the Nobel Prize (1913). The book of poems for which the award came was Gitanjali (offering of songs). The collected poems were mostly songs representing some of the best of his compositions. Rabindranath was brought up in an excellent home environment of classical music. But he had little interest in taking rigorous training. He only enriched insensibilities with diverse musical experiences from the home atmosphere. Tagore received some musical schooling from his elder brother, Jyotirindranath Tagore.
It is on record that Rabindranath Tagore began to systematically compose songs from 1881. The number of his songs stands at about 2500. Sixty years of his life as a poet-composer is divided by critics into three phases. The first extends from 1881 to 1900, the second from 1901 to 1920 and the third from 1921 to 1941. The first phase has been described as the period of preparation. Tagore prepared himself musically and lyrically by composing his songs on the models of Hindustani classical songs.
The second phase has been called the period of experimentation. At this stage, Tagore made wide-ranging experiments in creating varied melodic patterns independent of Hindustani stock-songs. In this phase, he is also found to pay keen attention to the folk music of Bengal, particularly baul.
Tagore composed most of his patriotic songs at this time and many of the songs were profoundly influenced by baul music. The third phase has been described as the phase of composition par excellence. It presents us with what is known as the Tagore musical style.
The compositions of this stage were made on the basis of experiences gathered and experimentation made of a very wide range spread over, forty years. The mature Tagore musical style evolved out of a combination of folk forms, particularly baul and classical melodies.
Rabindranath Tagore put his songs into four major categories. He called them Puja, swadesh prem, and priority there are two minor categories - vichitra and anushthanik.
Tagore's Puja songs,. also known as Brahma sangeet, are about six hundred and fifty in number. Composed mostly in the dhrupad musical style, these songs stand out as the best of Bengali devotional songs.
The Puja songs in their excellence of lyricism and music make the essence of allegiance to God universally inspiring. Even though Brahmaism has declined as a religious movement, Tagore's Brahma songs are 'progressively gaining in popularity. His experimentation in these songs gave a new direction to Bengali urban music.
His swadesh songs number about seventy. They include some of the best of Bengali patriotic songs. Tagore started his career as a poet-composer in a patriotic home environment and continued the mission till 1911 when the movement opposing partition of Bengal was over. Tagore composed his song 'My golden Bengal, I love you' now the National Anthem of Bangladesh, during the Swadeshi movement. In most of his songs of this genre, Tagore experimented with folk melodies, particularly with baul and thus began a trend which took an ultimate shape in the third or the last phase of his life, as a composer.
Tagore composed nearly 300 songs on the seasons of Bengal.
His position in this respect is unique. No other Bengali poet composer worked so significantly and on such a huge scale. He does not merely describe the change in nature - in flowers, in plants, in creepers, in wind, in livers, in the sky, he also communicates the corresponding staty of the human mind. The relation' between music and nature has always been intimate and this assumed an organised shape in the classical music of India, where seasonal melodies were made and the six major ragas were linked with the six seasons. Nature always played an important role in shaping the aesthetic aspirations of men when they lived close to it.
But they were being increasingly cut off from nature as the rural life suffered a decline to yield place to modern urban civilisation. Rabindranath tried to revive in his seasonal songs the old, affectionate and perhaps eternal relation between man and nature. He came to North Bengal to oversee his ancestral estate at an early age.
There he passed many years in the closeness of trees, the green and golden fields, shaded villages and the restless rivers. At the age of forty, he founded the Shantiniketan school at Bolpur in Birbhum where also he lived very close to a pastoral environment. This closeness to nature inspired him to depict in hundreds of songs the changing mood of the Bengali mind.
Rabindranath composed over four hundred love songs. The stream of such songs flows smoothly from the first to the last phase of his creative life. He never tired of being inspired by the intrinsic chair and depth of the man woman relationship and presented the basic feelings of life in their endless shades and subtleties. As in the music, so in the theme, there is a gradual development in his love songs. The first phase gives a robust feeling of personalised relationship. But in later phases the personal mode merges into the universal urge and the expressions, both lyrical and musical, become philosophical and nearly ethereal.
Unlike the traditional Bengali love songs, Tagore songs on love never present a jovial mood. These are pensive musings over a sense of separation between the lovers, both craving for a union which otherwise appears remote.
Rabindranath termed some of his songs ceremonial. They are befitting to some ceremonies and festivals. These songs speak of Tagore's great innovative power. Today Bengalis cannot think of holding many of their ceremonies without Tagore songs.
Tagore modeled his music on dhrupad. He recognised this on many occasions. Once he said, we have got two things in dhrupad : vastness and depth and a sense of control and symmetry.
These are the qualities he valued most as a composer. His objective was to heighten the essence of lyric and never to go for improvisation allowing music to prevail over poetry. He largely followed the four-movement structural design of dhrupad which immediately became the most widely followed musical model in Bengal.
He worked ceaselessly to bring about a fusion of poetry and music. His success is regarded as phenomenal. Rabindranath pursued strictly the concept of composed music unknown to Bengal before his elder brother, Jyotirindranath, tried it. He gave an institutional shape to this concept by composing nearly two thousand five hundred songs on this model and established the idea of the absolute right of a composer over his composition. He left nothing, for the care of the posterity. Tagore took very careful steps in teaching his music and preparing their notations and in grooming a generation of performers to save his compositions from willful or carefree improvisations.
The growth of modern urban music in Bengal owes a great deal to Rabindranath. He gave it a new aesthetic direction and he himself exists as in the greatest model of a composer-poet.

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

RAB must not prove we are unfit to save life of our own citizens


IN the last 15 days, nine alleged criminals were killed during "gunfight" with Rapid Action Battalion (RAB). Of them, three alleged drug traders were killed in Jassore early Friday, according to a newspaper report. Besides, six other people were killed in shootouts with RAB in different parts of the country, ...

Entertainment »

Shaon renders song under Nachiketa’s composition


Entertainment Report :Meher Afroze Shaon is popularly known as both an actress and a singer. Few days ago, she gave her voice for a playback song. Till now the listeners did not hear the song. After Eid, Shaon is coming with that song. For the first time Shaon has rendered ...

Sports »

Germany`s Alexander Zverev reacts after winning a point to Croatia's Marin Cilic during their semifinal match at the Italian Open tennis tournament in Rome on Saturday.


Football »

Union rout Real Salt Lake 4-1


AP, Chester :Marcus Epps and Borek Dockal scored in the first half and the Philadelphia Union added two more in the second to beat Real Salt Lake 4-1 on Saturday night.Fabrice-Jean Picault had a 40-yard run up the left channel to set up the opening goal in the 21st minute, ...

City »

DMP Mobile Court conducted drive in city's 9 New Market 'Fast Food' Pizza Fried Rice Shops, penalises Taka four lakh 30 thousand for preparing rotten food. This photo was taken on Sunday.


International »

Cleric Sadr meets Iraq PM Abadi, hinting at coalition


Reuters, Baghdad  :Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi met with Moqtada al-Sadr on Saturday, less than 24 hours after the Shi'ite cleric's bloc was declared winner of Iraq's parliamentary election, the clearest sign yet they could work together to form a coalition."During our meeting, we agreed to work together and with ...

Sports »

Toronto FC forward Jordan Hamilton (22) and Orlando City defender Mohamed El-Munir (13) chase the bouncing ball during the first half of an MLS soccer match in Toronto on Friday.


Sports »

Jordan Spieth watches his tee shot on the first hole during the second round of the AT&T Byron Nelson golf tournament at Trinity Forest Golf Club in Dallas on Friday.


Entertainment »

Raazi`s first week collections become the 5th highest of 2018


Raazi has been sailing smoothly on its journey towards the prestigious Rs 100 crore club and it will be no shocker if the film grosses over it. The cast and crew of the film recently held an event to celebrate the success of the film with the media as well ...

Entertainment »

Kareena says she'll never be on social media


Shashanka Gosh's Veere Di Wedding is all set to bring the gorgeous Kareena Kapoor Khan back to the big screen after a gap of two years. The actress took a break after giving birth to Bollywood's most popular toddler Taimur Ali Khan. Kareena will be seen alongside Sonam Kapoor, Swara ...

City »

BNP Standing Committee Member Dr Khondkar Mosharraf Hossain speaking at a discussion on 'Acceptable Election and Role of the Present Election Commission' organised by 'Nagorik Adhikar Andolon Forum' at the Jatiya Press Club on Saturday.


Editorial »

Myanmar will take back their people: We are unconcerned about the terrorists


AS the monsoon threatens the Rohingya refugees with the outbreak of vector-borne epidemics and diarrhoeal diseases, the repatriation process seems to be getting more and more complex. However, Bangladeshi officials at a meeting in Dhaka on Thursday urged Myanmar to hand over a 'specific list' of members of Arakan Rohingya ...

International »

White House pushes ahead with Mideast peace plan


AP, Washington  :The Trump administration is aiming to roll out its much-hyped but long-delayed Middle East peace plan next month amid signs it may further alienate the Palestinians by slashing millions of dollars in funding for humanitarian and development projects in the West Bank and Gaza.Five U.S. officials and a ...

Editorial »

Don`t ignore the UNHRC`s report : Be respectful to human rights and be with the people


THE UN Human Rights Council (HRC) has adopted a draft report on the human rights review of Bangladesh, with recommendations on taking steps to deter forced disappearances, extra judicial killings, and to ensure freedom of expression in media, politics and religion. During the 30th Session of the Universal Periodic Review ...

Football »

Richet Gomez of Bolivia's The Strongest (left) fights for the ball with Guzman Pereira of Uruguay's Penarol during a Copa Libertadores soccer game in Montevideo, Uruguay on Thursday.


.

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news