Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Saturday, September 23, 2017 07:53:46 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

119th Birth Day of National Poet Nazrul

Nazrul : The great composer

By
25th-May-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Mobarak Hossain Khan :
I am speaking of our National Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam, one of the pioneers of modern Bengali song. Classical music was always confined within the four walls of Ghorana. Classical musicians were always reluctant to teach classical music to anyone outside the family. The durbars of kings and emperors were the seat of classical music. Classical music used to be practiced in their durbars. As a result, it was almost unknown to the common people. It was incomprehensible to them. It was Nazrul who realised this fact that if classical music was not presented in the milieu of common people, they would never be able to appreciate the inner appeal of classical music. Nazrul himself was trained in classical music. But he was a man with modern thinking. He created a new trend in the modern song by mixing a flavour of modernism in classical music. Nazrul was, thus, a poet and musician of a transitional period. He gave a new direction to the modern Bangla song. He wrote:
With the late Monsoon's light clouds wanders my mind,
Toward Malabika's home along the Reva's lonely shore.
My mind is propelled by the lazy wind like a light-winged bird.
My pining darling cries alone her hair loosened.
Looking now at the cloud now at the river
Where the dark village-girl wipes her tears unseen,
Where alone my beloved sits by the window thither goes my mind. (Translated by Abu Rushd)
Kazi Nazrul Islam enriched the treasure of Bangla songs. He wrote innumerable verse-lyrics and at the same time rendered them into melody. Sometimes, he tuned them in Bhatiali, sometime in Jari, sometimes in Sari. He composed many Jari, Sari, Bhawaiya, Bhatiali, Marfati and Murshidi songs. He also composed 'Ragprodhan gaan' or semi-classical songs, based on Ragas and Raginis.  Nazrul joined a Leto in his teens. This troup had definite influence in moulding the future course of life of the poet.  He introduced varieties in his songs. He brought foreign tunes in his songs. He could mix both the tunes of the country with that of other countries easily, because he knew both the systems. His indigenous songs composed on the tunes of Bhatiali, Bhawaiaya, Jari-Sari, and Murshidi were popular, so were his compositions based on different Ragas like Imon, Belawal, Jayjayanti, Jaunpuri, Tori, Behag, Darbari, Piloo, Chayanot, Khambaj. He also adapted Arabic and Persian tunes to his compositions.
Ghazal, which was invented in Persia and was popularised by the great maestro of music Hazrat Ameer Khasru, took a new shape in the form of Bangla Ghazal in the hands of Nazrul Islam. Nazrul composed many songs to the tune of ghazal. He gave a radiance to this new form of song. The theme of ghazal is the love or separation and pang of the hero and heroine. In Nazrul's composition the touching eagerness and pleasing natural beauty of ghazal was manifested. Nazrul Islam was also equally adept in composing love songs. He wrote:
You are beautiful, so I keep looking at you, my darling
is that a crime?
The chokori cries out seeing the moon
but the moon doesn't mind.
I watch and watch the flowers blossoming
The flowers don't say that it's a mistake.
the chatokini sheds its longing tears for the cloud
the cloud doesn't protest.
The sunflower knows it will never get the sun
yet, naively, it keeps looking at its god,  
and is happy.
I received my eyes to behold your captivating look,
O Beautiful!
Let that desire be fulfilled, o my darling!  (Translated by Sajed Kamal)
Nazrul's main intention was to give novelty and variety, in both his versification and tune, and this was his uniqueness and excellence. Nazrul created varieties of tunes with the union of different Ragas and Raginis. He also composed songs in different Ragas. Jogia, Darbari Kanara, Malkaush, Hindol ragas were embodied in his compositions.
Nazrul also composed numerous songs to suit the religious festivals of the Muslims. The universal image of Islam was unfolded in those songs. Nazrul wrote songs on the occasion of each and every Muslim festival. He enriched the treasure of Bengali songs with his compositions like Marfati, Murshidi, Marsia, Hamd and Naat, lyrics on Hajj, Zakat, Namaj, Roja and Eid. He wrote:
Bright as the crimson sun in the lap of dawn
rocks a radiant full moon in mother Amina's bosom.
Come, one and all, look at that glorious sight and rejoice.
All through the entire creation reverberates a single question:
Who has arrived?
With Kalima Shahadat on his lips who has arrived?
The angels gaily sing:
Peace and God's blessings be upon him,
for him they fling wide open all the doors of Paradise.
(Translated by Kabir Chowdhury)
Nazrul Islam's patriotic songs are tremendously popular. He wrote songs against the colonial rule. His songs infused a new ray of hope in the minds of the people of the then British Bengal. It gave a sense of direction to the oppressed people. It awakened the nation from its deep slumber. He also sang fiery songs. He stood by the labourers, coolies and farmers. His songs were a thunderous protest against the oppression and tyranny. He wrote in the tune of patriotic song:
Destroy those iron gates of prison, demolish the blood stained stony altars
of chain worshipping!
O youthful Shiva
blow your horn of universal cataclysm!
Let the flag of destruction
rise amidst the rubble of prison walls of the Fast!!
Let's see
you shake up the foundation
of that terrible prison.
Kick - break the locks!
All those prisons
set them on fire,
burn them down, uproot them forever!! (Translated by Sajed Kamal)
Nazrul's pen does not stop here. He took a vow to awake each man and woman of the country with the cut spark of revolution. He then introduced a new type of song which was written in harmony with the marching tune of the soldiers.
Nazrul also took a noble penance to create something new. He created ragas:  Nirjhorini, Minakshi, Banakuntola, Sondhya Maloti, Dulonchampa etc. which speak of his creativeness. He also composed songs keeping in resonance with different rythms.
His magic compositions attract all classes of listeners. He composed songs in the rhythms of Ektala, Trital, Kaharba, Teora, Dadra, Khemta, Jhaptal etc. Nazrul Islam also recorded a number of songs in his own voice.
No other poet, could write such a large number of songs in Bangla in the past and probably none will, in the future. Kazi Nazrul Islam wrote more songs than any other of his contemporary poets.
Like his diversified life Nazrul Islam also illuminated the music world with variegated compositions. Nazrul, in the world of music, is unique, extraordinary and a great poet for all time. The poet, though said he will be no more in the world in his song mentioned below, yet he will be remembered for his great contribution in Bangla literature and music for ever :
"When I'll be no more and say good bye. I know my memory will get erased forever.
When he is in front the mirror reflects his shadow the shadow disappears as soon as he goes away.
Who remembers whom in this world's play-house.
the sea heaves under the caressing moon,
the desert is desperate with thirst.
When the sun rises who remembers the moon,
the human mind like the river builds on the other shore
when this shore destroys.
Your wedding-bower will be built o'er my grave, my darling
Alas! my craving mind can't get rid of its pain. (Translated by Abu Rushd)

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Uttering `strong and swift action` not enough, President Trump should mean business


US PRESIDENT Donald Trump wants the UN Security Council to take "strong and swift action" to end violence against Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims. Speaking at a Security Council meeting on peacekeeping reform, Vice President Mike Pence accused the Myanmar military of responding to attacks on government outposts "with terrible savagery, burning ...

City »

Islami Oikya Jote staged a demonstration in the city`s Palton area on Friday in protest against killing of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar.


.

Entertainment »

Raai Laxmi in yet another hot, steamy song Mala Seenha


After teasing the audience with the teaser, trailer and title track now the makers of Julie 2 has released yet another hot and steamy song from the movie. With every passing day, Raai Laxmi is soaring the temperature with lots of oomph.  Produced and directed by Deepak Shivdasani and presented ...

International »

Defying Trump, Iran will boost missile capabilities


Reuters, London :Iran will strengthen its missile capabilities and will not seek any country's permission, President Hassan Rouhani said on Friday in a snub to demands from U.S. President Donald Trump.Rouhani was speaking at a military parade where an Iranian news agency said one of the weapons on display was ...

Editorial »

Shortage of food, water and medicine in Rohingya camps makes life difficult


FOLLOWING the influx of some 26,000 pregnant mothers, 40,000 lactating kids, and 2,00,000 children out of an estimated more than 4,00,000 migrated Rohingyas from Myanmar - many are now at high risk due to lack of proper health care, food, water and medicines. When some of the high-ups of the ...

Sports »

Kristie Ahn of the United States returns a shot to Veronica Cepede Royg of Paraguay during their second round match at the Korea Open tennis championships in Seoul, South Korea on Thursday.


City »

From left- former Vice-President of Dhaka University Central Students Union (DUCSU)Sultan Mohammad Monsur Ahmed, , Krishok Sramik Janata League President Bangabir Kader Siddique, Bir Uttam, General Secretary respectively of the Jatiya Samajtantrik Dal Abdul Malek Ratan, Bangladesher Samajtantrik Dal (BaSaD) General Secretary Khalekuzzaman, President of Bikalpa Dhara Bangladesh (BDB) Dr AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury, Gana Forum President Dr Kamal Hossain, Professor Dilara Chowdhury of Jahangirnagar University, former State Minister for Foreign Affairs Ministry Abul Hasan Chowdhury and weekly Robbar Editor Syed Tosharaf Ali spoke at a rally title


Entertainment »

Hera`s one decade in showbiz


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Popular model cum actress Ruksana Ali Hera has already passed 10 years in media. She was first seen as a still model of Banglalink taken by photographer Iqbal Ahmed. She also started her career as a model in a visual advertisement of mobile company Airtel under the ...

Entertainment »

Nagpada Godmother's grandkids to feature in 'Haseena Parkar'


Shraddha Kapoor will essay the role of dreaded don Dawood Ibrahim's sister Haseena Aapa in Apoorva Lakhia's upcoming film 'Haseena Parkar' and we have learned that the film also features actual grandkids of the real Haseena Parkar, who was referred to as the 'Godmother of Nagpada'.  Confirming the same, director ...

International »

Russian special forces helping Syrian troops in key city


AP, Moscow :Russian special forces are helping Syrian government troops fight Islamic State militants in the battle underway for the strategic city of Deir el-Zour in eastern Syria, the defense ministry in Moscow said on Thursday.The deployment comes amid rising concerns of a direct confrontation on the ground between Russian-backed ...

Editorial »

Suu Kyi`s speech cannot silence the critics


STATE Counsellor of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi finally broke her silence on the Rohingya refugee crisis Tuesday insisting that her country was not "afraid of international scrutiny." But her speech in Naypyidaw drew widespread criticism, such as; she did not denounce atrocities against Rohingyas and claimed the government needed ...

Football »

Bayern`s Arturo Vidal is celebrated after he scored the third goal for Bayern during the German Bundesliga soccer match between FC Schalke 04 and Bayern Munich at the Arena in Gelsenkirchen, Germany on Tuesday.


Entertainment »

Feels good that like-minded people are in CBFC: Vidya Balan


Last month, much to the relief of filmmakers and the audience, the Censor Board of Film Certification underwent a revamp in August. Padma Shri recipient and lyricist Prasoon Joshi replaced Pahlaj Nihalani as the chairperson and revered film personalities like Vidya Balan and TS Nagabharana became board’s new members. Hopes ...

International »

Iran in UN spotlight as Trump threatens nuclear deal


AFP, United Nations :Tehran will defend itself on the world stage on Wednesday with President Donald Trump threatening to trigger a new international crisis by pulling out of the Iran nuclear accord.Iran's President Hassan Rouhani is to address the United Nations General Assembly, where worried world leaders are fearful of ...

City »

Residents of Dolaipar area in the city facing acute water crisis as water with bad smell has been coming from the WASA line. People have to collect drinking water from the only WASA pump in the areas standing in long queue.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news