Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Thursday, January 18, 2018 11:51:24 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Taqwa to create an ideal society

photo by

By
22nd-Jun-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Khwaja Mohammad Zubair :
1.
The Muslims received the blessed month of Ramadan with repentance, sincerity, resoluteness and earnestness. They have been observing fasting performing extra acts of devotion and worship therein, including the night prayer, recitation of Holy Quran, and charity to the poor and the needy.
The 'importance of the holy month can be well understood in the light of the fact that Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to say the following when the month of Rajab began. "Oh Allah! Bless us in Rajab and Sha'ban, and bring us, Oh Allah, to Ramadan." [Narrated by Tabarani and Ahmad]
The institution of fasting is not new. It had been in practice for ages. Islam, however, gave a new meaning to the concept in that it made fasting a spiritual, moral and physical discipline.
It was in the second year of Hijra that fasting during the holy month of Ramadan was made obligatory for Muslims. It came after the institution of prayer and is the third of the five pillars of Islam (the other four are : Faith in the Oneness of Allah and the last Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him), Prayer, Hajj Jakat).
The Muslim fast, unlike the fasts previously observed, is not meant for self-torture. Although it is stricter than other fasts, it also provides alleviation for special circumstances. If it were merely a temporary abstention from food and drink, it would be salutary to many people who habitually eat and drink to excess. The instincts for food, drink and sex are strong in animal nature, and a temporary restraint from all these enables the attention to be diverted to higher things. This is necessary through prayer, contemplation and acts of charity.
The Holy Quran says : "(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you are ill or on a journey, the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later, for those who can do it (with hardship) is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will, it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if you only knew." (2: 184)
"Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Holy Quran, as a guide to mankind, also clear (signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his horne) during that month should spend it on fasting, but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (should be made up) from days later."
"God intends every facility for you. He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and per chance ye shall be grateful." (2:185.)
Thus the regulations are repeatedly coupled with an insistence on two things: (a) the facilities and concessions given and (b) the spiritual aspect of the fast without which it is like an empty shell without a kernel. If we realise this we shall look upon Ramadan not as a burden but as a blessing, and shall be duly grateful for the lead given to us in the matter.
Fasting in Islam is primarily a spiritual discipline in that it aims at attaining nearness to Allah. Fasting awakens in man a new consciousness of a higher life, a life above that which is attained by eating and drinking, and this is the spiritual life.
There is also a moral discipline underlying fasting, for it is the training ground where man is taught the greatest moral lesson of his life -- that he should be prepared to suffer the greatest privation and undergo the hardest trial rather than indulge in that which is not permitted to him.
Fasting has a social value, too. The holy month is a signal for mass movement towards equality, which is not limited to one vicinity or even one country but covers the whole Islamic world.
Even from a medical point of view, Ramadan is a blessing, for going without food and drink, at times, is a sheer necessity for the human body. It helps man to keep himself fit.
The basis of fasting is piety. The Muslim fast has a body as well as a soul: the abstinence from food, drink and other pleasures is the body; selfrestraint and worship is its soul. If one does not strive to nourish ones soul during fasting, one's fast will be mere starvation. On the other hand, the soulful fast must purify the heart and mind. The object is not persecution of self, but its elevation. Finally, fasting generates faith, love and fellow feeling and its essence lies in keeping away from all evils-both in words and deeds.
 2.
Islam aims to create an ideal society based on good for all. Taqwa is the soul of fasting. Men of Taqwa are called Muttaqi. They believe, fear Allah and look to what He has ordained in carrying out His actions to avoid His displeasure and sadness. These people are involved and active in his/her life with the Ummah (the Muslim community), concerned with the affairs of humanity, whilst at the same time praying, fasting, spending in Allah's cause, having good morals, are forgiving and just. All these descriptions can be attributed to a person who has Taqwa and will be assured and successful in the Hereafter.
Hence, for the moral development and correct behaviour of a good Muslim it is necessary that he/she strictly analyse and establishes his /her Taqwa, but never claims to be a possessor of it.
It would not be a misstatement of fact if it is said that Taqwa epitomises the entire teachings of the Prophet of Islam. A study of the Holy Quran will show that every aspect of its teachings is directed towards the creation of this spiritual condition of God-fearing in every action of the believers. According to the Holy Quran, Taqwa should be the ultimate result of all forms of worship. The Holy Quran says: "People! Worship your Rob (Creator and Sustainer) Who created you and those before you, so that you may guard against evil." (2:21)
Again, the same virtue is emphasised as the objective of fasting: "O believers! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed for those who were before you, so that you may avoid evil" (2:183)
The Hajj is also enjoined with the same objective:
'Thus it is, and who so honour the symbols of Allah, then that indeed is from the piety of heart." (22:32)
Animal sacrifices is also offered with this very aim :
"Neither their meat nor their blood reaches Allah, but your piety reaches Him ... " (22:37)
According to the Holy Quran, the practice of basic moralities lead to the same goal: ... and to forego (for men) is nearer to piety ... " (2:237)
In Surah Al-i-'Imran, Taqwa is bracketed with steadfastness and patience, and in Surah Al-Baqarah with making peace among mankind. Even in conducting wars, when moral values are generally overlooked, Muslims have to abide by the dictates of Taqwa. This condition of heart transforms both the thinking and the action of man.
The Holy Quran repeatedly asks us to observe Taqwa, to abide by the decisions of the Holy Prophet (Sm), to act up to the injunctions of the Shariah, and to refrain from prohibited acts, and to attain glory. A Muslim surrenders before Allah and does what he/she is ordered to do and refrains from what he/she is told to keep away from. Taqwa, the fear of Allah, is the only force that can restrain human being from evil and wickedness. It is this fear of Allah that keeps the heart of a believer awake and enables him/her to distinguish right from wrong.
Besides, Taqwa is the only virtue that brings honour to a believer, man or woman, in the Islamic society. The Holy Quran says: "O men, We have created you from a male and a female, and have made you into races and tribes that you may (thereby) know one another. Indeed, the most honourable of you in the sight of Allah is (one who is) the most righteous of you. Surely, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware" (49:13)
Justice and Taqwa are two principles that emerge as necessary corollaries from the doctrines of Oneness of Allah, which according to the Holy Quran and the Tradition, is the basic article of Faith, whereas the discipline and the dos and the don'ts of the canon law are merely its outward expression, of means to the attainment of divinely ordained ends of man/woman in its collective as well as individual existence. In Islam, being just is considered to be a necessary condition or being pious and God-fearing, the basic charaderistics of a Muslim. The Holy Quran says: " ... Deal justly; that is nearer to piety, and observe your duty to Allah. Surely Allah is well aware of what you do." (5:8)
The Holy Quran aims to create an ideal society based on Taqwa for the good of the entire humanity. Allah says: "You are the best community created for the good of mankind." The fear of Allah, the root of wisdom, find expression in the individual's awareness to act at the various stages of his/her social connections.. It is admitted that the primary concern of Islam is to develop the personality of the individual as a God fearing man, and equip him/her with the talent to live in peace with others.

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Business & Economy »

Filippo Lanzi, new head of Asia Pacific GSK Consumer Healthcare


Business Desk :GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Consumer Healthcare has announced the appointment of Filippo Lanzi as its regional head of the Asia Pacific, encompassing 23 territories. Lanzi is also the newest member of the Consumer Healthcare Strategic Leadership Team and the GSK Singapore Country Board.Lanzi joined GSK as part of a joint ...

International »

US govt shutdown looms amid harsh immigration exchange


Reuters, Washington :Partisan finger-pointing over immigration policy on Tuesday left the U.S. Congress and the White House stumbling closer to a possible federal government shutdown by the end of the week, although Wall Street held out hopes for a deal to prevent that.Republicans who control Congress are expected to try ...

Editorial »

Be careful about corruption over the big projects


Finance Minister AMA Muhith has said the China Harbour Engineering Company Limited that got the contract for expansion of Dhaka-Sylhet Highway had bribed government officials. So, the government "blacklisted" the firm and decided to fund the expansion work of the 226km Dhaka-Sylhet road to a four-lane highway on its own, ...

Sports »

Anett Kontaveit of Estonia makes a forehand return to Germany's Mona Barthel during their second round match at the Australian Open tennis championships in Melbourne, Australia on Wednesday.


Entertainment »

Valentine’s Day telefilm Mithojeebi


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :On the occasion of coming Valentine’s Day, Mir Sabbir and Moutushi Biswas acted together under Azizul Hakim’s direction in a special telefilm titled Mithojeebi scripted by Zinat Hakim to telecast on Channel i. Both Sabbir and Moutushi acted under Azizul Hakim for the first time. Zinat Hakim ...

City »

BNP Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia appeared before the special court on Bakshi Bazar Alia Madrasha premises in the city yesterday on two corruption cases filed by Anti-Corruption Commission.


Editorial »

Lies about economic progress are coming out


The economy has come under pressure due to the banking sector crisis, inflation and soaring imports amid inadequate export earnings and insufficient remittance inflows, the Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) said recently. The banking sector is suffering from cronyism, the think-tank said, adding that various irregularities and embezzlement of public ...

Sports »

Petra Kvitova of the Czech Republic makes a forehand return to Germany's Andrea Petkovic during their first round match at the Australian Open tennis championships in Melbourne, Australia on Tuesday.


Entertainment »

Much-awaited intense and gripping trailer of Breathe


After tantalizing the senses of audiences with the edge of the seat teaser, Amazon Prime Video and Abundantia Entertainment have now released the much-awaited trailer of Breathe. Breathe brings to the audience R Madhavan in the OTT space for the very first time. The trailer of the digital series is ...

Entertainment »

Richi works in a serial after returning country


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Popular TV actress Richi Solaiman returned to Bangladesh on December 8. This time she came here to pass time only with her family and close persons of media. Despite having earlier schedule to come to country Richi did not agree to work for this reason. After returning ...

International »

We will `strangle` US-backed force in Syria `before it`s even born`: Erdogan


Reuters: Beirut :Turkey's Tayyip Erdogan threatened on Monday to "strangle" a planned 30,000-strong US-backed force in Syria "before it's even born," as Washington's backing for Kurdish fighters drove a wedge into relations with one of its main Middle East allies.The United States announced its support on Sunday for plans for ...

International »

Melania, America's enigmatic first lady


AFP, New York :Groomed to perfection yet rarely heard in public, Melania Trump is an enigma-a first lady whose opinions, marriage and goals remain a mystery to millions of Americans.She is without question a unique first lady: a former model who once posed nude in her husband's private jet; the ...

Business & Economy »

NRBC Bank aims to woo investment, quality banking


Kazi Zahidul Hasan  :NRB Commercial (NRBC) Bank Ltd has taken steps to bring substantial amount of foreign investment mainly from expatriate Bangladeshis this year in line with the objective it stated in the founding charter. "The bank was established to bring investment of non-resident Bangladeshi (NRBs) but it slipped from ...

Business & Economy »

Syed Waseque Md. Ali, Managing Director of First Security Islami Bank Limited, poses with the participants of the 28th Foundation Course at its Training Institute in the city recently. Senior officials of the bank were present.


City »

BNP Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia appeared before the special court on Bakshi Bazar Alia Madrasha premises in the city on Tuesday on two corruption cases filed by Anti-Corruption Commission.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news