Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Tuesday, October 24, 2017 04:23:30 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Stay safe in online

Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Sharon L. Cardash :
Just as artificial intelligence may help quickly identify and remedy "anomalies" (threat actor activity), it can also be harnessed to make malware "smarter" and more effective in breaching its target's defenses.
With rising threats in the virtual world, the challenge is to generate adaptive and effective responses
Last month, the United Nations Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) charged with elaborating international norms for the cyber domain concluded their latest meeting. The outcome augurs poorly for those interested in the development, through this multilateral forum, of a broadly accepted, rules-based framework for a still emerging and rapidly evolving sphere.
Discussions broke down when key stakeholders and participants could not reach agreement regarding the applicability of international law to the use by state actors of information and communications technologies, as laid out in "draft paragraph 34" of the group's report. This agreement was intended to be tendered to the UN General Assembly and failed despite earlier GGE meetings affirming that international law does indeed apply to cyberspace.
With the breakdown of the GGE talks, the United States has made clear that it will move forward nevertheless, working through bilateral channels and "likeminded partners" to build support for parameters of action and standards of behaviour in cyberspace. Through this approach, the US aims to raise and impose costs on actors who pose cyber threats. This goal is shared internationally, as patience with the continuing impunity in this arena wears thin among a significant number of countries. While the suggestion of a US-Russia "cybersecurity partnership" floated after the Donald Trump-Vladimir Putin meeting on the margins of the G-20 summit earlier last month presents a new wrinkle, both that idea and its timing have been derided.
Other governments and entities are also forging ahead in an attempt to come to grips with the prevailing cyber threat ecosystem. The European Union, for instance, is in the process of reviewing its cyber strategy. This exercise has so far pointed to the need for improvement in important respects, such as fostering resilience and countering cybercrime. At Nato, moreover, a multibillion-dollar "tech upgrade" is in the works, to serve multiple purposes including bolstering cyber defense. Individual nation states, too, continue to build their capabilities and update their legislation to reflect cyber exigencies. Canada, for one, has just introduced a bill to this effect.
Cybersecurity is thus clearly entrenched on the global agenda, yet coordinated action remains elusive. In an article published recently in Harvard Business Review aptly titled "Why is Cybersecurity So Hard?"-Cyber Threat Alliance (a practitioner-driven, threat intelligence-sharing organisation) President Michael Daniel identifies multiple responses to the question posed. These include a range of technical and non-technical problems and the underdeveloped nature of surrounding "law, policy, and practice."
Adding another layer of complexity is the fact that technology may cut both ways, being, at once, the source of both solution and problem. For example, the advent of blockchain technology-which "verifies" and thereby builds "trustworthiness" into transactions-has been heralded as a tremendous advance that can help further cybersecurity in a wide range of critical contexts, from financial services to healthcare to the US national security industrial base. On the other hand, advances in the field of quantum computing are already calling into question the potential for maintaining the integrity of blockchain as a cybersecurity mechanism.
Developments in artificial intelligence (AI) offer another illustration of the "advance but undercut" theme: While AI may exponentially improve the defender's ability to detect, respond, and deter, it may also be exploited to serve the attacker's ends as well. For instance, just as AI may help quickly identify and remedy "anomalies" (threat actor activity), it can also be harnessed to make malware "smarter" and more effective in breaching its target's defenses.
Not everything that undermines or furthers cybersecurity is inherently sophisticated. Basic "cyber hygiene," if practised more widely and more consistently, would allow significant progress, with limited resources able to be focused on countering the highest-end threats. This is easy to declare, but apparently not so easy to put into effect, as the recent WannaCry ransomware attack demonstrated. In this case hackers invoked "a hodgepodge of older attack techniques targeted at unpatched systems." Nevertheless, the May 2017 attack managed to hit hard, "crippling transportation and hospitals globally."
There will always be intractable cyber threat actors. The challenge is to generate adaptive and effective responses that are infused with the ingenuity and persistence to match, meet, and defeat similarly adaptive and committed adversaries. The requisite attributes may reside in the technology/its application or in a novel approach to a longstanding problem that has migrated from the physical world into cyberspace. The latter is exemplified by Estonia's (and the world's) first "data embassy," which is intended to assure "digital continuity" of the country by means of a bilateral backup agreement with Luxembourg.
In short, the iterative nature of developments in the cyber domain is likely to continue to keep both allies and adversaries on their toes moving forward. Bilateral steps, taken cumulatively, can ultimately bring within reach the same ends as would multilateral means. Investing in a careful, patient, and determined effort on this front is the prudent course and should yield dividends, even if they take time to materialise, as matters of governance of the cyber domain will only become more pressing as technology continues to evolve.

(Sharon L. Cardash is Associate Director of the George Washington University Center for Cyber and Homeland Security. Courtesy: IPI Global Observatory)

Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

International »

Russia accuses US coalition of decimating Raqqa

Al Jazeera News :Russia has accused the US-led coalition of bombing the Syrian city of Raqqa "off the face of the Earth," in the same way the Allied powers bombed Germany's Dresden during World War II.Russia's Defence Ministry said in a statement on Sunday that 200,000 people lived in Raqqa ...

Editorial »

Proper management of medical waste

RECKLESSLY handling of medical waste is posing serious threat to public health due to presence of infectious materials. It is directly causing infections to human beings and animals and also polluting air and water to make life unsafe. The medical waste disposal system in most public and private hospitals is ...

Football »

Archery to get City Group patronized

With a view to win a medal in the Olympic Games Tokyo-2020 Bangladesh Archery Federation signed a deal with City Group, the manufacturer of 'Teer' products, at the BOA auditorium on Monday.As per the deal, Bangladesh Archery Federation will receive an amount of Taka 1.80 crore per annum from the ...

Entertainment »

Rajkummar Rao literally breaks a leg

Actor Rajkummar Rao who was shooting for Farah Khan’s TV show Lip Sing Battle has fractured his leg on the set. Farah Khan is the host of the show in which celebrities compete with each other in lip sync battle and this time Rajkummar Rao and Kriti Sanon were competing ...

City »

Dhaka University Vice-Chancellor Prof Dr Akhtaruzzaman visited round the art exhibition titled `Jalkely` at Zainul Gallery of the Fine Arts Faculty of DU after inaugurating it on Monday.

Editorial »

Govt can`t pay for losing jute mills

 A LEADING daily reported Sunday that the Textiles and Jute Ministry has demanded to the Finance Ministry for allocating Tk 800 crore in loan so that it can pay workers and employees of state-owned jute mills the allowances that remained overdue for years. The jute industry is a losing concern ...

Sports »

National senior Table Tennis begins tomorrow

The 37th National senior Table Tennis Championship will be beginning on Tuesday (October 24) at Shaheed Tajuddin Wooden Floor gymnasium in the city with the participation of 45 teams. Commerce Minister Tofail Ahmed is expected to inaugurate the six-day meet as chief guest. A total of 240 players - 180 ...

Sports »

Steffi Graf (left) and Andre Agassi arrive for the David Foster Foundation 30th Anniversary Miracle Gala and Concert, in Vancouver, British Columbia on Saturday.

Entertainment »

Shraddha Kapoor sprains her foot due to exertion

Shraddha Kapoor who has been on a rigorous shooting schedule for her next film Saaho along with the Bahubali actor Prabhas, injured her ankle due to over exertion. The actress is also simultaneously prepping up for the Saina Nehwal biopic besides shooting for Saaho in Hyderabad. Shraddha recently uploaded a ...

City »

Speakers at a press conference organised by Citizens for Good Governance in DRU auditorium on Sunday in protest against proposal for the cancellation of pledge by poll candidates.

International »

ISIS` end `in sight`, says Trump after historic Raqa victory

AFP, Washington :US President Donald Trump said Saturday a transition can soon begin to set conditions for lasting peace in Syria now that the end of the ISIS "caliphate is in sight" with the fall of Raqa.The United States and its allies will support diplomatic negotiations "that end the violence, ...

Editorial »

Rains halt life: City fathers cannot cope, govt too happy with lies of success

WATERLOGGING has long been an inevitable part of our urban scenario that causes immense suffering to the city dwellers almost all the year round. After torrential rain, most parts of Dhaka, Chittagong, and other major cities go under knee-to-waist-deep water for several hours to few days. Despite, pouring millions of ...

Sports »

Injury ends Tamim's SA tour

Left handed opener Tamim Iqbal has been ruled out of the South Africa tour after aggravating a thigh injury. The 28-year-old opener is expected to return home tomorrow (Sunday) and will not be part of third ODI and the upcoming two-match T20Is series. The dashing opener sustained the injury to ...

Entertainment »

Have Salman Khan and Katrina Kaif fallen back in love?

They're one of the most loved on-screen couples of our times. Ever since Salman Khan introduced Katrina Kaif to Bollywood, his influence on her career has been immense. He's always looked after her and she's always sought advice from him. Even though either of them never made it public, it ...

Entertainment »

What happened when Aaradhya Bachchan met Rekha?

The Ambani's love throwing 'em lavish parties at their Mumbai residence Antilla. And off late, they've been throwing one party after another for our Bollywood celebs. Be it Ganpati or Diwali… the best of Bollywood heads to South Mumbai for the lavish festivities.  A tad late but an insider present ...

Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Write a comment to this news