Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Thursday, June 21, 2018 12:45:04 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Janmashtami - Birthday of Lord Krishna

By
14th-Aug-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Janmashtami, the birthday of Lord Shri Krishna is celebrated with great devotion on the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha or the 8th day of the dark fortnight in the month of Bhadra. Temples and homes are beautifully decorated and lit. An attractive feature of the celebrations are cribs and other decorations depicting stories of Lord Krishna's childhood. There are five main 'Jhankis' of Janmashtami which depict the entire sequence of events from Lord Krishna's birth to his being discovered in Gokul.
The 'Jhankis' include the birth of Shri Krishna in jail, Vasudev carrying him to safety across the river Jamuna amidst thunder and lightning, Vasudev's return to the jail, Kansa killing Jashoda's daughter and finally the little Krishna in the cradle in Gokul. 'Jhankis' are created out of dolls dressed up as kids, men and women with lehangas, chunnis, dhotis and kurtas. Raslila of every type are also performed - Janmalila, Shankarlila, Putnalila and Naglila. In the evening Bhojons are sung which end at midnight, the auspicious moment when Lord Krishna was born. Thereafter aroti is done, prasad distributed and flowers showered on the idol.
Lord Krishna was born in the Dwaporo Jug which came just before the Kali Jug and Janamashtami, his birthday falls on the Ashtami Paksha or the 8th day of the new moon fortnight in the month of Bhadra. The Jhankis ( tableaux) depicting many significant scenes from Lord Krishna's life are the intrinsic part of Janmashtami. Devotees also make beautiful Jhulons (cradles) for the baby Krishna.
In some parts of India, young men break the Matkas (earthen pots) filled with butter and curds. The most important tableux is that of baby Krishna. An idol of baby Krishna is placed on a cradle, which is rocked to recreate scenes from Krishna's infancy. The devotees believe that anyone who makes a wish and while rocking the cradle in which the Lord is, his or her wish will be granted on this day. Other popular Jhankis are Kaaliya Mardan(vanquishing the black snake Kali Nag), Kansa vada ( killing Kansa) and lifting the Govardhan Parbhat.
In Brindavan, every year the Raasleelas or the folk theatre acting out Shri Krishna's life stories begin much before the Janmashtami day. These Raasleelas are staged by professional drama troupes or even young children. These dramas characterised by colourful costumes and equally colourful backgrounds. Raasleelas are usually accompanied by musicians and are very popular among the people. The language spoken by the actors and the actresses is the Brajbhasha but sometimes Hindi is also used.
The ceremony of worship is a very simple affair. The priests chant holy mantras and bathe the idol with Gangajal (water from the holy Ganges river), milk, ghee (clarified butter), oil, and honey pouring all these from a conch shell.
Only after the ceremony is over, the devotees break their daylong fast . In Janmashtami, the devotees keep awake and sing bhojons till midnight, the moment when Shri Krishna was born. People fast all day and eat only after the midnight birth ceremony. Often the image of the baby Krishna is placed on a swing and bathed with charanamrit (holy water). Midnight prayers are performed. The sound of hymns and religious songs extol the greatness of Shri Krishna.
This festival occurs on the eight day (Ashtami) of a lunar fortnight, hence the name (Krishna+ashtami). Krishnashtami is celebrated over two days. The first day is Krishnashtami or Gokulashtami. The second day is called Kalashtami or more popularly Janmashtami.
At midnight between the first and second days the birth of Lord Krishna is replicated with pomp and ceremony. Delicacies are prepared from milk and curds that Krishna loved. The more popular ceremony of Dahi-handi (breaking a pot full of milk and its derivatives) takes place on the second day. This ceremony is so popular that Krishnashtami has come to be synonymous with the ceremony of Dahi-handi.
During this ceremony a large earthenware pot is filled with milk, curds, butter, honey fruits etc. and is suspended from a height between 20 to 40 feet. Sporting young men and boys come forward to claim this prize. To do so they construct a human pyramid by standing over each other's shoulders till the pyramid is tall enough to enable the topmost person to reach the pot and claim the contents after breaking it. Normally, currency notes are tied to the rope by which the pot is suspended. This prize money is distributed among those who participate in the pyramid building.
In his childhood, Shri Krishna along with his mates used to raid the houses of his neighbours in search of milk and butter. It is a common practice to tie up food articles in a pot suspended from the beams of the roof so as to prevent domestic animals like cats and dogs from despoiling them. We are told that every day after the men and womenfolk left for their farms, the adventurous Krishna along with a band of his mates would build a human pyramid and plunder the caskets of milk and butter much to the chagrin of the owners.
Krishna Lila, the story of Lord Krishna reflects life in a pastoral society. Cattle are the principal means of subsistence. The activity of people revolves around tending cows, milking them, making curds, butter etc. Krishna himself has names displaying a pastoral charecter. Govinda and Gopala as he is also known, mean cowherd. In Sanskrit 'go' means cow.
Krishna is always shown with his flute (Banshori). He is considered to be the Hindu God of Music and is the patron god of musicians of the traditional schools (gharanas).
Kansa, the king of Mathura was a very cruel tyrant. His tyranny spared no one, even the sages had to bear the brunt of this. Finally the gods could tolerate no more of it and in a dream Kansa was told that his evil reign would be brought to an end by his sister Devaki's son who would kill him. The cowardly tyrant immediately threw his sister Devaki and her husband Vasudev in prison so that he could kill all the sons born to Devaki.
In captivity Devaki bore six sons, each of whom were promply killed by Kansa. The seventh time, the gods again thought it necessary to intervene. On the night of the birth of their seventh child, the prison guards fell into a deep slumber and the doors were unlocked. Taking advantage of this opportunity, Vasudev slipped out of the prison and whisked away the God-child to the safety of a neighbouring kingdom which was ruled by king Nanda. King Nanda's domain lay across the Jamuna river. We are told that at that time the Jamuna was in spate, but when the waters touched the feet of the God-Child Shree Krishna, the waters parted making a channel for Vasudev to pass.
The generous king Nanda gave away his new born daughter to Vasudev knowing fully well what fate awaited her at Kansa's hands. Next morning Kansa completed his gruesome job complacent of the fact that his would-be avenger was still living. At Gokul, under king Nanda's protection, Shri Krishna got the loving affection of Nanda's Queen Jashoda whom he looked upon as a mother. Days passed in fun and frolic, while the child-Krishna grew up. But one day rumours reached Kansa that Devaki's son had somehow escaped his cluthes and was living in Gokul.
To kill Shri Krishna, he engaged a demoness named Putana. After specially treating the demoness Putana so that her nipples were poisoned he disguised her as a nymph and sent her to Gokul to try to breast-feed Krishna and kill him. But God that he was, the child Krishna saw through the game and in a miracle, we are told, the demoness fainted, the moment Krishna's lips touched her breast. Kansa's plot to eliminate Krishna was foiled. But as a result of sucking the poisoned milk Krishna's originally fair skin turned dark. The story of Shree Krishna's life neatly explains away the reason for his dark complexion. The word Krishna itself means dark.
Krishna continued to grow at Gokul. He acquired notoriety as a pilferer of milk and butter, but had endeared himself to the people of Gokul by his playfulness.
Among other things, he is said to have done at Gokul, he lifted Mount Govardhan to save the people of Gokul from a storm. He also tamed Kalia, a giant snake that lived in the Jamuna river and terrorised the people of Gokul. While still in his teens, Krishna came to Mathura where King Kansa had organised a wrestling tournament. Krishna participated in it and after defeating all the contestants, he challenged Kansa to a wrestling bout. The evil Kansa's time was up: Shri Krishna defeated him and killed him. The people of Mathura were relieved.
Another major event in Shri Krishna's later life was that he functioned as an Adviser to the Pandavas and during the Mahabharata war between the Pandavas and Kauravas he was Arjuna's (one of the five Pandava brothers) charioteer. The original recitation of the Bhagvad Geeta (Song of the Blessed Lord) is accredited to him. This document contains profound ideas on many issues touching on the temporal and non-temporal aspects of life.

- Home Hinduism Janmashtami - Birthday of Lord...

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Entertainment »

Race 3 inches towards Rs 200 cr mark


Salman Khan's film Race 3 is unstoppable. The film, which hit screens on June 15, is giving all sorts of reasons for the star cast to celebrate. The Remo D'Souza directorial had already crossed the benchmark of Rs 100 crore at the Indian box office. But interestingly, the Salman fever ...

Editorial »

Unfortunately government has no political leadership to restore peace in Chattogram Hill Tracts


THREE more activists of Parbatya Chattogram Janasanghati Samity (MN Larma) and United People's Democratic Front (Democratic) were shot dead at their homes in Rangamati and Khagrachhari districts between Friday and Sunday. Conflicts between different groups in Chattogram Hill Tracts have led to the death of at least 22 people in ...

Business & Economy »

Shibbir Mahmud, Chairman, Board of Directors of Islamic Finance and Investment Limited, presiding over its 236th meeting at its head office in the city recently. AZM Saleh, Managing Director, Rezakul Haider, Anis Salahuddin Ahmad, Vice-Chairmen, Anwar Hossain Chowdhury, EC Chairman, Md. Jahidur Rahman, Audit Committee Chairman, SM Bakhtiar Alam, Hossain Mahmud, Liaquat Hossain Moghul and KBM Moin Uddin Chisty, Directors of the company were also present.


International »

China-N Korea joint efforts to bring peace, stability in Korean peninsula, hopes Xi


Reuters, Beijing : Chinese President Xi Jinping told visiting North Korean leader Kim Jong Un on Wednesday that with the joint efforts of the two countries, the Korean peninsula will definitely be peaceful and stable, official news agency Xinhua said.Xi made the comments during a meeting at Beijing's Diaoyutai state guest ...

Football »

Putin missed Russia-Egypt match but 'happy' at win


AFP, Moscow :The Kremlin on Wednesday said Vladimir Putin did not watch Russia's surprise win over Egypt in the World Cup because he was on a plane but added that he reacted "very positively, like the whole of our country".  "Unfortunately, he did not watch the match itself. It so ...

City »

BNP Standing Committee Member Barrister Moudud Ahmed speaking at a prèss conference at the party central office in the city's Nayapalton on Wednesday in protest against his confinement by police in Noakhali.


Editorial »

Death of another prosecution witness : Too difficult to accept as an accident


NO sooner had the Eid vacation come to an end but another murder shocked us all. The decapitated body of Sumon Zahid, a witness in a war crimes case and also the son of martyred journalist Selina Parvin was found dead in the capital's Khilgaon the day before yesterday. There ...

Business & Economy »

A delegation headed by Farzana Chowdhury, CEO of Green Delta Insurance makes a courtesy call with Dr. M Khairul Hossain, the newly appointed Chairman of Security Exchange Commission recently. Additional Managing Director and Company Secretary Syed Moinuddin Ahmed and Deputy Managing Director Wafi S M Khan of the company were also present.


Football »

England beat Tunisia 2-1


AFP, Volgograd :Captain Harry Kane came to the rescue with two goals, the second a dramatic injury-time winner, as England began their World Cup Group G campaign with a stuttering 2-1 win over Tunisia on Monday.  Gareth Southgate's men almost paid a heavy price for missing a slew of first-half ...

Football »

Harry Kane : England's new prince


AFP, Volgograd :Harry Kane rose emphatically to the World Cup challenge in England's opening match against Tunisia, scoring a last-gasp winner to give Gareth Southgate's side lift-off in Russia.It was a remarkable World Cup debut for Kane, who bore the added pressure of the captain's armband and the weight of ...

Entertainment »

I`m indebted to J.P. Dutta for life : Pooja Bhatt


Actress-filmmaker Pooja Bhatt said she is indebted to veteran director J.P. Dutta for not only making her a part of 'Border' but also for encouraging her to never change. 'Border' on Wednesday completed 21 years of its release and Pooja took to Twitter to thank Dutta for casting her in ...

International »

US won`t be made a migrant camp


President Donald Trump vowed on Monday that the United States would not become a "migrant camp" as he faced mounting pressure to stop families being separated as a deterrent to illegal immigration."The United States will not be a migrant camp, and it will not be a refugee holding facility," Trump ...

City »

Pedestrians passing through a muddy road as the authority concerned does not repair the road for long time. The snap was taken from Bibir Bagicha area in the city's Jatrabari on Tuesday.


Editorial »

Save the flood victims and take adequate measures for post-flood rehabilitation


INCESSANT rainfall in the last few days has triggered floods in the country's East and South East districts. Thousands of people of Moulvibazar, Habiganj, Feni and Chattogram districts have been marooned as floodwater crawled to inundate their homestead and damage crops and livestock. The New Nation recently reported that Khowai, ...

Football »

A Mexico soccer fan celebrates her team victory against Germany after their group F match at the 2018 soccer World Cup in the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia on Sunday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news