Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Monday, July 16, 2018 10:42:59 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Lemons were status symbol in ancient Rome

photo by

By
11th-Sep-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Life Desk :
Lemons were status symbols for the ancient Roman ruling elite, according to a study which found that they were the first fruits to arrive in the Mediterranean around the time of Jesus. Researchers from Tel Aviv University in Israel studied a collection of ancient texts, art, artifacts and plant remains such as fossil pollen grains, charcoals, seeds.
Until the first century AD, the only citrus produce available to the ancient Romans were the extremely rare and inordinately expensive citrons and lemons, they said. "Today, citrus orchards are a major component of the Mediterranean landscape and one of the most important
cultivated fruits in the region. But citrus is not native to the Mediterranean Basin and originated in Southeast Asia," said Dafna Langgut, from Tel Aviv University in Israel.
"My findings show that citrons and lemons were the first citrus fruits to arrive in the Mediterranean and were status symbols for the elite," Langgut said. "All other citrus fruits most probably spread more than a millennium later for economic reasons," she added.
At first, Romans only had access to rough-skinned citrons, also known as etrogim - mostly rind and dry, tasteless flesh. The citron arrived in Rome from what is now Israel. The earliest botanical remains of the citron were identified in a Persian royal garden near Jerusalem and dated to the 5th-4th centuries BC. It is presumed that it spread from there to other locations around the Mediterranean, researchers said.
"The first remains of the earliest lemon, found in the Roman Forum, date to right around the time of Jesus Christ, the end of the first century BC and early first century AD," said Langgut. It appears that the citron was considered a valuable commodity due to its healing qualities, symbolic use, pleasant odour and rarity, researchers said.
Only the rich could have afforded it. Its spread therefore was helped more by its high social status, its significance in religion and its unique features, rather than its culinary qualities, they said. Sour oranges, limes and pomelos were introduced to the West by Muslim traders via Sicily and the Iberian Peninsula much later, in the 10th century AD, Langgut said. "It is clear that Muslim traders played a crucial role in the dispersal of cultivated citrus in Northern Africa and Southern Europe," Langgut said.
Researchers found that the sweet orange associated with Israel today only dates as far back as the 15th century and was the product of a trade route established by the Genoese and, later, the Portuguese. The sticky-sweet mandarin was introduced to the Mediterranean in the beginning of the 19th century, they said. "It wasn't until the 15th century that the sweet orange arrived on European tables. By the time mandarins appeared in the 19th century, citrus fruits were considered commonplace.
They were cash crops rather than luxury items," said Lanngut. The study was published in the journal HortScience.                                 - PTI |

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Nobody could enjoy freedom to foil peaceful movement of students


ONCE again, the activists of Bangladesh Chhatra League (BCL) yesterday assaulted some students and teachers of Dhaka University to foil their human chain programme at Central Shaheed Minar demanding release of three quota reformists. The reformist leaders Jashim and Moshiur were shown arrested in a case filed for the attack ...

City »

HT Imam, Political Adviser to the Prime Minister was present as Chief Guest at a discussion meeting marking the 2oth founding anniversary of the Ministry of CHT Affairs at Cirdap Auditorium yesterday.


International »

N Korea, US hold talks on war dead repatriation


AFP, Seoul :North Korean and US military officials met at the inter-Korea border Sunday to discuss repatriation of the remains of American troops killed during the Korean War, a report said.Returning the remains of the US soldiers who perished during the 1950-53 conflict was part of a deal signed by ...

Football »

Belgium players celebrate after Thomas Meunier`s goal gave them an early lead in the third-place playoff against England.


Sports »

After baby steps, Serena plans giant leap in Wimbledon final


Serena Williams was reduced to tears by her daughter Olympia's first steps at Wimbledon, but now the seven-time champion is planning a giant leap of her own in Saturday's final against Angelique Kerber.Just 10 months after giving birth, Williams can complete an incredible comeback as she bids to become the ...

Editorial »

UN-Myanmar deal cannot remain secret : We must not undermine UN efforts


The Transparency International Bangladesh (TIB) on Monday claimed that a secret deal has signed between the United Nations and Myanmar over repatriation of Rohingyas staying in Bangladesh. The Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Myanmar government and UN's two offices -- UNDP and UNHCR. TIB somehow seems not happy ...

International »

White House official who favored more refugee admissions is out


Reuters, Washington :A White House official who supported higher numbers of refugee admissions to the United States and clashed with immigration hard-liners in the Trump administration left her position on Thursday, two U.S. officials with knowledge of the departure said.Jennifer Arangio, a senior director at the White House National Security ...

City »

International Society for Krishna Consciouness brough out a rally in the city on Saturday on the occasion of Rathyatra, a religious festival of the Hindu Community.


Entertainment »

Kajol has an interesting role in Helicopter Eela


Three years after her last release Dilwale, Kajol is all set to return to the big screen after with Pradeep Sarkar's Helicopter Eela. The actress will be seen playing a possessive mother in the film. She gives up her dream of becoming a singer to raise her only child. Her ...

Editorial »

Treatment of Lord Carlile revealed lack of confidence


A BRITISH parliamentarian, lawyer and also the counsel for jailed opposition leader Khaleda Zia, Alex Carlile was denied entry to India as he wanted to address a press conference at a meeting of a human rights body in Delhi.While explaining the entry rejection, the Indian Foreign Ministry sources said Carlile's ...

Football »

Era Istrefi, Will Smith and Nicky Jam pose with the World Cup trophy at a press conference during the 2018 FIFA World Cup at Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, Russia on Friday.


.

Entertainment »

Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and Priyanka Chopra`s catfight continues


Looks like the rivalry between Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and Priyanka Chopra is not going to stop anytime soon. The oldest competitors who started off their career in a similar manner post receiving the title of Miss World have found another medium to compete. After spreading their magic on International grounds, ...

International »

Trump torpedoes May`s Brexit strategy on UK visit


AFP, London :US President Donald Trump launched an extraordinary attack on Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit strategy, plunging the transatlantic "special relationship" to a new low as they prepared to meet Friday on the second day of his tumultuous trip to Britain.In an interview conducted before he began his visit, ...

City »

Non-Government Employees Union in Government Colleges formed a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Friday demanding nationalization of services of non-government employees in Government colleges.


.

Editorial »

Govt must take prompt action to end the uncertainity over LNG


WE became very happy when American company Excelerate Energy's Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) 'Excellence' arrived at Moheshkhali deep sea on April 23 bringing 0.65 million tone liquid gas from Qatar. The $180 million project was co-developed by Petrobangla, Excelerate Energy and the International Finance Corporation, a member of ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news