Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Monday, December 11, 2017 10:13:29 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Preparing an academic paper

photo by

By
17th-Sep-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Alyssa Walker :
As we've said before, the publish or perish culture in the academic world is real - if you're thinking about publishing a paper, you need to read this.
It's possible - and entirely within your grasp - to publish a master's level academic paper.  There are rules and some tricks of the trade though.
Trick #1? Consider co-publishing with your academic advisor.  Why?  Clout.  If your advisor is respected in the field, and signs his or her name to your work, then you'll share some credibility.
Trick #2? Do your homework.  It's not really a trick-it's something you have to do.  Read academic journals and select a few that fit with your research and writing style.  Then, talk to that advisor about how to prepare your manuscript for submission.
Intrigued?  You should be.  Read on to learn more about how to write that paper-and then get it published.
1. The Abstract
The traditional academic paper has a brief synopsis of the paper, its salient points, and its conclusion.  Take note: this is the hardest part of the paper to write.  Why?  You have to boil down all of your research to about a paragraph.
What goes into the abstract?  A synopsis of the problem you researched and why it's interesting, how you solved the problem-in brief-the results of your research, and your conclusion.
Our advice?  Write the paper first.  The summarize each section of the paper with one pithy sentence.  Voilá: abstract!
2. The Introduction
The key here is engagement.  You need to hook your readers so that they read all of your brilliant work.  How do you do that?  Start big.  What's the biggest idea you tackle in your research?  Then narrow down so that eventually you come to your thesis-your primary argument.  Why you did what you did and why it's important.
Let the introduction read as a roadmap-with an exciting destination for a conclusion.
Stuck?  Write the rest of the paper first, except for the abstract.
3. The Methodology
Here comes the fun part: you get to explain your thinking.  You know why you care about your research and you've explained your problem.  Now you need to explain how you solved it-and the research you did to figure out that path.
Here, you answer two primary questions: how was the data collected, and how was it analyzed?
Know this: unreliable methods yield unreliable results.  Remember that credibility we told you about?  If your methodology isn't sound, then you lose it all here.
Things to consider?  Ensure that you have a large enough sample size, pertinent to the scope of your research.  Talk to that advisor again.  You also need to discuss how you anticipated problems and solved them in your data collection.
 4. The Results
Nothing but the facts.  Clear, unbiased facts.  Present the results of your research.  Without the editorializing.
This part is the most straightforward, but requires some strategy so that you don't bury critical pieces of data.
What can you point out?  An interesting correlation that you weren't expecting to see.  Beware: don't speculate on why-just state that there's a correlation.
Use graphs, figures, and tables to your heart's delight-and make sure the information is clear and interesting to your reader.  Include all results-even the negative ones.
If you have more data that is related to your research, but not quite relevant in the results section, consider adding an appendix.
5. The Discussion
Also called "argument," "critique," or "analysis," the discussion section is the meat of your paper.  Your researched reflections on what you found and why they're relevant.
This is where you pick up your reader from your thoughtful introduction to what you did, to what you found-and now to why it's important.
This section should reiterate your thesis and show how the results of your research have validity.
Your goal?  Engage your reader in your work.  Think of it as the central pivot of your article.
6. The Conclusion
You made it this far.  Congratulations!  But you're not done yet.  This is more than summary - reinforce your biggest points and suggest broader importance of your results and discussion within your field.  You can also present complications that you encountered - and expand on your explanation of how they did or did not make an impact on your work.
In essence, take your introduction, and make it sing.  Leave your reader with a clear understanding of your research, its importance, and its relevance to the field.
Interested in publishing?  Talk to your advisor, do your homework and get started.  Now is the time!

(Alyssa Walker is a freelance writer, educator, and nonprofit consultant. She lives in the White Mountains of New Hampshire with her family).

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

International »

Chinese billionaire-in-exile wants regime change in Beijing


AFP, New York :Billionaire Guo Wengui, who is seeking asylum in the United States after accusing officials in his native China of corruption, wants "a change of the regime" in Beijing and the introduction of democracy in the world's most populous country."I want to try and to have rule of ...

Editorial »

Aman harvest has no effect on rice market


PASSING the Aman harvest, rice price has not come down as government leaders earlier said and rather gone up to the dismay of the common people all over the country. Though farmers are happy with higher price; although they have suffered production loss at many places due to late receding ...

Cricket »

Players of Comilla Victorians celebrating after dismissal of Chris Gayle of Rangpur Riders during the Qualifier-2 match of the AKS Bangladesh Premier League (BPL) Twenty20 Cricket between Comilla Victorians and Rangpur Riders at the Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium in the city's Mirpur on Sunday.


Sports »

Members of Rongdhanu RDS, the runners-up of the Hedayet Hossain Memorial Night Cricket Tournament pose for a photo session at Bangladesh Ground in Old Dhaka recently.


Entertainment »

Gauhar makes to sexiest Asian list for fourth consecutive time


For the fourth consecutive year, Bollywood actress and model Gauhar Khan has been voted to the top 10 list of ‘50 Sexiest Asian Women list’ in the world. It is an annual UK poll, which has been released in London recently. The actress, who is known for her choice of ...

City »

Convenor of Nagorik Oikya Mahmudur Rahman Manna speaking at a discussion organised by 'Mayer Dak, a social organisation at the Jatiya Press Club on Sunday with a call to bring back forced disappeared people to their mothers' laps.


International »

Ex-Fox news anchor Huddy claims Trump kissed her


Huff Post :A former Fox News anchorwoman who accused Bill O'Reilly of sexually harassing her in 2011 is now claiming that Donald Trump kissed her on the lips in an elevator.Juliet Huddy said Thursday morning on the "Mornin!!! With Bill Schulz" podcast (which has a paywall) that it happened around ...

Editorial »

Dust pollution takes toll in cities’ air


PRESENCE of dust and pollution in the air of our cities has reached alarming levels. It's happening mainly due to chaotic construction works, poor management and protracted traffic jams. According to Air Quality Index Report of the Department of Environment's (DoE) "Clean Air and Sustainable Project" earlier this month, air ...

Sports »

Chanchal emerges unbeaten champion in Blitz Chess Championship


BSS, Dhaka  :Chanchal Kumar Ghosh emerged as unbeaten champion in the Blitz Chess Championship with 6.5 points after the 7th round game on Friday at E Commerce Club hall room in Uttara. Five players finished in second to sixth position with 5.5 points after the tie breaking system. They are ...

Sports »

First-place Nao Kodaira (center) of Japan stands with second-place Lee Sang-hwa (left) of South Korea and third-place Arisa Go (right) of Japan after the women's 500 meters at a World Cup speedskating event Friday in Kearns, Utah.


Entertainment »

Akshay to back out of Gulshan Kumar's biopic?


 Akshay Kumar, who has films like Padman and 2.0 lined up for 2018, has created a stir after rumors of him stepping out of the film titled Mogul came to the forefront. Mogul is a biopic on the creator of T-series, Gulshan Kumar. According to the rumors, Akshay Kumar and ...

City »

BNP Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir, among others, at a discussion organised on the occasion of 10th founding anniversary of Bangladesh Kalyan Party at the Jatiya Press Club on Saturday.


Editorial »

Mysterious theft of fertiliser from Govt depots


DESPITE fertile land loss, inclement weather and depleting irrigation water, Bangladesh's agriculture keeps contributing a fifth of the GDP each year. Along with other factors, government's policy support in the form of fertiliser subsidy plays a big part here. But misappropriation of the key agro input such as fertiliser by ...

City »

`National Committee for the Implementation of Prime Minister`s Approved Gazetted Salaries` formed a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Friday to meet its demands.


.

Entertainment »

Are Virat and Anushka getting hitched?


Over the past few days, there are some reports doing the rounds that ace cricketer Virat Kohli and Bollywood starlet Anushka Sharma are getting married. According to these reports, both these love-birds will tie the knot in Italy.  The manager of Anushka has already slammed these reports by saying these ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news