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Hazrat Husain (Ra)'s martyrdom

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The Day of Ashura marks the death anniversary of Hazrat Imam Husain ibn Ali (Ra), a 7th century revolutionary leader who was killed in The Battle of Karbala. The Day of Ashura is mourned by crores across the world to remember Imam Husain's valiant stand for Islamic state and Economy and social justice, against the most corrupt tyrant called Yazid.
Hazrat Husain ibn Ali (Ra) was the grandson of Hazrat Muhammad (the last Prophet of Islam), born in 620 AD to the family famed for their  unique values of love, honour and peace. Husain was a leader who was known widely for his compassion, wisdom and integrity. Not long after the death of Muhammad (Sm), the Muslim empire had slid into political turmoil and corruption as Yazid (from the Umayyad dynasty) usurped power and slowly began destroying the moral fabric of society.
Husain ibn Ali (Ra) is buried in the land of Karbala, Iraq, where millions of visitors come annually to pay homage to him.
Yazid wanted Husain to pay him an oath of allegiance in order to gain credibility for his illegal rule. Husain out of moral obligation towards his principles of Islamic social justice and honour refused to do so, despite it being a risk to his life.
Husain (Ra) chose to make a stand, and began a small but mighty uprising - he chose to leave the comfort of his own city and begin a journey eastwards towards modern day Iraq. Husain (Ra) travelled with his family and 72 companions to make it clear that he did not want violence, but was prepared to defend himself and sacrifice all he had for the greater good of his people.
Word reached Yazid of Husain's movement and out of fear that it would gain momentum he dispatched an army of 30,000 to halt Husain (Ra) and his supporters in their tracks. They were blocked from moving further until Husain pledged allegiance, but Husain resisted. Yazid ordered his army to attack and kill Husain and his supporters, on the 10th day of the first month of the Islamic calendar (Muharram) - which is known as The Day of Ashura (the 10th day).
Husain (Ra) and his supporters had been stopped in the desert land of Karbala (in Iraq), where they had been denied access to water for 3 days. At dawn on the Day of Ashura, Husain and his men made their prayers, knowing that what was ahead of them was certain defeat. Yet they all remained steadfast and loyal to their principles.
The battle of Karbala commenced at noon, small bands of men dispatched Husain's camp to go and fight valiantly against the army of Yazid. One after the other his supporters fought and died until eventually Husain (Ra) had no one left to support his resistance.
He  was fatigued, thirsty and heavily wounded having fought bravely against the enemy, until eventually he fell. The enemy forces attacked him from all sides with swords, spears and arrows until a man by the name of Shimar ruthlessly beheaded Husain (Ra) on the burning plains of Karbala.
Whilst Imam Husain (Ra)  accepted martyrdom in the battle, he was victorious through his legacy. His actions and the stand he made at Karbala triggered a series of small uprisings against the tyrannical regime of Yazid which led to his eventual demise. Yazid's army took the women and children from Husain's camp as war prisoners and marched from Iraq to Syria where they were held captive.
Husain's sister Zainab (Ra) and his son Zain Al-Abideen (Ra), defied Yazid in his own courtyard in famous sermons which unnerved even his closest allies. Thereon, the remaining members of Husain's family spread the word to the people about the massacre which took place and the crimes that were committed on The Day of Ashura.
Imam Husain ibn Ali (Ra) is remembered around the world as a symbol of resistance who stood for Truth-Islamic state and humanitarian values.
The Day of Ashura is mourned and remembered by crores and crores of people across the world as the day Imam Husain (Ra) and his supporters were martyred in the battle of Karbala. Today, pilgrims from all across the world visit the shrine of Husain ibn Ali in Karbala where he is buried, to pay their tribute to his unique courageous stand.
On the day of Ashura many Muslims partake in large peaceful gatherings where they recite poems in memory of Imam Husain (Ra) and his sacrifice whilst lamenting and beating their chest as a cultural tradition to display their grievance. Many people use the day of Ashura as a day to perform acts of kindness and charity as a way for them keep alive the very same principles and values Imam Husain (Ra) gave his life for.

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