Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, September 25, 2018 10:05:56 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Poet Jibanananda Das: Poet of ‘Beautiful Bengal’

photo by

By
27th-Oct-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Begum Aktar Kamal :
Jibanananda Das (1899-1954) was a poet and educationist. He was born on 17 February 1899 in Barisal town. His father Satyananda Das was a school teacher, social worker and founder-editor of the Brahmabadi. His mother Kusumkumari Das was a poet.
Jibanananda Das did his Matriculation in 1915 from Brajamohan School, IA from Barisal B M College in 1917 and obtained his BA honours degree in English literature in 1919 and MA in 1921 from the Presidency College, Kolkata.
Jibanananda Das began his career in 1922 as Professor of English in Calcutta City College. Later he worked as Professor in Bagerhat Profulla Chandra College (1929), Ramjosh College in Delhi (1929-1930), Brajamohan College (1935-1947), Kharagpur College (1950-51), Barishal College (1952-53) and Howrah Girls College (1953-54). During this time he also worked as Literary Editor of the Swaraj, and as member of the editorial board of the Dvandra an organ of the Samakalin Sahitya Kendra in Calcutta.  
Jibanananda Das used to write poems while in his teens. His first poem Barsa Abahan was published in the Brahmabadi in 1919. His first essay was written in lucid Bangla in remembrance of late Kalimohan Das. In the first phase of his writing poems, he was influenced by Satyendranath Dutta, Mohitlal Majumdar and Kazi Nazrul Islam. Most of the poems of his book Jhora Palok represent the influence of their style. In his books Dhusor Pandulipi (1936), Banalata Sen (1942), Mohaprithivi (1944), Sat-ti Tarar Timir (1948), Bela Obela Kalbela (1980) and Ruposi Bangla (1984), he created a poetic style and language that helped him in giving a new genre in the trend of modern Bangla poetry. The delicate sensuousness of beauty, taste and touch has given his poems a unique distinctiveness.
Jibanananda belonged to the group of poets who tried to shake off Rabindranath Tagore's poetic influence. Inspired by western modernism and the intellectual outlook of the Bengali middle class, this group wrote about the realities of the urban present and of the lonely self even while they drew upon the rural traditions of Bengal. Although Jibanananda’s early poems reveal some influences of Kazi Nazrul Islam, Satyendranath Dutta and Mohitlal Majumder, he shook off these influences to become a towering figure in Bangla poetry. Jibanananda shared Rabindranath’s deep feeling for nature, eloquently describing the beauty of rural Bengal in Rupasi Bangla and earning the appellation of Rupasi Banglar Kavi (Poet of Beautiful Bengal). Unlike Rabindranath, however, he also portrayed distressed humanity as well as the depression, frustration, and loneliness of modern urban life in his poems. Introspection is also an important characteristic of his poetic genius. His poems merge a concern for the present and a sense of history. Many of his poems sound like prose, and greatly influenced subsequent poets.
Jibanananda Das has been called a poet of nature. His Dhusar Pandulipi represents the unique expression of his creative mind in which his poetic imagination has painted a superb picture of the environment around him letting nature assume a stature much bigger and more alive. It is through his own perception and creativity that he could come out of all the influences of his time. In the background of his poems there is a kind of distance and solitude that tells of an unknown environ away from this sky and this world in which the poet weaves fantasy. He is the creator of a world of fantasy in Bangla poetry where one can enter but cannot get out of it. At the core of his poetry there lies a pristine pain, life decays and changes, everything ending in death.
Jibanananda's poems of rural Bengal played an important role in the political and cultural perspective of Bangladesh. His poems inspired a pride in Bengali nationhood, especially in the 1960s and during the War of Liberation in 1971.
Many of Jibanananda Das' writings have been published posthumously. Some of the more well-known books are: Jibanananda Daser Shreshtha Kabita (1954), Jibananander Kabyasombhar (1985), Prokashito Oprokashito Kabita Samagra (1993), Jibanananda Samagra (1985-1998), Jibanananda Samagra Songjojan (1999); collection: Aloprithivi (1981), Hey Prem Tomarey Bhebe Bhebe (1998). Kabitar Kotha (1955), a collection of his essays on poetry writing, is a valuable book. Another of his valuable books is Samalochana Samagra (1983 and 1986). An autobiographical essay Keno Likhi was published in 1944.
Two of Jibanananda Das’ well-known novels are Malyaban (1973) and Sutirtha (1977). The themes of these novels were unique and their writing style was special. His short stories were edited by others and published first as Jibanananda Daser Golpo (1972) and later as Jibanananda Daser Sreshtha Golpo (1989). Between 1985 and 1998 Jibanananda Samagra was edited by Debesh Roy and published in 12 volumes in Calcutta by Pratikshan Publications. Banalata Sen received an Award (1953) at the Nikhil Banga Rabindra Sahitya Sammelan (All Bengal Rabindra Literature Convention).
Jibanananda Dasher Shrestha Kovita won the Sahitya Academy award in 1954.
The poet died in a tram accident in Kolkata on 22 October, 1954 .

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Maldives' people reject authoritarian rule and voted for democracy


MALDIVES strongman President Yameen Abdul Gayoom conceded that he lost Sunday's election to his challenger Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, in a speech broadcast live on television Monday, according to the international media. Mr Yameen congratulated Solih and said, "I know I have to step down now."  The Election Commission said voter ...

Cricket »

'Rashid is best but not unplayable' says Mahmudullah


Mahmudullah Riyad sorted out a vigorous 74 against Afghanistan rescuing Bangladesh from a plausible downfall.Mahmudullah Riyad and Imrul Kayes stood tall in the middle when the team was languishing losing all five in the top order in a score of 87 on the board. The duo added 128 runs in ...

International »

Thousands attend funeral for Iran attack dead


AFP :Tens of thousands of mourners attended a funeral on Monday in the southwestern Iranian city of Ahvaz for soldiers and civilians killed in an attack on a military parade.Four militants attacked the Saturday parade marking the start of the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war, spraying the crowd with gunfire and killing ...

International »

Hong Kong pro-independence party formally outlawed in first such move since handover


Reuters, Hong Kong  :Hong Kong authorities formally banned on Monday a group promoting independence from China - the first outlawing of a political organization since Britain handed its former colony back to Chinese rule in 1997.The city's Secretary for Security John Lee announced the ban on the Hong Kong National ...

City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina addressing a reception accorded to her by the expatriate Bangladeshis at a hotel in New York on Sunday.


Entertainment »

Mehazabien, Apurba in Puja special play


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Popular pair of the small screen of present time Mehazabien Chowdhury and Ziaul Faruk Apurba worked together in a special play of Durga Puja for the first time. Title of the play is Priyo Tumi. Directed by Mahmudur Rahman Himi story of the play is written by ...

Editorial »

Attack on Iran`s elite guards


IRANIAN Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei accused US-backed Gulf Arab states of carrying out a shooting attack on a military parade that killed 25 people, almost half of them members of the country's elite Revolutionary Guards. Khamenei ordered security forces to bring to justice those responsible for one of the ...

Sports »

Bertens defeats Tomljanovic to secure Korea Open win


AFP, Seoul :Kiki Bertens defeated Australia's Ajla Tomljanovic in the Korea Open final on Sunday, securing her third WTA Tour singles title of the season to continue her career-best year.The second-seeded Bertens came back from break down in the deciding set to defeat the Australian in two hours and 22 ...

International »

World leaders gather at UN under threat from unilateralism


AP, United Nations :With rising unilateralism challenging its very existence, the United Nations convenes its annual meeting of world leaders Monday and will try once more to tackle problems together as a community of nations, addressing threats ranging from Mideast conflicts to the effects of global warming - and also ...

City »

National Professor Anisuzzaman seen among others at the cover unveiling ceremony of a book marking the 80th birthday of eminent writer Hasan Azizul Haq organised by Bangladesh Culture at Jatiya Press Club yesterday.


Entertainment »

Nazira Mou to debut in film with Indraneil


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Viewers’ choice popular actress Nazira Mou has been acting in small screen for many days. She got many offers for acting in big screen. But she did not agree to act due to disliking stories and her roles in those works. When Mou got the proposal from ...

Editorial »

CPJ reveals weakness of journalists by appealing to President


THE Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) in a letter to the Bangladesh President has expressed deep concern about the Digital Security Act 2018, which was passed by the Parliament on September 18, and urged him to return it to Parliament for a review afresh.   If this legislation was allowed to ...

International »

Modi faces calls for resignation over French jet deal


Reuters, New delhi :Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi faced calls for his resignation over allegations of corruption in a military jet deal with France after former French president Francois Hollande was quoted as saying New Delhi had influenced the choice of a local partner.Indian political parties have been gunning for ...

International »

US official in Russia probe suggested taping Trump: Report


Reuters, Washington: The US official who oversees the federal investigation into Russia's role in the 2016 U.S. election suggested secretly recording President Donald Trump last year and recruiting Cabinet members to invoke a constitutional amendment to remove him from the White House, the New York Times reported on Friday.Deputy Attorney ...

Football »

Tabarez renews with Uruguay until Qatar World Cup


AFP, Montevideo :Despite failing health the veteran coach Oscar Tabarez has signed a four-year contract extension to remain at the Uruguay helm until the end of the 2022 World Cup in Qatar, the South American country's football federation said on Friday.Tabarez, who suffers from a nerve disorder that forces him ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news