Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, April 24, 2018 08:40:23 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Milad-un-Nabi (Sm)

By
02nd-Dec-2017       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Syed Ashraf Ali :
Milad originates from the Arabic word mawlid. Institutionally, it means the time, date or place of birth, or the celebration of the birthday of a person, especially of the Prophet Muhammad (Sm). The word Milad is, however, used to mean the time of birth. In the subcontinent, Maulud or Maulud Sharif in place of Milad is in vogue, although at present, Milad is a common word in Bangladesh. Milad is observed on the 12th Rabi al-Awwal to celebrate the date of birth of Hazrat Muhammad (Sm). Milad mahfils are also held throughout the year on occasions such as births, marriages, the start of a new business, and the moving to a new home.
The episodes relating to the environment in which Hazrat Muhammad (Sm) passed his life are always considered by Muslims as sacred. One of the sacred sites is the Mawlidun-Nabi, the house in today's Suk al-Lail area of Mokkah where Prophet Muhammad (Sm) was born. Not much importance was given to the house in the early days of Islam. Khaizuran, the mother of Khalifa Harunur Rashid, converted the house to one for Salat (Namaz) in the 2nd century of the Hegira calendar. Muslims used to go to this place of the Prophet's birth and showed reverence as they did it to his tomb in Madina. In time also the reverence in which the house was held found expression in its development in a fitting architectural fashion.
The practice of making written accounts of celebrations of the birthday of Hazrat Muhammad (Sm) as a sacred day began much later. The first such accounts were presented by Ibn Jubair (died 1217), who described that the birthday of the Prophet (Sm) used to be celebrated as a special festival which was different from all festivals observed at the household level. The essential feature of this august festival was a considerable increase in the number of visitors to the Mawlid house (where the Milad Mahfil took place), which was exceptionally open the whole day for this purpose. The rituals observed on the occasion followed as a whole the methods followed by older Muslim dervishes (cult of saints).
With the introduction of new customs in celebrating the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (Sm), the day began to be observed in different ways in different Muslim countries. There are indications of observance of Mawlid-un-Nabi in Egypt during the middle and towards the end of the Fatimid rule. But the consensus opinion of the Muslim writers about the origin of Mawlid suggests that Mawlid was first introduced by al-Malik Abu Sayyid Muzaffarud-Din Kokburi, a brother-in-law of Sultan Salah-al-din.
The first formal Milad Sharif in history to mark the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (Sm) was held on 12 Rabiul Awwal of 604 Hegira (1207 AD) in Iraq, at a place named Arbela near Mussel. Noted historian Ibn Khallikan gave a detailed description of the observance of the Milad or Mawlid. Other writers also continued to give description of this first Milad of Arbela based on the accounts of Ibn Khallikan (Al-Suyuti, Husn al-Maqsid fi 'amal al-Mawlid). At the suggestion of Kokburi, Ibn Dih'ya composed the manuscript of his book Kitabut-Tanwir fi Mawlidi al-Siraj during his stay at Arbela. The book became a famous one on Mawlid.
Mawlid was introduced in Egypt during the period of Gazi Salah-ud-din with the advent of political and religious movement called Saljuk. The custom of observing the festival later spread from Egypt to Mokkah. This resulted in changes in the ways Milad had been observed in Mokkah since very old days and Milad in Mokkah and Egypt became similar in the form.
The various events of the life of the Prophet (Sm) and the Islamic code of life are discussed on the occasion of Milad. Also different verses of the Holy Quran are recited, na'ats that praise the Prophet (Sm) are sung. On special occasions, sermons on Islamic idea of death are presented. Na'ats are usually sung in a chorus.
Milad is recognised by many as the finest expression of reverence for Hazrat Muhammad (Sm), the last Prophet of Islam. According to them, Milad evolved for meeting a religious need. This idea has been spread through the Sufi Movement. The idea, however, was opposed by many Muslims since the days of its observance at Arbela. The opponents argue that the festival is a bid'a ie, an innovative custom and is contrary to the Sunnah. But in many Muslim countries, especially in the subcontinent, Milad acquired a firm position in the religious life of the people and had, therefore, received sanctions from most Alims. In principle, the Alims recognised this bid'at as bid'a hasana. According to them, many good deeds are accomplished through the observance of Milad. These include, the recital of the Holy Quran, discussion on the Sunnah, expression of delight on the occasion of the birthday of the Prophet (Sm), salutation to and prayers for him, and making of donations and offering of food to the poor.
The opponents hold that Milad is to be avoided because the Sufis dance on the occasion (in Turkey), and emotional and un-Islamic manners are seen in a Milad. They also argue that some section of people use recitations in Milad as a business and on the occasion, tell such false stories for which the real identity of the Prophet (Sm) is shrouded with mystery. They also oppose the practice of recitation of poems in a standing position in honour of the Prophet (Sm) during the period of Ki'am.
The controversy on Milad reached its hight in the eighth and ninth centuries but later it subsided. The controversy, however, was revived with the advent of the Wahabis.
Despite the absence of a consensus, Hanafis in Bangladesh (except those of the Deoband School) accepted Milad as an auspicious event. (Ahl-e-Hadith sect, however, consider Milad as bid'at and thus they consider Ki'am unacceptable.) Milad is observed in Bangladesh on 12 Rabiul Awwal, as well as on many other occasions such as inauguration of a business establishment, entering a new house, birth of a child, death of a person, the anniversaries of birth or death of a person, and the marriage ceremonies. The Milad ends with a dua, prayers asking for God's blessings, following which sweets or other foods are distributed among the persons present.
In Bangladesh, Milads are held separately for men and women. Women, however, can take part in a Milad of men, but they sit in a secluded room. In a Milad, the famous na'at written by Sheikh Sadi (R), Balagal-ula bi Kamalihi ... Sallu Alaihi Walihi, relevant portions from the biography of the Prophet (Sm) written by the Bengali poet Golam Mostafa, and the na'at written by the National Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam are usually presented.
-Banglapedia

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Justice delayed justice denied


FIVE years have elapsed after the Rana Plaza collapse in Savar which is known as deadliest garment-factory accident in history, as well as the deadliest structural failure in the modern human history. At least 1136 garment workers were killed on the spot and 1169 received severe injuries when the multi-storied ...

Cricket »

Shakib, Tamim to play for ICC World XI against West Indies


Bangladeshi all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan and top order batsman Tamim Iqbal have been included in the ICC World XI to play West Indies team in a one-off T20I match at Lord's on May 31.The match is being organised to raise fund for the reconstruction of stadiums that were damaged in ...

Sports »

(Left to right)) Uttam Mundy, CEO, PGTI; Arshi Haider, Chairman of bti; Siddikur Rahman, Professional Golfer; Asif Ibrahim, President, BPGA; Johnson Poh, Professional Golfer, Honey Baisoya, Professional Golfer unveiling the bti Open 2018 Trophy on Monday.


Entertainment »

Shilpa Shetty Kundra is Inspirational Celebrity of the Year


A successful wellness guru Shilpa Shetty Kundra is one of cinema’s most loved names. Her rise has nothing short of meteoric. This actress turned entrepreneur has to her credit successful yoga DVDs, a health and fitness channel is also a top-selling selling author of two books based on her mantra ...

Entertainment »

Richa Chadha’s new song look inspired by Parveen Babi’s Jawani Janeman


Actress Richa Chadha is considered to be the front-runner in Bollywood for experimenting with her looks and character in the films she does. Right from playing an old woman Nagma Khatoon in her first commercial success hit, Gangs of Wasseypur series to her soon to release film Daasdev, Richa has ...

City »

President Abdul Hamid receiving an annual audit report from a delegation led by Auditor and Comptroller General Masud Ahmed at Bangabhaban on Monday.


International »

Child rape case heightens India`s Hindu-Muslim divide


AFP, Jammu :The internet is being cut for hours on end in Jammu as authorities try to halt protests that have grown in the Kashmir winter capital since the rape-murder of an eight year old girl opened a new front in India's Hindu-Muslim divide.With near daily protests held across the ...

Editorial »

Govt must answer what happened to the force disappearances


MEMBERS of around 80 families joined a programme under the banner of "Mayer Daak", a platform of disappearance victims' family members, from across the country on April 21st, as per report of a local daily. Speaking at the event, supported by rights activists, family members slammed the state for denying ...

Entertainment »

Alia Bhatt spies on movie goers


Raazi trailer was launched recently. Last week, in partnership with FB & PVR, Alia spied on theatre audiences watching the trailer on the theatre screen and appeared on a two-way facebook LIVE in front of them and interacted with the audience as they could both see each other. This was ...

Football »

Neymar to be at peak of powers at World Cup: Ronaldinho


Xinhua, Rio De Janeiro :Brazil legend Ronaldinho has backed compatriot Neymar to make a full recovery from foot surgery in time for the World Cup in Russia.Neymar has been sidelined since suffering a cracked fifth metatarsal in his right foot while playing for Paris Saint-Germain in late February.He underwent surgery ...

International »

Iran threatens to `vigorously` resume enrichment if US quits deal


AFP, New York : Iran warned Saturday it is ready to "vigorously" resume nuclear enrichment if the United States ditches the 2015 nuclear deal, and said further "drastic measures" are being considered in response to a US exit.Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif told reporters in New York that Iran ...

Football »

Chanathip Songkrasin (left) of Consadole Sapporo and Kazuki Nagasawa (right) of Urawa Reds fight for the ball during their J1 League match at Saitama Stadium in Saitama, north of Tokyo on Saturday.


Sports »

Kvitova, Pliskova give Czechs 2-0 lead over Germany


AFP, Stuttgart :Victories by Petra Kvitova and Karolina Pliskova gave the Czech Republic a commanding 2-0 lead over hosts Germany in their Fed Cup semi-final on Saturday. Two-time Wimbledon champion Kvitova needed just over an hour for an emphatic 6-3, 6-2 win over Julia Goerges at the Porsche Arena in ...

Entertainment »

Salman, Katrina all set to leave for tour to USA in June


Salman Khan is one of Bollywood's biggest superstars and over the years he has made a brand out of himself. Everything from his dance moves, clothes, accessories to his attitude and body language is a rage among his fans. Salman was recently proven guilty in the 1998 Blackbuck poaching case. ...

Entertainment »

Shahid to shoot for Batti Gul Meter Chalu


Shree Narayan Singh's Batti Gul Meter Chalu is a social drama that depicts the contradiction between long hours of power cuts and the ironically high electricity bills that dig a hole in the common man's pocket. It narrates the story of a man's fight against power distribution companies. Shahid Kapoor ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news