Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Sunday, November 18, 2018 02:24:55 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Palanquin: Sign of Bangladesh’s past tradition

By
02nd-Feb-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Md Altaf Hussain :
Palanquin is one kind of transports which of the rich and the aristocratic people used to travel from one place to another is the old days. The Postal Department introduced it early nineteenth century for transporting people. This kind
of transport was called 'Stage Palanquin', which lasted till the end of the
said century. Distant travellers bought tickets from the Post office.
But with the arrival of trains and steamers in the mid-nineteenth
century, the use of ‘Stage Palanquin’ began to fall.
The gradual development of the road communication and buffalo and
cow-carts nearly put an end to the use of Palanquin as transport. In the 1930th, the introduction of the rickshaw in the towns abolished the use of the
Palanquin. Gradual expansion of road communication and popularity
of motors launches and rickshaws finally drove away Palanquin.
The word ‘Palanquin’ springs from the Sangskrit words Palyanka or Porijayanka. In Pali literature, the name of this kind of transport is Palanko.
In Hindi and Bengali literature, it is known as Palki. In many places,
it is known as Duli or Shibika.
The Portugyese gave its name Palanquin, Renowed traveller Ibn Batuta
and English traveller John Magnolly of the 14th century travelled
by Palki. During the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar and the latter days,
the military commanders travelled by it.
The aristocrats preferred Palki prior to the introduction of modern
transports. In the remote areas of Bengal, the Palki was
the main transport for a long period in the marriage ceremony and other
programmes. It was used to transport ailing people too to the hospitals.
During the mid 19th century, the English stopped to ride by it. However, the local aristocrats continued to travel till the closing stage of the said century. During the forties of the 19th century, with the abolition of the slavery, the Palanquin-bearers began to arrive in Bengal from Bihar, Orissya, Chhoto Nagpur and Central Province. Many a Santal people chose the profession of Palanquin-bearing. In the dry season, they came to this region and with the arrival
of the rainy season they left for homes. Towards the close of the rainy season they made makeshift houses to dwell in.
As Palki had no wheels, the bearers took it on their shoulders and advanced
forward, dancing and singing. Whoso shouldered it was called Palki Behara. Those from the Hadi, Ma’l, Dule, Bagdi ad Bawdi communities worked as
bearers. These people worked also as day labourers and fishermen. When they shouldered Palki, they rendered songs with attractive rhyme. Palki is of three categories-ordinary Palki, mirror Palki and a peacock-boat Palki. Ordinary Palki
is square, covered with wood on all sides having slopping roof.
It has two doors in the opposite direction of similar design.
Some of them have windows also. Paintings are done outside.
The mirror-Palki has mirror so that outside scenery can be seen from inside. Two chairs like seats and a table are placed their. The Peacock-boat like Palki is the largest in size. It is made in the shape of Peacock, accommodating two chairs, one table and a shelf. The hat is carved and outside is designed with wooden bird, dolls and creepers and herbs. The smallest one is called Dully, carried by two bearers. The large Palki is carried by four or eight bearers. There is hardly any use of Palki nowadays. Yet, in a limited way, it is found in the marriage ceremony and Pilgrimage centres. It had its use in the remote areas of Bengal for a long time
to carry the sick to the doctors, newly married couples and aristocrats.
The European merchants need Palki in the 17th and the 18th centuries to carry their trading consignment in the markets, ports. They became so accustomed to use it that an employee of the company irrespective of salary kept a Palki and it was sumptuous. So the employee adopted unfairmeans to match the Palki’s expenditures Consequently the Court of Directors imposed sanction on the use of Palki in the case of ordinary employees. Towards the closure of the 19th century, the aristocrats and the locally influential persons used Palki as means of
transports. Rabindranath's Palki is still preserved at his Shealdah residence.
In those days, the financially sound people accommodated Palki born by their servants.But sadly this traditional means of transport is on the way to disappear. Once it was the chief transport for the newly married spouses.
The Hunhuna Hunhuna sound was heard. The bearers stepped to keep pace
with musical measure and spread melodiously a rhythmic arrangement of music while carried the bride, who cast shy eyes through doors, watched by the people of the roadside residences. But that Hunhuna sound and rhythmic music are not heard nowadays. With the passage of time that traditional transport
has really vanished. Still someone out of hobby searched for Palki to bring
different taste in the programme. The necessity of Palki has begun to come back in the urban life as special ornament to marriage ceremony. Palki is a sign
of ancient cultural life, and past tradition.

(Md Altaf Hussain is Chairman, Green Club, Manikganj)

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Football »

Neymar penalty punishes Uruguay in feisty friendly


Neymar kept his cool to score the controversial penalty that fired Brazil to a 1-0 win over Uruguay in a full-blooded friendly on Friday.Brazil captain Neymar was subjected to some ferocious fouls from Uruguay as the clash between the South American rivals boiled over at Arsenal's Emirates Stadium.But the Paris ...

Cricket »

Shakib returns as BCB announces squad for 1st Test against WI


The Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB) on Saturday announced the squad for the first Test of two-match series against the West Indies (WI) with ace all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan returned to the squad.Another big-name inclusion in the squad is Soumya Sarkar, whose last Test appearance came on the tour of South ...

Editorial »

Pro-people police is the demand of time


THE Police Investigation Bureau (PIB) has unveiled the mystery behind a spine-chilling crime where a middle-aged woman passenger was killed inside a running bus at Ashulia in the outskirts of Dhaka city. It took hardly seven days for them to crack the case. Police have already arrested the murderers along ...

International »

US opposes UN resolution condemning Israel's occupation of Golan Heights


AFP, United Nations :For the first time, the United States voted Friday against an annual UN resolution condemning Israel's occupation of the Golan Heights, dropping its practice of abstaining in the vote.The non-binding resolution was adopted in a General Assembly committee by a vote of 151 to 2, with the ...

International »

US-China discord dominates APEC summit in Papua New Guinea


Reuters, Port Moresby :The United States and China swapped barbs over trade, investment and regional security at an Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) summit on Saturday, as growing fault lines among members suggested little prospect of consensus at the weekend meeting.Speaking in the Papua New Guinean capital, U.S. Vice President ...

Entertainment »

Aupee Karim returning to big screen


Entertainment Desk :Actress Aupee Karim is returning to the big screen after 15 years , with a film titled "Debris of Desire."Aupee made her debut in cinema with Mostofa Sarwar Farooki's 'Bachelor,' for which the actor won the Bangladesh National Film Award for Best Actress in 2004. The film is ...

City »

BFUJ Secretary General Saban Mahmud receiving posthumous 'Ratnagarva Ma Gold Medal-2018' on behalf of his mother Momtaj Salam at a ceremony organised by Society for Enlightening Nation (SOFEN) in the auditorium of the Institution of Diploma Engineers, Bangladesh in the city on Friday.


Editorial »

Only condemnation not enough, ensure safe return of Rohingyas to Myanmar


US Vice-President Mike Pence expressed the Trump administration's strongest condemnation about Myanmar's treatment towards Rohingya Muslims. He told Aung San Suu Kyi that "persecution" by Myanmar's military was "without excuse" in a meeting with her on November14. Mr Pence also pressed Suu Kyi to pardon two Reuters journalists who were ...

City »

Former Parliament Member of Moulvibazar-2 constituency MM Shaheen joined Juktofront by giving bouquets to Juktofront Chief Prof Dr AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury at the party office in the city's Baridhara on Friday.


.

Football »

Croatia stun Spain as Jedvaj strikes twice to keep hopes alive


AFP, Zagreb :Spain passed up the chance to seal progress to the Nations League finals as they were beaten 3-2 by Croatia on Thursday, undone by a 93rd-minute winner from Tin Jedvaj.Jedvaj's late strike leaves Group 4 wide open ahead of its final fixture between England and Croatia on Sunday. ...

Entertainment »

Deepika-Ranveer wedding: First pics of the gorgeous couple spell magic


Deepika Padukone and Ranveer Singh got married at the picturesque locale of Lake Como in Italy. The much-in-love duo got married in a traditional Konkani wedding ceremony on November 14 and today solemnised their wedding as per Sindhi tradition. After managing to keep their wedding pictures well-guarded, the couple has ...

International »

May fights for survival after Brexit deal sparks crisis


Reuters, London : British Prime Minister Theresa May was fighting for survival on Friday after a draft divorce deal with the European Union provoked the resignations of senior ministers and mutiny in her party.More than two years after the United Kingdom voted to leave the EU, it is still unclear how, ...

Editorial »

Mass awareness needed if NBR wants more people under tax net


THE countrywide 'Income Tax Fair -2018' has already drawn a huge crowd. The authorities hope more people would be brought under tax net this year too. Finance Minister AMA Muhith while inaugurating the fair said out of country's 16 crore population, the number of taxpayers is around one crore. There ...

International »

US could lose war against Russia or China, warns panel


AP, Washington :The United States military has "lost its edge" and could potentially lose a war against Russia or China, a report by a bipartisan panel established by Congress says.The report by the National Defense Strategy Commission on November 14 said U.S. military superiority has "eroded to a dangerous degree" ...

Football »

Switzerland`s Kevin Mbabu (left) is challenged by Qatar's Abdelkarim Hassan during an international friendly soccer match between Switzerland and Qatar at the Cornaredo stadium in Lugano, Switzerland on Wednesday.


.

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news