Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Wednesday, December 19, 2018 08:42:47 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Language Movement

By
21st-Feb-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Tahur Ahmed :
Language movement is a historical part of Bangladesh. In 1947 India and Pakistan gained independence from Great Britain. Pakistan decided Urdu will be their State Language. One thing is mentionable here that  Pakistan had two parts, One East Pakistan (present Bangladesh) and other West Pakistan (Present Pakistan). Majority people of East Pakistan were Bengali speaking. Mother tongue is a divine gift. But it was an irony of fate that the rulers of Pakistan tried to impose Urdu as State Language instead of Bangla.
The first movement on this issue was integrated by Tamaddun Mujlish headed by Professor Abul Kashem. On 6th December 1947 the students gathered and held a meeting at Dhaka University Campus demanding Bangla to be  made one of the State Languages of Pakistan. At the end of December 1947 the first Rastrobhasa Songram Porishod (Language Action Committee) was formed with Professor Nurul Huq Bhuiyan of Tamaddun Majlish as the Convener.
On 13rd February 1948 at Karachi , it was proposed that the assembly members would have to speak either Urdu or English at the Assembly. "Dhirendranath Datta, a member from the East Pakistan Congress Party, moved an amendment motion to include Bangla as one of the languages of the Constituent Assembly. He noted that out of the 6 crore 90 lakh population of Pakistan, 4 crore 40 lakh were from East Pakistan with Bangla as their mother tongue. The central leaders, including Liaquat Ali Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan, and Khwaja Nazimuddin, Chief Minister of East Bengal, opposed the motion." On hearing the news that the motion had been rejected, politicians, students, intellectuals and general people of East Pakistan became excited.  A general strike was observed on 11 March 1948 at all the towns of East Pakistan and protest against this issue. Leaders such as Kazi Golam Mahboob, Shawlat Ali, Oli Ahad, Shamsul Huq, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Abdul Wahed, Abdul Matin, Abdul Malek Ukil were arrested for picketing and slogans. Strikes were observed from March 12 to 15.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the Governor General of Pakistan came to visit on 19 March 1948 and addressed two meetings in Dhaka. In both meetings he ignored the popular demand for Bangla and he declared on 21 March 1948 that Urdu will be the only official language for both East and West Pakistan. Language Movement was spreading throughout East Pakistan. People of East Pakistan had lost their faith in the Muslim League and then a new party was formed named Awami Muslim League which would later become the Awami League under the leadership of Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani in 1949. On 11 March 1950, Dhaka University Language Action Committee was formed with Abdul Matin as its Convener. The level of exploitation in East Pakistan were increasing day by day.
Daily Ittefaq 1952, headline: "Bangla ke Rashtrovasa korite jonogon shesh roktobindu dibe" (People will give their last drop blood to establish Bengali as State Language.
Khwaja Najimuddin, Chief Minister of East Bengal came to Dhaka on 27 January 1952, addressed a meeting in Dhaka and repeated the same thing that Urdu would be the State Language of Pakistan. Instantly there was a negative reaction to this speech and students responded with slogan 'Rashtrobhasha Bangla Chai' (We want Bangla as the State Language). After that on 30 January 1952 a strike was observed at Dhaka University.
On 31st  January 1952 representatives of different cultural and political organizations held a meeting chaired by Moulana Bhasani and formed an All-Party Central Language Action Committee with Kazi Golam Mahboob as its Convener. The Committee decided to call a Hartal (Strike) on 21 February 1952 and organised a procession and demonstration. The government of Pakistan imposed Section 144 in the Dhaka City banning all demonstrations and assemblies. On 20 February a meeting of the Central Language Action Committee was held and decided to violate Section 144 by arranging a meeting at 11.00 am on 21 February on Dhaka University Campus. Vice-Chancellor of Dhaka University, teachers, thousands of students from school and college of Dhaka city assembled on University campus. Armed police waited outside the gate. The students gathered in groups, shouting slogans and attempted to break the police line and throwing brickbats at the police. Suddenly the police fired tear gas shells on the students. The police were unable to control the situation, they fired upon the students as well as the crowd. Abdul Jabbar, Abul Barkat (an M.A student of Political Science),
Conted from page 15
Abdus Salam, Rafiq Uddin and some other people were killed. A nine year old boy named Ohiullah was also killed. Many were injured and arrested. At the spot where students had been killed, a memorial was created on 23 February 1952. In 1963, the temporary was replaced by a concrete memorial, the Shaheed Minar (Martyrs' Memorial). On 16 February 1956 the movement achieved its goal by forcing the Pakistan Constituent Assembly to adopt both Bangla and Urdu as the State Languages of Pakistan.
Since 1952, 21 February has been observed every year and this Language Movement has a vital cultural and political impact on the people. After the liberation of Bangladesh on 16 December 1971 this Language Movement was being observed as Language Movement Day or Shaheed Dibosh or Martyrs' Day. It has inspired Bengali people to celebrate Bengali language, literature and culture. A month long book fair named 'Omor Ekushe Grontho Mela' is held every year to commemorate the movement. 'Ekushe Podok' is one of the pioneer civil awards in Bangladesh. It is awarded annually in memory of the sacrifices of the movement.
Shaheed Minar, National Monument at Dhaka University, was established to commemorate those killed during the Bengali Language Movement on 21 February 1952.
On November 17, 1999, UNESCO declared  21 February as International Mother language Day for our unique sacrifice for mother language. There is no nation in the world who fought and sacrificed their lives for their mother tongue. It is an honour given by the international community to the Language Movement of Bangladesh.
(Source : The Daily Azad. Calcutta: 08 November 1947, The Daily Azad, Calcutta: 30 November 1947, The Daily Azad, Calcutta: 02 March 1948, The Daily Ittefaq, Dhaka: 22 March 1948, The Daily Ittefaq, Dhaka: 22 February 1952.
-www.banglapedia.org

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Entertainment »

I always try to push negativity aside: Sunny Leone


Adult film star-turned-Bollywood actor Sunny Leone, who is often a target of sexist and disparaging remarks by people, says she is disturbed when "nonsense" gets highlighted."I always try to push negativity aside, but there are some things which I can't because I am also a human and I have feelings."I ...

Cricket »

Australia wins 2nd Test vs India by 146 runs, series 1-1


AP, Australia :Australia trounced India by 146 runs in the second Test to level the four-Test series 1-1 on the final day on Tuesday.Needing 287 runs to win, India resumed the day on 112-5 and was all out in a hurry for 140 in the second innings, and Australia was ...

Sports »

WTA changes rules affecting players returning from pregnancy


AP, St. Petersburg :The women's tennis tour approved rule changes Monday that are meant to ensure players are not penalized after they return from pregnancy or an injury that causes a long absence.The changes were prompted, in part, by the experiences of former No. 1 players Serena Williams and Victoria ...

Editorial »

The administration must prove its ability to hold free and fair polls


NEW United States ambassador in Dhaka Robert Earl Miller said that his country expected the upcoming December 30 elections in Bangladesh to be free, fair and credible as he paid a courtesy call on Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. The US Ambassador informed the PM that his country would send 32 ...

Business & Economy »

Parveen Haque Sikder, EC Chairperson of National Bank Limited, inaugurating its 201st branch at Hili Land Port on Tuesday. Ali Haider Mortuza, Vice-President, other officials of the Bank, local businessmen and elites were also present.


International »

Former FBI chief lashes out at Trump, Republicans for telling `lies`


CNN, Washington :Washington (CNN)Former FBI Director James Comey slammed Republicans on Monday for not speaking out against President Donald Trump's attacks on the FBI and strongly defended the agency's conduct, following his second round of questioning at a closed-door congressional interview."Somebody has to stand up and speak for the FBI," ...

Chittagong »

A discussion meeting was held at Chattogram University of Engineering and Technology (CUET) marking the Victory Day on Sunday. Prof Dr Md Rafiqual Alam, VC of the University was present as Chief Guest.


City »

Vice-Chancellor of Dhaka University Prof Dr Akhtaruzzaman poses for photo session with the recipients of Provost Awards of Bijoy Ekattor Hall of DU in its auditorium on Tuesday.


Entertainment »

Ankhi Alamgir enthrals Kolkata audience


Entertainment Report :   In the beginning of current year popular singer Ankhi Alamgir performed in Utsab at Jodhpur Park in Kolkata. In the meantime, she also went to Kolkata for several times. On December 14, she got the opportunity to perform as a leading singer of Bangladesh at outdoor pool ...

Business & Economy »

Choudhury Atiur Rasul, Chief Financial Officer of Agricultural Marketing Company Limited (AMCL), a sister concern of PRAN Group, receiving the 'ICMAB Best Corporate Award-2017' in the Miscellaneous Manufacturing Category from Finance Minister Abul Maal Abdul Muhith, at a programme held at a hotel in the city on Saturday. Dr. M Khairul Hossain, Chairman of Bangladesh Securities and Exchange Commission and Suvod Kumar Karn, President of South Asian Federation of Accountants were also present.


.

Cricket »

Shakib Al Hasan plays a shot during the first Twenty20 International match between Bangladesh and West Indies at Sylhet International Cricket Stadium on Monday. Shakib scored 61 runs.


Cricket »

Fizz moves to top five in ODI rankings


Mustafizur Rahman has made a big leap to enter into the top five ranks of ICC ODI bowling rankings. Other Bangladeshi players have also made progress in the rankings after the end of Bangladesh-Windies ODIs.The Fizz moved five places to no.5 in the rankings. He has career-best 695 points against ...

Editorial »

Dhaka must involve ASEAN nations for early Rohingya repatriation


MALAYSIAN Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on Sunday asked the ASEAN nations to take tough measures for creating pressure on Myanmar and its de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi to end atrocities against the Rohingya Muslims. More than 720,000 Rohingyas have fled Myanmar's strife-torn Rakhine State to Bangladesh since August ...

International »

Indian troops enforce lockdown to foil Kashmir public march


AP, Srinagar :Soldiers and police fanned out across Indian-controlled Kashmir on Monday to enforce a security lockdown for a second straight day to stop anti-India protests and foil a call by separatists for a march toward India's main military garrison in the disputed region.Government forces patrolled streets in the region's ...

Cricket »

Sri Lanka 275-9 at stumps on day 1, 1st Test vs New Zealand


AP, New Zealand :Tim Southee took 5-67 as New Zealand exploited an influential toss to contain Sri Lanka to 275-9 Saturday on the first day of the first cricket Test at the Basin Reserve.A late unbeaten half century by wicketkeeper Niroshan Dickwella helped swing the day a little in Sri ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news