Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Saturday, June 23, 2018 06:10:00 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Language Movement and our literature

Abdul Gaffar Chowdhury was a poet, lyricist who was remarkable for the most iconic song of the 1952, 'Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano Ekushey February'. First, these lines were written as a poem on Bengali Language Movement. Later it has been figured as a song and holds a great dignity from the people of Bangladesh. Thus as twenty first February approaches, the voices of people resound heartily in one voice with the memory of those heroes- "Amar Bhaiyer Rokte Rangano Ekushey February/ Ami ki Bhulite Pari? Chhele Hara Shoto Mayer Oshru Gora E February/ Ami Ki Bhulite Pari? /Amar Sonar Desher Rokte Rangano February/ Ami Ki Bhulite Pari?" (Abdul Gaffar Chowdhury, 1952)

Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Mahmuda Begum Sinthia :
In the history of Bangladesh, Language Movement is a linguistic, cultural and nationalist movement. It is a movement of mass uprising. It is a symbol of resistance and pride. Killing of protestors was a weapon of the rulers to suppress the right of Bengali language that fuels from 1947. The protest quickly turned into a full-fledged movement by 1952 with the outlook of common linguistic spirit, which inspired people from all walks of life to save the mother tongue.
Language Movement is not just a matter of regional pride, cultural identity and democratic principles but also a reflection of national existence of this region with linguistic freedom of the people of the then East Pakistan.
There was a constant conspiracy centering the State Language of Pakistan. The rulers were not prepared to accede to Bengali as a State Language. Consequently, the movement began for bringing the status of the State Language with a grand reaction. The Language Movement came out as a particle of extreme rage and later it formed strong protestations. People responded with the slogan: 'We demand Bengali as a State Language!' (Rashtro bhasha Bangla chai!).
The valiant Bengali people sacrificed their lives in the Language Movement of 1952 out of love for mother tongue. On the eve of martyrdom, they uttered the slogan of victory of the language, 'Bengali must be the State Language'. After that we have owned our Bengali as a State Language that can express our hopes and aspirations, happiness and grief,
laughter and tears. The language martyrs are our forerunners and the bloodstained days of' 52 are our inspirations to go against all form of subjections.
After the Language Movement which is a step towards Independence along with our final glorious victory of 1971 against all suppression and oppression, our literature has got uprising components.
Our literature echoed our sorrows and expectations for freedom of our voice and total entity. It expressed our protest against discrimination of the people of the then East Pakistan from the central government of Pakistan. There were great contributions of Bengali literary compositions to fight against the tyrants who had power and evil design.
The poets composed poems on Ekushey and the musicians gave the melody. Words and music were weaved in unison. The advent of those songs also reverberate the stream of consciousness in Bengali soul.
Mahbub UI Alam Chowdhury was a renowned poet for writing the first poem 'Kandte asini fasir dabi niye esechi' on Bengali Language Movement in 1952. He was also the convener of the All Party Rastro Bhasha Songram Porishad and the editor of a paper, 'Simanto' in Chittagong. He is appreciated as the Ekusher Prothom Kobi.
"Ekhane jara pran diyeche/ romnar urdhomukhi krishnochurar tolay/ jekhane aguner fulkir moto/ ekhane okhane jolche osonkhyo rokter chhap".
"Jara amar matribhashake nirbason dite cheyechhe/ Tader jonyo ami fasi dabi korchi".
(Mahbub Ul A lam Chowdhury, 21st February, 1952)
The first song of Ekushey was composed spontaneously by Language activist Gaziul Haque on February 24, 1952, which people sang in that time raising the demand for State Language -
"Bhulbo na, bhulbo na ei Ekushey February bhulbo na/ lathi guli ar tear gas, military ar military, bhulbo na/ Rashtro bhasha BangIa chai' e dabite dhormoghot/ Barkat, Salamer khune lal Dhakar rajpoth bhulbo na."
And the translation in English is -
"We will not, we will not forget Ekushey February/ The sticks, shots and military we are not frightened of/ The movement is about Bengali as a state language/ The streets of Dhaka is red with blood of Barkat and Salam/ We will not forget it."
Poet Hasan Hafizur Rahman was a literary figure who answered to all barbaric oppressors through his strong poetic creations with the highest honor for the language  martyrs. He is the first one who created the strong foundation in literature by his 'Ekhushey Sonkolon' (1953).
"Blood writes a thousand unspoken words/ The fires that bums in the heart."
No voice but blood/ Man's holy blood/ Pours out words in thunderous silence"
(Kabir Chowdhury; A face in the procession)
Poet Sikandar Abu Jafar wrote strongly with the spirit of Ekushey. His role is immense as a poet as well as an accomplished devotee of aesthetic excellence. His view with extreme rage and hatred towards the barbarous oppressors :
"All the people get united in a second/ They anointed their sinews, ribs and muscles/ With a new-born pledge/ The history of the land pulsates on the horizon of time/ February 21 is a fearless journey on the road of consciousness/ February 21 is a united being of million men."
(Translated by K Ashraf Hossain)
Abdul Gaffar Chowdhury was a poet, lyricist who was remarkable for the most iconic song of the 1952, 'Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano Ekushey February'. First, these lines were written as a poem on Bengali Language Movement. Later it has been figured as a song and holds a great dignity from the people of Bangladesh. Thus as twenty first February approaches, the voices of people resound heartily in one voice with the memory of those heroes- "Amar Bhaiyer Rokte Rangano Ekushey February/ Ami ki Bhulite Pari? Chhele Hara Shoto Mayer Oshru Gora E February/ Ami Ki Bhulite Pari? /Amar Sonar Desher Rokte Rangano February/ Ami Ki Bhulite Pari?" (Abdul Gaffar Chowdhury, 1952)
This song has been composed in twelve languages including English, Hindi, Malay, Nepalese, Chinese, Russian, French, Spanish, German, Italian languages. Eminent writer and translator, Professor Kabir Chowdhury translated it into English :  
"My brothers blood Spattered 21 February/ Can I forget the twenty-first of February/ Incarnadined by the love of my brother/ The twenty-first of February, build by the tears/ Of a hundred mothers robbed of their sons/ Can I ever forget it?"
(Kabir Chowdhury)
Musician, lyricist Abdul Latif's famous song 'Dam diye kinechi Bangla, karo dane poana noy' is a representation of patriotic as well as linguistic devotion. This song is also an appropriate reaction against all tyrants.
"Dam diye kinechi Bangla, Karo dane poana noy/ Dam dichi pran lokkho koti, Jana ache jogotmoy/ Dam diye kinechi Bangla, Karo dane poana noy".
In 1952, Abdul Latifs song 'Ora amar mukher kotha kaira nitey chay', was composed by Romesh Sheel. The lyric provides true feelings, insecurity and inner turmoil for mother tongue. It is also contained with Bengali folk basis.
"They want to snatch away the words of my mouth.  They chain my hands and feet for sheer fun/ What my grandfather spoke that too my father spoke/ And now tell me, brother mine , can any other tongue adorn these lips?"
(Translated by Mohammad Mijarul Quayes)
Poet Shamsur Rahman used his fiercest voice against Pakistani barbarism in his writing. He is often called Ekusher Kobi,(a poet of Ekushey). He made Bengali nation of the then East Pakistan aware of their own language, culture and national identity. Against the backdrop of Language Movement, the poet wrote 'Bornomala amar dukhinee bornomala' (Alphabets, my sad Alphabets). The poem pathetically says - 'If you are plucked out, tell me, what remains of me'. "Nokkhotropunjer moto joljole potaka uriye acho amar sottay. Momota namer puto prodesher shyamolima/ Tomake nibir gheri roy sorbodai" and "Ekhon tomake ghire itor belellapona cholche bedom/  Ekhon tomake niye khenrar nongrami/ Ekhon tomake ghire khisti-kheurer poushmas/ Tomar mukher dike aj ar jay na takano/ Bornomala amar dukhini Bornomala."
February 1969 of Shamsur Rahman is a depiction of historical mass movement of the people of the then East Pakistan. In this poem the poet commemorates Salam, Barkat and others who participated in the movement. The speaker of the poem says,
"The flaming krishnochura of Ekush is nothing but the conscience of us today".
Eminent poet Al Mahmud also wrote poems on turmoil of his motherland. One of his poem 'Ekusher Kobita' indicates a sharp protest on Ekushey oppressors.
"February Ekush tarikh/Dupur belar okto/ Brishti name, brishti kothay?/ Barkater rokto.
    Contd on page 9

Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Trump disregards the American core human right values : He is against America`s greatness

The United States withdrew from the United Nations Human Rights Council on Tuesday, condemning the "hypocrisy" of its members and its alleged "unrelenting bias" against Israel vividly face-off US stance in favour of rights violation. National and international news outlets reported that the US ambassador to the UN, Nikki Haley, ...

Entertainment »

Kriti Sanon shares glimpses from her IIFA performance

Actress Kriti Sanon took to social media to share glimpses from her upcoming electrifying performance at the IIFA awards. Kriti Sanon who landed in Bangkok on Thursday morning for IIFA wasted no time as she took to rehearsals for her much-awaited performance. Sharing insights into her performances, Kriti Sanon posted ...

Entertainment »

A fan paints a wall with Nidhhi Agerwal’s graffiti art

An ardent fan of Nidhhi Agerwal took to Twitter to share a Graffiti art of the actress painted on a wall. The fan artist painted a wall with the actress’ image giving showcasing his love for Nidhhi. The artist spent a huge amount of time getting every detail right to ...

Business & Economy »

Amir Uddin, Board Chairman of Al-Arafah Islami Bank Limited, presiding over its 117th meeting at the banks head office in the city on Thursday. Md. Abdus Salam, Abdul Malek Mollah, Khalid Rahim, members of the committee and Habibur Rahman, Managing Director of the bank were also present.

International »

North, South Korea discuss reunion for families separated by war

Reuters, Seoul :Delegations from North and South Korea met on Friday for talks to arrange the first reunions in about three years for families separated by the Korean War, with the Red Cross paving the way.The effort is among the steps promised by North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and ...

International »

Melania visits border, Congress flails on family separations

AFP, Mcallen :Melania Trump made a surprise trip to the US-Mexican border on Thursday as her husband's administration seeks to quell a firestorm over migrant family separations, while Republican lawmakers were forced to delay a high-stakes vote on the crisis.While President Donald Trump's administration struggled to formulate next steps, the ...

Football »

Croatia`s fans celebrate after the match on Thursday.

Football »

Lukaku tells how poverty fired World Cup dream

AFP, Moscow :Belgium striker Romelu Lukaku realised how poor his family was when he saw his mother watering down the milk. The football talent he is showcasing at the World Cup was their passport out of poverty.The Manchester United man has opened up about growing up in Antwerp and his ...

City »

Different kind of fruits have been arranged at the National Fruits Fair in the city's Khamarbari on Friday. The Ministry of Agriculture organizes the fair.

City »

Shikshak-Karmachari Federation of Non-MPO Institutions staged a sit-in in front of the Jatiya Press Club for the 13th consecutive day on Friday with a call to enlist recognised non-MPO institutions under MPO.

Editorial »

Addressing the causes of people`s displacement is the real option for tackling the refugee crisis

LIKE many other countries, World Refugee Day was observed in the country on Wednesday at a time when the world's third largest refugee group Rohingya is living in the overcrowded camps in Cox's Bazar. The UNHCR reported that 68.5 million people are living in different refugee camps across the world. ...

Football »

Denmark`s Christian Eriksen is congratulated by his teammate Yussuf Yurary Poulsen after scoring the opening goal during the group C match between Denmark and Australia at the World Cup match in Samara, Russia on Thursday. Denmark, Australia match ended 1-1 draw.

Football »

Spain's Diego Costa (right) celebrates with his teammate Isco after scoring his side's opening goal during the group B match between Iran and Spain at the 2018 soccer World Cup at the Kazan Arena in Kazan, Russia, on Wednesday.

Entertainment »

Neetu to ring in her birthday with Rishi Kapoor in Paris

Neetu Kapoor will soon be turning 60 on July 8 and if the latest reports are to be believed, the actress already has special plans. Neetu Kapoor will soon be flying to Paris to ring in her birthday with husband Rishi Kapoor, son Ranbir Kapoor, daughter Riddhima Kapoor Sahni and ...

Entertainment »

Salman to kick-start the shooting schedule of Bharat on July 17

Priyanka Chopra and Salman Khan are ready to be seen together on the big screen after a decade in Bharat. The film also stars Disha Patani and is an adaptation of South Korean film, Ode to My Father. Directed by Ali Abbas Zafar, this project has been in the limelight ...

Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Write a comment to this news