Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Saturday, December 15, 2018 11:19:41 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Rural women are essential to the struggle against hunger

By
09th-Mar-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Orlando Milesi :
Adelaida Marca, an Aymaran indigenous woman who produces premium oregano in Socoroma, in the foothills of the Andes in the far north of Chile, embodies the recovery of heirloom seeds, and is a representative of a workforce that supports thousands of people and of a future marked by greater gender equality.
"They asked me for oregano that was completely clean, without sticks and very green. I achieved that quality at the altitude where we live, at 3,000 metres above sea level," the 54-year-old family farmer told IPS.
Proudly, she emphasises that her oregano "is an ancestral legacy: the seeds I inherited from several generations of ancestors."
"If I live off the earth, I can survive. But how do I educate my children and grandchildren? The earth bears fruit, but it does not generate money. If I sell what I get from the land raw, it has no value, but if I cook it, it has added value."-Juana Calhuaque
"We grow our crops on terraces. Last year I had one hectare planted, but since oregano is fragile at low temperatures, I lost a third of my crop. The Bolivian winter (rainy season) helps alleviate the water shortages," she said.
Marca named her oregano Productos Socoroma Marka, and presented it successfully at the Rural World Expo, held in Santiago last October, running out of stock in just two days.
For this year's International Women's Day, on March 8, UN Women decided to focus on the theme "Time is Now: Rural and urban activists transforming women's lives".
UN Women stated that "Rural women and their organisations represent an enormous potential, and they are on the move to claim their rights and improve their livelihoods and wellbeing. They are using innovative agricultural methods, setting up successful businesses and acquiring new skills, pursuing their legal entitlements and running for office."
Rural women make up more than a quarter of the world's population and 43 percent of the world's agricultural labour force, according to UN Women.
In Latin America and the Caribbean, according to 2010 data from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), women's make up between 12 and 25 percent of the economically active population in agriculture, depending on the different areas.
The urgent need to empower rural women
Julio Berdegué, FAO representative for Latin America and the Caribbean, told IPS that "rural and indigenous communities have a crucial role to play in food security, first of all for their own peoples. The persistence of hunger is very high in indigenous populations. In many countries it doubles, triples or quadruples the national averages."
Anamuri, a model for rural producers
"Our first demand is healthy and clean production and the right of each person to consume healthy food," said Alicia Muñoz, of the National Association of Rural and Indigenous Women (Anamuri), one of the leading Latin American organisations that defends women farmers.
"If you dig into the peasant and indigenous communities, you see the historical wisdom of highly aware women very knowledgeable about healthy foods for humanity," the well-known activist told IPS.
"The role of Anamuri aims at the incorporation of women in society and in organisations and how the production of these women is channeled today, so that society as a whole learns to distinguish what healthy food means compared to a diet with artificial and genetically modified food," Muñoz explained.
The other important demand that mobilises Anamuri, she said, "is decent work for people, which means well-paid and in healthy conditions, and not surrounded by pesticides and chemicals where people get sick."
And at the global level, the organisation aims at "local markets for the community... for people to not have to go out to a supermarket, and for the peasants themselves to have their local markets and supply consumers in the communities."
"If in each locality there are gardens and grocery stores, but produced by women, peasants and small farmers, this will change. To this end we are coordinating with other rural organisations to get people to understand that peasant and family agriculture will save the planet," she said.
"if indigenous communities are not central actors, there is no way to solve hunger in those places," he added at the regional headquarters in Santiago.
"In these communities we have an important issue of gender inequality, and inequality in access to land, access to political power within local communities, and access to participation, and that is a sensitive issue because of the norms and customs of native peoples," he said.
"The empowerment of indigenous women is part of the agenda in the fight against rural poverty, poverty and hunger in indigenous communities," he said.
For Juana Calhuaque, from Curarrehue, in the southern Chilean Araucanía region, "the land is good, it provides everything. But the problem is you have to sell it in order to have an income."
"If I live off the earth, I can survive. But how do I educate my children and grandchildren? The earth bears fruit, but it does not generate money. If I sell what I get from the land raw, it has no value, but if I cook it, it has added value," Calhuaque, who belongs to Chile's largest indigenous group, the Mapuche, told IPS.
She opened a small shop where she prepares meals using mushrooms, including the widely-sought after digueñes (Cyttaria espinosae), pine nuts and other products native to her land, which she harvests or grows herself.
"I prepare the dishes myself. I just need more people to come and that's why I want to be interviewed on TV," she said.
Marca, for her part, used the profits from her oregano venture, backed by the governmental Agricultural Development Institute (Indap), to get involved in rural tourism in Socoroma, in the region of Arica, on the northern tip of this narrow, long South American country with a population of 17.6 million.
Oregano "allowed me to improve my living conditions and fulfill my dream of showing the territory through tourism. In Socoroma I am restoring my grandfather's house, which must be more than 150 years old, to put it at the service of the city."
One problem that Marca faces is "the labour shortage, because work in agriculture is very hard." Another is "transportation, because it's hard to deliver the orders and I cannot send them by plane."
Oregano "is one of the few plants that produces twice a year, which allows us to rotate crops," she explained. The next harvest is in March and April.
The market plays in her favour because "the oregano is reaching its real value because it is a natural product, not genetically modified and without chemicals."
"I grow it the traditional way, in bulk and harvesting by hand" she said.
"The difference between daytime and nighttime temperatures is really big here. This contrast enhances the flavour and aroma of our product. And the natural fertiliser I use makes this product stand out from others. My oregano is very aromatic," she said.
For UN Women, cases such as those of Calhuaque and Marca "guarantee the food security of their communities and generate resilience to climate change."
The agency warns, however, that "in practically all development measures, rural women are lagging behind rural men or urban women, as a consequence of deep-rooted gender inequalities and discrimination."
"Less than 20 percent of the people in the world who own land are women, and although the global wage difference between women and men stands at 23 percent, in rural areas it can reach up to 40 percent," it stated, to illustrate.
(This article is part of a series of stories and op-eds launched by IPS on the occasion of this year's International Women's Day on March 8).

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Entertainment »

Mim`s new movie Thai Curry


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :End of this year is becoming something new for the National Film Award winner actress Bidya Sinha Saha Mim. At the end of this year, she has started shooting of a new movie. Now she is staying in Bangkok to take part in shooting of the movie. ...

Business & Economy »

In presence of Mohammed Monirul Moula, AMD of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited, Abu Reza Md. Yeahia, DMD of the Bank and Dr. M. Easin Ali, Chairman of Dhaka City Physiotherapy Hospital, exchanging an agreement signing document at the Banks head office in the city on Wednesday. Under the deal, VISA and Khidmah Card holders of the Bank will get attractive discount in treatment services of the Hospital. Top officials from both the organizations were also present.


.

Cricket »

Malinga named captain for ODI, T20I series against New Zealand


Sri Lanka pacer Lasith Malinga, who until recently was out of favour with the selectors, has been appointed as the captain for the upcoming ODI and T20I series against New Zealand. He replaces Dinesh Chandimal, who led the side in the recently concluded ODI series and Thisara Perera, who captained ...

International »

US Senate votes to end support for Saudi-led Yemen war, blasts crown prince


The US Senate dealt President Donald Trump a double blow over Saudi Arabia on Thursday, approving a resolution to end US military support for Riyadh's war in Yemen, and another holding the Saudi crown prince responsible for the murder of Jamal Khashoggi.Though largely symbolic, the two bipartisan measures deliver a ...

International »

Islamic State not defeated, just transforming: Experts


Even as the last pockets of resistance in eastern Syria hold their ground, the Islamic State group is shapeshifting into a new, but no less dangerous, underground form, experts warn.Also known as ISIS, or the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, the group had long been ready to cede the ...

Editorial »

Time to avail the golden opportunity to explore Japan`s rich market


BANGLADESH wants to explore the potentials of sending skilled workers to Japan as the country is likely to open its job market for foreign workers. The matter is likely to be raised at Foreign Secretary-level talks scheduled to be held on December 17 in Tokyo.Foreign Secretary M Shahidul Haque and ...

Editorial »

Involve the youths in decision making process


A RECENT survey rightly indicated that unified and quality education system for all is imperative to turn today's youth into skilled manpower for future Bangladesh. Ahead of the 11th National Election, the survey findings clearly echoed the youth voice who emphasised meritorious teacher recruitment at primary school to tertiary level ...

International »

Pompeo says journalist Khashoggi`s death still being probed


Reuters, Washington  :U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Wednesday said investigations into the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi were still ongoing but that the United States would hold those found responsible accountable for his death.Pompeo's comments to Fox News echoed U.S. President Donald Trump's stance on the killing ...

Sports »

Memphis Grizzlies guard Mike Conley (11) drives against Portland Trail Blazers guard Damian Lillard in the first half of an NBA basketball game in Memphis on Wednesday.


.

Entertainment »

Chanchal, Shahnaz Khushi pair up in new TV serial


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Viewers always enjoy the on screen chemistry between National Film Award winner actor Chanchal Chowdhury and popular TV actress Shahnaz Khushi. In their acted TV play or telefilm or faction play, there must have a message for the viewers. For this reason, viewers always show their keen ...

Editorial »

Outstanding performance of our farmers


FARMERS of Pirojpur district have successfully used marshlands to grow up paddy saplings which would help meet sapling shortage in the waterlogged areas during paddy cultivation. In the district, farmers devoid of sapling during the Boro season as most uplands, where Boro seedlings usually grew, have been used for cultivating ...

International »

France hunts gunman after three killed at Strasbourg Christmas market


AFP  :Hundreds of police hunted Wednesday for a gunman who shot dead three people and wounded 13, eight seriously, at a famed Christmas market in Strasbourg, on the French border with Germany.The attack took place Tuesday around 8 pm (1900 GMT) in the heart of the medieval city as the ...

City »

A faction of BFUJ and DUJ staged a demonstration in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Wednesday in protest against closure of 54 online news portal.


.

Cricket »

Mashrafe regrets not getting another 20-25 runs after loss


UNB, Dhaka :Bangladesh lost the second ODI of the three-match series on Tuesday at Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium to the Windies by four wickets. The hosts' captain Mashrafe Bin Mortaza regrets more 20-25 runs at the end of the match.Bangladesh posted 255 for seven wickets in the first innings after ...

Entertainment »

Priyanka Gope in discussion with her new song


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :It is mostly happened in case of many singers where despite having outstanding lyrics and mind blowing composition many songs do not hit among the music lovers. For this reason, many singers cannot create attention among the listeners. National Film Award winner singer Priyanka Gope has rendered ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news