Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Saturday, July 21, 2018 11:44:31 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Maxim Gorky : A world-figure in literature

By
23rd-Mar-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

He was now more than ever the undisputed leader of Soviet writers, and, when the Soviet Writers' Union was founded in 1934, he became its first president. At the same time, he helped to found the literary method of Socialist Realism, which was imposed on all Soviet writers and which obliged them-in effect-to become outright political propagandists.
Gorky remained active as a writer, but almost all his later fiction is concerned with the period before 1917. In Delo Artamonovykh (1925; The Artamonov Business), one of his best novels, he showed his continued interest in the rise and fall of prerevolutionary Russian capitalism. From 1925 until the end of his life, Gorky worked on the novel Zhizn Klima Samgina ('The Life of Klim Samgin'). Though he completed four volumes that appeared between 1927 and 1937 (translated into English as Bystander, The Magnet, Other Fires, and The Specter), the novel was to remain unfinished. It depicts in detail 40 years of Russian life as seen through the eyes of a man inwardly destroyed by the events of the decades preceding and following the turn of the 20th century. There were also more plays-Yegor Bulychov i drugiye (1932; 'Yegor Bulychov and Others') and Dostigayev i drugiye (1933; 'Dostigayev and Others')-but the most generally admired work is a set of reminiscences of Russian writers-Vospominaniya o Tolstom (1919; Reminiscences of Leo Nikolaevich Tolstoy) and O pisatelyakh (1928; 'About Writers'). The memoir of Tolstoy is so lively and free from the hagiographic approach traditional in Russian studies of their leading authors that it has sometimes been acclaimed as Gorky's masterpiece. Almost equally impressive is Gorky's study of Chekhov. He also wrote pamphlets on topical events and problems in which he glorified some of the most brutal aspects of Stalinism.
Some mystery attaches to Gorky's death, which occurred suddenly in 1936 while he was under medical treatment. Whether his death was natural or not is unknown, but it came to figure in the trial of Nikolay I. Bukharin and others in 1938, at which it was claimed that Gorky had been the victim of an anti-Soviet plot by the 'Bloc of Rightists and Trotskyites.' The former Police Chief Genrikh Yagoda, who was among the defendants, confessed to having ordered his death. Some Western authorities have suggested that Gorky was done to death on Stalin's orders, having finally become sickened by the excesses of Stalinist Russia, but there is little evidence of this except that it was characteristic of Stalin to frame others on the charge of accomplishing his own misdeeds.
After his death Gorky was canonized as the patron saint of Soviet letters. His reputation abroad has also remained high, but it is doubtful whether posterity will deal with him so kindly. His success was partly due, both in the Soviet Union and to a lesser extent abroad, to political accident. Though technically of lower-middle-class origin, he lived in such poverty as a child and young man that he is often considered the greatest 'proletarian' in Russian literature. This circumstance, coinciding with the rise of working-class movements all over the world, helped to give Gorky an immense literary reputation, which his works do not wholly merit.
Gorky's literary style, though gradually improving through the years, retained its original defects of excessive striving for effect, of working on the reader's nerves by the piling up of emotive adjectives, and of tending to overstate. Among Gorky's other defects, in addition to his weakness for philosophical digressions, is a certain coarseness of emotional grain. But his eye for physical detail, his talent for making his characters live, and his unrivaled knowledge of the Russian 'lower depths' are weighty items on the credit side. Gorky was the only Soviet writer whose work embraced the prerevolutionary and postrevolutionary period so exhaustively, and, though he by no means stands with Chekhov, Tolstoy, and others in the front rank of Russian writers, he remains one of the more important literary figures of his age. n                                         - www.britannica.com

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

World must be united to ensure trial of the genocide against Rohingya people


ROHINGYA refugees reaching Bangladesh said violence, including torture, persists against them in Myanmar and the overall environment remains "menacing" for ethnic and religious minorities. UN human rights investigators carried out the Rohingya's plight after a five-day visit to the refugee camp of Kutupalong in Cox's Bazar where they interviewed new ...

Football »

Mata salvages draw as Man Utd open North American tour


AFP, Los Angeles :Juan Mata grabbed the 78th minute equalizer as Manchester United opened their pre-season with a 1-1 draw against Club America on Thursday in Phoenix, Arizona.A header from Henry Martin in the 59th minute - past substitute goalkeeper Joel Pereira - had put Mexican outfit America in the ...

Entertainment »

Rituparna arrives Dhaka tomorrow for movie Jam


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :There was a family relationship between Kolkata’s popular film actress Rituparna Sengupta and Bangladeshi popular late hero Manna and his wife Shelly Manna. As a result, when Rituparna came to Bangladesh she always met Shelly Manna at her residence. Manna’s production house Kritanjali Chalachchitra is going to ...

International »

Parliament debates no-confidence motion against Modi`s govt


AP, New Delhi :Congress party leader Rahul Gandhi accused the government of failing to live up to its promises as the Indian Parliament on Friday debated a no-confidence motion moved by the opposition against Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government.Gandhi, the scion of the Nehru-Gandhi political dynasty, accused the government of ...

City »

Convenor of Nagorik Oikya Mahmudur Rahman Manna speaking at a press conference on


.

International »

Trump-Putin summit: Democrats call for interpreter to testify


BBC Online :US opposition politicians are calling for Donald Trump's interpreter to testify before Congress about his summit talks with Vladimir Putin.The lead Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Robert Menendez, called for Marina Gross to be subpoenaed to appear at the committee.Controversy has raged over the summit, with ...

Sports »

Minnesota United forward Christian Ramirez (21) is congratulated by teammate Alexi Gomez (32) after his goal during the first half of an MLS soccer match against the New England Revolution in Minneapolis on Wednesday.


Sports »

Ciara (left) and Seattle Seahawks' Russell Wilson present the award for best female athlete to snowboarder Chloe Kim at the ESPY Awards at Microsoft Theater on Wednesday in Los Angeles.


Editorial »

Wise men around the govt deliberately misinterpreting the judgement


THE government has been referring to a Supreme Court "order" on the reservation of 30 percent quota for the children of freedom fighters for the last few days, arguing that it cannot be changed. But the fact is that it was an observation of the court and the government has ...

City »

Teachers and students of the city`s Motijheel Ideal School and College showing victory (V) sign for brilliant results of the institution in the HSC examination on its campus on Thursday.


Entertainment »

Runa Laila receives Personality Award today


Entertainment Report :Internationally renowned singer Runa Laila is going to receive Personality Award today. She will receive the award at 6:00pm at Hotel Sonargaon. Since 1996 Shako Telefilm has been awarding different cultural personalities for their contributions. As a part of its continuation, Runa Laila will receive the award. Nazmul ...

City »

Bangladesh Sammilita Peshajibi Parishad formed a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Wednesday demanding unconditional release and proper treatment of Begum Khaleda Zia.


Editorial »

Public money and gold are not safe, it is a national disgrace


Bangladesh Bank on Tuesday refuted the allegation that one of the gold bars kept in its highly secured vault by the customs department was adulterated. Following a report published by a vernacular daily that quoted Customs Intelligence Investigation Department report, the central bank comes up with the observation that "the ...

Football »

French World Cup victors show triumph of diversity: Obama


AFP, Johannesburg :Former US president Barack Obama on Tuesday singled out the African heritage of many players in France's World Cup-winning football team in a speech paying tribute to Nelson Mandela.Speaking in Johannesburg to mark 100 years since Mandela's birth, Obama said that embracing diversity "delivers practical benefits since it ...

Football »

Maurizio Sarri, the new Chelsea soccer team manager, holds up a jersey during a press conference for his official presentation at Stamford Bridge stadium in London on Wednesday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news