Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Monday, January 21, 2019 08:44:55 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Role of Mujibnagar government in organizing liberation war

By
17th-Apr-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Dr. M. Abul  Kashem Mozumder and Dr. Md. Shairul Mashreque :
Every year we observed  formation of Mujibnagar government  in April 17. In fact, it was formally announced all with its organizational components on 17 April 1971.  Its role in liberation war has become a matter of utmost importance. We have so far written much about the formation of government in exile at Mujibnagar. We seldom think of who among officials took part in Liberation War as incumbents in the government in exile. At present, over four decades of independence, it seemed difficult to identify the persons who served in the war time cabinet as officials. The war cabinet was formed on 10 April 1971.  Oath taking ceremony took place on 17 April 1971 with the portfolios assigned among the Ministers on 18 April. Throughout the war with the Pakistan Army, the Mujibnagar government would serve as the nominal head of the pro-independence guerrilla militias, mainly the Mukti Bahini. Although the state gained independence only in December 1971, the Mujibnagar government is recognized in history as the first official government of Bangladesh.
The   Mujibnagar government is also called 'war cabinet'. The cabinet was well organized with frontline leaders and official staff. "The government-in-exile at Mujibnagar had an elaborate structure of administrative departments, agencies and activities. Even though elaborate agencies were established, the government's main work remained coordinating the guerrilla insurgency and to bolster popular support in East Pakistan by its political organizational work. Composition is given below:
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman: President of Bangladesh
Syed Nazrul Islam: Vice President; Acting President
Tajuddin Ahmed: Prime Minister
Khondaker Mostaq Ahmed: Foreign Affairs and Law Minister
Muhammad Mansur Ali: Finance Minister
A. H. M. Qamaruzzaman: Home, Relief and Rehabilitation Minister
Muhammad Ataul Gani Osmani: Commander-in-Chief of the Mukti Bahini
Major General Abdur Rab: Chief of Staff
Abdul Mannan: Chief of the Department of Press, Information, Radio and Film
Yusuf Ali: Chief of the Department of Relief and Rehabilitation
Matiur Rahman: Chief of the Department of Commerce
Amirul Islam: Chief of the Volunteer Corps
Had there been no government in exile at Mujibnagar, there would have no victory of liberation in a short possible time. The government in exile organised war against Pakistani occupation army and their Bengali quislings. It provided leadership, unity and direction to the guerrilla war for liberating occupied areas flushing out the Pakistan state forces and their allies. Many historians believe that "without the explicit and organised government-in-exile, the guerrilla resistance to Pakistani forces would have been fragmented, disorganised and ineffectual." Many scholars and political observers believe that "the Mujibnagar Government was a symbolic centre of the nationalist struggle, and served the essential purpose of lifting the morale of revolutionaries and those who supported the Awami League's campaign for Bangladesh. The Mujibnagar Government sought to serve as a credible alternative and counterpart to the Pakistani government, a system of political leadership distinct from the Indian government and a major contender for territorial control."
It designed all forward course of action organizing the freedom fighters and diplomats of government and leadership, as a credible alternative to the government of Pakistan. The Mujibnagar government's efforts primarily focused on organizing relief for civilian refugees fleeing from the Pakistani army, recruiting and training volunteers for the guerrilla forces and using a wide variety of communications and media to project the nationalist message to the people in East Pakistan and across the world. The Mujibnagar government also appointed envoys to India and other countries in the hope of obtaining foreign political support for the goal of an independent Bangladesh.
Planning Commission: Muzaffar Ahmed Chowdhury, Dr. Mosharraf Hossain; Dr. Anisuzzaman, Dr. Khan Sarwar Murshid, Dr. Swadesh Ranjan
S. R. Mirza: Director, Youth Camp
M. R. Akhtar Mukul: Director, Department of Information and Publicity
Abdul Jabbar Khan: Director, Department of Films
Quamrul Hasan: Director, Department of Arts and Design
J. G. Bhowmik: Relief Commissioner
Dr. T. Hossain: Director, Department of Health
Envoys: Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, Humayun Rashid Choudhary, Hossain Ali
The Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra became main centre of  organizing all artist and news casters  as a morale booster. The Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra (Free Bangladesh Radio Centre) was the primary broadcasting service used by the nationalists to project their messages to the population of Bangladesh, after the conventional media was suppressed and controlled by Pakistani state forces. The radio service was a major operation of the government-in-exile, as it was its primary means to encourage nationalists, garner popular support and preserve a sense of direction and information amongst the population. The radio service broadcast political news and music programme in Bengali, English and Urdu.
* Personnel: Ashfaqur Rahman Khan, Shahidul Islam, T.H. Shikdar, Balal Mohammad, Taher Sultan. Kamal Lohani (Bangla news), Aly Zaker (English news), Alamgir Kabir (English news commentary), Zahid Siddiqui (In-charge of Urdu programme), Samar Das and Ajit Ray (Music), Hasan Imam, (In-charge of Drama), Ashraful Alam (Outdoor broadcasting and interviews), Syed Abdus Shakoor and Rezaul Karim Chowdhury (Engineering). The main features of broadcasting were news of all activities of our freedom fighters, inspirational songs, drama and 'Chorom Patra' prepared and read out by MR Akhtar Mukul.

(Dr. M. Abul  Kashem Mozumder is Pro-VC , BUP and Dr. Md. Shairul Mashreque is ex-professor of Chittagong University)

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Entertainment »

Munmun, Achol`s movie Ragi


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Last week shooting of Mizanur Rahman Mizan directed movie Ragi again started at BFDC in the capital’s Karwanbazar area. In the middle days, its shooting was stopped. This time Achol has been attached with the movie. After Achol’s engagement in Ragi, its shooting got momentum. In the ...

Sports »

Ko, Ji charge to LPGA lead with Henderson one back


New Zealand's Lydia Ko and South Korea's Ji Eun-hee each fired a five-under par 66 to share the lead after Saturday's third round of the LPGA Tournament of Champions.Ko and Ji charged into contention by going low on the front side and parring their way home to stand on 13-under ...

Football »

Salah fires Liverpool seven points clear, Arsenal rock Chelsea


Liverpool moved seven points clear at the top of the Premier League as Mohamed Salah's double inspired a dramatic 4-3 victory over Crystal Palace, while Arsenal ignited their top-four bid by beating Chelsea on Saturday.With second-placed Manchester City travelling to bottom-of-the-table Huddersfield on Sunday, Liverpool seized the chance to tighten ...

City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina being greeted by Home Minister, secretary and IGP during her visit to the Home Ministry yesterday.


International »

Trump offers 3-year protection for immigrants in exchange for border wall


The Washington Post :President Donald Trump on Saturday offered Democrats three years of deportation protections for some immigrants in exchange for $5.7 billion in border wall funding, a proposal immediately rejected by Democrats and derided by conservatives as amnesty.Aiming to end the 29-day partial government shutdown, Trump outlined his plan ...

Cricket »

Rangpur Riders beat Sylhet Sixers


Sports Reporter :Rangpur Riders beat Sylhet Sixers by four wickets in their match of the UCB 6th Bangladesh Premier League (BPL) T20 cricket at Sylhet International Cricket Stadium on Saturday.Chasing Sylhet's fighting total of 194 for the loss of four wickets in 20 overs, Rangpur Riders reached the winning target ...

Sports »

Virat Kohli attends Australian Open, posts picture with Roger Federer


The Indian team completed its most successful campaign Down Under as they won the Test and ODI series comfortably. After close to two months of energy-sapping cricket, skipper Virat Kohli along with wife Anushka Sharma looked in a relaxed mood and attended day six of the Australian Open in Melbourne ...

Entertainment »

Alia , Madhuri Nene on the set of Kalank


Alia Bhatt, Varun Dhawan, Madhuri Dixit Nene, Aditya Roy Kapur, Sanjay Dutt and Sonakshi Sinha star together in Kalank. Dharma Productions' next, Kalank, is being directed by Abhishek Varman. The film's shooting is currently on and Varun Dhawan wrapped up shooting for his part of the film just yesterday. However, ...

International »

Afghan Taliban reject talks with US in Pakistan


Reuters, Peshawar :The Afghan Taliban rejected reports in the Pakistani media that they were prepared to resume meetings with U.S. special envoy Zalmay Khalilzad in Islamabad and repeated their refusal to deal directly with the Afghan government.Pakistani newspapers and television stations reported that a meeting in Islamabad was in prospect ...

Editorial »

Bravery and courage of a Bangladeshi expatriate


FOR bravery and courage, a Bangladeshi expatriate has been honoured as he saved the life of a three-year-old boy in UAE. Bangladeshi expatriate Farouk, who works as a welder in Ajman of UAE, rescued the child thrown from the balcony of a burning apartment by his mother.Bangladeshi community in the ...

City »

Law enforcers stand guard for security measures on the occasion of victory rally of Bangladesh Awami League in the city's Suhrawardy Udyan. The snap was taken from TSC area of Dhaka University on Saturday.


City »

Information Minister Dr. Hasan Mahmud speaking at the extended meeting of Awami League at the party office in the city's Bangabandhu Avenue on Friday.


.

International »

Modi's pre-election handouts to cost India billions, breach fiscal targets


Reuters, New Delhi :A series of vote-catching measures planned by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi as he braces for a difficult general election may cost more than 1 trillion rupees ($14 billion), two sources with direct knowledge of the matter said.Much of the cost of the extra spending or revenue ...

Cricket »

Dhoni, Jadhav power India to ODI series victory


Agency :MS Dhoni and Kedhar Jadhav scored half-centuries as India won the third and final ODI against Australia by seven wickets at Melbourne on Friday to seal the series 2-1.Chasing 231 to win, Dhoni (87*) and Jadhav (61*) put together a 121-run partnership to take India home after the bowlers, ...

Entertainment »

Achol returns acting slowly


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Popular film actress of present time Achol has returned to acting but with the appearance of anger. Her elder sister Moonmoon is attached with the underworld. When she knows the matter she becomes anger. Achol will be seen by this way in Mizanur Rahman Mizan’s movie Ragi. ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news