Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Wednesday, August 15, 2018 08:49:20 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Reformation of English language education system in Bangladesh

photo by

By
30th-Apr-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

A.B.M. Razaul Karim Faquire, Ph.D. :
Bangladesh has got an English language education (ELE) system comprising compulsory education of Literacy English with an emphasis on the communicative skills as well as the optional education of academic subjects in English medium at all phases of education. The ELE system has been established backed by the guidelines of the National Education Policy (NEP, 2010) given that Bangladesh does not have a language policy. The educators and advocates of ELE in Bangladesh give some arguments in favour of the compulsory provision for the ELE in Bangladesh. They are i) English is a colonial inheritance, ii) English is an international language, iii) English is a means for the access to global knowledge, and iv) English is a means for the access to the global job market. However, these arguments are not enough to make the ELE obligatory in Bangladesh. Because ELE as a system is required to be established and run based on a language planning in compliance with a language policy underpinned by an appropriate ideology. Therefore, Bangladesh needs a framework for establishing an ELE system of its own.
However, there are certain frameworks in order to establish and run a system under the administration of a government. According to Shohamy (2005), the framework to be followed in establishing system like ELE system involves a five-step process: i) creation of an ideological basis, ii) formulation of a language policy underpinned with the linguistic ideologies, iii) interpretation of that policy into ELE planning, iv) establishment of an education administration and v) implementation of the planning through education administration as an ELE system. First of all, Bangladesh needs an appropriate underpinning ideology, which can provide a basis for an appropriate ELE system in Bangladesh. There are three different types of ideology in making provision for a language education system. These are: Educational Ideology, National ideology and Sociolinguistic ideology.  
Educational ideology provides a basis for the formulation of an education policy which backs a basic education inductive to the socialization comprising literacy and numeracy in Bangla not in Arabic or English. Similarly, none of the other two ideologies: National ideology and sociolinguistic ideology provides the basis for the compulsory ELE in Bangladesh. The national ideologies of the nation Bangladesh are Bangalee nationalism, Democracy, Socialism and Religious neutrality.
Among them, Bangalee nationalism provides a basis for the formulation of a language policy conducive to the promotion of Bangla and Democracy provides a basis for the formulation of a language policy which will allow one to choose a foreign language for study out of several foreign languages. The sociolinguistic ideologies (source: Cobarrubias, 1983) accounts for the ideology of Assimilation, Linguistic Pluralism, Revitalization, and Internationalization. Among these sociolinguistic ideologies, the plurilingual countries like Kenya, Ivory Coast and India make use of English as a tool for the Assimilation in integrating the people of different speech communities into a larger society in building their postcolonial nations. Contrary to those countries, Bangladesh does not require English as a tool for assimilation, because its population is well assimilated along the national language of Bangla. Among the sociolinguistic ideologies, Internationalization only provides the basis for the formulation of a language policy covering education of languages other than the national language Bangla in Bangladesh.
Therefore, the language policy, which the sociolinguistics ideology of internationalization supports, must cover the education of foreign languages. The term internationalization is now connoted to its broader term of globalization (meaning a process which involves the exchange of ideas, education, culture, commodities and capital etc., for the benefit of the countries and regions taking part in this process) which provides a basis for the education of global/area studies (studies of areas in foreign countries) and the languages spoken in those foreign countries. Hence, foreign language policy supports a foreign language education system, which will keep a provision for the education of foreign languages including Korean, Malay, Swedish and English but not a compulsory provision of ELE in Bangladesh.   
Though none of the above ideologies favours the compulsory ELE, it is run as a part of basic education and involves a cost of approximately one-fifth (source: BANBEIS annual report) of the total education expenses, which is financed mostly with the public money allocated in the national budget.
The national budget is allocated for the ELE with the wish to develop human resources capable of contributing to the economy of Bangladesh. Since the ELE does not comprise the basic education, it owes an economic analysis (EA) with regard to the effect of ELE policy on the budget (cost-effectiveness analysis) and the extent of costs of ELE that outweigh the benefits (cost-benefit analysis). A study [conducted by the author of the article 'Reconsidering the Prevalent English Language Education System in Bangladesh'. Journal of the International Mother Language Institute. Vol. 1, No. 1 December 2017.] on the EA of expenses fueled in the ELE shows that the prevalent ELE practices have continued to incur both implicit and explicit opportunity costs in six different forms.
These opportunity costs shed light on the extent and nature of wastages incurred from the ELE expenses causing to hinder the sustainable development of education sector in Bangladesh.
Hence, Bangladesh requires a Foreign Language Education policy, which will address the issues of i) opportunity costs derived from the budget fueled as costs of ELE and ii) measures to be undertaken in discarding these opportunity costs, so that a maximum benefit of the ELE can be attained for the sustainable development of education sector in Bangladesh.
Thus, the above discussion [based on the study of author cited previously] leads to take following steps in establishing a new ELE system in Bangladesh: i) undertaking the globalization as an underpinning ideology, ii) formulation of a foreign language policy underpinned by the ideology of globalization, iii) interpreting the ideology of globalization into a language planning, iv) implementation of that language planning, v) reformation of the prevalent ELE system complying with new foreign language policy, vi) abolition of the compulsory provision of ELE as a part of the reformation of prevalent ELE system and v) establishment of a new foreign language education system with the optional provision for education of foreign studies and the languages associated with those foreign studies.    

(A.B.M. Razaul Karim Faquire, PhD is a professor of Institute of Modern Languages, University of Dhaka).

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Bangabandhu a great leader of the people and for the people


THE nation mourns the 43rd Shahadat Anniversary of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman today with prayers and solemnity all over the country. He was assassinated with almost all of his family members in the wee hours of that fateful night at his home in the city. It was a night of ...

Editorial »

Our migrants are being defrauded and harassed in Malaysia but govt remains mum


SOME 270 Bangladeshi workers have allegedly been defrauded of over Tk 3.6 crore by an agent over securing valid work permits under the Malaysian rehiring programme. The Bangladeshi nationals had handed over their passports, other relevant documents and paid between Tk 144,000 and Tk 160,000 each to the agent for ...

Sports »

U.S. swimmer Katie Ledecky teaches Japanese elementary and junior high school students at an event in Tokyo on Tuesday. The 21-year-old American, fresh off a five-medal performance at the Pan Pacific Championships in Tokyo, answered questions about her career and training routine before jumping into the pool with more than 100 star-struck Japanese elementary and junior high school students to give them tips.


.

Football »

Salah reported over allegedly using mobile while driving


AFP, London :Egyptian star Mohamed Salah could be in trouble with police after his club Liverpool passed a video apparently showing him using his mobile phone while driving.A spokesman for last season's Champions League finalists said they passed the video, which had circulated on social media, on to police after ...

Entertainment »

Tamannaah excited about giving retro twist to `KGF`


Tamannaah Bhatia says she had fun shooting for a 'retro number' in the period drama "KGF".Tamannaah shot for the recreated version of the song "Jokae naanu balliya minchu", a song which was picturised on late Vijayalalitha in director Rajkumar's Kannada film "Paropakari". "This is the first time I will be ...

International »

Trump administration pressures judges to speed deportations


AFP, Los Angeles :US immigration judges say they are under increasing pressure from President Donald Trump's administration to speed up immigrant deportations - or risk removal if they delay.This pressure is highlighted in the case of a judge in Philadelphia, Steven Morley, who was informed that a case he was ...

Editorial »

Quota reform: Free the students and fulfill their rational demands


CABINET Secretary after weekly Cabinet meeting on Monday told journalists that the committee formed by government to review the existing quota system proposed abolition of almost all the quotas in public services giving priority to talent. However, the court directives will be sought before taking any decision over freedom fighter ...

Cricket »

Ashraful eyes Bangladesh comeback as ban ends


Former Bangladesh captain Mohammad Ashraful said Monday that has set his sights on a comeback with the national side after his five-year ban for match-fixing ended."I am feeling really nice as I was waiting for this day for the last five years. (I told myself) when August 13, 2018 came ...

City »

State Executive Member and Advisor to the BJP President in West Bengal, India Dr Anindya Gopal Mitra called on Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina at her office yesterday afternoon.


Entertainment »

What Sara Ali Khan`s fans demand on her birthday


Even before the debut of her release film Sara Ali Khan is already a popular name amongst the masses. On the occasion of Sara’s Birthday, fans across the nation took Twitter by storm as #HBDSaraAliKhan and #WeWantSaraOnSocialMedia saw a strong India trend. Soon, social media went into a tizzy as ...

Entertainment »

Hichki story has universal resonance: Rani Mukherji


Actress Rani Mukherji, who has bagged the Best Actress Award for Hichki at the Indian Film Festival Melbourne (IFFM), says the film is a story that has universal resonance, and its spirit of positivity won over Indians and locals in Australia. “I feel very proud and thankful that Hichki has ...

International »

Two Koreas agree to hold September summit in Pyongyang


AFP, Seoul :North and South Korea agreed Monday to hold a summit in Pyongyang in September, the South's Yonhap news agency reported following high-level talks in the Demilitarized Zone that divides the peninsula.The two sides "agreed at the meeting to hold a South-North summit in Pyongyang in September as planned", ...

Editorial »

Make the BRTC capable, or shut down its operation


BANGLADESH Road Transport Corporation (BRTC) is now on the verge of collapse due to administrative and financial mismanagement. Newspaper reports said BRTC as per its own estimate incurred a loss of Tk 413 crore in 2016-17 fiscal. When bus transport has become very lucrative business in the private sector with ...

Football »

Choton expects best from her girls against Nepal


Bangladesh U-15 national women's team head coach Golam Robanni Choton said her girls are upbeat to give their hundred percent to win against Nepal in the SAFF U-15 Women's Championship.Bangladesh will face Nepal in their second group B match scheduled to be held today at Changlimithan Football Stadium in Bhutan."We ...

Entertainment »

I saw a chained elephant on a school trip to the zoo and became upset: Dia Mirza


Like any child, actor Dia Mirza, too, was entranced when she first saw an elephant. "The first time I saw an elephant was on the streets of Hyderabad. I was very young and was just so enamored by that sight. It was so unusual to see an elephant in an ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news