Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Wednesday, December 19, 2018 06:21:30 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Destiny and freedom of will in Islam

By
01st-May-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

A.T.M.Nurun Nabi  :
Destiny and freedom of will are inter-related in Islam. Unless Allah has decreed something for a man, he cannot get it even though he tries his best. Again, whatever Allah fixes for him, he cannot get it if he sits idle and does not work.
Destiny means fate (measure). Allah says, "Verily We have created everything with measure,"-Al-Quran, Surah Qamar, Verse No.49. According to the determinists, otherwise called Jabaria, destiny is inevitable. What Allah fixes for a man, it must take place whether he works or not. 'We read in the Hadith-i-Qudsi when fetus' age in the womb of mother is 40 days, an Angel writes in his or her soul what will happen to him/her, what he/she will eat, how long will he or she will live, and in which land will he or she die. A saint asked an Angel: What do you write?  He said: I write what Allah desires.
On the other hand, the opposing school called 'Quderia (materialists)' says that Allah has also granted man Freedom of Will. That is right to choose a thing, with warning to the wrongdoers of painful punishment. Conversely, the righteous will be rewarded and lodged in the Paradise.
The materialists quote verse 40/40 in support of their statement. The verse is. "Whoever does an evil, he shall not be recompensed (with aught) but the like of it. And whoever does good, whether male or female, and he is a believer, he shall enter the garden in which he shall be given sustenance without measure".
The materialists argue that Allah is with him who tries first. In support of their statement, they quote verse No.13/ 11. The text is: Verily Allah changes not the condition of a people, who change not themselves (first).
We know that success of a work depends upon good planning, timely execution and logistic supports. Mere planning does nothing. History gives evidence that the nation with able leadership flourished at length. The examples are China, Germany and Japan.  They are the world's top three economic powers.
A Muslim scholar said about destiny that it demolishes freedom and rationality. The fatalists cannot strengthen their personality, improve morality and control work. They leave every thing in the hands of destiny and deny the relation between cause and effect. Hazrat Ali (Ra) said, "When destiny steps in, eyes become blind. One cannot distinguish between good and evil, friend and foe. It confuses a physician about his treatment and makes it vain. (Man and his Destiny by Murtaza Motahhari at page No. 75). About the definition of destiny, Hazrat Ali (Ra) said, if you sit beside a near collapsing tree, it may fall on your head. According to the law of cause and effect, if a man sits beside a wal1 likely to fall, it may fall on his head, making him injured (even death). But if he does not do so, he will remain safe.
There is no doubt that destiny demolishes man's ability to work. The materialists accuse the fatalists of ignoring the Verse no 6/135 wherein Allah says, "Say (0 Muhammad unto people): 0 my people! Work according to your capacity."
We know that the Muslims conquered Spain under the command of Tdrique-bin-Ziad in 71I AD and ruled for 300 years. When Cordova and Granada were illuminated under the Muslim rule, the streets of London plunged into darkness. Yet, the Muslims had to leave Spain in 103I AD, because the Muslim rulers, later days, ignored the necessity of strong Armed Forces and skilled diplomacy.
The following two verses make it clear that a man is responsible for his own misfortunes One of them is: Whatever misfortune strikes you, it is your right hand that has earned', (42/30). The other is "Catastrophe has appeared in the land and the sea on account of what the hands of men have wrought."30/41.
Again Allah says, "Let him, who will believe, and let him, who will disbelieve. We have prepared for the wrongdoers severe fire."-18/29. This verse gives testimony that freedom of  will should not be misused because that will have severe consequences.
Supposing a man enjoys physical fitness. If he follows medical advice, he may live for 100 years, but if he disregards, he may live half of that. His destiny is such as if he applies hygienic principle,  he will survive 100 years, otherwise 50.
The Prophet Muhammad (Sm) said: If you want more sustenance and longer life, maintain good relations  with your relatives, help them in need.
Allah grants freedom of will as revealed from Hadith No. 243. Hadith-e-Qudsi After creating Hazrat Adam (As), Allah showed Hazrat Adam His Hand and said: This is Dawood. your son. I have fixed 40 years for him. Adam said: Kindly increase his age. Allah said: I have fixed it. Then Adam said: I give him 60 years from my account. Allah said: This is the matter between you two.
On the other hand, when Allah said to the angels, I am going to place viceroy in the earth, they said:  Wilt Thou place therein such as shall make mischief and shed blood? We praise Thee and extol Thy Holiness. Allah said: I know what you know not (Ref: Verse No. 2/30). But Allah did not call for explanation from them for their reservation.
Again when Allah asked a group of Angels to salute  several poor muzahids, the first to enter Paradise, they (Angels) said: We live in heavens and are the best of your creations. Yet do thou command us to salute them (warriors)?
Allah said: They are such as always worshipped Me and ascribed not partner. (They) guarded frontiers, endured pains and sufferings, and died with much of their desires unfulfilled. Then the Angels went to them and saluted and said: Live you in peace in this paradise. It is the reward from thy Lord for what you did. Hadith-I-Qudsi, Hadith No. 234.
The said Hadith clearly approves freedom of opinion. Contrarily, when Allah asked Iblis to let Him know as to why did he not fall in prostration before Adam? He (lblis) replied with arrogance and conceit. He said: I am better than him. You created me of fire while him thou didst create of mud. Allah did not like Iblis' such arrogance. Unhappy with his explanation, Allah expelled him from the Heaven.
In fact, Iblis was braggart and  proud. Allah says in a number of verses that He does not love the braggart boosters.
We learn from the aforesaid Hadith also that man must exercise freedom of opinion with reason and fair dealing. There is no opportunity any way to abuse that right. What we learn from this verse that Allah did not mind the independent opinion of the Angels about His plan. But He progressed with His own decision.
Islam recommends for listening to the learned to accept the best thereof. Verse 39/18 says, "Listen to what is said and follow the best thereof." Hazrat Ali said, "Regard what is said, not who has said,"                                             -Mizan.

There are references in the Holy Quran about writing fate of every human being every year. It is revealed in the Ad-Dukhan and Qadr. The word Qadr means Fate. A group of commentators say, Majestic. Allah says, if a youth firmly believes in my measure, works accordingly, he is like an Angel or the other.
When Hazrat Ibrahim (As) fell ill, he said, "When I am sick, He restores me to health,"- Verse No. 26/80. Hazrat Ayub (As) suffered a long period owing to Satan. At length, one day, he prayed to Allah for recovery. His Lord asked him to strike the ground with his foot. He did it and found stream to cure him.
In the battle of Muta in 630 A.D., the Muslim Army lost their three commanders and during that critical moment, they appointed Khalid bin Walid their next commander. The Prophet Muhammad (Sm) while sending the troops ordered that the troops would pick up their general in case of death of their panel commanders of three.  These events prove that Islam upholds both destiny and freedom of will.

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Entertainment »

I always try to push negativity aside: Sunny Leone


Adult film star-turned-Bollywood actor Sunny Leone, who is often a target of sexist and disparaging remarks by people, says she is disturbed when "nonsense" gets highlighted."I always try to push negativity aside, but there are some things which I can't because I am also a human and I have feelings."I ...

Cricket »

Australia wins 2nd Test vs India by 146 runs, series 1-1


AP, Australia :Australia trounced India by 146 runs in the second Test to level the four-Test series 1-1 on the final day on Tuesday.Needing 287 runs to win, India resumed the day on 112-5 and was all out in a hurry for 140 in the second innings, and Australia was ...

Sports »

WTA changes rules affecting players returning from pregnancy


AP, St. Petersburg :The women's tennis tour approved rule changes Monday that are meant to ensure players are not penalized after they return from pregnancy or an injury that causes a long absence.The changes were prompted, in part, by the experiences of former No. 1 players Serena Williams and Victoria ...

Editorial »

The administration must prove its ability to hold free and fair polls


NEW United States ambassador in Dhaka Robert Earl Miller said that his country expected the upcoming December 30 elections in Bangladesh to be free, fair and credible as he paid a courtesy call on Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. The US Ambassador informed the PM that his country would send 32 ...

Business & Economy »

Parveen Haque Sikder, EC Chairperson of National Bank Limited, inaugurating its 201st branch at Hili Land Port on Tuesday. Ali Haider Mortuza, Vice-President, other officials of the Bank, local businessmen and elites were also present.


International »

Former FBI chief lashes out at Trump, Republicans for telling `lies`


CNN, Washington :Washington (CNN)Former FBI Director James Comey slammed Republicans on Monday for not speaking out against President Donald Trump's attacks on the FBI and strongly defended the agency's conduct, following his second round of questioning at a closed-door congressional interview."Somebody has to stand up and speak for the FBI," ...

Chittagong »

A discussion meeting was held at Chattogram University of Engineering and Technology (CUET) marking the Victory Day on Sunday. Prof Dr Md Rafiqual Alam, VC of the University was present as Chief Guest.


City »

Vice-Chancellor of Dhaka University Prof Dr Akhtaruzzaman poses for photo session with the recipients of Provost Awards of Bijoy Ekattor Hall of DU in its auditorium on Tuesday.


Entertainment »

Ankhi Alamgir enthrals Kolkata audience


Entertainment Report :   In the beginning of current year popular singer Ankhi Alamgir performed in Utsab at Jodhpur Park in Kolkata. In the meantime, she also went to Kolkata for several times. On December 14, she got the opportunity to perform as a leading singer of Bangladesh at outdoor pool ...

Business & Economy »

Choudhury Atiur Rasul, Chief Financial Officer of Agricultural Marketing Company Limited (AMCL), a sister concern of PRAN Group, receiving the 'ICMAB Best Corporate Award-2017' in the Miscellaneous Manufacturing Category from Finance Minister Abul Maal Abdul Muhith, at a programme held at a hotel in the city on Saturday. Dr. M Khairul Hossain, Chairman of Bangladesh Securities and Exchange Commission and Suvod Kumar Karn, President of South Asian Federation of Accountants were also present.


.

Cricket »

Shakib Al Hasan plays a shot during the first Twenty20 International match between Bangladesh and West Indies at Sylhet International Cricket Stadium on Monday. Shakib scored 61 runs.


Cricket »

Fizz moves to top five in ODI rankings


Mustafizur Rahman has made a big leap to enter into the top five ranks of ICC ODI bowling rankings. Other Bangladeshi players have also made progress in the rankings after the end of Bangladesh-Windies ODIs.The Fizz moved five places to no.5 in the rankings. He has career-best 695 points against ...

Editorial »

Dhaka must involve ASEAN nations for early Rohingya repatriation


MALAYSIAN Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on Sunday asked the ASEAN nations to take tough measures for creating pressure on Myanmar and its de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi to end atrocities against the Rohingya Muslims. More than 720,000 Rohingyas have fled Myanmar's strife-torn Rakhine State to Bangladesh since August ...

International »

Indian troops enforce lockdown to foil Kashmir public march


AP, Srinagar :Soldiers and police fanned out across Indian-controlled Kashmir on Monday to enforce a security lockdown for a second straight day to stop anti-India protests and foil a call by separatists for a march toward India's main military garrison in the disputed region.Government forces patrolled streets in the region's ...

Cricket »

Sri Lanka 275-9 at stumps on day 1, 1st Test vs New Zealand


AP, New Zealand :Tim Southee took 5-67 as New Zealand exploited an influential toss to contain Sri Lanka to 275-9 Saturday on the first day of the first cricket Test at the Basin Reserve.A late unbeaten half century by wicketkeeper Niroshan Dickwella helped swing the day a little in Sri ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news