Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Sunday, May 26, 2019 08:12:47 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Humanity dominates Nazrul’s works

photo by

By
25th-May-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Mizanur Rahman :
Kazi Nazrul Islam is generally known as a ‘Rebel Poet.’ The description is only partially true. The Rebel in Nazrul mellowed down into a poet of love, lyrics and music by 1930 when he lost his beloved son and turned to music with which he flooded Bengal.
He also turned to spiritual penance which possessed his soul till he passed into his spell of speechless, motionless lull by August 1942, in the 43rd year of his meteoric life. The spell continued till his death.
Nazrul’s literary career practically started in 1918...
The revolutionary spell of his career commenced with his well known poem ‘Bidrohi’ (Rebel) composed and published in 1921. During the years following. Nazrul wrote a number of heroics, and started his journalistic comet Dhumketu with a blazing tail that landed him into goal for a year including hunger-strike for forty days inside the iron bars. On release from jail he married in 1924 and settled down to a quieter life. Then came the turn mentioned at the outset.
Nazrul was a poet from top to toe. The universe called him away from the pre-Matriculation portal of the University. He can be rightly called a Revolutionary Philosopher by instinct or under the all-powerful impulse of espousing the cause of the oppressed, suppressed and depressed humanity irrespective of class, creed or colour.
This impulse and the overpowering patriotism for his land of birth, then under foreign domination, inspired and influenced all his thinking and action in life.
Philosophising was not in his brain. But Nazrul’s idealistic philosophy can be detected and derived from his heroics, lyrics, songs and ghazals and other writings. He was fed up with the old worn-out world of cant, hierocracy, oppression, exploitation and injustices all around. So he thundered for destruction for the creation of a better world. “Why dread destruction?” said he, “Destruction is prelude to creation anew.” Newer creation involves destruction to start with.
This is not new brand of philosophy. A philosopher poet like Iqbal said the same thing, as did many others before him the world over. In fact, destruction and creation are natural and continuous process.
The world of today is not the world of yesterday, nor will the world of to-morrow be the same as the world of today or yesterday. Change is the Law and kispensation of Nature. Tennysonian dictum comes to the mind: “Old order changeth yielding place to the new,” That’s very true indeed.
Apart from his patriotic thunders and lyrical rhapsodies, Nazrul’s trend of mind may be distinctly seen in his social poems like God, Woman, Kisan, Labour, Fisherman, etc.  He was for a world of equal rights and equal opportunities for all to the collapse and clearance of all vested interests under the camouflages of birth, creed, climes or rule. Here is the gist of what Nazrul says in his poem ‘Shamya’: “I sing the song of equality, where ringeth in every heart fresh happiness and in every face shineth fresh life. No ruler or the ruled are here, no rich and poor, no separate burial-ground for the white and the black. Here is a heaven where we all meet as brothers ....”
Call it utopia or call it what you please, but here’s the quintescence of Nazrul’s philosophy of life-humanism in excelsior. Love or human sympathy and equal opportunities for all these are the principles for which Nazrul wrote, spoke, sang and thundered.... here is one other aspect of Nazrul’s philosophy of life discernible from another poem of his summarised below: That’s his poem on ‘One Allah Zindabad’:
“Malice they preach, and in mud they play.
Let them please themselves, but let us say peace, equality and God.
They look for meanness pits and holes,
but let us look to the liberal sky and newer light and life.
They may desire enslavement but let us aim at martyrdom.
Death they dread, but death we pursue.
The vibrant youths that we are, let us play with death
and pity those who like weird beings splatter in mud for selfish gains.
They seek trouble but let us love and forgive.
Let the ghosts go to the graveyard but let us repair to the floral bowers.”
Well, let us not bother about who they are, but let us heed the advice given by the poet. In all conscience, good sound advice and very lofty maxims of life. Let us try to follow them as best as we can and better and brighten our lives. And, despite his faults and defects which are common to all humanity, I do feel Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam lived life of love for all and malice towards none except the tyrants, the exploiters and the unjust as he saw them. Beneath his stormy life ran the stream of human sympathy strong and tremendous. That’s my view of Nazrul's life.
And if you scan the different shades end sections of his Poem ‘Bidrohi,’ you will notice rediments of radiant philosophy of a rebellious brand.
Poet Nazrul Islam wrote his most famous poem Bidrohi-the Rebel in the last week of December. 1921, at 3/4 C, Taltala Lane, Calcutta, in the course of a night. He was then 22 years 7 months old. The poem saw the light of print in the weekly Bijali dated the 6th January, 1922 (22nd Poush, 1328 B.S). It was later published in the monthly Muslim Bharat to which it was meant and sent for publication. The authorities of Bijali, who were intimate friends of the Poet, took a copy of the poem from the Poet for publication in reference to Muslim Bharat to which Nazrul was attached and committed. Bijali honoured the undertaking and helped circulating the poem soon after composition and to a larger audience. The Poet’s close friend and companion Mr Muzaffar Ahmad has explained that though the poem was published in the Kartik (1328 BS) issue of Muslim Bharat, this publication was, in fact, later than that in the Bijali which actually came out of the printing press earlier than Muslim Bharat. The explanation is correct and warranted by the circumstances narrated by Mr Ahmad in his ‘Kazi Nazrul Islam Smritikatha’:
“The publication of Bidrohi in the Bijali definitely led to its wider publicity. It is said that the Bijali had to be printed twice to the tune of 29000 copies that week because of Nazrul's Vidrohi which was reprinted in the monthly Prabasi and other periodicals too. I can well recollect the sensation it created in the Muslim Hall of the Dhaka University on perusal of the Poem in the Bijali. I then happened to be Secretary of the Muslim Hall Union. There was regular scrambling for the poem when the Bijali was placed on the Union Reading Room. It was read out repeatedly and several enthusiasts memoried the poem overnight. During my life-time, I have never seen greater sensation amongst readers over any other poem; so I wrote that the ‘Rebel’ made Nazrul the ‘Rebel Poet’ and created the greatest sensation in Bengali literature for its tone and tenor, its sonorous sweep, emotional outburst and rhymical grandeur.”
Now about the theme, or rather the controversy about it initiated by the late Mohitlal Majumder, a well known scholar and poet of the Bengali Literature, senior to, and regarded by Nazrul as his guiding ustad for sometime. It appears that sometime in December, 1920, Mr Majumdar read out to Nazrul his (Majumdar’s) Prose poem ‘Ami -’I’ published in the monthly Manashi of Pous, 1321 BS about seven years before the publication of Bidrohi. On this plea, Mr. Majumdar sought to make a grievance that Nazrul did not acknowledge his debt to him. On perusal of ‘Ami’ and ‘Bidrohi,’ it will be seen that the two poems may have some conceptional similarities but they differ fundamentally. Bidrohi is far superior to Ami, and the question of indebtedness and acknowledgment hardly arise. Mr Majumdar himself took the cue from KM Banerjee’s Obhoyer Kotha without acknowledgment. Mr Majumdar’s grievance was due to over-strung emotional pique, which led to certain bitterness later on. This bitterness, however, gave two long poems by the two poets. They are also of literary value.
Speaking generally, similarity of thoughts is nothing wrong or plagiaristic. The themes and ideas are nobody’s monopoly. Myriads of poets and thinkers have written on common themes like love, self, soul, immortality, etc. and myriads are still writing and will be writing on similar themes in the future.
Human minds are common contrivances-producing common or consimilar thoughts. Great minds think alike. Mr Mohit Lal Majumdar was unduly sensitive over the issue. His angry curse on Nazrul Islam was an instance of un-worthy lapse of the mind....
In this connection, I may add that a Muslim litterateur sought to cast similar aspersion on Nazrul in reference to his poem ‘Agrapathik’ patterned on Walt Whitman’s ‘Pioneers.’ In fact, ‘Agrapathik’ is translation of ‘Pioneers,’ as Nazrul said when ‘Agrapathik’ was first published in the Saogat in its footnote. I told the gentleman who showed me his indictment against Nazrul Islam that Nazrul was not to blame for his brilliant ‘Agrapathik’ acknowledgeably patterned on ‘Pioneers’ but far excelling it in tone and temper. I have read both the poems with meticulous care and can say without fear of contradiction that the translation excels the original in many respects. The ‘Pioneers’ encouraged westward move for gold and exploration while ‘Agrapathik’ was encouragement for exploration of humanistic and humanitarian ideals in which Whitman also believed. Both the pieces are fine poems attuned to local needs and temperament.
A most passionate poet of humanity as he was, Nazrul naturally and rightly sought to inspire and elevate all sections of humanity-a fact which is an additional feather to the crown of Nazrul’s glory. Those who sought to criticise him on this score were wrong as also those who have wasted their time and energy over the so-called un-Islamic ways of life of Nazrul. These critics are but obsessed maniacs unable to appreciate higher ideals of life and humanity. n
(From: Nazrul Islam by
Mizanur Rahman (late)

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Sports »

A scene from the fifth round matches of the Walton International Rating Chess Competition at Bangladesh Chess Federation hall-room on Saturday.


Cricket »

Rubel eyes to finish World Cup as one of top five boawlers


Bangladesh speedster Rubel Hossain insisted on Friday he wants to finish the ICC World Cup 2019 as one of the best five bowlers.The right-handed pacer recovered from a side strain that prevented him to play all the matches during Bangladesh recent tri-series in Ireland. Before the main assault in the ...

International »

US troop move to ME dangerous for international peace: Iran's FM


AFP, Tehran  :Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Saturday a US decision to deploy 1,500 additional troops to the Middle East is a "threat to international peace," state media reported."Increased US presence in our region is very dangerous and a threat to international peace and security and must be ...

Editorial »

Take time-befitting diplomatic steps


THOUGH the foreign relation of Dhaka with New Delhi and Beijing is remarkably good, it is not working well especially in the Rohingya issue. Dhaka had requested both the nations for several times to mount pressure on Myanmar for Rohingya repatriation, but they kept limited their efforts in extending 'assurance' ...

Entertainment »

Dimple Kapadia bagged Christopher Nolan`s Tenet


Dimple Kapadia featuring in Hollywood director Christopher Nolan's Tenet has got everyone excited. From Bollywood celebrities to regular moviegoers, everyone has expressed their delight and congratulated the actress on social media for her achievement.  Dimple Kapadia's manager revealed to a daily how the actress bagged the role. The manager shared ...

Front Page »

290 migrants rescued near Tripoli


Egypt Independent , Tripoli :Libya's coast guard rescued 290 migrants clinging to inflatable rafts on Friday in two operations near the capital Tripoli, a naval forces spokesman said.The western coast of Libya is the main departure point of hundreds of thousands of migrants fleeing their countries from wars and poverty ...

Editorial »

HC concern over slow pace of banning toxic food items


THE High Court on Thursday rebuked Bangladesh Food Safety Authority (BFSA) for its failure of removing and destroying 52 substandard food products from the market. The HC earlier ordered the BFSA removing the substandard goods of 43 companies from the market but the BFSA did nothing except publishing only a ...

Entertainment »

Poppy, Hasan Jahangir’s Eid drama Nayikar Honeymoon


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :National Film Award winner actress Poppy earlier acted with actor and play director Hasan Jahangir in Innocent Love, Bhalobasha Du’jonai, Mental and Nayikar Biye. On the occasion of coming Eid to telecast on Asian TV, Poppy again paired up with Hasan Jahangir in a drama titled Nayikar ...

International »

Taiwan holds first gay marriages in historic day for Asia


AP, Taipei :Hundreds of same-sex couples in Taiwan rushed to get married Friday, the first day a landmark decision that legalized same-sex marriage took effect.Taiwan became the first place in Asia to allow same-sex marriage last week in a legislative vote on a cause that the island's LGBT rights activists ...

Editorial »

DMP fails to discipline city roads


TRAFFIC jam is a common scenario almost everyday in the capital city Dhaka. Usually, it intensifies every year during the Ramzan. This year it is no exception. But sufferings of commuters have been increased manifold this year because of constructing metro rail projects and unplanned digging in different areas under ...

Cricket »

T20 kings West Indies seek to make fresh World Cup mark


Can the West Indies take the form that has made them such a potent force in Twenty20 cricket into the World Cup?That is the question confronting Jason Holder's side as they head into the one-day showpiece in England and Wales that starts on May 30.The Caribbean team, who open their ...

International »

May clings to power as Brexit gambit backfires


Reuters, London  :Prime Minister Theresa May was clinging on to power on Thursday after her final Brexit gambit backfired, overshadowing a European election that has shown a United Kingdom still riven by division over its EU divorce.May's departure will deepen the Brexit crisis as a new leader is likely to ...

Entertainment »

Momtaz performs with her daughters at Eid Ananda Mela


Entertainment Report :Legendary folk singer and Member of the Parliament Momtaz Begum has been passing best time in her career. Recently her mother Uzala Begum got Gorobini Maa award on International Mother’s Day. Basically Momtaz is delighted with her success. On May 19, Momtaz along with her two daughters - ...

Editorial »

BB failing to lead banking sector


WHEN there are huge frustrations among the political circle, civil society members and the ordinary masses over ongoing banking irregularities, at that time the High Court has halted the loan rescheduling facilities for defaulters till June 23, earlier offered by the central bank, the Bangladesh Bank. The HC on Tuesday ...

Sports »

With the world at her feet, Osaka takes Paris in her stride


AFP, Paris :Twelve months ago at Roland Garros, an embarrassed Naomi Osaka bristled at being hailed as the 'coolest thing' in tennis.Now, however, the 21-year-old Japanese returns to Paris as comfortably the sport's hottest ticket with the world number one billing, a bank balance bursting at the seams and on ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news