Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Sunday, May 26, 2019 08:12:31 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Will climate change cause more migrants than wars?

By
11th-Jun-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Daniel Gutman :
Climate change is one of the main drivers of migration and will be increasingly so. It will even have a more significant role in the displacement of people than armed conflicts, which today cause major refugee crises.
This was the warning sounded by Ovais Sarmad, the Deputy Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), who was in Buenos Aires to participate in a meeting of international representatives and senior Argentine government officials, on May 16 to analyse the impacts of this phenomenon.
"One example I use is that recently there was migration of refugees and migrants in Europe because of the Syrian conflict and other conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa. That is a big political issue," Sarmad told IPS.
"In many countries around the world, farmers are the most affected by droughts and they will move. With their cattle, with their children or whatever… And then… they won't have many places to go. We have only one planet and they can't go to space."-Ovais Sarmad
"But the climate change impact will make one million look like a small number. Because a hundred or four hundred million people live in developing countries in low-lying areas, in cities which are very close to the sea. If sea level rises, then people will have to move."
Sarmad, from India, is a specialist in commerce and financial management, with postgraduate studies in London, who for 27 years worked at the International Organisation for Migration (IOM).
He was chief of staff to the IOM director general until last year, when United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres appointed him as number two at the UNFCCC.
"This movement won't be just national; people will be moving to other countries. One of the examples is Kiribati, a small island in the Pacific with 100,000 people, that will disappear in a few years time. What will happen with this population?" asked Sarmad in a meeting with four journalists, including IPS.
Can one speak in a strict sense of climate refugees? The international community has not yet validated that definition, but Sarmad believes that the issue must be considered, due to realities such as the sea level rise, increasingly destructive hurricanes or persistent droughts.
"In many countries around the world, farmers are the most affected by droughts and they will move. With their cattle, with their children or whatever… And then… they won't have many places to go. We have only one planet and they can't go to space," said the expert.
In that sense, he considered that the world should be "supportive" and "not close the doors" to those who are displaced due to extreme weather events.
The Indian diplomat was the keynote speaker at the meeting T20 and Climate Change: Planning, Risk and Response Facing the Emergency, organised within the framework of the so-called "Think 20 (T20)," which brings together academic organisations and researchers of the Group of 20 (G20).
The T20 is organised in 10 working groups, one of which deals with climate change and infrastructure for development.
Ovais Sarmad (left), Deputy Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and Youba Sokona, Vice-Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, talk to IPS and three other journalists during their visit to the Argentine capital. Credit: Daniel Gutman / IPS
Ovais Sarmad (left), Deputy Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and Youba Sokona, Vice-Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, talk to IPS and three other journalists during their visit to the Argentine capital. Credit: Daniel Gutman / IPS
Its mission is to submit public policy recommendations to the G20, the group of industrialised and emerging countries that encompasses 66 percent of the world's population and makes up 85 percent of global GDP.
In December, Argentina assumed the one-year presidency of the G20, which will conclude at the end of the year with the summit that will bring together in Buenos Aires the world's main government leaders.
The issue of climate change is particularly controversial in the G20, because last year, under the German presidency, the United States did not adhere to the Action Plan on Climate and Energy Growth, which was endorsed by the rest of the member countries, leading many to conclude that the G20 had become the Group of 19+1.
Argentina wants to be seen as taking an active stance in the battle against climate change, although it did not make the issue one of the G20 priorities for this year, to avoid conflicts.
The main themes chosen by the government of Mauricio Macri are: The future of work, infrastructure for development and a sustainable food future.
Sergio Bergman, the Argentine minister of environment and sustainable development, acknowledged in the T20 meeting that Argentina needs to fulfill its commitments undertaken within the Paris Agreement on climate change.
That binding agreement that establishes global measures to combat climate change was adopted during the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP21) in December 2015, and was considered a landmark achievement, until the U.S. administration of Donald Trump withdrew from it in 2017.
Argentina needs to maintain those commitments, among other things because it is applying for membership in the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
"We want to join the OECD and for that we have to take on our obligations and sit for an exam," said Bergman, who added: "After what happened in Germany last year, the challenge is how we get the 20 members of the G20 into the final document."
Also participating in the T20 meeting was Argentine Defence Minister Oscar Aguad, who to some extent played host since it was held at the National Defence University (UNDEF).
This state institution is responsible for the training of military and civilians and climate change is one of its areas of research.
Sarmad's proposals in Buenos Aires made it clear that the goal of the UNFCCC is for Argentina, as chair of the G20, to promote commitments in the field of climate change.
"G20 must have political leadership and include in this year's recommendations that the Paris Agreement must be implemented. Otherwise it will be a nice agreement, but it will stay on a shelf," he said in the keynote address he gave during the event, before about a hundred attendees, many of them public officials.
Sarmad said that, despite the international community's efforts to combat climate change, there was an increase in greenhouse gas emissions in 2017, after a decrease in the previous three years.
The reason, he said, has been an increase in the consumption of fossil fuels.
This was confirmed by another participant in the T20 meeting, Youba Sokona from Mali, an environmental expert and the vice-chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Sokona said that although the cost of renewable energies has gone down in recent years, fossils fuels are still cheaper.
"The cost of renewable energies is not only expensive for developing countries. Even Germany, when it decided to put a brake on nuclear energy, had to turn to coal," said Sokona, who pointed out that the IPCC faces funding problems because of the withdrawal of U.S. economic support.
"It's interesting that we have these conferences to talk about climate change, but there are many things we can do. We must take action because there's much suffering around the world because of climate change, that affects especially women and children, the most vulnerable populations."
"There's no other issue at an international level, besides security and nuclear proliferation, more important than climate change," he stated.

- IPS

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Sports »

A scene from the fifth round matches of the Walton International Rating Chess Competition at Bangladesh Chess Federation hall-room on Saturday.


Cricket »

Rubel eyes to finish World Cup as one of top five boawlers


Bangladesh speedster Rubel Hossain insisted on Friday he wants to finish the ICC World Cup 2019 as one of the best five bowlers.The right-handed pacer recovered from a side strain that prevented him to play all the matches during Bangladesh recent tri-series in Ireland. Before the main assault in the ...

International »

US troop move to ME dangerous for international peace: Iran's FM


AFP, Tehran  :Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said Saturday a US decision to deploy 1,500 additional troops to the Middle East is a "threat to international peace," state media reported."Increased US presence in our region is very dangerous and a threat to international peace and security and must be ...

Editorial »

Take time-befitting diplomatic steps


THOUGH the foreign relation of Dhaka with New Delhi and Beijing is remarkably good, it is not working well especially in the Rohingya issue. Dhaka had requested both the nations for several times to mount pressure on Myanmar for Rohingya repatriation, but they kept limited their efforts in extending 'assurance' ...

Entertainment »

Dimple Kapadia bagged Christopher Nolan`s Tenet


Dimple Kapadia featuring in Hollywood director Christopher Nolan's Tenet has got everyone excited. From Bollywood celebrities to regular moviegoers, everyone has expressed their delight and congratulated the actress on social media for her achievement.  Dimple Kapadia's manager revealed to a daily how the actress bagged the role. The manager shared ...

Front Page »

290 migrants rescued near Tripoli


Egypt Independent , Tripoli :Libya's coast guard rescued 290 migrants clinging to inflatable rafts on Friday in two operations near the capital Tripoli, a naval forces spokesman said.The western coast of Libya is the main departure point of hundreds of thousands of migrants fleeing their countries from wars and poverty ...

Editorial »

HC concern over slow pace of banning toxic food items


THE High Court on Thursday rebuked Bangladesh Food Safety Authority (BFSA) for its failure of removing and destroying 52 substandard food products from the market. The HC earlier ordered the BFSA removing the substandard goods of 43 companies from the market but the BFSA did nothing except publishing only a ...

Entertainment »

Poppy, Hasan Jahangir’s Eid drama Nayikar Honeymoon


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :National Film Award winner actress Poppy earlier acted with actor and play director Hasan Jahangir in Innocent Love, Bhalobasha Du’jonai, Mental and Nayikar Biye. On the occasion of coming Eid to telecast on Asian TV, Poppy again paired up with Hasan Jahangir in a drama titled Nayikar ...

International »

Taiwan holds first gay marriages in historic day for Asia


AP, Taipei :Hundreds of same-sex couples in Taiwan rushed to get married Friday, the first day a landmark decision that legalized same-sex marriage took effect.Taiwan became the first place in Asia to allow same-sex marriage last week in a legislative vote on a cause that the island's LGBT rights activists ...

Editorial »

DMP fails to discipline city roads


TRAFFIC jam is a common scenario almost everyday in the capital city Dhaka. Usually, it intensifies every year during the Ramzan. This year it is no exception. But sufferings of commuters have been increased manifold this year because of constructing metro rail projects and unplanned digging in different areas under ...

Cricket »

T20 kings West Indies seek to make fresh World Cup mark


Can the West Indies take the form that has made them such a potent force in Twenty20 cricket into the World Cup?That is the question confronting Jason Holder's side as they head into the one-day showpiece in England and Wales that starts on May 30.The Caribbean team, who open their ...

International »

May clings to power as Brexit gambit backfires


Reuters, London  :Prime Minister Theresa May was clinging on to power on Thursday after her final Brexit gambit backfired, overshadowing a European election that has shown a United Kingdom still riven by division over its EU divorce.May's departure will deepen the Brexit crisis as a new leader is likely to ...

Entertainment »

Momtaz performs with her daughters at Eid Ananda Mela


Entertainment Report :Legendary folk singer and Member of the Parliament Momtaz Begum has been passing best time in her career. Recently her mother Uzala Begum got Gorobini Maa award on International Mother’s Day. Basically Momtaz is delighted with her success. On May 19, Momtaz along with her two daughters - ...

Editorial »

BB failing to lead banking sector


WHEN there are huge frustrations among the political circle, civil society members and the ordinary masses over ongoing banking irregularities, at that time the High Court has halted the loan rescheduling facilities for defaulters till June 23, earlier offered by the central bank, the Bangladesh Bank. The HC on Tuesday ...

Sports »

With the world at her feet, Osaka takes Paris in her stride


AFP, Paris :Twelve months ago at Roland Garros, an embarrassed Naomi Osaka bristled at being hailed as the 'coolest thing' in tennis.Now, however, the 21-year-old Japanese returns to Paris as comfortably the sport's hottest ticket with the world number one billing, a bank balance bursting at the seams and on ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news