Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Friday, April 19, 2019 01:23:58 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Tackling child poverty through child guarantee

photo by

By
20th-Jun-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Joanna Hofman and Katie Stewart :
The most recent figures are worrying, not just because of the disadvantages for children in their early life, but also because of the lasting effects: childhood poverty and social exclusion can increase the likelihood of unemployment and criminal convictions later on in life.
One potential future policy development to help tackle child poverty across the EU is a dedicated Child Guarantee, an initiative proposed by the Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists & Democrats in the European Parliament.
If adopted, the Child Guarantee would put in place a political commitment to provide every child at risk of poverty in the EU with access to free healthcare, education and childcare, adequate nutrition and decent housing.
As the initiative is at an early stage, it is unclear whether it is feasible, how it would be implemented in practice and how it would interact with other funding mechanisms available to member states.
The Child Guarantee would fit into a complex landscape of funding mechanisms. As detailed in a recent policy memo for the European Platform for Investing in Children, some existing EU funding instruments, such as the European Regional Development Fund and European Social Fund, have often been used to fund child-centred initiatives, such as building childcare infrastructure and supporting single parents in the labour market.
Others, such as the Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived, have been used by member states to specifically support children in poverty, for example, by supporting the provision of school supplies.
While the European Commission made a recommendation for member states in 2012 to draw on EU funding sources to support investment in children's development and well-being, in 2015 the European Parliament noted that member states had given little attention to using this funding in their own fight against child poverty. A future Child Guarantee would be unique because it would focus exclusively on children.
There is, however, a precedent. In 2013, the European Council established a Youth Guarantee (YG) to address high-levels of youth unemployment across the EU. The YG is a commitment by all member states to ensure that all young people under the age of 25 years receive a good quality offer of employment, continued education, apprenticeship or traineeship within a period of four months of becoming unemployed or leaving formal education.
It is accompanied by a special funding instrument, the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) to fund activity in this area by member states.
The idea of a Child Guarantee could be appealing, but there are inherent challenges and risks involved in establishing such an instrument, as shown through the experiences of the YG and YEI.
Initial results of the YEI implementation show that it is falling short of expectations, as member states could not ensure that all young people covered by the YG would receive a job offer within four months. In a report, the European Court of Auditors suggested that one of the reasons this goal was not met was insufficient assessments prior to the implementation of the YEI that would examine the real needs and gaps on the market. This could have helped to identify the resources available and the measures that were required, as well as identifying how to integrate the most vulnerable young people into the labour market.
While the YG was an immediate reaction to the financial crisis, a future Child Guarantee would reflect a more proactive and strategic approach: not only to improve the prospects of young people entering the labour market but also to improve the life-chances of future generations.
However, the root causes of child poverty and disadvantage and the ultimate impacts on future social outcomes are complex. There is no silver bullet to solve this challenge, so it is unlikely that one policy initiative alone will change child poverty overnight.
More importantly, issues that the Child Guarantee aims to address - healthcare, education, childcare, nutrition and housing - remain largely the responsibility of member states.
The main challenges appear to be finding the most effective way the EU could support member states and determining whether the existing legal provisions, instruments and funding are sufficient to tackle child poverty.
While a Child Guarantee might be a welcome policy initiative, it could also be worthwhile to encourage member states to take a look at the funding mechanisms that are already in place and available.
(Joanna Hofman is a research leader and Katie Stewart is an analyst in the home affairs and social policies research group at RAND Europe. Both are involved in research for the European Platform for Investing in Children).

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Cricket »

Sri Lanka dump Chandimal, bring back Thirimanne for World Cup


AFP, Colombo :Sri Lanka Thursday dumped established stars including former captain Dinesh Chandimal to hand batsman Lahiru Thirimanne and leg-spinner Jeffrey Vandersay a place in their World Cup squad.Chandimal, who was one-day captain until last October, wicketkeeper-batsman Niroshan Dickwella, off-spinner Akila Dananjaya, openers Danushka Gunathilaka and Upul Tharanga were all ...

Cricket »

Senior players need to take the responsibility: Faruk Ahmed


Former chief selector Faruk Ahmed insisted on the performance of the senior players, stating that they need to take the onus if Bangladesh want to do well in the upcoming ICC Cricket World Cup.According to Faruk, the condition should give Bangladesh a confidence, given that they stormed into the semifinal ...

Entertainment »

Mehazabien’s Boishakhi works create viewers’ attention


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :For the last few years, Mehazabien Chowdhury established her strong position in media by virtue of her acting quality and skill. She is now getting positive response for acting in two Boishakhi plays. Afran Nisho was her co-actor in these two plays - Tom & Jerry and ...

International »

Turkish opposition takes control of Istanbul, re-run appeal still pending


Reuters, Istanbul :Turkey's main opposition candidate took office as Istanbul mayor on Wednesday after a stunning victory over President Tayyip Erdogan's AK Party, but the new head of the country's largest city still faces an appeal for the vote to be re-run.The final result of the March 31 local elections ...

Editorial »

Power politics in Egypt


A HUGE majority of Egypt's MPs on April 16 approved constitutional amendments to allow President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi in power until 2030. The amendments were initially introduced in February, however after lengthy debates and discussions favouring the Egyptian society it was updated earlier this week. "The president's current term shall expire ...

Football »

Iniesta's J-League club Kobe part ways with coach Lillo


AFP, Tokyo :Barcelona legend Andres Iniesta's Vissel Kobe have terminated the contract of manager Juan Manuel Lillo following a poor run of results, the Japanese club said on Wednesday.The 53-year-old former Real Sociedad and Zaragoza boss won just two of six games since taking charge last October as star-studded Vissel ...

International »

US waging 'financial war' against Palestinians


AP, Ramallah, West Bank :The new Palestinian prime minister on Tuesday accused the United States of declaring "financial war" on his people and said an American peace plan purported to be in the works will be "born dead."In his first interview with international media since taking office over the weekend, ...

City »

Various organisations formed a human chain in front of Jatiya Press Club on Wednesday marking the International Krishok Sangram Dibash-2019.


Entertainment »

Priya Bapat to take up a web series


Web Series are surely the in thing nowadays and so many actors, irrespective of their stardom, are being seen in them. Marathi superstar Priya Bapat has also bagged a web series called City Of Dreams. Sharing her experience of being part of the series, she says, “Web series are now ...

Editorial »

Urgent steps needed to check outbreak of diarrhoea


AT the advent of summer this year, the number of diarrhoea patients has already crossed the recent records. International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, and the other city hospitals are struggling to tackle the surge in diarrhoea patients. The diarrhoea patients admitted to the ICDDR,B has crossed the number ...

Cricket »

Tearful Taskin vows to make a strong comeback


Fast bowler Taskin Ahmed vowed to make a strong comeback after being snubbed from the 15-member World Cup squad, announced by the Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB) on Tuesday.Chocked with emotions as tears were rolling down from his cheek Taskin shared his disappointments with media."Its' ok just pray for me," Taskin ...

Editorial »

Save the state-owned jute mills


WORKERS of state-owned jute mills across the country withdrew their 96-hours strike last night after the Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (BJMC) agreed to some of their demands. The decision came after a meeting between worker leaders and top BJMC officials on Monday night, following the first day of the second ...

International »

World leaders stunned by Notre-Dame fire, urge rebuilding


AFP, Paris :Global leaders and institutions shared the international shock at seeing Paris's Notre-Dame Cathedral consumed by flames.They stressed the unique and iconic place the monument has in human history and expressed solidarity with France. Pope Francis "is praying for French Catholics and for the people of Paris in face ...

City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina visiting a stall at Bangabandhu International Conference Centre after the inauguration of National Health Service Week 2019 at Bangabandhu International Conference Centre yesterday.


Entertainment »

What motivated Priya Bapat to take up a web series?


Web Series are surely the in thing nowadays and so many actors, irrespective of their stardom, are being seen in them. Marathi superstar Priya Bapat has also bagged a web series called City Of Dreams. Sharing her experience of being part of the series, she says, `Web series are now ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news