Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Sunday, March 24, 2019 09:56:31 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

From Churchill to Trump: Key moments in the UK-US special relationship

By
07th-Jul-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Since Winston Churchill coined the term "special relationship" after World War Two, the United Kingdom has placed its alliance with the United States at the heart of its foreign and security policy.
Ahead of President Donald Trump's visit to Britain next week here are some key moments of the relationship between the two countries. The United States declared independence from Britain in 1776 and the American revolutionary war raged until 1783. British forces burned down Washington, including the Capitol and the White House, during the War of 1812. Britain remained neutral through the American Civil War but was sympathetic to the Confederate States. By the late 19th Century, though, Britain and its former colony were aligned. Despite President Woodrow Wilson's attempts to keep the United States out of World War One, it eventually declared war in 1917. Wilson came to Europe after the war and spent several days with King George V at Buckingham Palace, the monarch's London residence, becoming the first American president to stay there on what was the only pre-World War Two visit by a U.S. president. Wilson and his wife Margaret took a horse-drawn carriage down London's grand boulevard, The Mall, surrounded by crowds of well-wishers.
Despite Britain's perilous situation in the early years of World War Two, Washington maintained neutrality until the Japanese bombing of the American fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on Dec. 7, 1941, just months after the Soviet Union entered the war. The United Kingdom (including its empire) lost over 450,000 people in that war, while the United States lost about 420,000. In 1946 Winston Churchill coined the term "special relationship" as the Cold War began, but it was an alliance that was to endure some testing times.
Britain's post-war foreign minister Ernest Bevin said that Britain needed its own nuclear deterrent to make sure that no other holders of the post were talked down to by American counterparts.
And while the establishment of NATO in 1949 helped to deepen military ties, tensions remained especially over Britain's role as a colonial power. President Franklin Roosevelt had pushed for Indian independence during World War Two in the face of bitter opposition from Churchill. India eventually achieved independence in 1947.
In the 1956 Suez Crisis, when Britain attacked Egypt without informing the United States, President Dwight Eisenhower was incensed and pressured Prime Minister Anthony Eden to seek a peaceful solution, resulting in Eden's resignation. The episode was arguably the worst crisis of U.S.-UK relations in the 20th century but demonstrated to the British establishment its fading imperial power and the importance of collaboration with the United States in international affairs. The relationship was tested again in 1962 when the administration of U.S. President John Kennedy unexpectedly canceled its Skybolt missile program, angering Britain which had been set to use the missiles. However, Kennedy visited Britain twice during his short time in office, meeting Queen Elizabeth in 1961.
In 1963 he received a letter from three "Ban the bomb" anti-nuclear weapon campaigners as he met Harold Macmillan at the prime minister's Sussex country home. The defining image of British and U.S. relations by the end of the Cold War was of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and President Ronald Reagan.
The grocers' daughter and the Hollywood film star struck up a rapport on the basis of their shared commitment to small government, economic liberalism and anti-communism. Even this relationship was subjected to strains, however. Thatcher was angered by the U.S. invasion of Grenada, a Commonwealth nation in 1983. In 2014 a recording of a phone call by Reagan, apologizing to Thatcher, was released. Reagan met Queen Elizabeth on each of his three visits to Britain. In 1982, he stayed at Windsor Castle and went riding with the queen.
The special relationship was reinforced again with the co-operation of Prime Minister Tony Blair and President George W. Bush over the Iraq War. Following the 9/11 attacks on the United States in 2001, Blair was keen to offer support to the United States. However, while the initial action to depose Saddam Hussein as Iraq's leader in 2003 achieved its aims, the war became drawn out.
The lack of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, which had provided a justification for the action, drew opposition on both sides of the Atlantic, with some describing Blair as a puppet of Bush. The impression was underlined at an international conference in 2006 when Bush, chewing on a bread roll, was overheard by a microphone greeting the arriving British leader with a cheery "Yo Blair."
While Blair's close friendship with Bush - they famously claimed to use the same brand of toothpaste - became a political issue for him, British leaders tended to see good relations with president Barack Obama as an asset. Obama was popular in Britain and Prime Minister David Cameron was keen to portray their closeness, in contrast to the more awkward manner of his predecessor Gordon Brown.
Cameron high-fived Obama as they played table tennis during a visit to London in 2011, while Cameron ate hotdogs with the president as they took in a university basketball game in Ohio.
However, Obama's comment in April 2016 that Britain would be "at the back of the queue" in trade talks should it vote to leave the EU also raised questions among Britons about the value of the relationship. Just after Britain voted to leave the EU, Donald Trump described Brexit as a "beautiful, beautiful thing".
Trump's victory in the 2016 presidential election shocked British diplomats in Washington and relations between PM May, a vicar's daughter, and Trump have been strained at times. The enduring image of May's visit to the White House in January 2017, when she became the first foreign leader to meet the president after he took office, was Trump taking May's hand to help her down the steps of a White House colonnade. He will arrive in the United Kingdom after a NATO summit in Brussels and shortly before a summit in Helsinki with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

- Reuters

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Football »

England, France win big, Portugal held as Euro defense opens


AP, London :Big and slick wins for France and England. Not even a goal for Portugal.Even with Cristiano Ronaldo returning to the Portugal side for the first time since last year's World Cup, the European champions could only begin their title defense with a 0-0 home draw against Ukraine.The goals ...

Sports »

Serena survives scare to advance in Miami


AFP, Miami :Serena Williams survived an "irresponsible" second set lapse on Friday to see off Sweden's Rebecca Peterson 6-3, 1-6, 6-1 in her second-round opener of the WTA and ATP Miami Open."I wasn't really happy with my performance," admitted the 23-time Grand Slam champion, who is playing in just her ...

Entertainment »

I was lucky that it wasn't a dance-off - Alia Bhatt


An Abhishek Varman directorial, Kalank starring Alia Bhatt, Madhuri Dixit, Varun Dhawan, Aditya Roy Kapur, Sonakshi Sinha, and Sanjay Dutt has been making headlines ever since its announcement. It was just yesterday when the makers of the film dropped in the first song, titled Gharore pardesiya, featuring Alia and Madhuri ...

International »

Pope replaces Santiago bishop after abuse cover-up claims


Reuters, Vatican City :Pope Francis has accepted the resignation of Cardinal Ricardo Ezzati, the archbishop of Santiago and the highest ranking member of the Catholic Church in Chile, who has been caught up in the country's sex abuse scandal.A Vatican statement on Saturday said the pope had named Bishop Celestino ...

International »

May makes final push for Brexit deal with new timetable


Prime Minister Theresa May returns to Britain on Friday vowing to make "every effort" to win over MPs opposed to her EU divorce deal, hours after securing a delay to Brexit from European leaders in Brussels.The embattled premier faces daunting odds to persuade recalcitrant British lawmakers to back a plan ...

City »

Gonoforum President Dr. Kamal Hossain speaking at a press conference organised by Gonoforum at the Jatiya Press Club on Saturday demanding safe road.


Editorial »

Modernise the railways and make it corruption-free


BANGLADESH Railway has been showing less importance and interest to recover its grabbed lands though thousands of acres of land are now illegally possessed by a section of influential people and some organisations. It has also no visible plan to use many unused lands across the country too. An initiative ...

Editorial »

Save Halda from dying


DEPARTMENT of Environment has revealed that waste from a housing estate and some factories are polluting the Halda river in Chattogram to the extent that it caused dying of fish. Currently, the pollution of the Halda is severely affecting the livelihood of adjacent people, in particular the fishermen. In June ...

International »

Prince Charles heads to Cuba amid US tensions


AFP, Havana :Britain's Prince Charles and his wife Camilla will make the first royal visit to communist-run Cuba on Sunday at a time when ally Washington is seeking to ramp up sanctions against the island.The 70-year-old prince was asked by the British government to add Cuba to a long-planned tour ...

Football »

US beat Ecuador 1-0 in int’l friendly soccer


AP, Orlando :Gregg Berhalter's vision for the U.S. national team started to unfold as the Americans passed the ball from side to side, played diagonal balls long and short. Possession is his key to success.The style was more pleasing. But the only goal of night was pretty weird.Gyasi Zardes's shot ...

Entertainment »

Homayra Himu wants to give direction


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Five years ago, popular TV actress Homayra Himu produced a telefilm titled Bhalobashi Othoba Bashi Bhalo. But producing that telefilm she faced financial crisis during that time. She was sufferer for this and later decided not to produce any work. But she is interested to give direction ...

Sports »

Russia's Natalia Zabiiko and Alexander Enbert perform their pairs free skate during the ISU World Figure Skating Championships at Saitama Super Arena in Saitama, north of Tokyo on Thursday.


Football »

Trinidad and Tobago's Aubrey David (left) and Wales' Ryan Hedges battle for the ball during the International Friendly soccer match between Wales and Trinidad and Tobago, at the Racecourse Ground, in Wrexham, Wales on Wednesday.


Entertainment »

Deepika Padukone checks all ticks in list over a week


Bollywood’s leading lady Deepika Padukone has had an eventful last week as the actress unveiled her prestigious Statue of Purpose at Madame Tussauds and graced the Vogue International cover as the Global Talent. Both the events are key and one of the major highlights in the life of the actress. ...

City »

Holi festival celebrated with enthusiasm, fanfare


Thousands of devotees on Thursday celebrated the Holi, a Hindu religious festival of colours, across the country with due religious fervour and much enthusiasm."Marking the festival, a large number of devotees thronged the Dhakeswari National Temple in the morning to offer abir, a pink colored powder, at the foot of ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news