Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, December 18, 2018 08:27:44 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

From Churchill to Trump: Key moments in the UK-US special relationship

By
07th-Jul-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Since Winston Churchill coined the term "special relationship" after World War Two, the United Kingdom has placed its alliance with the United States at the heart of its foreign and security policy.
Ahead of President Donald Trump's visit to Britain next week here are some key moments of the relationship between the two countries. The United States declared independence from Britain in 1776 and the American revolutionary war raged until 1783. British forces burned down Washington, including the Capitol and the White House, during the War of 1812. Britain remained neutral through the American Civil War but was sympathetic to the Confederate States. By the late 19th Century, though, Britain and its former colony were aligned. Despite President Woodrow Wilson's attempts to keep the United States out of World War One, it eventually declared war in 1917. Wilson came to Europe after the war and spent several days with King George V at Buckingham Palace, the monarch's London residence, becoming the first American president to stay there on what was the only pre-World War Two visit by a U.S. president. Wilson and his wife Margaret took a horse-drawn carriage down London's grand boulevard, The Mall, surrounded by crowds of well-wishers.
Despite Britain's perilous situation in the early years of World War Two, Washington maintained neutrality until the Japanese bombing of the American fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on Dec. 7, 1941, just months after the Soviet Union entered the war. The United Kingdom (including its empire) lost over 450,000 people in that war, while the United States lost about 420,000. In 1946 Winston Churchill coined the term "special relationship" as the Cold War began, but it was an alliance that was to endure some testing times.
Britain's post-war foreign minister Ernest Bevin said that Britain needed its own nuclear deterrent to make sure that no other holders of the post were talked down to by American counterparts.
And while the establishment of NATO in 1949 helped to deepen military ties, tensions remained especially over Britain's role as a colonial power. President Franklin Roosevelt had pushed for Indian independence during World War Two in the face of bitter opposition from Churchill. India eventually achieved independence in 1947.
In the 1956 Suez Crisis, when Britain attacked Egypt without informing the United States, President Dwight Eisenhower was incensed and pressured Prime Minister Anthony Eden to seek a peaceful solution, resulting in Eden's resignation. The episode was arguably the worst crisis of U.S.-UK relations in the 20th century but demonstrated to the British establishment its fading imperial power and the importance of collaboration with the United States in international affairs. The relationship was tested again in 1962 when the administration of U.S. President John Kennedy unexpectedly canceled its Skybolt missile program, angering Britain which had been set to use the missiles. However, Kennedy visited Britain twice during his short time in office, meeting Queen Elizabeth in 1961.
In 1963 he received a letter from three "Ban the bomb" anti-nuclear weapon campaigners as he met Harold Macmillan at the prime minister's Sussex country home. The defining image of British and U.S. relations by the end of the Cold War was of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and President Ronald Reagan.
The grocers' daughter and the Hollywood film star struck up a rapport on the basis of their shared commitment to small government, economic liberalism and anti-communism. Even this relationship was subjected to strains, however. Thatcher was angered by the U.S. invasion of Grenada, a Commonwealth nation in 1983. In 2014 a recording of a phone call by Reagan, apologizing to Thatcher, was released. Reagan met Queen Elizabeth on each of his three visits to Britain. In 1982, he stayed at Windsor Castle and went riding with the queen.
The special relationship was reinforced again with the co-operation of Prime Minister Tony Blair and President George W. Bush over the Iraq War. Following the 9/11 attacks on the United States in 2001, Blair was keen to offer support to the United States. However, while the initial action to depose Saddam Hussein as Iraq's leader in 2003 achieved its aims, the war became drawn out.
The lack of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction, which had provided a justification for the action, drew opposition on both sides of the Atlantic, with some describing Blair as a puppet of Bush. The impression was underlined at an international conference in 2006 when Bush, chewing on a bread roll, was overheard by a microphone greeting the arriving British leader with a cheery "Yo Blair."
While Blair's close friendship with Bush - they famously claimed to use the same brand of toothpaste - became a political issue for him, British leaders tended to see good relations with president Barack Obama as an asset. Obama was popular in Britain and Prime Minister David Cameron was keen to portray their closeness, in contrast to the more awkward manner of his predecessor Gordon Brown.
Cameron high-fived Obama as they played table tennis during a visit to London in 2011, while Cameron ate hotdogs with the president as they took in a university basketball game in Ohio.
However, Obama's comment in April 2016 that Britain would be "at the back of the queue" in trade talks should it vote to leave the EU also raised questions among Britons about the value of the relationship. Just after Britain voted to leave the EU, Donald Trump described Brexit as a "beautiful, beautiful thing".
Trump's victory in the 2016 presidential election shocked British diplomats in Washington and relations between PM May, a vicar's daughter, and Trump have been strained at times. The enduring image of May's visit to the White House in January 2017, when she became the first foreign leader to meet the president after he took office, was Trump taking May's hand to help her down the steps of a White House colonnade. He will arrive in the United Kingdom after a NATO summit in Brussels and shortly before a summit in Helsinki with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

- Reuters

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Entertainment »

Ankhi Alamgir enthrals Kolkata audience


Entertainment Report :   In the beginning of current year popular singer Ankhi Alamgir performed in Utsab at Jodhpur Park in Kolkata. In the meantime, she also went to Kolkata for several times. On December 14, she got the opportunity to perform as a leading singer of Bangladesh at outdoor pool ...

Business & Economy »

Choudhury Atiur Rasul, Chief Financial Officer of Agricultural Marketing Company Limited (AMCL), a sister concern of PRAN Group, receiving the 'ICMAB Best Corporate Award-2017' in the Miscellaneous Manufacturing Category from Finance Minister Abul Maal Abdul Muhith, at a programme held at a hotel in the city on Saturday. Dr. M Khairul Hossain, Chairman of Bangladesh Securities and Exchange Commission and Suvod Kumar Karn, President of South Asian Federation of Accountants were also present.


.

Cricket »

Shakib Al Hasan plays a shot during the first Twenty20 International match between Bangladesh and West Indies at Sylhet International Cricket Stadium on Monday. Shakib scored 61 runs.


Cricket »

Fizz moves to top five in ODI rankings


Mustafizur Rahman has made a big leap to enter into the top five ranks of ICC ODI bowling rankings. Other Bangladeshi players have also made progress in the rankings after the end of Bangladesh-Windies ODIs.The Fizz moved five places to no.5 in the rankings. He has career-best 695 points against ...

Editorial »

Dhaka must involve ASEAN nations for early Rohingya repatriation


MALAYSIAN Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on Sunday asked the ASEAN nations to take tough measures for creating pressure on Myanmar and its de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi to end atrocities against the Rohingya Muslims. More than 720,000 Rohingyas have fled Myanmar's strife-torn Rakhine State to Bangladesh since August ...

International »

Indian troops enforce lockdown to foil Kashmir public march


AP, Srinagar :Soldiers and police fanned out across Indian-controlled Kashmir on Monday to enforce a security lockdown for a second straight day to stop anti-India protests and foil a call by separatists for a march toward India's main military garrison in the disputed region.Government forces patrolled streets in the region's ...

Cricket »

Sri Lanka 275-9 at stumps on day 1, 1st Test vs New Zealand


AP, New Zealand :Tim Southee took 5-67 as New Zealand exploited an influential toss to contain Sri Lanka to 275-9 Saturday on the first day of the first cricket Test at the Basin Reserve.A late unbeaten half century by wicketkeeper Niroshan Dickwella helped swing the day a little in Sri ...

Football »

Salah retains BBC African Footballer of the Year award


Liverpool and Egypt striker Mohamed Salah has capped a sparkling 2018 for club and country by winning the prestigious BBC African Footballer of the Year Award for the second time in a row."It's a great feeling to win again. I'm happy and I would like to win it also next ...

Entertainment »

Soundarya Sharma is going to have an exceptional time this festive season


Actress Soundarya Sharma who made her stellar debut in Ranchi Diaries, a Comedy thriller film, and got a thumbs up from the critics and audience and awarded as the ‘Best Debutante’ at Jharkhand international film festival 2018. She was nominated for the ‘Best Female Debutante’ by Zee Cine Awards 2018 ...

Entertainment »

Ishana in four plays under same director’s direction


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Popular TV actress of present time Ishana Khan has worked in four faction plays under same director's direction. She has finished shooting of these four plays under Satirtho Rahman Rubel’s direction. Shooting of these plays took place in Darjeeling from November last week to December first week. ...

Editorial »

No room for self-satisfaction, success needed in other fields too


THE nation celebrates the 48th Victory Day today amid festivity. Today, the nation will remember its glorious historical achievement earned through a nine-month war against Pakistan Occupation Forces in 1971. The nation will recall today, Bangladesh was born as an independent country under the leadership of Father of the Nation ...

International »

Australia recognises west Jerusalem as capital of Israel


Australia now recognises west Jerusalem as Israel's capital, Prime Minister Scott Morrison said Saturday, but a contentious embassy shift from Tel Aviv will not occur until a peace settlement is achieved.Canberra became one of just a few governments around the world to follow US President Donald Trump's lead and recognise ...

International »

Trump taps budget head Mulvaney as acting chief of staff


Donald Trump announced Friday that his budget director Mick Mulvaney will step in as acting chief of staff to replace John Kelly - amid indications the president is struggling to fill the key post.Trump, whose presidency is increasingly embroiled in legal troubles, announced earlier this month that Kelly, a former ...

City »

BNP candidate of Dhaka-8 constituency Mirza Abbas speaking at a prèss conference at his residence in the city on Saturday in protest against attack on his electioneering in the city's Segunbagicha area.


Entertainment »

Mim`s new movie Thai Curry


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :End of this year is becoming something new for the National Film Award winner actress Bidya Sinha Saha Mim. At the end of this year, she has started shooting of a new movie. Now she is staying in Bangkok to take part in shooting of the movie. ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news