Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Wednesday, February 20, 2019 06:05:25 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

The Great Poet Hafiz Shirazi

photo by

Hafiz or Hafez is a title given to those who had memorized the Quran by heart. It is claimed that Hafiz had done this in fourteen different ways. He had memorized the Quran by listening to his father\'s recitations of it. He also had memorized many of the

By
17th-Aug-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Literature Desk :
Very little credible information is known about Shamsuddin Mohammad Hafiz Shirazi's life, particularly its early part. Immediately after his death, many stories, some of mythical proportions were woven around his life. The following is an attempt at encapsulating what we know with a fair amount of certainty about Hafiz’s life.
His date of birth is sometime between the years 1310-1325 a.d. or 712-727 A.H. The most probable date is either 1320, or 1325 a.d. He was born in Shiraz, in South-central Iran. His father was Baha-ud-Din.
Hafiz or Hafez is a title given to those who had memorized the Quran by heart. It is claimed that Hafiz had done this in fourteen different ways. He had memorized the Quran by listening to his father's recitations of it. He also had memorized many of the works of his hero, Sa'di, as well as Attar, Rumi and Nizami.
Hafiz married in his twenties, even though he continued his love for Shakh-e Nabat, as the manifest symbol of her Creator's beauty.
His father who was a coal merchant, died leaving him and his mother with much debt. Hafiz and his mother went to live with his uncle (also called Sa'di). He left day school to work in a drapery shop and later in a bakery. While still working at the bakery, Hafiz delivered bread to a wealthy quarter of town and saw Shakh-e Nabat, a young woman of incredible beauty. Many of his poems are addressed to Shakh-e Nabat. In pursuit of reaching his beloved, Hafiz kept a forty day and night vigil at the tomb of Baba Kuhi. After successfully attaining this, he met Attar and became his disciple.
He became a poet of the court of Abu Ishaq. Gained much fame and influence in Shiraz. This was the phase of 'Spiritual Romanticism' in his poetry.
Mubariz Muzaffar captured Shiraz, and among his various deeds, he ousted Hafiz from his position of teacher of Quranic studies at the College. At this time he wrote protest poems. Shah Shuja took his tyrant father as prisoner, and re-instated Hafiz as a teacher at the College. He began his phase of subtle spirituality in his poetry.
Falling out of favor with Shah Shuja, Hafiz fled Shiraz for his safety, and went into self-imposed exile in Isfahan. His poems mainly talk of his longing for Shiraz, for Shakh-e Nabat, and for his spiritual Master, Attar (not the famous Farid-uddin Attar of Neishabour - who predates Hafiz by a couple of centuries - but the lesser known Attar of Shiraz).
By invitation of Shah Shuja, he ended his exile and returned to Shiraz. He was re-instated to his post at the College.
Longing to be united with his Creator, he began a forty day and night vigil by sitting in a circle that he had drawn himself.
On the morn of the fortieth day of his vigil, which was also on the fortieth anniversary of meeting his Master Attar, he went to his Master, and attained cosmic consciousness or God-realization.
In this phase, up to the age of 69 when he died, he composed more than half of his ghazals., and continued to teach his small circle of disciples. His poetry at this time, talk with the authority of a Master who is united with God.
Some 500 ghazals, 42 rubaiyees, and a few ghaseedeh's, composed over a period of 50 years. Hafiz only composed when he was divinely inspired, and therefore he averaged only about 10 ghazals per year. His focus was to write poetry worthy of the Beloved.
Hafiz did not compile his poetry. Mohammad Golandaam, who also wrote a Preface to his compilation, completed it in 813 A.H or 1410 a.d, some 21-22 years after Hafiz's death. Also another person who compiled Hafiz's poetry was one of his young disciples Sayyid Kasim-e Anvar, who collected 569 Ghazals attributed to Hafiz. He died in 1431 a.d. some 42-43 years after Hafiz's death. Musalla Gardens, along the banks of Ruknabad river in Shiraz, is referred to as Hafezieh.
The orthodox clergy who always opposed Hafiz, refused to allow him to have a Muslim burial. Yet his grass-roots support among the people of Shiraz created an atmosphere of conflict. To resolve the controversy, they decided to use Hafiz's poetry, by dividing his ghazals into couplets, and asking a young boy to draw a couplet. It was agreed that however the couplet directed them, they would all consent to follow.
The couplet that was chosen was verse 7 of Ghazal #79, which was a tongue-in-cheek response from Hafiz to the orthodox clergy. It reads:
Neither Hafiz's corpse, nor his life negate,
With all his misdeeds, heavens for him wait.
To this day, Hafiz's Divan (Poetry) is utilized as an Oracle to give guidance to our questions, and direction to realize our wishes.
Great Poet Goethe said about Hafiz: "In his poetry Hafiz has inscribed undeniable truth indelibly ... Hafiz has no peer!"
Emerson: Hafiz defies you to show him or put him in a condition inopportune or ignoble ... He fears nothing. He sees too far; he sees throughout; such is the only man I wish to see or be".
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle: "...You may remember the old Persian saying, 'There is danger for him who taketh the tiger cub and danger also for whosoever snatches a delusion from a woman.' There is as much sense in Hafiz as in Horace, and as much knowledge of the world."
Edward Fitzgerald:  "The best musician of Words".
Gertrude Bell: "It is as if his mental eye; endowed with wonderful acuteness of vision, had penetrated into those provinces of thought which we of a later age were destined to inhabit."
A. J. Arberry:  "... Hafiz is as highly esteemed by his countrymen as Shakespeare by us, and deserves as serious consideration".
References:
References for Hafiz's biographical information are taken from: Hafiz - Tongue of the Hidden, Versions by Paul Smith. The Green Sea of Heaven - Fifty Ghazals from Diwan of Hafiz, Translated by Elizabeth T. Gray, Jr. Odes of Hafiz - Poetical Horoscope, Translated from the Persian by Abbas Aryanpur Kashani, LL.D. The Hafez Poems of Gertrude Bell, Introduction by E. Denison Ross. Divan-e Khajeh Shamseddin Mohammad Hafiz-e Shirazi, by Mohammad Ghazvini and Dr. Ghasem Ghani (in Persian). Divan-e Hafiz-e Shirazi, by Dr. Seyyed Mohammad Reza Jalaly Nayeenii (in Persian). Divan-e Khajeh Shamseddin Mohammad Hafiz-e Shirazi, compiled by Mohammad Jaafar Mahjoobi (in Persian).

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Prevent gas cylinder and pipeline explosions


GAS explosion has become very common in the country nowadays. Even if someone escapes death, the victim has to suffer burn injury or loss of valuable organs. The authorities concerned still did not take any effective step to control such incidents. In the latest incident, seven people including a couple ...

Entertainment »

Malaika Arora opens up about her divorce with Arbaaz Khan


Malaika Arora, who is recently making headlines for her relationship with Arjun Kapoor and the couples social PDA, recently opened up about her divorce with Arbaaz Khan on a radio show. Talking about her divorce she revealed that it was a mutual decision to part ways so that they could ...

City »

BNP Standing Committee Member Dr. Khondkar Mosharraf Hossain, among others, at a discussion organised by Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Muktijoddha Dal at the Jatiya Press Club on Tuesday demanding release of BNP Chief Begum Khaleda Zia.


.

International »

Pakistan PM urges talks on Kashmir blast, warns India against attack


Reuters, Islamabad :Prime Minister Imran Khan said on Tuesday Pakistan was ready to cooperate with India in its investigation of a deadly bombing in the disputed Kashmir region last week, which India blamed on Pakistan, but warned of retaliation if attacked.Tension between the nuclear-armed neighbors has risen sharply over the ...

Sports »

Al Amin Zumar and Mukhtar Hossain of Daffodil International University receiving the championship trophy of the Inter-University Badminton Tournament and a cheque of Taka 15,000 from Dr Mohammed Farashuddin, Chairman, Board of Trustees of East West University, at the playground of East West University in the city on Monday.


.

Editorial »

Not memorization, students need analytical involvement


ABOUT one lakh students have applied to the Directorate of Primary Education (DPE) of the Primary and Mass Education Ministry for reexamination of their results, claiming that justice will be established if the authorities work properly. Some of students who failed in the examination alleged that they did not get ...

International »

`Crime may have been committed` by Trump: Ex-FBI official


AP, Washington :Former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe said in an interview that aired Sunday that a "crime may have been committed" when President Donald Trump fired the head of the FBI and tried to publicly undermine an investigation into his campaign's ties to Russia. McCabe also said in the ...

Entertainment »

Moury Salim prefers challenging roles


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Actress of present generation Moury Salim has been engaged with acting for many days. Though she has been busy with acting for long time but could not get the opportunity to work in challenging roles properly or the directors did not utilise her acting quality appropriately. On ...

Cricket »

Girona beat Real Madrid


BBC Online :Real Madrid missed the chance to go second in La Liga as Girona came from behind to record a surprise away win on Sunday.Casemiro powerfully headed in from Toni Kroos' deep cross from the right wing to give the hosts a first-half lead.Cristhian Stuani's penalty made it 1-1 ...

City »

Director General of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute Dr. Abul Kalam Azad speaking at the inaugural ceremony of a training programme on 'Marker Assisted Selection' at its seminar room in Gazipur on Monday.


.

Editorial »

Take hard-line against tax eviction by working foreigners


THE international organisations and development partners working in Bangladesh did not surrender or renew the Customs Passbooks of their 395 non-Bangladeshi staff till the date. The National Board of Revenue had directed them to complete the task within the January 31 deadline, newspapers reported. According to NBR, employees of 21 ...

City »

40 DU students get Sumitomo Corporation Scholarship


City Desk  :A total of 40 under-graduate students from different academic years of Dhaka University (DU) have been awarded Sumitomo Corporation Scholarship of Japan today February 17, 2019 at Nabab Nawab Ali Chowdhury Senate Bhaban of the university.Dhaka University Vice-Chancellor Prof. Dr. Md. Akhtaruzzaman presided over the function while Treasurer ...

Cricket »

Sri Lanka sensation Perera hailed for Test-winning heroics


AFP, Colombo :Kusal Perera became a national hero in Sri Lanka on Sunday after scoring an unbeaten 153 to guide his country to a sensational first Test victory in South Africa.The country's cricket legends and politicians lauded Perera, who has become a linchpin for the ailing national side since fighting ...

International »

Japan PM nominated Trump for Nobel after US request


AFP, Tokyo :Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe nominated US President Donald Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize last autumn after being requested to do so by Washington, a Japanese newspaper reported Sunday.Washington sounded out Tokyo over the possibility of nominating Trump for the prize after his landmark summit with North ...

Entertainment »

Shraddha Kapoor obliges fans amidst a busy schedule


Actress Shraddha Kapoor obliges for some selfies with her fans amidst a busy schedule. The actress was pictured today in London where she is working on her upcoming project Street Dancer 3D. The official Instagram handle of Manav Manglani had recently posted pictures of her taking selfies for her fans ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news