Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Wednesday, November 14, 2018 11:52:28 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Coastal safety in disaster

By
14th-Sep-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Dr. Md. Shairul Mashreque :
Due to its geographic position, Bangladesh is one of the most climate vulnerable countries on earth. Bangladesh suffers from frequent natural hazards - including tropical cyclones and storm surges, river and coastal flooding, landslides and droughts. The frequency and severity of these natural hazards - combined with the socio-economic situation of Bangladesh leads to loss of life, homes and lands, damage to infrastructure and economic assets and adversely impacts on the life and livelihoods of people across the country. The displaced persons need shelter, relocation and many other rehabilitation trajectories. As has been reported by a report covering shelter, housing and property and green fund: Bangladesh's vulnerability to natural hazards also leads to climate displacement - the forced displacement of individuals and communities from their homes and lands. This is as a result of both "sudden onset events" such as floods, cyclones and river bank erosion as well as "slow onset processes" such as coastal erosion, seal-level rise, salt water intrusion, changing rainfall pattern and drought. The primary causes of climate displacement in Bangladesh are tidal height increases in the coastal areas (leading to tidal flooding) and riverbank erosion in the mainland areas. The key secondary causes of displacement are tropical cyclones and storm surges in the coastal regions and river flooding in the mainland. The primary sites of displacement have been in the coastal
regions and in the river delta regions in the mainland.
"Bangladesh experienced over 200 natural disasters since 1980, leaving a total death toll of approximately 200,000 people and causing economic loss worth nearly $17 billion. Every year, we incurred 1.8 percent of GDP loss due to natural disaster. It is estimated that 14 percent of our GDP is exposed to disasters. After the devastating cyclone of 1991, the concept of response (acting after the occurrence) has been changed by the new concept of total disaster management (which includes response, recovery, rehabilitation and prevention, mitigation and preparedness). This is the genesis of observing National Disaster Preparedness Day. After the 1998 floods, the momentum increased significantly towards risk reduction. Such change or shifts are well ahead of many global initiatives."
'In the area of disaster management, Bangladesh is well ahead of many countries. This is why the country is considered a role model in managing natural disasters. The strength and attributes we have among others include community resilience, volunteerism, the early warning system; community based decision-making process, government commitment, a vibrant NGO sector and an appreciable legal and institutional framework.
These need to be strengthened further. Implementation of various provisions of legal and policy directives needs to be evaluated and further commitment is needed in this regard. Many provisions of the DM Act, especially the Disaster Management Fund, Volunteer Platform, Research and Training Institute, are to be put in place as priority activities. Educational and research organisations should be supported continuously. Bangladesh, as an active participating country, will once again prove to be the managing disaster risk reduction through better preparedness at all levels and across all sectors, battling every type of disaster'.
In Bangladesh the victims have had nightmarish experiences about super cyclones Aila, Sidre and Mohasen. Many became displaced meaning they lost all means of livelihood they developed overtime in their original homes. Now there is climate change fund to rehabilitate them as displaced persons.
The whole gamut of rehabilitation intervention includes the dimensions like mitigation and adaptation.  Climate change involves complex interactions between climatic, environmental, economic, political, institutional, social, and technological processes. It cannot be addressed or comprehended in isolation of broader societal goals (such as equity or sustainable development), or other existing or probable future sources of stress.
Recent earth summit approved green fund to enable the victims to help themselves. Thing is that green fund must be managed in a befitting manner keeping in mind the elements of good enough governance.
Local self-government at the grassroots must have leverage over fund management. The institution like Union Parishad in coastal belt must work in close co-operation with NGO and other parastatal agencies. Union Parishad must create ward based village organization under social development programme so the programmes under Green Fund are managed properly without any malfeasance. The aspect of handling fund must be brought under parliamentary oversight. The exogenous forces at the helm in controlling green fund must see to it that funds are efficiently administered reaching out the target beneficiaries.
The 2018 World Bank reports said, Due to the effects of climate change, an increase in the frequency and severity of cyclones and other natural disasters is likely, making it essential for Bangladesh to adapt to increased uncertainty and be prepared to ride out even the worst storms.
The Multipurpose Disaster Shelter Project (MDSP) will benefit nearly 14 million coastal people who are more vulnerable to natural disasters. Bangladesh is the world's most vulnerable countries to climate change and also one of the most disaster prone countries in the world.Bangladesh's low-lying and climatic features, combined with its population density and economic environment, make it highly susceptible to many natural hazards, including floods, droughts, cyclones and earthquakes.More than 80 percent of the population are potentially exposed to floods, earthquakes and droughts and more than 70 percent to cyclones.
On average, the country experiences a severe tropical cyclone every three years, and about 25 percent of the land mass is inundated with floodwaters per year. Severe flooding, occurring every 4-5 years, covers 60 percent of the landmass. Following the devastating cyclones of 1970 and 1991, Bangladesh has made significant efforts to reduce its disaster vulnerability and is considered today a global leader in coastal resilience due to its significant long-term investments in protecting lives.
Despite these efforts, the vulnerability of the coastal population is on the rise due to climate change. Its capital, Dhaka, is among the most at risk cities in the world with assets extremely vulnerable to earthquakes and with its high population density and rapid urbanization intensifying this risk. The hazard risk to Dhaka and Bangladesh's urban areas is not yet well understood and yet to be addressed.
Since disasters afflict the poor and vulnerable of the coastal areas the most, damage caused by disasters can substantially roll back development progress. 'Disaster Risk Management (DRM) is therefore central to poverty reduction and development efforts. Integrating DRM into development planning and investments in Bangladesh could better protect people and assets from rising disasters impacts.
The World Bank assists client countries in DRM programs through effective disaster risk reduction and post-disaster response systems to reduce existing risks, avoid new risks, and respond better to disasters. In this context, the South Asia DRM team has supported the government of Bangladesh through a combination of technical assistance, investment lending, capacity building and instructional strengthening.'

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Sports »

Los Angeles Clippers guard Sindarius Thornwell (left) and Golden State Warriors forward Draymond Green scramble for a loose ball during the first half of an NBA basketball game in Los Angeles on Monday.


Football »

Rooney excited for 'great moment' in England farewell


Wayne Rooney says he is honoured to make a final appearance for England and happy for manager Gareth Southgate to decide his playing time Thursday against the United States.Former Manchester United star Rooney, in video comments released Monday by his Major League Soccer club DC United, detailed his excitement at ...

City »

Chief Election Commissioner KM Nurul Huda, among others, at a press briefing for returning officers on the occasion of eleventh parliamentary election in the auditorium of Election Commission Secretariat in the city on Tuesday.


International »

Nobody can stand in its way in Pacific island cooperation: China


Reuters, Beijing :No country can block China's cooperation with island nations in the Pacific and the area is no country's sphere of influence, a senior diplomat said on Tuesday, ahead of a summit between President Xi Jinping and Pacific island leaders.Australia, in particular, has been vying for influence with China ...

International »

Israel-Gaza border facing most serious fighting since 2014 war


Reuters, Gaza :Israel launched more air strikes on Gaza on Tuesday as Palestinians kept up rocket fire on Israeli territory, in the worst surge of violence since a 2014 war.The fighting - that has killed six Palestinians, five of them militants, and a civilian in Israel since Monday -threatened to ...

Entertainment »

Oishee in China to win `Miss World` crown


Jannatul Ferdous Oishee crowned 'Miss Bangladesh 2018' on November 30. Now, she is in China for participating in the 'Miss World' beauty contest. There she will represent Bangladesh. On Saturday night at 1:00 am, Oishi left Dhaka for Sanya in China. And she reached there on Sunday morning.Swapan Chowdhury, chairman ...

Football »

New York City forward David Villa (7) movers the ball as Atlanta United defender Miles Robinson (12) defends during the first half of their MLS playoff soccer match in Atlanta on Sunday.


Football »

Ronaldo ends San Siro hoodoo as Juventus beat Milan 2-0


AP, Milan :Cristiano Ronaldo ended his San Siro hoodoo to help Juventus to a 2-0 win after AC Milan forward Gonzalo Higuain missed a penalty against his former team on Sunday.Higuain left Juventus in the offseason following the signing of Ronaldo and he had a nightmare game as he was ...

Editorial »

No development yet in city's road traffic management


THE directives to ensure discipline in traffic system issued by higher authorities have failed to bring any result. The traffic rule violation is still rampant. Almost all directives addressing owners and workers of city service buses and human haulers, pedestrians and drivers went unheeded. If the traffic management system returns ...

International »

California wildfires: Death toll reaches grim milestone


The death toll in wildfires sweeping California has risen to 31, with more than 200 people still unaccounted for, officials have said.Six more people were confirmed killed in the Camp Fire in the north of the state, taking the toll there to 29.That fire now equals the deadliest on record ...

City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina receiving ASOCIO 2018 Digital Government Award from Post, Telecommunication and Information Technology Minister Mostofa Zabbar at the cabinet meeting on Monday.


Entertainment »

Mamo, Puja share big screen for first time


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :It was earlier fixed that Raihan Rafi directed and Jaaz Multimedia produced movie Dohon was scheduled to release on November 16. Later releasing date was changed to November 30. Owner of Jaaz Abdul Aziz confirmed the matter yesterday. Main theme of the story was given by him ...

Entertainment »

Sonakshi Sinha has only special appearance in Mission Mangal?


Actor Akshya Kumar recently announced the entire cast of India’s first space film Mission Mangal. The film is set to go on floors next month and will be helmed by Jagan Shakti. Besides Akshay as the main lead, Mission Mangal has an impeccable leading cast that includes names like Vidya ...

Football »

Iran women attend Asian Football final in rare `victory`


Hundreds of Iranian women attended a crunch football match in Tehran, in a rare step seen Sunday as a "victory" by local newspapers and hailed by FIFA as an "historic and festive day" for the sport.About a thousand women were allowed into Azadi Stadium late Saturday to watch Iranian giant ...

Editorial »

Bring the criminals to book and ensure their harsher punishment


ANOTHER woman was killed in a running bus on Friday night. This time her father was also pushed off the vehicle on Dhaka-Tangail highway in Savar. The incident may remind one of the rape and murder of law student Rupa Khatun inside a running bus in Tangail over a year ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news