Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Thursday, April 25, 2019 04:52:36 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Nature and aims of Imam Husain's resistance

photo by

By
21st-Sep-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Nur Hosain Majidi :
The uprising of Hazrat Imam Hosain (Ra) grandchild of Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu 'alaihi wa aalih - Allah extends greetings to him and his progenies) is viewed in general from an emotional point of view and sometimes due to influence by some narrations such as that of Bishad Sindhu (Sea of Sadness) by famous Bengali novelist Mir Mosharraf Hosain, he is illustrated as a legendary hero. But here we will try to focus upon the true nature and aims of his uprising based on facts without resorting to emotion.
However, it is fact that Imam Hosain (Ra) was a real revolutionary and a brave hero, because he didn't compromise regarding his ideological principles and resisted against the thirty thousand strong enemy forces till the martyrdom of himself and his 72 companions. But he neither fought for power nor did he resort to an armed revolt. He fought only as the last option to defend his ethical and moral rights and his human honour. Otherwise he was a peace-loving true Islamic leader and so tried his best to avoid armed confrontation till the last moment.
Beyond any controversy, from the point of view of Islamic knowledge and morality Imam Hosain (Ra) was the true Islamic leader of his time having all the qualities necessary for an Islamic ruler, on the other hand, as history says, Yazid was void of both Islamic knowledge and morality, rather he had many habits prohibited in Islam including drinking and playing with monkey.
In this perspective when Yazid had inherited his father as the Khaliph of the Islamic world ordered the Umayyad governor of Madina to take oath of allegiance from Imam Hosain in favour of him (Yazid), or kill Imam if he refuses to swear oath.
The Governor summoned Imam Hosain and asked him for oath of allegiance in favour of Yazid. Imam Hosain sought a respite for that night to think over the matter and the Governor accepted.
Here a point we must inculcate that there may be a non-Muslim or a secular ruler in a country he/ she who has come to power through a legal political process whether electoral or hereditary, undoubtedly he/ she is a politically legal ruler, but when a ruler claims to be Khalifatul Muslimeen (Khaliph of the Muslims) or an Islamic ruler he must have above-mentioned Islamic leadership qualities that Yazid hadn't. So as the true Islamic leader, for Imam Hosain it was not possible to acknowledge Yazid as the Khaliph of the Muslim Ummah. Because, if he would accept Yazid as Khalifatul Muslimeen then it would become a bad example for the Muslims for ever to unconditionally accept any sinner and unjust ruler as an Islamic ruler and that would be equivalent to death of Islam. So, if Imam Hosain's aim was to occupy the power he could resort to armed revolt and fight the Umayyad army and try to capture Madina as 'Abdullah ibn Zubayr did in Makka. But he didn't. Because, only the people who would choice their ruler. So he neither sworn oath of allegiance in favour of Yazid nor resorted to armed revolt to occupy the power ; rather, to avoid armed confrontation he with his family-members and close followers left Madina in the darkness of night for Makka ruled by ibn Zubayr.
In the way to Makka and after reaching there, Imam Hosain in his speeches to the people explained the mission of his uprising. He clearly expressed that his uprising was not for occupation of power, but to correct or reform the then existing situation of the Islamic state of his grandfather i.e. Prophet Muhammad (S.'a.w.a.). He tried to make the people aware and told that he was just doing his duty that has been made obligatory in the Holy Quran as "amr bil-ma'roof wa nahyi 'anil-munkar" (suggesting the good ones and discouraging the bad ones). Even in Makka he didn't take any step to form any armed forces to fight against Yazid.
Here one may claim that because Imam Hosain and his male family-members and companions fought in Karbala with their swords, so he had armed forces, though a smaller one. But we should remember that as per Arab tradition of that era carrying a sword for any male for self-defense used to be considered as civil defense weapon, not as military weapon, otherwise there were other military weapons in those days, even 'stone and fire throwing' canons and Umayyad forces used those when attacked Makka and the Holy House of Ka'bah there.
So it is quite clear that the nature of Imam Hosain's uprising was a peaceful civil movement that is accepted by the present day international community as human right and right to expression.
In the mean time several hundreds of dignitaries of Kufah wrote letters to Imam Hosain inviting him to go there and take their leadership. Undoubtedly the leadership they meant was for a civil movement. Otherwise Imam Hosain wouldn't leave Makka for Kufah without forming armed forces.
'Ubaydullah bin Ziyad, the Umayyad governor of Kufah was informed by his spies that Imam Hosain had been in the way to Kufah and as Imam reached Karbala 'Ubaydullah sent an army of thirty thousand men against him. They blocked the way of Imam to Kufah, also water of Euphrates. 'Umar bin Sa'd, the Commander of the Yazidi forces asked Imam Hosain to swear oath of allegiance in favour of Yazid and be free, or face death.
Imam Hosain saw majority of those who had written him letters among the Yazidi forces that means they had retreated from their commitment to follow him. So for him it was no more necessary to go to Kufah. On the other hand, as we mentioned before, it was not possible for him to swear oath of allegiance in favour of Yazid. So he tried to make peace and placed a proposal to his enemy with two options: to allow him to return to wherefrom he had come or to leave the territory dominated by Yazid and migrate to another country. But the enemy accepted none of the two and insisted upon their demand and Imam Hosain rejected. Then on the tenth day of Muharram 61 Hijrah, the Yazidi forces attacked Imam Hosain. Imam and his male family-members and companions fought only to avoid being captive. Imam faced martyrdom along with 72 others. From among the male-members of his family only his son Imam Zainul 'Abedeen survived who had been suffering from severe illness.
Regarding the peace-proposal of Imam Hosain a third controversial option has been mentioned by some sources that Imam be allowed to go to Damascus and meet Yazid so that he could discuss the matter with him.
If we accept it as true then it means Imam wished to meet Yazid as a free person, not as a captive, but the commander of the Yazidi forces hadn't accepted it. So it doesn't make any difference whether Imam had proposed two options or three.
There is no room for difference of opinion regarding the fact that Imam Hosain and his male family-members and companions were killed unjustly. Yet one can be found to try to justify the tragedy of Karbala. Some say that Imam Hosain violated the oath of allegiance and revolted against the legal ruler. So it was not unjust to fight against a rebel until surrender or death. But it is untrue and the argument is a fallacious one.
Because it is an undisputed historical fact that Imam Hosain never had sworn oath of allegiance in favour of Yazid. So, the question of violation doesn't arise. Secondly, also the proposal of the commander of the Yazidi army in Karbala proves the same. Because, the only option for a rebel is surrender and face trial, not the oath of allegiance.
There are some other people who try to justify the role of Yazid claiming that he didn't order to kill Imam Hosain and his male family-members and companions. Also it is a false claim. Because, for a governor ('Ubaydullah bin Ziyad) it was not possible to send a 30 thousand strong army without the order or permission of his ruler (Yazid), particularly against an un-armed small group like that of Imam Hosain's one that was never a military threat, more particularly when Imam was proceeding to Kufah where 'Ubaydullah could easily face him.
On the other hand, previously Yazid had ordered the Umayyad governor of Madina to take oath of allegiance from Imam Hosain and to kill him if refused, so, it was not possible on behalf of the same (Yazid) to issue a softer order to 'Ubaydullah bin Ziyad. Yet if we accept their claim which is void of any historical evidence as a fact, Yazid could punish at least 'Ubaydullah bin Ziyad, 'Umar bin Sa'd (the Commander) and Shimr (the killer of Imam Hosain), but he didn't. So there is no way to justify Yazid.
However, also they claim that Yazid criticized 'Ubaydullah for killing Imam Hosain and told that he hadn't wanted it and behaved humanly with the family-members of Imam Hosain and sent them with honour back to Madina. We don't know how far this claim (i.e. criticism to 'Ubaydullah and human behaviour with the family-members of Imam Hosain) is true, but even if is it true it doesn't prove that Yazid didn't order the same to 'Ubaydullah what he had ordered to the Governor of Madina., Because for a tyrant and unjust ruler like Yazid, after killing an opponent religious leader like Imam Hosain there was no harm to pretend criticizing 'Ubaydullah and showing human behaviour to Imam's family-members, to deceit the people.

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

GDP data demanded by CPD won't be coming


Independent think-tank Center for Policy Dialogue (CPD) said when a government comes to power; it takes new initiatives in line with its electoral pledges. Yet nothing mentionable could be seen after the current government took office. It said an entrenched vested group is framing policies, taking the government in its ...

Football »

Long breaks fastest goal record as Gray snatches late point for Watford


Southampton striker Shane Long scored the fastest goal in Premier League history on Tuesday after netting just 7.69 seconds into his side's 1-1 draw at Watford, who snatched a point thanks to Andre Gray's late equaliser.Long's record-breaking goal came immediately after the kick-off when he blocked a clearance from Watford ...

International »

Pro-EU party launches election campaign as UK MPs return from break


A new anti-Brexit political party launched its campaign Tuesday for next month's European Parliament elections as British lawmakers returned from their Easter break with rumours of fresh bids to topple Prime Minister Theresa May.Change UK, formed by breakaway MPs from Britain's two main parties disgruntled at their stances on Brexit, ...

International »

Fake German heiress on trial in US for duping people of $275,000


AFP, New York :A jury in New York on Tuesday began deliberating the fate of a German-Russian woman charged with 10 counts of fraud and theft of $275,000 during the time she spent passing herself off as an heiress. Anna Sorokin, 28, is accused of inventing a new identity upon ...

Business & Economy »

Zarish Couture, an exclusive fashion house was inaugurated at house: 103, road: 13/A, block-C, Bananni in the city on Saturday. Farzana Rahman, Managing Director of the fashion house and Actor Siam Ahmed were also present.


Entertainment »

Sri Reddy writes an open letter to Chief Minister


Actress Sri Reddy who became a sensation for raising her voice against casting couch in Tollywood is back to making the headlines.  Sri Reddy, on Friday, wrote an open letter to K Chandrasekhar Rao, Chief Minister of Telangana and requested him to personally investigate about the sexual harassment that is ...

Entertainment »

Twitter user calls Priya Anand ‘bad luck’ for co-stars, actress hits back


Actress Priya Anand, who is popular for her roles in Telugu films 180, Ko Antey Koti and Leader, was trolled and called ‘bad luck’ for actors. Tamil actor JK Rithesh, who was recently seen in LKG, has passed away recently due to severe chest pain. Last year, actress Sridevi passed ...

National »

SIRAJDIKHAN (Munshiganj): Health Department, Sirajdikhan Upazila brought out a rally marking the National Nutrition Week yesterday .


International »

Probe shows Sri Lanka attacks 'retaliation for Christchurch': Govt


AFP :Islamist suicide bombings that killed more than 300 people in Sri Lanka at the weekend were carried out in revenge for last month's attacks on two mosques in New Zealand, the government said Tuesday, citing an initial police probe.The revelation came as the death toll in the Easter Sunday ...

Editorial »

Deadly gas pipe line blasts: Who will take responsibility?


THE gas line explosion that killed two garment workers and injured six others in a residential block in Narayanganj on early Monday is not an isolated incident, rather an explicit exposure of the danger of derelict, faulty and illegal gas connections and substandard gas burner uses. We observe that incidents ...

City »

Economist Debapriya Bhattachariya speaking at a media briefing on 'First One Hundred-Day of the Present Government: Independent Review of Bangladesh's Development' organised by CPD in CIRDAP Auditorium in the city on Tuesday.


Sports »

Houston Rockets guard Eric Gordon (10) defends against Utah Jazz guard Donovan Mitchell (center left) in the first half during Game 4 of a first-round NBA basketball playoff series in Salt Lake City on Monday.


Football »

Ronaldo '1,000 percent' with Juventus


Cristiano Ronaldo said on Saturday he is "1,000 percent committed" to staying with Juventus next season after claiming his first Serie A title.Massimiliano Allegri's side needed just one point to nail down its eighth straight league championship, which helped ease some of the pain of its shock Champions League exit ...

International »

Top Democrats leave open option of Trump impeachment after Mueller report


Reuters, Washington :Top congressional Democrats left the door open on Sunday to the impeachment of US President Donald Trump, but said they would first need to complete their own investigations into whether he obstructed justice in Special Counsel Robert Mueller's Russia probe.Some party leaders have cautioned against impeachment just 18 ...

National »

PIROJPUR: Floating Watermelon Bazar at Swarupkathi Upazila has gained momentum as the district has achieved bumper production of the summer fruit. This snap was taken on Monday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news