Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Friday, April 19, 2019 01:25:33 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Importance of non-formal education

photo by

Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Abu Sayeed Shakil :
Non-formal education is a flexible type of education, which provides knowledge and skills to a particular group of learners required to perform better in a particular job. Formal education cannot always provide all the necessary knowledge and skills, which have immediate demand in the job market. Formal education is organized to enable the learners to be able to act in a particular situation. In another words, an educational project arranged for a particular group of learner in order to fulfill their special requirements is called non-formal education. Our formal education system does not have much flexibility; it is centrally governed; and it does not have flexibility to practise skills needed to act and react in the society properly. That is why non-formal education is mostly needed. Though non-formal education does not have anything to do with certificates or anything like that, it is very useful for smoothen our everyday life because non-formal education is designed based on the demand of the learners.
In our country, we can see many of our people remain excluded from formal education because of poverty and other reasons. In the school-going age, many children have to work for supporting their family. So they have to remain away from formal education. And after a certain age, they cannot get the primary education even if they want to. That is where non-formal education is unique because non-formal education system does not have any age limit. Any one from any age group can join if they want. It is more like a part-time education system. In formal education system students have to follow the time-table of an institution, but in non-formal education system the institution actually follows the time table of the learners as the learners here have to join the required course after managing other jobs or activities. So when a learner gets free time, they can come for their education. It does not matter if it is at night or any time of the day. Instead of a long term curriculum, it prefers very short term curriculum focusing on the knowledge and skills gaps of the learners. There is no specific target group for non-formal education, it could be younger people or adults.
According to UNESCO (2010), non-formal education helps to ensure equal access to education, eradicates or minimizes illiteracy among women and improve women's access to vocational training, science, technology and continuing education. Examples of non-formal education include swimming sessions for children, life skills learning, community-based sports programs, and some programs developed by organizations such as the Boys scouts, community or non-credit adult education courses, sports or fitness programs and professional development programs. In our villages, we sometimes see that some organizations are spreading awareness among the village people about many kind of common things such as, HIV virus, pregnancy, cholera etc. It is also an example of non-formal education. Computer training, English language training, outsourcing training are the some of the popular areas of non-formal education of current time.
Nowadays there is a lot of jobs that require computer operating skill. Department of Youth Development recently offers free computer training course in all 64 districts. People living in the rural areas, are getting computer training by Youth Training Academy. There are also some other courses offered by the Youth Training Academy such as job skills, fisheries, agricultural training. That non-formal education or training is helping our youth to stand on their own feet.
Our Government had taken many steps to improve non-formal education in the country. With the establishment of the Directorate of Non-formal Education (DNFE) in 1995, the Government of Bangladesh initially commissioned four large scale projects to offer literacy to children, adolescents and adults through developing partnership with NGOs. In 1991, through the General Education Project, the Govt. of Bangladesh supported 17 NGOs to offer NFE programs. In 1992, the Govt. of Bangladesh decided to attach more emphasis on NFE and Mass Education, which led to the establishment of the Directorate of Non-Formal Education (DNFE). So far as I know, that directorate of non-formal education is not fully functional at present. However, some organizations are doing a lot to spread the non-formal education and contributing to the development of the country.
 In our country there are over 700 NGOs working to provide non-formal education to different groups of people. The leader among the NGO-run NFE (Non-Formal Education) program in Bangladesh is BRAC (Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, recently renamed as Building Resources Across Communities). BRAC introduced a Non-Formal Primary Education (NFPE) model that has been replicated by many other NGOs in Bangladesh. This primary education model has brought a lot of success in primary level education.
As a result of wide-spread non-formal education, we will have many well-trained and skillful people who will be capable of performing various kinds of work. And it will have a huge impact on our economic growth.
 The youth will be self-reliant and as a result our economy will grow faster. Some of our skillful people will get some job in foreign countries, and our country will get a huge amount of remittance. If we can have a good number of free-launchers, actually possible to have, it could be a big source of remittance for our country.
So our government should attach more importance to this sector because it could be very valuable for the development of the country and it also will help to fill-up the gaps of formal education system. In order to spread the non-formal education throughout the whole country, we have to provide free text books, build temporary structures for teaching and training, train teachers to work there, provide scholarships to learners to encourage learners in good numbers. If non-formal education implemented properly, it will help to reach the development targets of 2030.

(The writer is a 1st year student studying Bachelor of Education at Government Teachers' Training College, Dhaka)

Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Cricket »

Sri Lanka dump Chandimal, bring back Thirimanne for World Cup

AFP, Colombo :Sri Lanka Thursday dumped established stars including former captain Dinesh Chandimal to hand batsman Lahiru Thirimanne and leg-spinner Jeffrey Vandersay a place in their World Cup squad.Chandimal, who was one-day captain until last October, wicketkeeper-batsman Niroshan Dickwella, off-spinner Akila Dananjaya, openers Danushka Gunathilaka and Upul Tharanga were all ...

Cricket »

Senior players need to take the responsibility: Faruk Ahmed

Former chief selector Faruk Ahmed insisted on the performance of the senior players, stating that they need to take the onus if Bangladesh want to do well in the upcoming ICC Cricket World Cup.According to Faruk, the condition should give Bangladesh a confidence, given that they stormed into the semifinal ...

Entertainment »

Mehazabien’s Boishakhi works create viewers’ attention

Sheikh Arif Bulbon :For the last few years, Mehazabien Chowdhury established her strong position in media by virtue of her acting quality and skill. She is now getting positive response for acting in two Boishakhi plays. Afran Nisho was her co-actor in these two plays - Tom & Jerry and ...

International »

Turkish opposition takes control of Istanbul, re-run appeal still pending

Reuters, Istanbul :Turkey's main opposition candidate took office as Istanbul mayor on Wednesday after a stunning victory over President Tayyip Erdogan's AK Party, but the new head of the country's largest city still faces an appeal for the vote to be re-run.The final result of the March 31 local elections ...

Editorial »

Power politics in Egypt

A HUGE majority of Egypt's MPs on April 16 approved constitutional amendments to allow President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi in power until 2030. The amendments were initially introduced in February, however after lengthy debates and discussions favouring the Egyptian society it was updated earlier this week. "The president's current term shall expire ...

Football »

Iniesta's J-League club Kobe part ways with coach Lillo

AFP, Tokyo :Barcelona legend Andres Iniesta's Vissel Kobe have terminated the contract of manager Juan Manuel Lillo following a poor run of results, the Japanese club said on Wednesday.The 53-year-old former Real Sociedad and Zaragoza boss won just two of six games since taking charge last October as star-studded Vissel ...

International »

US waging 'financial war' against Palestinians

AP, Ramallah, West Bank :The new Palestinian prime minister on Tuesday accused the United States of declaring "financial war" on his people and said an American peace plan purported to be in the works will be "born dead."In his first interview with international media since taking office over the weekend, ...

City »

Various organisations formed a human chain in front of Jatiya Press Club on Wednesday marking the International Krishok Sangram Dibash-2019.

Entertainment »

Priya Bapat to take up a web series

Web Series are surely the in thing nowadays and so many actors, irrespective of their stardom, are being seen in them. Marathi superstar Priya Bapat has also bagged a web series called City Of Dreams. Sharing her experience of being part of the series, she says, “Web series are now ...

Editorial »

Urgent steps needed to check outbreak of diarrhoea

AT the advent of summer this year, the number of diarrhoea patients has already crossed the recent records. International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, and the other city hospitals are struggling to tackle the surge in diarrhoea patients. The diarrhoea patients admitted to the ICDDR,B has crossed the number ...

Cricket »

Tearful Taskin vows to make a strong comeback

Fast bowler Taskin Ahmed vowed to make a strong comeback after being snubbed from the 15-member World Cup squad, announced by the Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB) on Tuesday.Chocked with emotions as tears were rolling down from his cheek Taskin shared his disappointments with media."Its' ok just pray for me," Taskin ...

Editorial »

Save the state-owned jute mills

WORKERS of state-owned jute mills across the country withdrew their 96-hours strike last night after the Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation (BJMC) agreed to some of their demands. The decision came after a meeting between worker leaders and top BJMC officials on Monday night, following the first day of the second ...

International »

World leaders stunned by Notre-Dame fire, urge rebuilding

AFP, Paris :Global leaders and institutions shared the international shock at seeing Paris's Notre-Dame Cathedral consumed by flames.They stressed the unique and iconic place the monument has in human history and expressed solidarity with France. Pope Francis "is praying for French Catholics and for the people of Paris in face ...

City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina visiting a stall at Bangabandhu International Conference Centre after the inauguration of National Health Service Week 2019 at Bangabandhu International Conference Centre yesterday.

Entertainment »

What motivated Priya Bapat to take up a web series?

Web Series are surely the in thing nowadays and so many actors, irrespective of their stardom, are being seen in them. Marathi superstar Priya Bapat has also bagged a web series called City Of Dreams. Sharing her experience of being part of the series, she says, `Web series are now ...

Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Write a comment to this news