Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Friday, December 14, 2018 08:05:45 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Drug injection causes widespread HIV infection in NW Myanmar

photo by AP photo

Good wages, plentiful sex workers and cheap heroin mean that HIV is rife in Myanmar\'s jade-mining state of Kachin, reports Jocelyn Timperley.

By
03rd-Dec-2018       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Xinhua,Yangon :
Intravenous injections have caused widespread HIV infection in Myanmar's Sagaing region, local media quoted regional government Minister of Social Welfare Dr. Zaw Win as saying Sunday.
About 20.77 percent of HIV-infected patients got the infection due to drug injection, Zaw Win told a ceremony marking the World AIDS Day in Monywa, Sagaing region on Saturday, the official Global New Light of Myanmar reported on Sunday.
A total of 14 dispensaries in Sagaing are offering methadone to HIV patients and the regional government is providing supervision for conducting HIV blood test and education campaign for migrant workers, youths and prisoners, a region public health official also told the event.
Myanmar has launched a HIV/AIDS Flagship (UHF) project in five regions and states with the highest rate of HIV infection.
With a fund of 10 million U.S. dollars and backed by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the two-year project 2018-19 covers Kachin and Shan states and Sagaing, Yangon and Mandalay regions.
The project aims to scale up HIV prevention, testing and treatment services by utilizing non-governmental organizations and private sector health providers for people living with HIV and key population people who injected drugs, women sex workers, men and women who are afflicted and transgender people.
According to statistics, there are 224,794 people estimated to be living with HIV in Myanmar, which ranked 25 in the list of global countries having a high rate of HIV prevalence.
The rate of new patients with HIV infection dropped by 26 percent in 2016 from 2010, while the death toll due to AIDS-related disease plunged by 52 percent.
Ye is a Burmese doctor who worked for four years for Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), the only provider of HIV treatment in the jade-mining area of Kachin State in the northernmost tip of Myanmar.
Workers from across Myanmar migrate there to work in the rich jade and gold mines, where they can earn four or five times as much as labourers in other provinces. And there are readily available temptations to spend those wages on: sex workers are plentiful and heroin is cheap. Kachin State is near the Golden Triangle, one of Asia's most extensive areas of opium production, and heroin can be bought there for as little as a dollar (around 5-10 per cent of a miner's daily wage).
These three factors - young workers detached from their family home, cheap heroin and widespread use of sex workers - have all contributed to a rampant HIV rate. One survey showed that nine out of ten drug addicts in the mining districts were HIV positive. Ye says that people are generally aware of the dangers of HIV but often ignore them, using heroin as a refuge to help them survive the extreme working conditions in the jade mines. Heroin 'shooting galleries', where the same needle can be used for many different clients, are increasingly replacing traditional opium dens. Meanwhile, long-running conflict in the area between the military and Kachin ethnic groups, combined with poor communications and transport, hampers testing and treatment efforts.
Almost 20 per cent of the people in Myanmar who inject drugs are now HIV positive, and the number of new diagnoses each year continues to rise. But for many other high-risk groups (including female sex workers, sex workers' clients and men who have sex with men), the story is different. A 2013 report by UNAIDS showed that the numbers of new diagnoses are falling in these groups, as well as in the general population.
A 2011 government plan is trying to get new infections under control and provide antiretroviral therapy (ART) to more than 100,000 people nationwide by 2016 - an ambitious goal given that in 2013 the number was 68,000. The plan is supported by The Global Fund, an international financing organisation fighting AIDS, TB and malaria. Meanwhile, organisations such as MSF still provide treatment for around 60 per cent of people on ART in Myanmar. There are positive results: the estimated number of deaths caused by AIDS has decreased drastically, from almost 20,000 in 2010 to a projection of fewer than 12,000 in 2015.

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Involve the youths in decision making process


A RECENT survey rightly indicated that unified and quality education system for all is imperative to turn today's youth into skilled manpower for future Bangladesh. Ahead of the 11th National Election, the survey findings clearly echoed the youth voice who emphasised meritorious teacher recruitment at primary school to tertiary level ...

International »

Pompeo says journalist Khashoggi`s death still being probed


Reuters, Washington  :U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Wednesday said investigations into the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi were still ongoing but that the United States would hold those found responsible accountable for his death.Pompeo's comments to Fox News echoed U.S. President Donald Trump's stance on the killing ...

Sports »

Memphis Grizzlies guard Mike Conley (11) drives against Portland Trail Blazers guard Damian Lillard in the first half of an NBA basketball game in Memphis on Wednesday.


.

Entertainment »

Chanchal, Shahnaz Khushi pair up in new TV serial


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Viewers always enjoy the on screen chemistry between National Film Award winner actor Chanchal Chowdhury and popular TV actress Shahnaz Khushi. In their acted TV play or telefilm or faction play, there must have a message for the viewers. For this reason, viewers always show their keen ...

Editorial »

Outstanding performance of our farmers


FARMERS of Pirojpur district have successfully used marshlands to grow up paddy saplings which would help meet sapling shortage in the waterlogged areas during paddy cultivation. In the district, farmers devoid of sapling during the Boro season as most uplands, where Boro seedlings usually grew, have been used for cultivating ...

International »

France hunts gunman after three killed at Strasbourg Christmas market


AFP  :Hundreds of police hunted Wednesday for a gunman who shot dead three people and wounded 13, eight seriously, at a famed Christmas market in Strasbourg, on the French border with Germany.The attack took place Tuesday around 8 pm (1900 GMT) in the heart of the medieval city as the ...

City »

A faction of BFUJ and DUJ staged a demonstration in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Wednesday in protest against closure of 54 online news portal.


.

Cricket »

Mashrafe regrets not getting another 20-25 runs after loss


UNB, Dhaka :Bangladesh lost the second ODI of the three-match series on Tuesday at Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium to the Windies by four wickets. The hosts' captain Mashrafe Bin Mortaza regrets more 20-25 runs at the end of the match.Bangladesh posted 255 for seven wickets in the first innings after ...

Entertainment »

Priyanka Gope in discussion with her new song


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :It is mostly happened in case of many singers where despite having outstanding lyrics and mind blowing composition many songs do not hit among the music lovers. For this reason, many singers cannot create attention among the listeners. National Film Award winner singer Priyanka Gope has rendered ...

Cricket »

Opener Tamim Iqbal (left) of Bangladesh plays a shot during the second One Day International match between Bangladesh and West Indies at the Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium in the city's Mirpur on Tuesday.


Cricket »

Mashrafe creates record by leading Bangladesh in maximum ODIs


Mashrafe Bin Mortaza, the Bangladesh ODI captain, has created a new history playing the second encounter of three-match series against West Indies by equaling the record of Habibul Bashar to lead Tigers in most ODIs. Mashrafe has all the chances to surpass his predecessor in the third and final match of ...

Editorial »

Social awareness can help stop cruelty


A YOUNG factory worker, Azharul Islam Suman, was killed in Naraynganj on Saturday when some persons inserted a high-pressured air nozzle into his rectum and activated it. We have no word to express our shock and agony seeing the brutal method of torture and killing a man. The occurrence could ...

International »

Ex US senators warn of `constitutional crisis` under Trump


AP, Washington : Forty-four former US Senators from both major US parties warned Monday of threats to US democracy under President Donald Trump, and a "constitutional crisis" for America. They said the convergence of events - as special counsel Robert Mueller probes whether Trump's campaign colluded with Russia to tilt the 2016 ...

International »

Trillions of dollars paid in bribes, stolen through corruption every year: UN


PTI, United Nations: Trillions of dollars - equivalent to more than five per cent of global GDP - are paid in bribes or stolen through corruption every year, according to the United Nations.Secretary-General Antonio Guterres deemed corruption "an assault on the values of the United Nations," in a message on ...

City »

BNP candidate Mirza Abbas speaking at a press conference on `BNP candidates participating in the eleventh parliamentary elections are in arrest and attack panic` at his residence in the city`s Shajahanpur on Tuesday.


 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news