Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Tuesday, June 25, 2019 04:50:48 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Renew nuclear arms control deal

By
05th-Jan-2019       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Andrew Lichterman and John Burroughs :
A hard-earned lesson of the Cold War is that arms control reduces the risk of nuclear war by limiting dangerous deployments and, even more important, by creating channels of communication and understanding. But President Donald Trump and his National Security Advisor John Bolton appear to have forgotten, or never learned, that lesson.
In late October, Trump announced intent to withdraw from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo subsequently stated that the US will suspend implementation of the treaty in early February. While US signals have been mixed, initiation of withdrawal at that point or soon thereafter appears likely.
Agreed to in 1987 by the United States and the Soviet Union, the INF Treaty prohibits the two countries from deploying both nuclear and conventional missiles with ranges between 310 and 3420 miles.
The main reason cited for withdrawal is that Russia has tested and deployed ground-launched cruise missiles the treaty prohibits. Russia denies that the missiles violate the treaty and has made its own accusations, foremost that US ballistic missile defense launchers installed in Eastern Europe could be used to house treaty-prohibited cruise missiles.
On December 21, the United States opposed a Russia-sponsored UN General Assembly resolution calling for preservation of the treaty and for the two countries to consult on compliance with its obligations. The Russian representative said that US withdrawal "is the start of a full-fledged arms race."
The US representative conveyed that the only way to save the treaty is for Russia to stop violating it. On behalf of the European Union, which opposed the resolution as a diversion, an Austrian diplomat said that erosion of the treaty will have critical consequences for Europe and beyond, dialogue between the US and Russia remains essential, and Russia should demonstrate compliance.
A representative of China, which supported the resolution, said the treaty is important for global stability, and cast doubt on prospects for making it multilateral. The General Assembly rejected the resolution by a vote of 46 against to 43 in favor, with 78 abstentions.
The INF Treaty allows either party to withdraw on six-month's notice "if it decides that extraordinary events related to the subject matter of this Treaty have jeopardized its supreme interests." The treaty also includes a bilateral mechanism for resolving disputes over compliance. The Trump administration has firmly asserted that Russia has violated the treaty, and NATO states have backed that assertion.
But the administration has not made the case that the missiles in question pose a threat that significantly affects the military balance between Russia and the very large and capable forces of the United States and its NATO allies, much less constitute an "extraordinary" development jeopardizing US "supreme interests."
On December 14, a Russian official stated that Russia is open to mutual inspections regarding claimed violations. President Trump has also indicated that withdrawal is premised in part on a buildup of intermediate-range missiles by China, which is not a party to the treaty. Here too no case has been made that these missiles, which are based in China's national territory, are best answered in kind by US deployment of intermediate-range missiles.
Nor has it been demonstrated that peace and stability in that region or the world will be enhanced by repudiating the treaty rather than seeking more comprehensive arms control measures aimed at braking an emerging multipolar arms race. Further, in either Europe or Asia, US ground-based intermediate-range missiles would have to be deployed in other countries.
This likely would spark opposition from their populations-a factor that three decades ago contributed to the negotiation of the INF Treaty itself.
In sum, the INF Treaty should not be abandoned lightly. It remains a key element of the arms control framework limiting nuclear weapons and arms racing. Often forward deployed and intermingled with other forces, the missiles the treaty prohibits are among the weapons most likely to lead to miscalculation or misadventure in a crisis.
And the danger of crisis miscalculation, of a disastrous misunderstanding of an adversary's mindset, is real. At the time the INF Treaty was being negotiated, some US strategists viewed their nuclear-armed missiles in Europe as useful for convincing "demonstration" shots to show a commitment to defend Europe with nuclear weapons with less risk of escalation to a catastrophic nuclear war.
A 1987 Washington Post article summarized NATO thinking: "A final advantage of the INF weapons is that NATO planners believe that they could use a single Pershing II or cruise missile, rather than another nuclear weapon, with somewhat less risk of triggering an all-out nuclear war."
But we now know that Soviet military leaders, strongly influenced by the World War II national trauma of a homeland devastated and millions dead, saw things quite differently. In an article published in Survival only last year, Alexei Arbatov, a Russian arms negotiator and parliamentarian, notes that in 1983 Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov, head of the Soviet General Staff, made clear that the Soviet Union would not allow itself to be taken by surprise, as it had been in 1941. Ogarkov stated, "We will start the offensive if we are obliged to do it, and as soon as we discover the first evidence of the beginning of nuclear attack by NATO." And in so doing, he said, "We will deliver dozens and, if need be, a hundred nuclear strikes to break through NATO's deep defense echelon."
(Andrew Lichterman is Senior Research Analyst for Western States Legal Foundation, based in Oakland, California. John Burroughs is Executive Director of Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy, based in New York City).

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Train accident: Responsible persons must be punished


AT least five people, including three women, were killed and more than 100 injured as the Upaban Express -- a passenger train heading to the capital from Sylhet -- derailed on a bridge in Moulvibazar on Sunday night. One of the carriages of it fell into a canal while two ...

Entertainment »

Shirin Shila`s Lady Action


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :With the inspiration and assistance from noted film actress Rasheda Chowdhury Shirin Shila started her journey in film industry. Before starting acting in big screen Shila acted with Rasheda Chowdhury in a drama. Basically Rasheda Chowdhury inspired Shila to work in movie. Once she also introduced Shila ...

Cricket »

Shakib first Bangladeshi batsman to complete 1000 WC runs


Talismanic all-rounder Shakib Al Hasan became the first Bangladeshi batsman to complete 1000 runs in the World Cup during the match against Afghanistan at the Rose Bowl in Southampton on Monday.Starting the match with 965 runs and 35 runs shy of achieve the feat, Shakib flicked pace bowler Dawlat Zadran ...

International »

Saudi women use wedding contracts to assert right to drive


AFP, Dammam :Saudi salesman Majd had just begun his wedding preparations when his fiancee sought to enshrine in their marriage contract a condition already guaranteed by law-her right to drive.Wedding contracts have long been a safety net for brides in the deeply patriarchal society, used to guarantee demands that are ...

International »

Iran denies US cyber attack ahead of new sanctions


AFP  :Iran denied Monday it was hit by a US cyber attack as Washington was due to tighten sanctions on Tehran in a standoff sparked by the US withdrawal from a nuclear deal.Both nations say they want to avoid going to war, but tensions have spiralled as a series of ...

City »

Chief of Army Staff General Aziz Ahmed inaugurated a building of Baridhara Scholars International School and College in the city on Monday.


Cricket »

No six pack but Malinga still a big-game hunter: Mahela Jayawardene


Former Sri Lanka captain Mahela Jayawardene praised Lasith Malinga for his ability to step up in big games after the paceman inspired his country's shock World Cup win over England.Malinga returned figures of four for 43 to help Sri Lanka dismiss England for 212 as they stunningly beat the hosts ...

Editorial »

Banks must strengthen security systems to counter cyber heists


NEWS media reported that transnational scammers in May attacked three Bangladeshi commercial banks' networks and stole around Tk 25 crore from Dutch Bangla Bank Limited (DBBL) while two other banks — NCC Bank and Prime Bank — claimed they however managed to avert financial losses.Intelligence agencies said hackers planted malware ...

International »

UK's Boris Johnson under pressure to explain domestic 'row'


Boris Johnson, the strong favourite to become Britain's next prime minister, came under pressure from figures in his own party on Sunday to explain reports of a domestic 'row' that led to a police visit.Although still heavily backed to beat Jeremy Hunt to become Conservative Party leader, and therefore prime ...

International »

North Korean leader receives 'excellent' letter from Trump: KCNA


AFP, Seoul :North Korean leader Kim Jong Un received a personal letter of "excellent content" from US President Donald Trump, the country's state media said Sunday, amid a nuclear deadlock between Pyongyang and Washington.Talks have been stalled since the collapse of a second summit between Kim and Trump in Hanoi ...

Entertainment »

Tomalika returning with play Rarang


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :To change her personal life, National Film Award winner actress Tomalika Karmakar was in USA for last one year. Before Eid-ul-Fitr, she returned to country. Now she has decided to stay here and will continue acting. She is returning acting through her theatre troupe Aronnyok’s popular play ...

Editorial »

Subsidise agriculture to maintain food security


AGRICULTURAL economists suggested the government for setting up a special fund from where the farmers would receive support during the harvesting period. As the growers become deprived of the fair price of their production, the fund would help the farmers and encourage them to stay in the agriculture sector. The ...

Cricket »

Bangladesh to wait for Saifuddin to get fit


Considering the form of pace-bowling all-rounder Mohammad Saifuddin, Bangladesh team management tries its best to get him fit ahead of their crucial clash against Afghanistan on Tuesday at the Southampton.Saifuddin has been the Bangladesh's 'go to' bowler in the death over and is the highest wicket-taker for the side with ...

International »

Trump nominates Mark Esper as Secretary of Defense


AP, Washington :Donald Trump has nominated Mark Esper to be the US Secretary of Defense, the White House said late Friday, as Washington navigates a spike in tensions with Iran.The nomination of Esper, who was this week elevated to acting Pentagon chief from his post as Army Secretary, was announced ...

Editorial »

Govt worth its name must explain every abduction and every disappearance


Police have found Syed Iftekhar Alam Shourav, a nephew of former State Minister for Home Affairs Sohel Taj, in Mymensingh, 11 days after he went missing from Chattogram. Quoting officials of the Counter Terrorism and Transnational Crime Unit, media reported that an unidentified car dropped Shourav in front of a ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news