Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Monday, February 18, 2019 09:24:18 PM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Unintended benefits of a development program

By
11th-Feb-2019       
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Akhter Ahmed, Ishita Ahmed, John Hoddinott, Melissa Hidrobo and Shalini Roy :
Research from Bangladesh shows development programs often have a bigger impact than we intend  or even measure. We are a team of economists that evaluated the Transfer Modality Research Initiative - a pilot safety net program that provided cash or food transfers, with or without nutrition behavior change communication, or BCC, to poor mothers of young children in rural Bangladesh - to assess impacts on household food security and child nutrition.
We found that TMRI not only improved food security and nutrition, but also had a range of unintended benefits.
The combination of transfers and BCC led to a sustained 26 percent reduction in intimate partner violence 6-10 months after the two-year program ended in 2014. It also led to improved nutrition knowledge and practices of community members who were not part of the program.
Evaluating the program
We observed that women participating in the program - particularly those receiving the added nutrition BCC component - appeared more confident and outspoken and reported more interactions with their neighbors.
These observations motivated the team to add new measurements to the existing evaluation - to rigorously study impacts on the women themselves, including their experiences with intimate partner violence and on spillover benefits to neighbors in the form of nutrition knowledge and practices.
This analysis showed that although the TMRI program was designed to improve food security and child nutrition among the participating households - which it did - it ended up having more broadly transformative impacts on its female beneficiaries, their families, and their communities.
BCC had several components designed to improve infant and young child feeding practices that also indirectly increased participants' empowerment and social interactions.
These included weekly group meetings for beneficiary women led by trained nutrition workers, fortnightly visits by nutrition workers to the women's homes, and monthly group meetings between program staff and influential community leaders.
These program features may have been especially powerful in the study context, where women tend to be quite isolated due to the practice of purdah, or female seclusion.
While TMRI cash transfers increased women's economic resources, researchers believe that BCC increased social resources and agency within the household by fostering consistent social interaction and increasing knowledge on a topic valued by the community.
Fighting violence against women: From data to action
Tanzania and Vietnam have undertaken vast policy changes to tackle violence against women and girls. Following the International Day to Eliminate Violence Against Women, Devex looks at how development and government actors can turn data on violence into action.
These changes may have led to sustained increases in women's bargaining power within the household, allowing them to stand up to their husbands and see that violence is unacceptable - even after the program ended.
Moreover, consistent with the initial field observations, the team found that nonparticipant neighbors regularly came over to hear what BCC-participant families had learned in training sessions - thereby also taking on the message, leading to improved nutrition knowledge and practices in the broader community.
These findings could have important policy implications in both developing and developed countries. Cash transfers bundled with BCC appear to be a powerful combination with unanticipated yet significant, multilayered, and positive impacts on people's lives.
Although the cost of BCC was sizeable - an estimated $ 50 per year for each recipient or some 6 percent of households' annual income - its benefits were far-reaching and multidimensional. Questions remain as to how sustainable these benefits are over the longer term, a topic the team plans to address in the near future.

(Akhter Ahmed is a senior research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute and country representative for IFPRI's Bangladesh office.  Ishita Ahmed is a research assistant at the University of Virginia. John Hoddinott is the H.E. Babcock Professor of Food and Nutrition Economics and Policy at Cornell University. Melissa Hidrobo is a research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute. Shalini Roy is a research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute).

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Take hard-line against tax eviction by working foreigners


THE international organisations and development partners working in Bangladesh did not surrender or renew the Customs Passbooks of their 395 non-Bangladeshi staff till the date. The National Board of Revenue had directed them to complete the task within the January 31 deadline, newspapers reported. According to NBR, employees of 21 ...

City »

40 DU students get Sumitomo Corporation Scholarship


City Desk  :A total of 40 under-graduate students from different academic years of Dhaka University (DU) have been awarded Sumitomo Corporation Scholarship of Japan today February 17, 2019 at Nabab Nawab Ali Chowdhury Senate Bhaban of the university.Dhaka University Vice-Chancellor Prof. Dr. Md. Akhtaruzzaman presided over the function while Treasurer ...

Cricket »

Sri Lanka sensation Perera hailed for Test-winning heroics


AFP, Colombo :Kusal Perera became a national hero in Sri Lanka on Sunday after scoring an unbeaten 153 to guide his country to a sensational first Test victory in South Africa.The country's cricket legends and politicians lauded Perera, who has become a linchpin for the ailing national side since fighting ...

International »

Japan PM nominated Trump for Nobel after US request


AFP, Tokyo :Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe nominated US President Donald Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize last autumn after being requested to do so by Washington, a Japanese newspaper reported Sunday.Washington sounded out Tokyo over the possibility of nominating Trump for the prize after his landmark summit with North ...

Entertainment »

Shraddha Kapoor obliges fans amidst a busy schedule


Actress Shraddha Kapoor obliges for some selfies with her fans amidst a busy schedule. The actress was pictured today in London where she is working on her upcoming project Street Dancer 3D. The official Instagram handle of Manav Manglani had recently posted pictures of her taking selfies for her fans ...

Editorial »

Ensure safety for patients in the hospitals by any means


CITY'S Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Hospital has started operations after a messy situation caused by fire on Thursday evening. Director of the SSMCH said a total of 1,174 patients, including 72 children, were shifted to other government hospitals after the fire originated at the children's ward on the second floor ...

Sports »

Stunned Japan swimmers back stricken Olympic pin-up Ikee


AFP, Tokyo :Japanese swimmers have vowed to step up their efforts in support of Rikako Ikee, the poster girl for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics who has announced she is suffering from leukaemia.Earlier this week, the 18-year-old swim queen tweeted that she had cut short a training camp in Australia after ...

Football »

Capoue sends Watford into FA Cup quarter-finals at QPR's expense


Etienne Capoue's goal in first-half stoppage time was enough to give Watford a 1-0 win away to Queens Park Rangers (QPR) on Friday that saw the Hornets into the quarter-finals of the FA Cup.Both sides had opportunities in an even opening period that belied the fact that Watford are eighth ...

International »

Turkey has not revealed all about Khashoggi killing : Erdogan


AFP, Ankara :Turkey has not yet revealed all the information it has discovered about the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Friday."We haven't given all the elements we have at our disposal," the Turkish head of state said during an ...

Entertainment »

Fagun Haway' draws huge acclamation


Entertainment Desk :The premier show of 'Fagun Haway', a movie based on the 1952 Language Movement, draw a large number of film loving people at cinema halls.Actor turned director Tauquir Ahmed directed the movie which was released simultaneously at 52 cinema halls across the country.The story of the movie was ...

City »

The Namaz-e-Janaza of Poet Al Mahmud was held at the Jatiya Press Club on Saturday.


Editorial »

Save the Sunderbans to save the Royal Bengal Tigers


FOR the constant rise in sea levels and rapid climate change, the famous Royal Bengal Tigers of the Sunderbans could be disappeared within 50 years, especially from the Bangladesh part, according to a new study published recently in the journal Science of The Total Environment. A team of Bangladeshi and ...

City »

Members of RAB-2 nabbed one on Friday from Narayanganj for taking money from government officials from different areas in the country impersonating Anti-Corruption Commission official.


.

Cricket »

Feels like it`s a blessing to just be playing again: Steyn


Agency :Dale Steyn, the South African mainstay, continued to impress on his comeback trail, as he bowled at high pace and picked up four wickets over a long spell on Day 2 of the first Test of the two-match series versus Sri Lanka in Durban.The veteran fast bowler bowled at ...

Entertainment »

Shanta Jahan feels comfortable in hosting


Sheikh Arif Bulbon :Popular host of present time Shanta Jahan has to be engaged with hosting round the year in and outside the country in different stage shows and TV programmes. Besides hosting, she has more identities. She is also a model and TV actress. But she always feels comfortable ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news