Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Wednesday, July 24, 2019 01:16:09 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Nutrition and development

Nothing is more important than early care and nurturing

 Nothing is more important than early care and nurturing
photo by

Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Dr. A.M.M. Anisul Awwal :
The development of Bangladesh has already become a wonder for many countries of the world and everyone is eager to know the secret strategy of such a quick economic growth and overall development. Starting from education sector to ICT to Health - all the sectors and sub-sectors are developing keeping a close synchronization with each other so that no imbalance can occur to de-stabilize the sustainability of the developmental pace.
Bangladesh has already been identified by all the global economic forums as one of the most rapidly growing economy of the world. Within a short span of 10 years of time, the country has shown tremendous economic growth, and thus, has become a lower middle income country.
If we consider the indices of health, nutrition and population, these (indices) will definitely depict appreciable improvement over the past few years. It is now not a wonder to us (but may be for many other countries) that in health sector, with the expansion of service delivery systems up to village levels, millions of valuable lives are being saved every year. Achievement of EPI program, Vitamin-A administration, ORS and other public health programs and policies brought a revolution in the country which has become a role model for many developing countries.  
Although, latest data depicts that the extent and magnitude of malnutrition has reduced significantly from that of the previous surveys, nevertheless, the percentage of malnutrition level is still unacceptably high. In the developing countries, about 55-60% deaths among children under 5 years of age are attributable to malnutrition. About 60-70% pregnant women and children less than 5 years of age have been suffering from nutritional anaemia (iron deficiency anaemia). About 35% populations have iodine deficiency and 20% have goiters of various grades. The incidence and prevalence of night blindness and blindness due to Vitamin-A deficiency are also noticeably high, but within acceptable range amongst the under five populations.
In normal physiological state, a healthy mother gives birth to a child weighing usually about 3 to 3.3 Kg. The rate of growth of children since birth should be at least 3.3 Kg at birth, 6.0 kg at three months, 7.8 kg at five months, 9.2 kg at nine months, 10.2 kg at 12 months, 11.5 kg at 18 months and 12.6 kg at 24 months. Birth weight is an important parameter which could be indicative of the immediate viability of the neonate, the State of maternal health and nutrition before and during pregnancy, respect for the women women's rights and most importantly the future quality of life of the baby.  
Every child since the beginning of the journey of life should have the best possible start, every child should receive a stimulation of connectivity, every child should get good quality of basic education, every child should have the opportunities to develop his or her full potential and contribute to society in meaningful ways. Most of the brain development happens before a child reaches three years of age. In a short span of 36 months, children develop their abilities to think and speak, learn and reason, and lay the foundation for their values and social behavior as adults. Choices made and actions taken on behalf of children during this critical period affect not only how a child develops but also how a country progresses.
With brain connections proliferating explosively during the first three years of life, children discover new things virtually in every waking moment. At birth, a baby has about 100 billion brain cells. Most of these cells are not connected to each other and cannot function on their own. They must be organized into networks that require trillions of connections or synapses between them. These connections are miracles of the human body, depending partly on genes and partly on the events of early life. Many kinds of experiences affect: how young brains develop, but nothing is more important than early care and nurturing.
The uniqueness of the human brain lies not only in its size and complexity but also in the properties that make it extraordinarily interactive with experience. Every touch, movement and motion is translated into electrical and chemical activity that shifts the genetic momentum. Human interactions are as important to the development of brain connections as having food to eat, sounds to hear and light to see. There are periods in life when the brain is particularity open to new experiences and especially able to take advantage of them. If these sensitive periods pass by without the brain receiving the stimulation for which it is primed, opportunities for various aspects of development may be substantially reduced.
When infants are held and touched in soothing ways, they tend to thrive. The brain's malleability during these early years also means that when children do not get the care they need, or if they experience starvation, malnutrition, abuse or neglect, their brain development may be compromised. Early childhood period starts from fertilization of ovum in the uterus. The effects of what happens during the prenatal period and during the early months and years of a child's life can last a lifetime. It affects all the key ingredients of emotional intelligence, confidence, curiosity, intention, self-control, relatedness, capacity to communicate and cooperativeness that determine how a child learns and relates in school and in life. It is, of course, never too late for children to improve their nutrition, health and development, to learn new skills, overcome fears or change their beliefs.
The issue itself is a cross-cutting one, and thus, should be tackled from multiple directions. The core importance lies in the efficient management of BCC (behavioural change communication) activities at all levels of intervention with optimum services utilizing the experts of the country. The role of the journalists and the mass media is magnanimous and unique in creating a positive attitude towards expected behavior change in relation to health, family planning and malnutrition through innovative ideas, constructive criticism, reporting, supporting, writing, forming interest groups, etc. In this modern era, the 'key to success' in the social sector is largely in the hands of the journalists and the mass media along with the sincere devotion of the persons involved in the implementation of nutritional activities.

 (PID Feature by Ex. Joint Secretary, Ministry of Labour and Employment)

Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

City »

'Aparajeya Bangladesh' formed a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Tuesday demanding release of BNP Chief Begum Khaleda Zia.

Editorial »

Check mob beating

IN the last six months, 36 people were killed by mobs. In the last five days, eight, including two women, were killed and at least 30 others were injured. Shockingly, many of the victims were intellectually challenged. Mob attacks on people labelling victims "child kidnappers" continue unabated despite several directives ...

Sports »

Tokyo 2020 comes too early for karate kid's Olympic dream

AFP, Nagaoka :Sweat pours off Mahiro Takano as the 13-year-old karate black belt trades blows with a grown man almost twice her size, finishing with a blood-curdling roar, then a dainty bow.The petite schoolgirl is used to punching above her weight - since taking up karate in kindergarten she has ...

International »

Pope urges concrete measures to protect Syrian civilians

AP, Vatican City :Pope Francis has sent Syrian President Bashar Assad a letter expressing his "profound concern" for the humanitarian situation in Syria and in particular the plight of civilians in Idlib province.The Vatican said Cardinal Peter Turkson, one of Francis' top advisers, hand-delivered the letter to Assad during a ...

International »

Trump praises Pakistan's role in ‘progress’ on Afghan peace

President Donald Trump on Monday hailed Pakistan's help in advancing peace talks in Afghanistan, a marked shift in tone as the United States seeks an accord with the Taliban to end almost 18 years of war.Speaking from the Oval Office alongside Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan, Trump also warned he ...

Business & Economy »

Abdul Aziz, Additional Managing Director of Shahjalal Islami Bank Ltd and Naimul Huda, General Manager of Finance & Accounts of Incepta Pharmaceuticals Ltd, exchanging an agreement signing document at bank's corporate office in the city on Tuesday. Bank's Managing Director M Shahidul Islam, Deputy Managing Directors M Akther Hossain, Mian Quamrul Hasan Chowdhury and Imtiaz U Ahmed, among others, were present. Under the deal, all employee of the company can open their bank account in the bank without keeping any initial deposit and will enjoy other Banking facilities.

Entertainment »

Jacqueline opens up about launching her Youtube channel

One of the most influential celebrities of Bollywood Jacqueline Fernandez who is not only a sought after name for her commercially successful films but is also is huge name in the brand circuit. Having recently crossed 30 million followers on instagram, owing to humongous fan following across quarters, Jacqueline Fernandez ...

Entertainment »

Sonia disappearing from media

Entertainment Report :Sonia Hossain once tried to establish her career in different platforms of media like modelling, acting and hosting. Bad temperament, high ambition and self announced talent made her unsuccessful media personality. As a result, her presence in media is not mentionable now. In fact, Sonia was absent from ...

Editorial »

Stand beside flood-hit people

DIFFERENT kinds of waterborne diseases have begun spreading as floodwater started receding across the country. But in the post-flood scenario, many people are suffering from diarrhoea, skin diseases, dysentery, cholera and other waterborne diseases. Officials of the Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre said the flood situation may continue improving in ...

Sports »

Lowry weathers storm to win British Open and first major

Ireland's Shane Lowry withstood howling wind and rain to win his first major at the British Open by six shots from Tommy Fleetwood on Sunday, describing the achievement as "an out-of-body experience".In desperately difficult conditions, Lowry's one-over par final round was still more than enough as he finished on 15-under ...

International »

UK leadership favourite Johnson hits more turmoil on last voting day

AFP :Britain's leadership contest entered its finale Monday with the favourite Boris Johnson facing more defections from ministers over his Brexit plan.The month-long contest between former London mayor Johnson and Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt is being decided by fewer than 200,000 grassroots members of the governing Conservative Party.The winner will ...

International »

Zelensky party heads for absolute majority in Ukraine

AFP :Ukraine's comedian-turned-president Volodymyr Zelensky is set to control an absolute majority in parliament, ushering in a generational shift in the ex-Soviet country's political arena.The 41-year-old became Ukraine's youngest ever post-Soviet leader when he took office two months ago and has promised to stamp out corruption and end a separatist ...

City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina presenting National Fisheries Award to Mostofa Al Rajib, Upazila Fisheries Officer, Betagi , Barguna for the latter's contribution in Fisheries Sector at a ceremony held recently in the auditorium of Krishibid Institution, Bangladesh in the city on the occasion of National Fisheries Week.

Entertainment »

Mamo under Tauquir’s direction, Bipasha’s story

Sheikh Arif Bulbon :As an actress, in the beginning of her career, Zakia Bari Mamo got the National Film Award to act in Tauquir Ahmed-directed movie Daruchini Dwip. For this reason, Mamo always respects to Tauquir Ahmed. Now she is a matured actress who always wants to work in challenging ...

Editorial »

Taking law in own hand is an ominous sign

MOBS beat to death five people, including two women, and injured 10 others on suspicion of being child kidnappers across the country on Saturday. The incidents happened just a day after three people were beaten by a mob in Thakurgaon. Incidents of mob beating have increased even after the Bridges ...

Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Write a comment to this news