Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Wednesday, July 24, 2019 01:11:39 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Public policy and its impact

Bureaucrats must not introduce a dominant policy

Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Dr. Md. Shairul Mashreque and Dr. M Abul Kashem Mozumder :
As public policy is a holistic concept with its vast areas of activities it relishes an interdisciplinary orientation to the study of social phenomenon. It involves an analysis of the causes and consequences of government as the key note of institutional intervention. The significance of policy studies and research with a proper scheme of conceptualization lies in its contribution to the understanding of institutional settings and myriad institutional activities based on constitutional-legal arrangement.  
Needless to say, the government serves to create institutions or allow institution building, organizes programs and allocates resources to facilitate normative processual development at each stage of policy cycle. Policymaking is thus institutionally determined course of action. The consequence of such action affects the society both positively and negatively.
Public policy involves a description of an interaction among various forces-social, economic and political. The development of public policy at each stage has been impacted by these forces.  We have to analyze the impacts of such forces on public policy. All the same we have to focus the impact of public policy on society as a whole.  
Social variables like operative values and ethos determining social relationship may influence the government to maintain a status quo. Or any external influences in the context of globalization may influence the government to induce change. Policy development may be encapsulated by economic realities like market operation, price index, global recession, and inflation and deflation.  
Political forces like political parties, dominant political leadership, trade union and politicized section of the society may regulate the direction of policy development.  But the bureaucratic forces with their inherent interests represent a dominant policy institution ruling the roost as influential members of the policy community.
Policy study is obviously an important part of intellectual effort to understand public policy on a variety of substantive areas like agriculture, industry, education, health and family planning energy and environment. Policy studies are meant to delve deeply into the problems associated with policy making and policy implementation on these substantive areas and others too that have brought to bear upon people as the members of the public. Our striving for social harmony and stable equilibrium must be tampered with understanding the nature of the problematic that entangles the substantive policy areas.
We have written this piece based on understanding of public policy.  In the process of teaching and learning we have developed some insights about policy dynamics. True, books and articles available on the subject are plenty.  All the same literature on public policy is at a premium as far as Bangladeshi scholars are concerned.  We hope this column will be able to help the students and researchers interested in the study of public policy.  
Policy making is an on-going process all with various streams of institutional interventions. The government of the State cannot steer the wheel of public administration without public policy. Any development endeavor without 'projected programmes of goals or 'agenda setting' moves like a ship without rudder. It is only through the 'set agenda' that the government is supposed to serve the policy beneficiaries. What the government intends to do or not to do is institutionally determined course of action.
In a real life operation public policy remains the function of the fundamental political institution.  The policy role of the dominant institutional structural like Presidency, Cabinet, Parliament, judiciary, and public bureaucracy is obvious.  Backed by legitimacy institutions or dominant actors decide upon priorities and take decisions on resource mobilization and distribution of benefits of course within the limits set by broad policy guidelines as enshrined in the Constitution.
Policy functions are performed through an elaborate institutional framework. It 'provides the locus of action, co-ordination, communication of functions, and transmission of inputs, outputs and feedback". Policy management happens to be the functions of co-coordinated institutional efforts. Interrelationship between key institutions provides for effectiveness of policy management. As a matter of fact that public policies are the outcome of interlinked activities of the key institutions.
At the implementation level there is a vast bureaucratic establishment adopting a new executive policy modifying the pre-existing ones through passing orders and issuing ordinances and decrees. Policy action in the domain of execution/ implementation concerns the executive arms extending far to the field administration.
Public policy has been defined as 'a method of action selected in the light of given conditions and usually determine present and future decisions,' Public policy is' the outcome of a deliberate and rational choice of actions for accomplishing the stated objectives, a desired course of events, a selected line of action, a declaration of intent and an implementation of intent'. The feedback in connection with the development of policy also involves evaluation.
For understanding public policy in its truest perspectives one has to understand both policy content and policy context.
Policy content embodies agenda setting considering a long list of priorities and alternatives. What determines the choice of the government is its overriding goals and vision as contained in ideological framework and election manifesto. Agenda setting may be both rhetoric and real. Practically programmes are set according to 'operating procedure of implementing agencies' and changing public demands.
Policy context tantamounts to contextual actors who are generally involved in the process of executing a policy. All the same it reflects the nature of the State, political environment, the context of bureaucracy and also external dimension like globalization.
(Dr. Md. Shairul Mashreque, retired Professor and Dr. M Abul Kashem Mozumder , pro-VC, BUP)

Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

City »

'Aparajeya Bangladesh' formed a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Tuesday demanding release of BNP Chief Begum Khaleda Zia.

Editorial »

Check mob beating

IN the last six months, 36 people were killed by mobs. In the last five days, eight, including two women, were killed and at least 30 others were injured. Shockingly, many of the victims were intellectually challenged. Mob attacks on people labelling victims "child kidnappers" continue unabated despite several directives ...

Sports »

Tokyo 2020 comes too early for karate kid's Olympic dream

AFP, Nagaoka :Sweat pours off Mahiro Takano as the 13-year-old karate black belt trades blows with a grown man almost twice her size, finishing with a blood-curdling roar, then a dainty bow.The petite schoolgirl is used to punching above her weight - since taking up karate in kindergarten she has ...

International »

Pope urges concrete measures to protect Syrian civilians

AP, Vatican City :Pope Francis has sent Syrian President Bashar Assad a letter expressing his "profound concern" for the humanitarian situation in Syria and in particular the plight of civilians in Idlib province.The Vatican said Cardinal Peter Turkson, one of Francis' top advisers, hand-delivered the letter to Assad during a ...

International »

Trump praises Pakistan's role in ‘progress’ on Afghan peace

President Donald Trump on Monday hailed Pakistan's help in advancing peace talks in Afghanistan, a marked shift in tone as the United States seeks an accord with the Taliban to end almost 18 years of war.Speaking from the Oval Office alongside Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan, Trump also warned he ...

Business & Economy »

Abdul Aziz, Additional Managing Director of Shahjalal Islami Bank Ltd and Naimul Huda, General Manager of Finance & Accounts of Incepta Pharmaceuticals Ltd, exchanging an agreement signing document at bank's corporate office in the city on Tuesday. Bank's Managing Director M Shahidul Islam, Deputy Managing Directors M Akther Hossain, Mian Quamrul Hasan Chowdhury and Imtiaz U Ahmed, among others, were present. Under the deal, all employee of the company can open their bank account in the bank without keeping any initial deposit and will enjoy other Banking facilities.

Entertainment »

Jacqueline opens up about launching her Youtube channel

One of the most influential celebrities of Bollywood Jacqueline Fernandez who is not only a sought after name for her commercially successful films but is also is huge name in the brand circuit. Having recently crossed 30 million followers on instagram, owing to humongous fan following across quarters, Jacqueline Fernandez ...

Entertainment »

Sonia disappearing from media

Entertainment Report :Sonia Hossain once tried to establish her career in different platforms of media like modelling, acting and hosting. Bad temperament, high ambition and self announced talent made her unsuccessful media personality. As a result, her presence in media is not mentionable now. In fact, Sonia was absent from ...

Editorial »

Stand beside flood-hit people

DIFFERENT kinds of waterborne diseases have begun spreading as floodwater started receding across the country. But in the post-flood scenario, many people are suffering from diarrhoea, skin diseases, dysentery, cholera and other waterborne diseases. Officials of the Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre said the flood situation may continue improving in ...

Sports »

Lowry weathers storm to win British Open and first major

Ireland's Shane Lowry withstood howling wind and rain to win his first major at the British Open by six shots from Tommy Fleetwood on Sunday, describing the achievement as "an out-of-body experience".In desperately difficult conditions, Lowry's one-over par final round was still more than enough as he finished on 15-under ...

International »

UK leadership favourite Johnson hits more turmoil on last voting day

AFP :Britain's leadership contest entered its finale Monday with the favourite Boris Johnson facing more defections from ministers over his Brexit plan.The month-long contest between former London mayor Johnson and Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt is being decided by fewer than 200,000 grassroots members of the governing Conservative Party.The winner will ...

International »

Zelensky party heads for absolute majority in Ukraine

AFP :Ukraine's comedian-turned-president Volodymyr Zelensky is set to control an absolute majority in parliament, ushering in a generational shift in the ex-Soviet country's political arena.The 41-year-old became Ukraine's youngest ever post-Soviet leader when he took office two months ago and has promised to stamp out corruption and end a separatist ...

City »

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina presenting National Fisheries Award to Mostofa Al Rajib, Upazila Fisheries Officer, Betagi , Barguna for the latter's contribution in Fisheries Sector at a ceremony held recently in the auditorium of Krishibid Institution, Bangladesh in the city on the occasion of National Fisheries Week.

Entertainment »

Mamo under Tauquir’s direction, Bipasha’s story

Sheikh Arif Bulbon :As an actress, in the beginning of her career, Zakia Bari Mamo got the National Film Award to act in Tauquir Ahmed-directed movie Daruchini Dwip. For this reason, Mamo always respects to Tauquir Ahmed. Now she is a matured actress who always wants to work in challenging ...

Editorial »

Taking law in own hand is an ominous sign

MOBS beat to death five people, including two women, and injured 10 others on suspicion of being child kidnappers across the country on Saturday. The incidents happened just a day after three people were beaten by a mob in Thakurgaon. Incidents of mob beating have increased even after the Bridges ...

Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Write a comment to this news