Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Friday, February 21, 2020 12:42:37 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Crisis Of Safe Water

By
11th-Feb-2020       
Share
  • Twitter
  • Google+
  • Save
  • E-mail
  • Print
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Sultan Mohammed Giasuddin :
The water crisis is a health crisis. Nearly one million people die each year from water, sanitation and hygiene-related diseases which could be reduced with access to safe water or sanitation. Access to safe water and sanitation contributes to improved health and helps prevent the spread of infectious disease. Globally, at least two billion people use a drinking water source contaminated. By 2025, half of the world's population will be living in water-stressed areas. In least developed countries, 22% of health care facilities have no water service, 21% no sanitation service, and 22% no waste management service. Source: World Health Organization (WHO)
Key facts: i. In 2017, 71% of the global population (5.3 billion people) used a safely managed drinking-water service - that is, one located on premises, available when needed, and free from contamination. ii. 90% of the global population (6.8 billion people) used at least a basic service. A basic service is an improved drinking-water source within a round trip of 30 minutes to collect water. iii. 785 million people lack even a basic drinking-water service, including 144 million people who are dependent on surface water. iv. Globally, at least 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with faces. V. Contaminated water can transmit diseases such diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio. Contaminated drinking water is estimated to cause 485000 diarrheal deaths each year. vi. By 2025, half of the world's population will be living in water-stressed areas. vii. In least developed countries, 22% of health care facilities have no water service, 21% no sanitation service, and 22% no waste management service. Safe and readily available water is important for public health, whether it is used for drinking, domestic use, food production or recreational purposes. Improved water supply and sanitation, and better management of water resources, can boost countries' economic growth and can contribute greatly to poverty reduction. In 2010, the UN General Assembly explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation. Everyone has the right to sufficient, continuous, safe, acceptable, physically accessible, and affordable water for personal and domestic use.
Drinking water services: Sustainable Development Goal target 6.1 calls for universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water. The target is tracked with the indicator of "safely managed drinking water services" - drinking water from an improved water source that is located on premises, available when needed, and free from chemical contamination. In 2017, 5.3 billion people used safely managed drinking-water services - that is, they used improved water sources located on premises, available when needed, and free from contamination. The remaining 2.2 billion people without safely managed services in 2017 included: i. 1.4 billion people with basic services, meaning an improved water source located within a round trip of 30 minutes. ii. 206 million people with limited services, or an improved water source requiring more than 30 minutes to collect water. iii. 435 million people taking water from unprotected wells and springs. Iv. 144 million people collecting untreated surface water from lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. Sharp geographic, socio-cultural and economic inequalities persist, not only between rural and urban areas but also in towns and cities where people living in low-income, informal, or illegal settlements usually have less access to improved sources of drinking-water than other residents.
Water and health: Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to transmission of diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, dysentery, hepatitis A, typhoid, and polio. Absent, inadequate, or inappropriately managed water and sanitation services expose individuals to preventable health risks. This is particularly the case in health care facilities where both patients and staff are placed at additional risk of infection and disease when water, sanitation, and hygiene services are lacking. Globally, 15% of patients develop an infection during a hospital stay, with the proportion much greater in low-income countries. Inadequate management of urban, industrial, and agricultural wastewater means the drinking-water of hundreds of millions of people is dangerously contaminated or chemically polluted. Diarrhea is the most widely known disease linked to contaminated food and water but there are other hazards. In many parts of the world, insects that live or breed in water carry and transmit diseases such as dengue fever. Some of these insects, known as vectors, breed in clean, rather than dirty water, and household drinking water containers can serve as breeding grounds. The simple intervention of covering water storage containers can reduce vector breeding and may also reduce contamination of water at the household level.
Economic and social effects: When water comes from improved and more accessible sources, people spend less time and effort physically collecting it, meaning they can be productive in other ways. This can also result in greater personal safety by reducing the need to make long or risky journeys to collect water. Better water sources also mean less expenditure on health, as people are less likely to fall ill and incur medical costs, and are better able to remain economically productive. With children particularly at risk from water-related diseases, access to improved sources of water can result in better health, and therefore better school attendance, with positive longer-term consequences for their lives.
Water and sanitation crisis in Bangladesh: Bangladesh has one of the highest population densities in the world, with a population of 165 million living within 57,000 square miles. Of those 165 million people, 5 million lack safe water and 85 million lack improved sanitation. Lack of access to safe water and improved sanitation facilities in rural areas, overcrowded conditions, and a lack of healthy ways of disposing waste in urban centers, all contribute to the water and sanitation crisis in Bangladesh.  Bangladesh has an abundance of water, with around 24,000 km rivers flowing through its fertile land. But providing water safe enough of everyone to drink is a complex national problem. Floods, cyclones, earthquakes and drought are all common in Bangladesh, causing devastating upheaval to people's lives. Developing clean water, toilet and hygiene services that can reach everyone is extremely difficult and climate change is only making that harder.
Challenges: Climate change, increasing water scarcity, population growth, demographic changes and urbanization already pose challenges for water supply systems. By 2025, half of the world's population will be living in water-stressed areas. Re-use of wastewater, to recover water, nutrients, or energy, is becoming an important strategy. Increasingly countries are using wastewater for irrigation - in developing countries this represents 7% of irrigated land. While this practice if done inappropriately poses health risks, safe management of wastewater can yield multiple benefits, including increased food production. Options for water sources used for drinking water and irrigation will continue to evolve, with an increasing reliance on groundwater and alternative sources, including wastewater. Climate change will lead to greater fluctuations in harvested rainwater. Management of all water resources will need to be improved to ensure provision and quality.

(Sultan Mohammed Giasuddin, Consultant, Community Development Centre -CODEC)

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Entertainment »

Angrezi Medium’s song Ek Zindagi is all about living dreams


Homi Adajania’s upcoming comedy-drama film Angrezi Medium is about the lovable relationship between a father and his daughter. The chemistry of the relation is portrayed beautifully by Irrfan Khan and Radhika Madaan in the trailer and now the makers have released the first song from the fil titled Ek Zindagi ...

Football »

Messi sees 'strange' things at Barcelona after social media row


Lionel Messi said Wednesday it was "strange" to see Barcelona locked in a row over a company accused of criticising current and former players, including himself, on social media.Barcelona president Josep Maria Bartomeu said on Tuesday the club had terminated its contract with PR company, I3 Ventures, who had been ...

Editorial »

21 February should be celebration of free speech


THE historic Amtala, where Language Movement activists gathered on February 21, 1952 to defy a curfew and protest the then Pakistan government's refusal to recognise Bangla as one of the State languages of Pakistan is covered by encroachers.Pakistan government was ultimately compelled to include an article in the country's Constitution ...

International »

How Trump visit could leverage CAA and Kashmir against PM Modi


Agencies, New Delhi :As India rolls out the red carpet to receive US President Donald Trump next week, rough spots that have arisen in the wake of the Modi government's decisions on Kashmir and the subsequent passing of the Citizenship Amendment Act will need diplomatic resolution. The Modi government's sudden ...

International »

India ‘bigger problem’ than China: Michael Bloomberg on carbon emissions


PTI, Washington :India poses a bigger problem than China when it comes to fighting climate change, particularly on reducing carbon emissions, Democratic presidential aspirant and former New York mayor Michael Bloomberg has said.During his maiden appearance on a Democratic presidential primary debate in Las Vegas on Wednesday, Bloomberg said it ...

Editorial »

We need a caring govt: Mere court's directions cannot go far


THE High Court Division on Tuesday directed the government to ensure setting up breastfeeding and baby care corners in the country's all the mills and factories. Most of the working women have to resign from jobs or take an attempt due to unavailability of baby care facilities at workplaces. When ...

Cricket »

Host Australia target fifth title at women's T20 World Cup


Mighty Australia go into their home Twenty20 World Cup this week as overwhelming favourites as they look to cement their superiority in women's cricket and draw a world-record crowd in the process.Meg Lanning's defending champions, and four-time winners, were rarely tested through the second half of 2019 when they whitewashed ...

Entertainment »

Baaghi 3’s new song Bhankas is surely the wedding song


After wowing the audience with the action packed trailer and the groovy number Dus Bahane 2.0, the makers of Baaghi 3 have released the latest song from the movie titled Bhankas. The new track, Bhankas is a remake of Bappi Lahiri’s original song and once again is set to break ...

International »

Sanders hopes early strength will prove he can beat Trump


AP, Las Vegas :Terry Reece has long been skeptical that voters would back Bernie Sanders, a 78-year-old self-described democratic socialist who is just months removed from a heart attack. Then the Vermont senator essentially tied for first place in the Democratic Party's Iowa caucuses and won its New Hampshire primary.That ...

International »

Britain unveils points-based immigration plan


Reuters, London  :Britain will prioritise access for high-skilled workers from around the world in its post-Brexit, points-based immigration system, the government said on Tuesday, setting out its plans to put an end to a reliance on "cheap labour from Europe".Concern over the impact of high levels of immigration from the ...

Editorial »

Food Safety Authority should be more active to root out prime causes of making foods toxic


BANGLADESH Food Safety Authority has found heavy metal presence in 63 samples of pesticide out of 67 tested recently. Some of the pesticides contained one milligram of heavy metal or even more per kilogram or per litre.  Some samples contained all of the three heavy metals: cadmium, chromium and lead. ...

Business & Economy »

Ziaul Hasan Siddique, Chairman of Sonali Bank Limited, presiding over its opening ceremony of a foundation course for newly appinted Senior Officer/Officer at the bank's Staff College in the city recently. Begum Masuma Akter, Principal of the college while DGM, AGM and other senior officials of the bank were also present.


City »

Eminent writer Emdadul Haque Milon giving autograph to children at the Ekushey Book Fair in the city's Suhrawardy Udyan on Tuesday.


City »

Army Chief General Aziz Ahmed speaking at the Regimental Colour awarding ceremony held at the 19 Infantry Division in Ghatail Cantonment on Tuesday.


Entertainment »

Guilty trailer: Sneak peek of Kiara Advani's Netflix film is bleh


The trailer of Netflix film Guilty is out, and by the looks of it, the movie lacks the punch of a thriller. The characters also lack the intrigue which is needed for a movie like this.Kiara Advani is Nanki - a rebellious, silver-haired songwriter who is part of a popular ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news