Home Today's Paper Most Popular Video Gallery Photo Gallery
Subscription Blog Signin Register
Logo
Friday, August 14, 2020 07:53:15 AM
Follow Us On: Facebook Twitter Twitter Twitter Twitter

Development

Building A New Definition

 Building A New Definition
photo by

By
25th-Jul-2020       
Share
  • Twitter
  • Google+
  • Save
  • E-mail
  • Print
Comments
Share your thought
Post a comment »
Read all () »

Yossef Ben-Meir :
The idea of development itself, its definition, and even the method we use for defining it, would be a good place to begin toward discovering its potential in our lives. We cannot rely on any single, or even ten, definitions. We need to look at the full range of literature that arose following the end of World War II, decolonization, and reconstruction from when international development spawned in our era. How has development been defined across the decades?
What we find with all of these words--development, empowerment, sustainability, participation--is that there are great differences and lack of consensus in their meaning, with entirely different emphases, depending on the context. There are also some other words--like progress, change, movement, mobilization, action, unpredictable, and multi-dimensional that reappear when we discuss development. Lack of predictability does not mean uncontrollable or unmanageable, but rather requiring flexibility or the ability to adapt with ever-changing circumstances.
What do we mean when we say "multi-dimensional"? What are these dimensions? Economic, environmental, cultural, social, political, technological, financial, historical, and physical-ecological--these have all been identified as elements of development, recognizing that they touch every aspect of community life or the totality of human life. Development experiences also identify a spiritual aspect, connecting to the universal, recognizing that the impact of development is also internal and perceptional. These dimensions surround our community lives and are within the fabric of our relating to one another.
>From the early decades to today, "modernization" has been the underlying perspective for approaching development. All societies experience or need to experience this espoused linear progression from point A to point B as part of their development process. The agricultural economy needs to be productive to the point where it can feed a growing urban population, so that people in the cities can manufacture and have industry.
When we talk about development that doesn't support this model--it's not A, B, C, D, E for everyone. What works for you might not work for us and might actually hurt us, take away our autonomy, and won't let us build our economy based on our choices and capacity and agricultural opportunity. Not taking into consideration our geographical and environmental situations, our history, our culture, our traditions, strict modernization is often a source of our poverty. Development which tries to readdress this rigidity is labeled "alternative", controversial, or even politically contradictory.
Our definition of development must include growth and expansion and meeting human needs. There are, however, profound differences among different societies on how those things are achieved and what the nature, quality, and characteristics of the growth look like. This is why a single definition is so difficult to land on. It dooms us to not be fully adequate in our definition. Forms of development can be conflictual. We can't have full industrialization in developing countries based on products that are in demand in developed countries and expect the same outcomes on all sides of the exchanges. The modernization model may create a cost borne by developing/less-industrial countries because they will only grow as a reflection of demand in the developed ones.
>From the birth of development, there has always been an alternative approach, rejecting external control that mainstream prescriptions bring and instead emphasizing internally strengthening (and diversifying) people-driven change. Today, it is the norm to advance people's participation--in Morocco, it is the law--but that point of view did not used to be mandated and was distrusted by those in the mainstream who believed it was putting collectives of people in positions to make decisions they were not equipped to make. The outcome and what public participation would mobilize was feared and distrusted.
Who is to benefit from development and enhanced quality of life through mobilization, action, change, and a multi-dimensional process improving upon all aspects of human life? The goal is all or the majority of people, but particularly the people who experience poverty and marginalization. We will always have to make choices because budgets are never endless. However, when making choices, we focus on people who are disenfranchised, disadvantaged, and remote--the individual and the collective. Around the world, most poverty is concentrated in rural areas, and within these places, typically the highest rate impoverishment is in mountainous and dry regions.
So, what definition of development have we come to after reviewing literature, breaking down into parts, and reconfiguring these elements into something workable? It is a process that considers in its planning, economic, political, institutional, cultural, environmental and technological factors to achieve its goal of generating benefits in these areas directed at all or the majority of people, especially those who experience poverty.
If we go through this process together, across our localities, we will be in a superb position to manage public health in a pandemic. We will be in a position to encourage calm dialogue in the face of terrible unrest and unfairness. We will understand how we may effectively govern and campaign to govern, to devise infrastructure investments for maximum community-level return and widely shared management and benefits, to guide our trade relationships emphasizing self-reliance, regional bloc markets, and global engagement, and to address the root causes of people's dissatisfying work and interconnectivity with each other. To best face the time we're in, there is no greater immediate and long-term urgency than the process of development requiring inclusion.

(Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir is a sociologist and President of the High Atlas Foundation).

Tariff
Add Rate

News Archive

Inside The New Nation

Editorial »

Cash incentive programme fails to reap benefits for ultra-poor


THE Parliamentary Standing Committee on Disaster Management and Relief Ministry expressed concern over the government's cash incentive programme for the rural extreme poor on Wednesday. Following the ninth meeting of the committee on Wednesday, the Chairman of the Standing Committee stated that the poor people were not benefited by the ...

City »

Outgoing Indian High Commissioner to Bangladesh Riva Ganguli Das calls on State Minister for Shipping Khalid Mahmud Chowdhury at his office of the Ministry on Thursday.


.

International »

Lebanese MPs meet for first time since blast, US envoy due in Beirut


Reuters :Lebanese security forces deployed heavily in Beirut on Thursday, stopping protesters from reaching a conference centre where MPs began meeting for the first time since the catastrophic chemicals explosion last week that killed 172 people.Senior US official David Hale is expected in Beirut later on Thursday to stress the ...

Editorial »

Stealing money in chaos is easy but investment needs competent government


MEDIA report in a national daily on Wednesday said Bangladesh Bank's special fund for capital market investment is facing setback because of lukewarm response from banks which were to make the fund available from their money for funding the ailing bourse. The five year special fund of Tk 100 billion ...

City »

Bangladesh United Communist League forms a human chain in front of the Jatiya Press Club on Wednesday to realize its various demands including trial of corrupt people of the Health Sector.


.

Football »

Shakhtar, Sevilla advance into UEFA Europa League semifinal


Agency :Shakhtar Donetsk crushed hapless FC Basel 4-1 following a one-sided affair while Sevilla's Lucas Ocampos left it late to eliminate Wolverhampton Wanderers 1-0 in the UEFA Europa League quarterfinal on Tuesday.Donetsk needed no warmup time and broke the deadlock with just two minutes played as Marlos's corner kick allowed ...

Business & Economy »

Trump candidate for Inter-America bank accuses Argentina of 'obstruction'


AFP, Washington :US President Donald Trump's candidate to head the Inter-American Development Bank said Tuesday he has the backing of the majority of Latin American countries but accused Argentina of trying to "obstruct" his election, with the help of Mexico, Chile and Costa Rica.Mauricio Claver-Carone told a news conference that ...

Editorial »

Mere warning will not do if the corrupt ones remain unabated


MEDIA report said that the government has taken a move to rein in the soaring cost of development projects and the Planning Minister is going to hold a meeting with Secretaries of the Development Ministries and Planning Commission officials to find out ways how to plug corruption and misuse of ...

City »

Devotees of the Hindu community offer prayers on the occasion of Janmashtami. The snap was taken from the city's Swamibag Mandir on Tuesday.


International »

China accused of seeking to turn Taiwan into `the next Hong Kong`


Al Jazeera News :Taiwan faces an increasingly difficult position as China pressures the democratic island to accept conditions that would turn it into the next Hong Kong, its top diplomat told visiting US Health Secretary Alex Azar on Tuesday.Azar arrived in Taiwan on Sunday as the highest-level US official to ...

International »

Turkey says it will license new Mediterranean areas this month


Reuters, Nkara : Turkey will issue seismic exploration and drilling licenses in new areas of the eastern Mediterranean by the end of August and continue its operations in the region, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said on Tuesday, amid tensions with Greece.NATO allies Turkey and Greece are at odds over overlapping claims ...

Business & Economy »

India-Bangladesh ties, connectivity create new trade opportunities: Riva


Indian High Commissioner here Riva Ganguly Das on Tuesday said excellent India-Bangladesh bilateral relations and recent connectivity initiatives in railways and inland waterways created new business opportunities as these reduced trade cost between the two neighbouring countries."With resilient economies and robust business environment, both the countries will not only be ...

Business & Economy »

Emirates launches special portal for trade partners


Business Desk :Emirates has rolled out a brand new, state-of-the-art online gateway to serve its travel trade partners around the world.Tailored for each market, and personalised for each partner to cater to their unique business environment and needs, the Emirates Partners Portal is a one-stop shop for travel industry partners ...

Football »

Dortmund flexing their muscles, Sancho must stay


Borussia Dortmund are flexing their muscles in their efforts to keep England forward Jadon Sancho at the club.In the club's pre-season training-camp in Bad Ragaz, Switzerland, the 2012 German Champions sporting director Michael Zorc announced the surprising news."We plan on having Jadon Sancho in our team this season," Zorc commented. ...

Football »

Ronaldinho set for August 24 release


AFP, Asuncion :Brazil great Ronaldinho could be freed on August 24 following five months detention in Paraguay over a forged passport, judicial sources told AFP on Monday.The former Barcelona, AC Milan and Paris Saint-Germain star was detained alongside his brother Roberto de Assis Moreira on March 6, accused of entering ...

 
Items that you save may be read at any time on your computer, iPad, iPhone or Android devices.
 
Are you new to our website? Do you have already an account at our website?
Create An Account Log in here
Email this news to a friend or like someone
Email:
Write a comment to this news